Surface is a two-dimensional submanifold of three-dimensional Euclidean space.

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8
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384 views

Why is $\pi r^2$ the surface of a circle

Why is $\pi r^2$ the surface of a circle? I have learned this formula ages ago and I'm just using it like most people do, but I don't think I truly understand how circles work until I understand why ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Creating an ellipsoidal 3D surface

I am trying to find the equation of a 3D ellipsoidal surface. I have thought of two approaches which are schematically shown below: By revolving an elliptical arc over a 3D elliptical path: Or by ...
47
votes
4answers
2k views

How to identify surfaces of revolution

Given a surface $f(x,y,z)=0$, how would you determine whether or not it's a surface of revolution, and find the axis of rotation? The special case where $f$ is a polynomial is also of interest. A ...
11
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2answers
2k views

implicit equation for “double torus” (genus 2 orientable surface)

The embedded torus in $\mathbb R^3$ can be described by the set of points in $(x,y,z)\in \mathbb R^3$ satisfying $T(x,y,z)=0$, where $T$ is the polynomial ...
17
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3answers
4k views

Cutting a Möbius strip down the middle

Why does the result of cutting a Möbius strip down the middle lengthwise have two full twists in it? I can account for one full twist--the identification of the top left corner with the bottom right ...
8
votes
1answer
122 views

Playing with the torus and semisimplicial sets (prove that $\phi$ and $\psi$ are not homotopic)

Recall that we can express the torus $|X.| \cong T$ as a square with edges $e$ and $f$, diagonal $g$, faces $T_1$ and $T_2$, and a single vertex $v$, and appropriate identifications. Let $Y.$ be the ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Drawing a thickened Möbius strip in Mathematica

I would like to have Mathematica plot a "thickened Möbius strip", i.e. a torus with square cross section that is given a one-half twist. Ideally, I would like this thickened Möbius strip to be ...
4
votes
3answers
213 views

Differential Geometry: Is a closed disk a surface?

An open disk is clearly a surface, in the sense that it is locally homeomorphic to a part of $\mathbb{R}^2$. But what about a closed disk, even though it still looks like a surface, I am starting to ...
3
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0answers
58 views

Hypersurfaces containing given lines

Let $L_1, ..., L_n$ be non-intersecting (general, if necessary) lines in $\mathbb P^3$. I need to find the dimension of the space of polynomials of degree $d$, vanishing on these lines. ...
3
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1answer
84 views

What's the name of these two surfaces?

I've plot two implicit surfaces which are shown in the above, I only know their expression, but I don't know how to call them.
3
votes
1answer
407 views

A 3-manifold with fundamental group isomorphic to a surface group.

Let $M$ be a 3-manifold (the case I am interested is $M$ closed orientable connected hyperbolic); suppose $\pi_1 (M)$ is isomorphic to the fundamental group of a (closed orientable connected) surface ...
9
votes
2answers
133 views

Prove that any shape 1 unit area can be placed on a tiled surface

Given a surface of equal square tiles where each tile side is 1 unit long. Prove that a single area A, of any shape, but just less than 1 unit square in area can be placed on the surface without ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

How to find cubic non-snarks where the $\min(f_k)>6$ on surfaces with $\chi<0$?

Henning once told me that, [i]t follows from the Euler characteristic of the plane that the average face degree of a 3-regular planar graph with $F$ faces is $6-12/F$, which means that every ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Must $\vec{n}$ be a Unit Normal Vector (Stokes' Theorem)?

If $S$ is an oriented, smooth surface that is bounded by a simple, closed, smooth boundary curve $C$ with positive orientation, then for some vector field $\vec{F}$: $$\oint_C \vec{F} \cdot d\vec{r} ...
1
vote
2answers
863 views

Identify and sketch the quadric surface?

I'm stuck trying to figure out which type of quadric surface this equation is: $$\dfrac{x^2}{16} - \dfrac{y^2}{9} - \dfrac{z^2}{1} = 1$$ I have narrowed it down to a hyperboloid, but cannot ...
0
votes
1answer
644 views

compute principal directions of a cylinder

I calculated the parametric equation of a cylinder, $$x(u,v)=a\cos(u)$$ $$y(u,v)=a\sin(u)$$ $$z(u,v)=v$$ I do not know how to calculate principal directions ? I am not sure what it means neither ...
0
votes
1answer
432 views

How to integrate over an arbitrarily positioned spherical cap in spherical coordinates

