For questions about functions which are symmetric in its arguments.

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Good Reason for Partitions Indexing Symmetric Functions?

I'm mostly unfamiliar with the study of symmetric functions. However, it's my understanding that: We are interested in, as a basic object, the vector spaces $\Lambda_n$ of symmetric polynomials in ...
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1answer
58 views

Proof of Newton Girard formula symmetric polynomials

Newton Girard formula states that for $k>2$: \begin{equation} p_k=p_{k-1}e_1-p_{k-2}e_2+\cdots +(-1)^{k}p_1e_{k-1}+(-1)^{k+1}ke_{k} \end{equation} where $e_i$ are elementary symmetric functions and ...
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1answer
18 views

Conditions for global max of symmetric function to lie on diagonal

Assume $f:[0,1] \times [0,1]$ is symmetric, i.e. $f(x,y) = f(y,x) \;\;\forall x,y \in [0,1]$. Assume further that $f$ is smooth, and that for every $x \in [0,1]$ the map $\phi_{x}(y):=f(x,y)$ attains ...
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36 views

Littlewoods First Principle problem

I am able to prove the first principle. Let $E$ be a measurable set of finite outer measure. Then for each $\epsilon > 0$, there is a finite disjoint collection of open intervals $I_k$ for which if ...
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365 views

Symmetric functions of the eigenvalues of A+B, A, B, ABA, BAB, et.c.

(this is an improved version of What about other symmetric functions of the eigenvalues? ) Let $A$ be a matrix with eigenvalues $\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_n$. Then $\det(A) = \lambda_1 \dots ...
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128 views

Schur skew functions

Let $\lambda,\mu,\nu$ be some partitions. Let's denote with $s_\lambda,s_\mu,s_\nu$ the Schur functions associated to these partitions. If $s_\mu s_\nu=\sum_\lambda c^\lambda_{\mu\nu}s_\lambda$ ...
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26 views

A “nice” orthogonal basis for translation invariant symmetric polynomials

It is going to be a rather long question, so I will first state it and then try to explain and motivate it. Take $\Lambda_n $ as the graded ring of symmetric polynomials of a field $F$ in $n$ ...
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56 views

Cauchy Identity for a specialized product of Schur polynomials

Let $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\cdots,\lambda_d)$ be a partition, with $|\lambda|=n$. Let $\nu=\nu(\lambda):=(\lambda_1-1,\lambda_2,\cdots,\lambda_d).$ In other words, $\nu$ is obtained from ...
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69 views

Roots of the derivative as symmetric (?) functions of the roots of the polynomial

Let $p(t)=(t^2-a_1^2)\ldots(t^2-a_n^2)$ be an even polynomial with distinct real non-zero roots. Can the roots of its derivative $p'(t)$ be expressed nicely (e.g. as rational symmetric functions) in ...
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48 views

Symmetrizing a sequence of vectors

Given a finite set of real numbers $X_1, \ldots, X_n$, we can compute the first $n$ power sums of these numbers. From the power sums, the set $\{X_1, \ldots, X_n\}$ can be recovered. Essentially we ...
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128 views

Elementary symmetrical polynomial equations, whose solutions are known to be natural numbers.

Let $n_1,n_2,\dots,n_k$ be natural numbers (excluding 0), and for each $1\leq i\leq k$ let $\sigma_i(n_1,n_2,\dots,n_k)$ be the elementary symmetrical polynomial consisting of the sum of all products ...
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47 views

A Combinational identity using permutations

For a distribution {$p_1,p_2, …,p_m$}, with $p_i>0$ and$\sum_1^m{p_i}=1$ , let $J$ be a subset of size $j$, and $m>j\geq1$. It holds that: $$\int_0^1\prod_{i \in J} (x^{-p_i}-1) dx = ...
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32 views

Coefficients of Lagrange resolvent

I'm trying to make sense of some things I read about Galois theory. Let $p$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n$ with known coefficients $a_i$ and unknown roots $x_i$: \begin{alignat*}{2} p(X) &= ...
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53 views

Properties of the 'forgotten' symmetric polynomials

In I.G. Mcdonald "Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials" pg.22, the forgotten symmetric functions 'f' are introduced very briefly as the result of applying an involution w to the monomial symmetric ...
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65 views

References for chromatic symmetric functions of hypergraphs

Define a hypergraph to be a pair $H = (V,E)$ where $V$ is a set of vertices and $E$ is any set of subsets of $V$ called edges. Thus if every edge $U \in E$ has only two elements, then the hypergraph ...
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74 views

