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5answers
85 views

What does it mean for $AA^T$ to be symmetric?

What does it mean for $AA^T$ to be symmetric? A question in my book says to show that $AA^T$ is symmetric so I took a very simple matrix to try and understand this: $A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ 8 \\ ...
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2answers
122 views

The path to understanding Frieze Groups

What is the "Path" for understanding what Frieze Groups really are? Generally in mathematics, there is a is a path or "building blocks" approach to learning something. For example if I know how to ...
4
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1answer
57 views

What exactly is meant by symmetry?

This is something that has troubled me for long. Artin describes 4 types of symmetry: translational, rotational, reflective and glide. I somehow understand symmetry to be a "condition" in which a ...
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1answer
73 views

I have a 2x2 positive-semidefinite matrix. I am trying to find the equation of its elements.

So long story short. I have a matrix $A \in S^2_+$, that is, a symmetric, positive semi-definite 2x2 matrix. Here it is: $A = \begin{bmatrix} x & y \\y & z \end{bmatrix}$. Here is what it ...
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1answer
75 views

Explanation of basic definitions in game theory.

In the article entitled Non-Cooperative Game written by Nash in 1951, he discussed about the symmetries of games. Due to my lack of basic knowledge in permutations and symmetries, I looked up some ...
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1answer
91 views

Immersions of the Klein Bottle

The famous immersion of the Klein bottle lacks symmetry. (I'm talking about this one. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Klein_bottle.svg) One can only see one plane of reflection. However, the ...
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2answers
30 views

Symmetrical curve equation in range of [0,1]

I would like to define a function $f(x,a)$ that has the following properties: $f(0,a)=0$, excluding $a=\infty$ $f(1,a)=1$, excluding $a=-\infty$ $f(x,0)=x$ $f(0,a\to\infty)\to1$ $f(1,a\to-\infty)\to0$ ...
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3answers
258 views

Translations in two dimensions - Group theory

I have just started learning Lie Groups and Algebra. Considering a flat 2-d plane if we want to translate a point from $(x,y)$ to $(x+a,y+b)$ then can we write it as : $$ \left( \begin{array}{ccc} ...
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3answers
61 views

Matrix $A=B+C$ with $B$ symmetric and $C$ antisymmetric

I am stumped on a question and am looking for some guidance on how to get it done. The problem gives you: $x_1 = \begin{bmatrix}9&-4&-2 \\-9&6&-3 \\10&-3&9\end{bmatrix}$ ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Plot the curve $y^2 = (x^2 +12x +36)/(x^4 -4x^3 - 12x^2 - 32x 64)$

Can you help me find the following to plot this curve, $$y^2 = \frac{x^2 +12x +36}{x^4 -4x^3 - 12x^2 - 32x 64}$$ In Explicit Form Find the Symmetry X & Y intercepts Vertical and Horizontal ...
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1answer
56 views

Why are all symmetry groups of regular polytopes are finite Coxeter groups.

Why are all symmetry groups of regular polytopes are finite Coxeter groups?
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0answers
19 views

One dimensional binary string with periodic boundaries and reflection

I have a binary string $l=(l_1,l_2,\ldots,l_{2n})$ with $l\in\{0,1\}$ and the conditions $l_i \cdot l_{i+n}=0$ for all $i$ and $\sum l_i=n$. Now, I was wondering how many distinct string exist, when a ...
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1answer
39 views

Spherical symmetry math

For spherical symmetry how the last four equations calculations is done? ccan you explain please? For reference see the equations 44
0
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1answer
59 views

Symmetries of a square and it's similarity to the Division Algorithm

I need help with this question: (each variable $r$ represents a rotation of the square about the axis through its centroid at $90^{\circ}$ intervals. $e$ represents nonmotion. This question is ...
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1answer
28 views

Prove the following $R \subseteq A\times B$ and $S\subseteq B\times C \rightarrow $ $ S \circ R $ is symetric

I want to prove the following $ S \circ R $ is symetric, A,B, C are sets $R \subseteq A\times B$ is Symetric $S\subseteq B\times C$ is Symetric Any Suggestions? Thanks!
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0answers
36 views

Is it possible to split a Tetrahedal into two equal halves?