If you want to integrate over the SURFACE of a spherical cap that is positioned in the way it is on wikipedia, this is rather simple. since it has azimuthal symmetry you get a factor $2\pi$ and for ...
17
votes
2answers
510 views

How to determine that a surface is symmetric

Given a surface $f(x,y,z)=0$, how could you determine that it's symmetric about some plane, and, if so, how would you find this plane. The special case where $f$ is a polynomial is of some interest. ...
6
votes
2answers
440 views

Quick question: Chern classes of Sym, Wedge, Hom, and Tensor

Given $L$ is a line bundle and $V$ is bundle of rank $r$ on a surface (compact complex manifold of dim 2). Recall the formula for $c_1$ and $c_2$: $c_1(V\otimes L)=c_1(V)+rc_1(L)$ ...
21
votes
3answers
332 views

Is an isometric embedding of a disk determined by the boundary?

Suppose we cut a disk out of a flat piece of paper and then manipulate it in three dimensions (folding, bending, etc.) Can we determine where the paper is from the position of the boundary circle? ...
7
votes
2answers
134 views

1-dimensional foliation on a surface

Is it possible to find a 1-dimensional nonsingular foliation on an orientable surface with one boundary component such that lines of the foliation are transverse to the boundary?
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0answers
128 views

Given a diffeomorphism between two surfaces, is there an expression for the pullback of the covariant derivative of a vector field?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two surfaces (smooth enough) in an affine space $M$ with metric $g$. Let $g^A$, $g^B$ be the metric tensors on the two surfaces induced by $g$, and $\nabla^A$, $\nabla^B$ the ...
6
votes
1answer
346 views

Are varieties of Kodaira dimension zero precisely the varieties with torsion canonical sheaf

Let $B$ a smooth projective connected variety over $\mathbf C$. Suppose that $K_B$ is torsion. Then, clearly, the Kodaira dimension of $B$ is zero. Does the converse hold? That is, suppose that $B$ ...
6
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1answer
2k views

The Gaussian and Mean Curvatures of a Parallel Surface

This is a homework problem from do Carmo. Given a regular parametrized surface $X(u,v)$ we define the parallel surface $Y(u,v)$ by $$Y(u,v)=X(u,v) + aN(u,v)$$ where $N(u,v)$ is the unit normal on $X$ ...
6
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3answers
3k views

Geodesic of a curved surface

I'm trying to read Lambourne's Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology, but as this seems more of a maths question I've posted it here rather than in the physics forum. The author talks about affinely ...
5
votes
1answer
465 views

Covariant derivative on hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$

I saw in a talk that a surface gradient of $f:M \to \mathbb{R}$ where $M$ is a hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$ defined as $$\nabla_M f = \nabla f - (\nabla f \cdot N)N$$ where $N$ is the unit normal ...
4
votes
2answers
467 views

Surface area of a flexible tube

Consider the hollow tube formed by sweeping a circle of radius $r(t)$ along a curve $\gamma(t)$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$; in other words, the set of points $$S=\{\gamma(t) + r(t) \hat{n}\quad \vert\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Determining if there can be smooth closed geodesic given its curvature

In my class on differential geometry I have been given the following question on which I am stuck: Let S be a regular orientable surface in $ R^3 $ with Gaussian curvature $K$ (not necessarily ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

The equation of a 3D surface bounded by 3 known elliptical curves

I am trying to find the equation of a 3D surface as illustrated below. The boundaries of this surface is comprised of two planar elliptical arcs $AB$ and $AC$ as well as a 3D arc $BC$ which is a 3D ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Non-standard 3D rotation of a set of points [duplicate]

I want to create a 3D surface as shown in the figure below. Toward this, I thought if I rotate a set of points in $xy$-plane on a elliptical arc I may be able to get such a surface. I was thinking of ...
5
votes
1answer
231 views

Two surfaces are not isometries of each other, but have the same Gaussian Curvature

How can you show that two surfaces are not isometries of each other, but have the same Gaussian Curvature. For example, I see that: the helicoid given by X = (ucosv, usinv, v) & the ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

Limit $\lim_{x\rightarrow x_0, x\in M} \int_{\partial M} \frac{1}{||y-x||} n_y \cdot \nabla_y \frac{-1}{||y-x||} dS_y$

Ok I had a question I think I can almost answer it but I miss one step: Let $\partial M$ be a closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, $x_0 \in \partial M$ than show this limit: ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

Union of two self-intersecting planes is not a surface

I need to show that the union of xy-plane and xz-plane, i.e. the set $S:=\lbrace (x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^3 : z=0 \mbox{ or } y=0\rbrace$, is not a surface. Here is my claim, $\textbf{Claim :}$ Suppose ...
5
votes
2answers
411 views

What function has a graph that looks like this?

