Questions on symmetric polynomials, polynomials in several variables that are invariant under permutation of the variables.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
2answers
1k views

symmetric polynomials and the Newton identities

I want to write $P(x,y,z)=yx^{3}+zx^{3}+xy^{3}+zy^{3}+xz^{3}+yz^{3}$ in terms of elementary symmetric polynomials, but I'm getting stuck at the first step. I know I should follow the proof of the ...
6
votes
3answers
680 views

Three-variable system of simultaneous equations

$x + y + z = 4$ $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 4$ $x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = 4$ Any ideas on how to solve for $(x,y,z)$ satisfying the three simultaneous equations, provided there can be both real and complex ...
8
votes
0answers
204 views

Basis for $\Bbb Z[x_1,\cdots,x_n]$ over $\Bbb Z[e_1,\cdots,e_n]$

I'm reading the introductory bits in Procesi's Lie Groups, and on p. 22 we have (paraphrasing) Theorem 2. $\mathcal{B}=\{x_1^{\large h_1}\cdots x_n^{\large h_n}: 0\le h_k\le n-k\}$ is a basis for ...
6
votes
2answers
526 views

Number of distinct $f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)$ under permutation of the input

$\alpha _n ^n-1=0$ $\alpha _n=e^{2 \pi i/n}$ $$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)=(x_1+\alpha _n x_2+ \alpha _n ^2 x_3+\cdots+\alpha _n ^{n-1} x_n)^n$$ I have read in Jim Brown's paper on page 5 that ...
5
votes
7answers
312 views

If $x+\dfrac{1}{x}=5$, find the value of $x^5+\dfrac{1}{x^5}$.

If $x>0$ and $x+\dfrac{1}{x}=5$, find the value of $x^5+\dfrac{1}{x^5}$. Is there some other way to do find it? $$ \left(x^2+\frac{1}{x^2}\right)\left(x^3+\frac{1}{x^3}\right)=23\cdot 110. $$ ...
7
votes
2answers
238 views

Can $e_n$ always be written as a linear combination of $n$-th powers of linear polynomials?

User Eric Gregor and I were talking in chat and he mentioned this question and postulated the possibility of an approach through symmetric polynomials. After some thinking, I came to this: ...
16
votes
3answers
472 views

A generalized (MacLaurin's) average for functions

The average value of a function $y=f(x)$, on an interval $[a,b]$, is ${1\over {b-a}}\int_a^b f(t)dt$. This of course relates to the arithmetic average. It is easy to see that a corresponding formula ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the discriminant of a cubic polynomial being less than 0 indicate complex roots?

The discriminant $\Delta = 18abcd - 4b^3d + b^2 c^2 - 4ac^3 - 27a^2d^2$ of the cubic polynomial $ax^3 + bx^2 + cx+ d$ indicates not only if there are repeated roots when $\Delta$ vanishes, but also ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Using Vieta's theorem for cubic equations to derive the cubic discriminant

Background: Vieta's Theorem for cubic equations says that if a cubic equation $x^3 + px^2 + qx + r = 0$ has three different roots $x_1, x_2, x_3$, then $$\begin{eqnarray*} -p &=& x_1 + x_2 ...
9
votes
1answer
209 views

What are the analogues of Littlewood-Richardson coefficients for monomial symmetric polynomials?

The product of monomial symmetric polynomials can be expressed as $m_{\lambda} m_{\mu} = \Sigma c_{\lambda\mu}^{\nu}m_{\nu}$ for some constants $c_{\lambda\mu}^{\nu}$. In the case of Schur ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

Schur skew functions

Let $\lambda,\mu,\nu$ be some partitions. Let's denote with $s_\lambda,s_\mu,s_\nu$ the Schur functions associated to these partitions. If $s_\mu s_\nu=\sum_\lambda c^\lambda_{\mu\nu}s_\lambda$ ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Primitive Element for Field Extension of Rational Functions over Symmetric Rational Functions

A rational function $f$ in $n$ variables is a ratio of $2$ polynomials, $$f(x_1,...x_n) = \frac{p(x_1,...x_n)}{q(x_1,...x_n)}$$ where $q$ is not identically $0$. The function is called symmetric if ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Decomposition of products of monomial symmetric polynomials into sums of them

I'm trying to make sense of the answer given in: this question I am stuck at the phrase 'where the partitions $\gamma$ result from adding, respectively, from $\alpha$ all distinct partitions obtained ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Equal-variables problem in three variables

This question resembles Vasile Cirtoajeā€™s equal-variables results, as explained here (although those results may be useless in the present problem). Let $s,p$ be two positive numbers with ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Factoring the group action on $\prod X_k^k $ gives another group?

Let's say you have a monomial symmetric polynomial, like the following $$ m_{(1,2,3,4)}(X_1,X_2,\dots,X_{10})=X_1^1X_2^2X_3^3X_4^4 +X_2^1X_1^2X_3^3X_4^4 + \text{all permutations...} $$ Then you can ...