Tetrahedal has 6 sides and made up of three equilateral triangles. But, is it possible to break it evenly? I reckon it is impossible. If yes, explain how it is done. If no, why is it impossible?
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1answer
39 views

Symmetric properties of eigen vectors from symmetric properties of matrix

In my physical problem I have a matrix: $\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -c_0 & -i b_1 & -c_1 \\ a_0 & 0 & a_1 & ib_1 \\ ib_1 & -c_1 & 0 & -c_0 \\ a_1 & -i b_1 & ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Number of 2n-1 equal size partitions up to symmetry

Consider the $K_{2n}$ (or just the set $\{1,\dots,2n\}$) with $S_{2n}$ acting on the vertices. Moreover consider a collection of 2n-1 partitions of the vertices into two equal sized sets (repeated ...
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1answer
60 views

Reducing size of ODE system by using symmetries: examples, references help request.

We know: A high order differential equation can be expressed as an ODE system. Knowledge of a symmetry allow one to reduce the order of a differential equation. So if we do $n$-order ODE ...
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1answer
47 views

What is the value of $\angle BMN$?

here $ABC$ is a isosceles triangle.$AC=BC$,$\angle C=20$, $\angle ABM=60$ and $\angle BAN=60$.What is the value of $\angle BMN$? please help me with this problem.
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1answer
283 views

Why does Group Theory not come in here?

Here is a list of questions that I find quite similar, for the one and only reason that they all show much "symmetry". Which is at the same time my problem, because I don't have a very precise notion ...
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2answers
34 views

Can this condition infer that the matrix is Hermite?

$\boldsymbol{A^H A=AA^H}$ does this imply that $\boldsymbol{A}$ is Hermite matrix? Why? $\boldsymbol{A^H}$ is the conjugate transpose of $\boldsymbol{A}$
2
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3answers
121 views

$A$ is a symmetric real matrix. Show that there is $B$ such that $B^3=A$

I'm having trouble with this question, I'd like someone to point me in the right direction. let $A$ be a n by n matrix with real values. show that there is another n by n real matrix $B$ such that ...
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3answers
133 views

short question regarding convention - symmetric matrices and transpose

I have a short question because wikipedia is extremly vague on this subject. Suppose I have the matrix $A=\begin{pmatrix} i & 1 \\ 1 & -i\end{pmatrix}$. Is it symmetric? I mean, in the ...
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1answer
54 views

ODE system and single PDE “equivalence”, reference request

The answers to this question Replacing large-dimensional ODE systems with one PDE suggest that, in general, one can not hope for "replacing" an ODE system with a single PDE. On the other hand, this ...
6
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0answers
119 views

ODE system and Lie symmetries

The ODE system (see below), where $F$ is a given function together the algebraic condition (SYM) imply that $$\boxed{y(t)=k-x(t)} \tag{*}$$ for some $k$ constant. The result that $y$ is a translation ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Show the integrals are alike without explicit computation.

I saw a couple of striking integrals which are $\hspace{5em} \displaystyle \color{black}{\displaystyle \int_a^b \frac{x\,\mathrm{d}x}{\sqrt{(x^2-a^2)(b^2-x^2)}} }$$\displaystyle\ =\ $$\displaystyle ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What do you call a convex polyhedron whose symmetry group is transitive on the facets?

I'd like to know a name/source for the following concept: Let $P$ be a convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $G$ be its symmetry group, and let $F$ be the collection of (top-dimensional) faces of ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Showing that the composite trapezoid rule is invariant to certain symmetry

I am trying to show that if $f$ holds certain symmetric properties than the composite trapezoid rule $$ T(n) = (b-a)\frac{f(a)+f(b)}{2n} + \frac{b-a}{2} \sum_{k=1}^{n-1} f(x_k) $$ is invariant over ...
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1answer
122 views

Why inner product on R^n have uniform prototype with symmetric matrix A and positive eigenvalues?

Details of the problems are given below. Assume A is a n*n symmetric matrix. Show that any inner product on R^n has this formula for some symmetric matrix A with all positive eigenvalues. The formula ...
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1answer
50 views

Symmetric placing of balls

Suppose I have a round domain and put my first ball in the very center (this ball alone constitutes the $0$th ring). Now around this ring (this first ball) I want to add another ring of balls in a ...
2
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0answers
131 views

An isomorphism between the full tetrahedral symmetry group and the cubic rotation group?

I know that the full symmetry group of the tetrahedron and the rotation group of the cube are both isomorphic to $S_4$. But I want to show a direct, visual isomorphism. I tried looking at a ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Is exponential even?