Expansions of symmetric polynomials in terms of Jack symmetric polynomials

I was wondering if someone could help me with some Jack polynomial calculations. (I use the notation of I.G. Macdonald's book "Symmetric Functions and Hall Polynomials") Those of you familiar with ...
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87 views

Reference request on symmetric polynomials

Let $e_k$ be the $k$th-degree elementary symmetric polynomial in $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ (and recall that $e_k=0$ if $k>n$). I know very little about these polynomials. I've just noticed this odd ...
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36 views

Empirical distribution generates exchangeable $\sigma$-algebra

I have a problem understanding the following statement from Klenke, p. 234: If we write $\Xi_n(\omega) := \xi_n \bigl(X(\omega)\bigr) = \frac{1}{n} \sum^n_{i=1} \delta_{X_i(\omega)}$ for the ...
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52 views

$\sigma$-algebra of events invariant under permutations

Let $X = (X_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be a stochastic process with values in $E$. For $n \in \mathbb{N}$, define $$\mathcal{E}'_n := \sigma\bigl(F : F : E^\mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{R} \text{ ...
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84 views

Representation of symmetric functions

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Show that every symmetric function $f\colon E^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ can be written in the form $f(x) = g\Bigl(\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n \delta_{x_i} \Bigr)$, where $g$ has ...
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72 views

Summation verification

I have a particular polynomial $$ 1-10x+35x^2-50x^3 $$ Which can be written nicely as $$1-(1+2+3+4)x+(1\cdot2+1\cdot3+1\cdot4+2\cdot3+2\cdot4+3\cdot4)x^2$$ ...
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55 views

How do I solve these four simultaneous equations?

I have been trying hard to solve these equations. There are four equations in total: $$ \begin{align*} px^{p-1} + qx^{q-1} \lambda &= 0 \\ py^{p-1} + qy^{q-1} \lambda &= 0 \\ pz^{p-1} + ...
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41 views

Minimums of symmetric functions

In this problem minimize a function using AM-GM inequality we discussed about the minimum points of a simmetric function. Now I would like to ask to you this: If you have a rational function ...
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56 views

Dimension of the Image of Young Projectors corresponding to Tensor factors.

Suppose I define the action of the symmetric group on abstract tensors as shuffling indices. I know this is very naive. I apologise, I am a physicist and working on a problem that involves tensors ...
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43 views

Identity with symmetric rational functions

I am trying to prove this identity between rational functions involving symmetrization among variables. Let us consider a set of variables $\{p_1,\ldots,p_n\}$, which I indicate globally as ...
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185 views

Improper integral of odd function

I'm a student. In a recent assignment I was asked to find the mean of a Student's t multivariate distribution (which should be $\overline\mu$). I've divided the integral required to find the expected ...
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22 views

Power-sums analogue of Burgers equations

Let $D$ be a domain in $\mathbb C^2$. Let $f_1$, $\ldots$, $f_n$ be a family of holomorphic functions in $D$, satisfying Burgers-type equations: $$ \frac{\partial f_k}{\partial z_2} - f_k ...
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116 views

Image of the Sylvester matrix is the degree of the GCD

Let $P_k(F)$ denote the $F$-vector space of (univariate) polynomials of degree $\leq n$. Letting $F$ be a field lets everything be monic, but it seems sufficient to consider a ring $R$ such that the ...
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102 views

Probabilistic results on the elementary symmetric polynomials

The elementary symmetric polynomials of degree $k$ in $N$ variables are defined as $$e_k(x_1, \ldots, x_N) = \sum_{(i_1,\ldots,i_N) \in I_k^N}{x_1^{i_1}\ldots x_N^{i_N}}, \quad 0 \le k \le N$$ with ...
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85 views

A good equation system

Given $a,b,c$ positive numbers, solve the system $\sqrt{xy}+\sqrt{xz}-x=a$, $\sqrt{yz}+\sqrt{yx}-y=b$ and $\sqrt{zx}+\sqrt{zy}-z=c$, where $x,y,z\in \mathbb{R}$. This only a pretty question. I did ...
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55 views

Is there an easy way to calculate the elementary symmetric functions?

Hello I am interested in the question of what, generally, is the sum of the series of reciprocals of a series of numbers we know its sum. I have particular interest in the Zeta function, which I ...
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manipulations with SU(2) Nekrasov partition function

Think of a Young tableau $R$ as collection of rows $y_1 \geq ... \geq y_d > y_{d+1}=0$ and all others zero, with $\ell(Y):= \sum_j y_j$ and for a box $s=(i,j)\in R$ we have $a_Y(s):=y_i-j$ and ...