Surgery refers to cutting out parts of the manifold and replacing it with a part of another manifold, matching up along the cut or boundary. This is closely related to, but not identical with, handlebody decompositions. It is a major tool in the study and classification of manifolds of dimension ...

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The first Kirby move and $\mathbb{C}P^2$

A surgery on a link in $S^3$ can be regared as 2-hadnle attachements to $D^4$ (resulting 4-manifold $W$ whose boundary is the result of the surgery). I would like to know how the first Kirby move ...
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Remove one ring of Borromean rings in 3-sphere: linked or unlinked?

We know Borromean rings in a 3-sphere $S^3$ can be unlinked if we remove one of the three rings. Here let us consider a slight different procedure. If we remove the neighbored solid torus $B^2 \times ...
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Surgery to unlink $S^1$ and $S^2$ in $S^4$ [closed]

Let us start with a $S^1$ and a $S^2$ are linked in $S^4$. Can I unlink the $S^1$ and $S^2$ by doing some surgery (with certain constraints described below, and let us say both $S^1$ and $S^2$ ...
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Homology group and homotopy group of the standard twin

Given a 4-sphere, if we cut out a solid 3-torus $B^2 \times S^1 \times S^1$ from a 4-sphere $S^4$ (with an unknotted torus), the remained exterior is called "the standard twin," say $M$. What are ...
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Embed $S^{p} \times S^q$ in $S^d$?

Can we embed $S^{p} \times S^q$ in $S^d$ with all the nice properties, what are the allowed values of $p$ and $q$ for $d=2,3,4$ where $p+q \leq d$? =For $d=2$= I suppose that we cannot embed $S^{1} ...
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Smooth structure after surgery

I'm having some trouble understanding how surgery again produces a smooth manifold. My understanding of surgery is something like this: start with a smooth manifold $M$ of dimension $m$ and, suppose ...
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Intuition for Exotic $\mathbb R^4$'s

Today one of my professors told me that $\mathbb R^4$ admits uncountably many non-diffeomorphic differential structures. When I asked him whether there's an intuitive reason to expect a result like ...
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How to get a Kirby diagram of $S^1 \times M^3$ if $M^3$ is given by a surgery diagram?

In "4-manifolds and Kirby Calculus" by Gompf and Stipsicz, there is a nice description of how to get the Kirby diagram of $S^1 \times M^3$, given a Kirby diagram of $M^3$. Basically, one thickens the ...
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Surgery presentations and gluing

It is well known that every closed oriented 3dimensional manifold can be obtained from a framed link in $S^3$. Let $M$ and $N$ be topological 3-manifolds with boundary such that boundaries $\partial ...
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Surgery and Euler Characteristic

I am trying to find out how a $(p,n-p)$ surgery affects the Euler Characteristic of an orientable, $n-$ dimensional, compact manifold. Call the initial manifold $M$ and the post-op manifold $M'$. This ...
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Surgery results in a cylinder

While reading a proof of a theorem about Reshetikhin Turaev topological quantum field theory, I encountered the following problem. Suppose we have several unlinked unknots $K_i$, $i=1, \dots, g$ in ...
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Why surgery produce a new 3-manifold?

I was studying a proof of the fact that any closed orientable 3-manifold is obtained by integer surgery along a link. I read the several proofs but I don't understand well. A proof is as follows. ...
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the knot surgery - from a $6^3_2$ knot to a $3_1$ trefoil knot

It is intuitive that one can simply doing a cut-gluing surgery to make a $6^3_2$ to a $3_1$ trefoil knot: e.g. from to All one needs to do it to cut the three intersections at the angle of ...
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Construction of lens spaces

I have a question about the surgery construction of lens spaces. Let $T=S^1 \times D$ be a solid torus. Let $T'$ be another torus. We fix a meridian $m$ and longitude $l$ of the torus. Then the lens ...
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Turn a torus inside out

Let $T=D^2 \times S^1$ be a solid torus, where $D^2$ is a 2-dimensional disk and $S^1$ is a circle. Suppose we have another solid torus $T'$ and we have a homeomorphism $f$ sending a meridian ...
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Why is the oriented $G$-homotopy type of a $G$-complex uniquely determined by the periodicity generator?

Say we have a periodicity generator $e \in H^k(BG)$. I can show that we then have a $(k-1)$-dimensional $G$-complex $X$ with free $G$-action. It's also not that difficult to see that it has trivial ...
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Surgery on trivial knots

I know a theorem that any closed orientable 3 manifold can be obtained from the sphere $S^3$ by surgery along a framed knot. I think I read or heard somewhere that as a surgery link, we can take ...
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Does the boundary of a handle decomposition obtain a handle decomposition?

Let $M$ be the $4$-manifold $D^4\cup2\text{-handle}\cup\ldots\cup2\text{-handle}$, where the attachment of the handles is specfied by an oriented framed link $L=L_1\cup\ldots\cup L_n\subseteq S^3$. By ...
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In $n>5$, topology = algebra

During the study of the surgery theory I faced following sentence: Surgery theory works best for $n > 5$, when "topology = algebra". I don't know what is the meaning of topology=algebra. ...
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Surgery on $S^m$

On page 4 of the book "ALGEBRAIC AND GEOMETRIC SURGERY" by Andrew Ranicki, after the definition of surgery has written: Example View the $m$-sphere $S^m$ as $$S^m=\partial (D^{n+1} \times ...
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Surgery on manifold

In this article on surgery on manifolds it is explained that from an $n$-manifold $M$ an $n$-manifold $M'$ can be constructed by cutting out $S^p \times D^q$ and gluing in $D^{p+1}\times S^{q-1}$. ...
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Surgery, framing and Dehn twist

Let $L$ be a framed knot in $S^3$. Let $U$ be a closed regular neighborhood of $L$ in $S^3$. How can I interpretate the following sentence? "We identify $U$ with $S^1 \times B^2$ so that $L$ is ...
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How to do this surgery?

Let $L$ be a $0$-framed trivial knot in $S^3 \subset B^4$. Take $B^3 \subset B^4$ such that $B^3$ splits $B^4$ into two and $\partial B^3$ intersects $L$ only two points. Take a neighborhood $U$ of ...
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Surgery and boundary

Let $L$ be a framed link in $S^3$ with $m$ components and let $U$ be a closed regular neighborhood of $L$ in $S^3$. Let $B^4$ be a closed 4-ball bounded by $S^3$ so that $U \subset S^3$. Gluing $m$ ...
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Properties of Surgery on Manifolds?

I am trying to give a brief explanation in which I make use of the concept of surgery on an $m$-manifold $M$. This is along the lines of (and taken generously from) the Wikipedia entry on Surgery; ...