My book presents the following simplification: $$A(w) = \frac{1}{\pi}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-kx}cos(wx)dx = \frac{2}{\pi}\int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-kx}cos(wx)dx$$ But I can't understand why, since ...
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1answer
46 views

Eigenvectors and values of nearly identical symmetrical matrices

I am given 2 matrices which have the following traits: Let $A$ and $B$ be those matrices and $a_{i,j}$ and $b_{i,j}$ be the entries of both matrices. There are 2 disjoint subsets of the indexes, let ...
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2answers
66 views

Construct the Green s function for the equation

Construct the Green s function for the equation y^''+ 2y^'+2y=0 Which boundary conditions y(0)=0 , y(π/2)=0 Is this Green s function symmetric? What is the Green s function, if the ...
5
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1answer
198 views

Do Symmetric problems have Symmetric solutions?

There is a general notion of Symmetry in mathematics, that of an object being constant under some transformation. If we think of our object as being a "mathematical problem" we can see certain ...
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0answers
42 views

Constraints on eigenvalues due to the form (symmetry) of Matrix

So I have to deal with a square matrix with complex elements $A$ given by - $$A_{ij}(k) = \underbrace{\frac{1}{2}(c_{ij}+c_ji)}_{\text{symmetric under interchange of $i$ and $j$}} \exp(Ik(i-j))$$ ...
1
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1answer
197 views

Smooth diffeomorphisms preserving common symmetries

Let $A$ and $B$ be two $C^\infty$ orientation-preserving diffeomorphic, connected, bounded, open subsets of ${\mathbb R}^n$, with finitely many ends and $G$ the group of isometries of ${\mathbb R}^n$ ...
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2answers
61 views

Asymmetry in the error correction in coding theory

Does it make sense to have an error correction code which acts differently on different states (for example if we run something which runs on the binary string from $0^n \rightarrow 1^n$ involving all ...
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0answers
53 views

symmetric ranges of curve division on an oloid

taken from wikipedia , I drew an Oloid by using the functions with ; ; and with ; ; If I use any equal spaced range of t(x) on ; I will end up with an unequal range t(y), which ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Proof that a ODE system admits symmetric solutions

I have a ODE system of the form $\dot{x} = f(x)$ with $x \in \mathbb{R}^3$. Now it is claimed that if $(x_1,x_2,x_3)$ is a solution to the system that also $(-x_1,-x_2,-x_3)$ is a solution. How can I ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Surjectivity for permutation representation of a group action

I am having trouble proving that my function is surjective. Here is the problem statement: Problem statement: Let T be the tetrahedral rotation group. Use a suitable action of T on some set, and the ...
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1answer
117 views

Conjugacy classes of rotational symmetry tetrahedron

I am struggling with this question, as I don't know how to give a "short proof" as requested by our professor, as a non-graded exercise. Especially, since we have to do this without using any shapes, ...
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1answer
34 views

Farthest points in asymmetric 2D closed curve

Is there a mathematically proper name for the two points that are located farther away from each other in a 2D asymmetric closed curve? See the image below to get an idea of what I mean.
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3answers
369 views

center of symmetry formula

How to prove that $I(0,-1)$ is the center of symmetry of the function $$F(x)= x - \dfrac{2e^x}{(e^x -1)}$$ Is there any formula that I can directly apply?
3
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1answer
195 views

Decomposition formulas for rotational symmetries of a cube

I have a problem that I would like to check my work on. I am also stuck on the verifications for $E$ and $F$. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance. Problem statement: Let $G$ be ...
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1answer
17 views

algorithm for generating interesting normal symmetric continuous functions

Does any one know of, or can think of an algorithm which generates arbitrarily many symmetric normally distributed continuous functions? And when I say interesting I mean more complex distributions ...
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0answers
22 views

Types of symmetries of this frieze pattern

I would like to know if I have classified the types of symmetries of this frieze pattern correctly. Frieze pattern: The gaps between each of the three figures are equal, and the pattern extends ...
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2answers
113 views

Using counting formula to get |G| = |kernel φ||image φ|

The counting formula I am saying : Let S be a finite set on which a group G operates, and let Gs and Os be the stabilizer and orbit of an element s of S. Then |G|=|Gs||Os| or ...
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0answers
58 views

Rotation about a point

Let $s$ be the rotation of the plane with angle $\frac{\pi}{2}$ about the point $(1,1)^t$. Write the formula for $s$ as a product $t_a \rho_{\theta}$ such that $t_a$ is the translation by a vector $a$ ...