I delete my file which I used to produce this graph. Does anybody have some idea how to produce it again? Thanks for a while.
4
votes
1answer
42 views

identify the topological type obtained by gluing sides of the hexagon

Identify the topological type obtained by gluing sides of the hexagon as shown in the picture below Clearly the boundary is encoded by the word $abcb^{-1}a^{-1}c$ I do not understand how the ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

Are there odd-sheeted coverings of non-orientable surfaces by orientable surfaces?

For any non-orientable surface (compact,connected) $X$ with genus $h$, we have a $2n$-sheeted cover of $X$ by an orientable surface $Y$ first by covering $X$ by $\Sigma_{h-1}$ (a double cover) and ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Connected sum of surfaces with boundary

The connected sum of closed surfaces (2-manifolds) is defined by removing a disk from each and gluing the exposed edges together. When defining the connected sum of surfaces with boundary, is the ...
3
votes
3answers
273 views

The principal curvatures of a surface of revolution

The principal curvatures of the surface at a point is defined as the maximal and the minimal curvature among all normal sections. It's claimed (say, on Stillwell's Geometry of Surfaces) that for a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Homology of orientable surface of genus $g$

I came across the problem of computing the homology groups of the closed orientable surface of genus $g$. Here Homology of surface of genus $g$ I found a solution via cellular homology. This seems ...
2
votes
4answers
395 views

Finding the Asymptotic Curves of a Given Surface

I have to find the asymptotic curves of the surface given by $$z = a \left( \frac{x}{y} + \frac{y}{x} \right),$$ for constant $a \neq 0$. I guess that what was meant by that statement is that surface ...
2
votes
1answer
357 views

Does the uniqueness of solutions to convex optimization with linear constraints hold in n>3 dimensions?

This is a repost of an earlier question, where I think I was not clear enough in what I was asking: I am examining the following optimization problem, for which I would like to know if, when a ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

About fibers of an elliptic fibration.

Consider the following pencil of cubics: $\lambda C_1+ \mu C_2$ where $C_1=y^2z$ and $C_2=x(x^2+2xz+z^2)$ and the elliptic fibration $\tilde X \rightarrow \mathbb P^1$ induced by the blow-up of ...
2
votes
4answers
796 views

Prove that Gauss map on M is surjective

Let $M$ be a closed, orientable, and bounded surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$. (a) Prove that the Gauss map on $M$ is surjective. (b) Let $K_+(p) = \max \{0, K(p)\}$. Show that $$ \int K_+dA \ge 4\pi. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
502 views

How do we define ample vector bundles

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbf C$. How do we define an ample vector bundle $E$? Do we just ask its determinant $\det $ to be ample? Is it the same as saying that $f^\ast E$ is ...
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1answer
55 views

Homeomorphism $\phi : T^2/A \to X/B$. What are $ T^2/A$ and $X/B$?

The question I am working on asks me to construct a homeomorphism $\phi : T^2/A \to X/B$ where $T^2$, $A$, $X$ and $B$ are given as follows: $T^2=S^1 \times S^1$ and $A \subset T^2$ is given by ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Open subset of a plane [duplicate]

Suppose that the second fundamental form of a surface patch $\sigma$ is zero everywhere. How can we prove that $\sigma$ is an open subset of a plane? The second fundamental form of a surface patch ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Surfaces of constant curvature using the conformal method

I'm doing a study of surfaces with constant curvature which leads to solving the equation: $$\Delta\phi = -e^{2\phi}K_0$$ for a 2-dimensional metric with constant curvature such that rotation around ...
1
vote
1answer
777 views

Need function for 2D sigmoid-shaped monotonic Surface

I am looking for a 2D function, $f(x, y)$ which increases monotonically over the range $(0,0)$ to $(1,1)$. In other words, it will be $0$ at $(0,0)$ and $1$ at $(1,1)$. It will also evaluate to $0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Giving parametrization of Hyperboloid

I'd like to give a parametrization of an two sheet hyperboloid, such that this parametrization covers both sheets (Without using $±$ symbols). Does that parametrization exist?
8
votes
2answers
517 views

isolated non-normal surface singularity

I am looking for an isolated non-normal singularity on an algebraic surface. One obvious example occurs to me: the union of two $2$-dimensional affine subspaces of $\mathbb{A}^4$ which meet in a ...