Questions on symmetric polynomials, polynomials in several variables that are invariant under permutation of the variables.

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5
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2answers
1k views

symmetric polynomials and the Newton identities

I want to write $P(x,y,z)=yx^{3}+zx^{3}+xy^{3}+zy^{3}+xz^{3}+yz^{3}$ in terms of elementary symmetric polynomials, but I'm getting stuck at the first step. I know I should follow the proof of the ...
10
votes
1answer
245 views

Basis for $\Bbb Z[x_1,\cdots,x_n]$ over $\Bbb Z[e_1,\cdots,e_n]$

I'm reading the introductory bits in Procesi's Lie Groups, and on p. 22 we have (paraphrasing) Theorem 2. $\mathcal{B}=\{x_1^{\large h_1}\cdots x_n^{\large h_n}: 0\le h_k\le n-k\}$ is a basis for ...
6
votes
3answers
728 views

Three-variable system of simultaneous equations

$x + y + z = 4$ $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 4$ $x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = 4$ Any ideas on how to solve for $(x,y,z)$ satisfying the three simultaneous equations, provided there can be both real and complex ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Using Vieta's theorem for cubic equations to derive the cubic discriminant

Background: Vieta's Theorem for cubic equations says that if a cubic equation $x^3 + px^2 + qx + r = 0$ has three different roots $x_1, x_2, x_3$, then $$\begin{eqnarray*} -p &=& x_1 + x_2 ...
6
votes
2answers
553 views

Number of distinct $f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)$ under permutation of the input

$\alpha _n ^n-1=0$ $\alpha _n=e^{2 \pi i/n}$ $$f(x_1,x_2,x_3,\ldots,x_n)=(x_1+\alpha _n x_2+ \alpha _n ^2 x_3+\cdots+\alpha _n ^{n-1} x_n)^n$$ I have read in Jim Brown's paper on page 5 that ...
5
votes
8answers
360 views

If $\,\,x+\dfrac{1}{x}=5,\,\,$ find $\,\,x^5+\dfrac{1}{x^5}$.

If $x>0$ and $\,x+\dfrac{1}{x}=5,\,$ find $\,x^5+\dfrac{1}{x^5}$. Is there any other way find it? $$ \left(x^2+\frac{1}{x^2}\right)\left(x^3+\frac{1}{x^3}\right)=23\cdot 110. $$ Thanks
5
votes
4answers
334 views

Ring of polynomials as a module over symmetric polynomials

Consider the ring of polynomials $\mathbb{k} [x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n]$ as a module over the ring of symmetric polynomials $\Lambda_{\mathbb{k}}$. Is $\mathbb{k} [x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n]$ free ...
7
votes
2answers
262 views

Can $e_n$ always be written as a linear combination of $n$-th powers of linear polynomials?

User Eric Gregor and I were talking in chat and he mentioned this question and postulated the possibility of an approach through symmetric polynomials. After some thinking, I came to this: ...
16
votes
3answers
476 views

A generalized (MacLaurin's) average for functions

The average value of a function $y=f(x)$, on an interval $[a,b]$, is ${1\over {b-a}}\int_a^b f(t)dt$. This of course relates to the arithmetic average. It is easy to see that a corresponding formula ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the discriminant of a cubic polynomial being less than 0 indicate complex roots?

The discriminant $\Delta = 18abcd - 4b^3d + b^2 c^2 - 4ac^3 - 27a^2d^2$ of the cubic polynomial $ax^3 + bx^2 + cx+ d$ indicates not only if there are repeated roots when $\Delta$ vanishes, but also ...
9
votes
1answer
223 views

What are the analogues of Littlewood-Richardson coefficients for monomial symmetric polynomials?

The product of monomial symmetric polynomials can be expressed as $m_{\lambda} m_{\mu} = \Sigma c_{\lambda\mu}^{\nu}m_{\nu}$ for some constants $c_{\lambda\mu}^{\nu}$. In the case of Schur ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

Schur skew functions

Let $\lambda,\mu,\nu$ be some partitions. Let's denote with $s_\lambda,s_\mu,s_\nu$ the Schur functions associated to these partitions. If $s_\mu s_\nu=\sum_\lambda c^\lambda_{\mu\nu}s_\lambda$ ...
4
votes
2answers
457 views

Need help solving a particular system of non-linear equations analytically

How would one go about analytically solving a system of non-linear equations of the form: $a + b + c = 4$ $a^2 + b^2 + c^2 = 6$ $a^3 + b^3 + c^3 = 10$ Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Primitive Element for Field Extension of Rational Functions over Symmetric Rational Functions

A rational function $f$ in $n$ variables is a ratio of $2$ polynomials, $$f(x_1,...x_n) = \frac{p(x_1,...x_n)}{q(x_1,...x_n)}$$ where $q$ is not identically $0$. The function is called symmetric if ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Decomposition of products of monomial symmetric polynomials into sums of them

I'm trying to make sense of the answer given in: this question I am stuck at the phrase 'where the partitions $\gamma$ result from adding, respectively, from $\alpha$ all distinct partitions obtained ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Equal-variables problem in three variables

This question resembles Vasile Cirtoajeā€™s equal-variables results, as explained here (although those results may be useless in the present problem). Let $s,p$ be two positive numbers with ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

A question about the elementary symmetric polynomial

I have asked this question and have come up with a possible answer $$ \frac{d^j}{dx^j}[\frac{(x)_c}{j!}] = e_{c-j}(x,x-1, \cdots ,x-c+1) $$ My first question is, how can I prove this? It seems trivial ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Factoring the group action on $\prod X_k^k $ gives another group?

Let's say you have a monomial symmetric polynomial, like the following $$ m_{(1,2,3,4)}(X_1,X_2,\dots,X_{10})=X_1^1X_2^2X_3^3X_4^4 +X_2^1X_1^2X_3^3X_4^4 + \text{all permutations...} $$ Then you can ...