For questions about surfaces.

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2
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1answer
22 views

Number of intersections of two closed loops on a genus zero surface

I have stumbled onto the following fact and I am quite helpless in seeing why this is true (although I can agree intuitively). Let $M$ be a surface of genus zero (open or closed, with or without ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Finding the leftmost, rightmost, top, and bottom, points, on a surface, of a sphere.

So I'm making a 3D game, and the player is inside a glass sphere. I'm projecting a bunch of points onto the sphere, and I need to find the leftmost, rightmost, topmost, and bottommost points, so I can ...
6
votes
2answers
51 views

1-dimensional foliation on a surface

Is it possible to find a 1-dimensional nonsingular foliation on an orientable surface with one boundary component such that lines of the foliation are transverse to the boundary?
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Why does every noncompact orientable surface have a complex structure?

There is a high-powered proof of the fact that orientable noncompact surfaces have free fundamental group here that invokes the ability to put a complex structure on any such surface. But why should ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

How do I find the ridges and valleys given a surface elevation function

Given a surface with a single elevation value for every x and y how can I find the places where the isoelevation contours have the tightest bends? And how can I differentiate between bends that are ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Is it true that $d\textbf{S} = dy dz\textbf{ i }+ dx dz\textbf{ j }+ dx dy\textbf{ k }$

I came up with this in my mind, Just wondering if it is true I am thinking about it too, will post my observations, if any
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Relationship between Surface Area and Volume

Question: Is there a general relationship between surface area and volume analogous to the below examples? Example 1. Consider a ball $B$ centered at the origin of a spherical coordinate system. The ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Stokes' Theorem and Surfaces

Stokes' Theorem states the following: \begin{equation*} \oint_c \textbf{F}\centerdot d\textbf{r}= \int\int_S (\nabla \times\textbf{F})\centerdot nd \textbf{S}\end{equation*} for a given C that is the ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Check if a point is within a quadratic surface (with arbitrary rotation)

Is there a general way to check whether a point is on a quadratic surface given that the principal axes do not need to coincide with the coordinate axes and that the quadric's centroid does not need ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Strain mapping sphere to plane

I need general indications or guidance. I do not know how to map a surface $ z = \sin (\pi x) \sin (\pi y), (x,0,\pi), (y,0,\pi)$ to a unit square. Nor do I know how to map a quadrant of a unit ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

differential of $f:X\to\Sigma$ as an elliptic surface,

Let $X$ be an algebraic surface surface and $\sum$ an algebraic curve, and assume, $f:X\to\Sigma$ be an elliptic surface, my question is Why the differential $df$ can be viewed as an injection of ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Property that defines Quadric Surface

The book < Geometry and the Imagination > (written by David Hilbert) introduces a property of a Quadric Surface without a proof. Property : The cone consisting of all the tangents from a ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the meaning of $d\vec S$ in a surface integral?

Can someone explain if I have a surface $z= 9-x^2-y^2$ What would $\vec{n}$ be? What would $d\vec{S}$ be? Why is $d\vec{S}$ $(2x,2y,1)$ and not $(2x,2y,1)/\sqrt{4x^2+4y^2+1}$? Thanks!
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Doubt about local flatness of low dimensional embeddings

I would like to know if it is possible to have a simple curve $\gamma $ on a surface $S$ such that $\gamma$ is compact and embedded (i.e. with respect to the topology induced from $S$ it is ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Describing Bézier surfaces

I'm having some trouble with Bézier surfaces and I was hoping someone could help me. Question is rather simple: lets say we have 2 Bézier curves with control points: P00,P10,P20,P30 and second ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Optics surface equation to quadric form

This should be straightforward, but honestly I forgot even the names Google for... I've got a surface description in this form (what is it called?): $$z=\dfrac{cr^2}{1+\sqrt{1-(1+k)c^2r^2}},$$ ...
22
votes
2answers
464 views

Convex surface on which any two points $a,b$ can be joined by a curve of length $(\pi/2-\epsilon)|a-b|$

I am trying to solve an exercise on page 13 of the book Metric structures on Riemannian and non-Riemannian spaces by Gromov. Construct a closed, convex surface $X$ in $\mathbb R^3$ such that any ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Constant curvature geodesic circles on a surface with constant Gauss curvature

Referring to: Curvature of geodesic circles on surface with constant curvature, Is it possible to combine further the last two of the three equations in the link given above into a single ODE / PDE ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Is there any rational map from the nonsingular Segre quadric surface in $\mathbb{CP}^3$ to a nonsingular surface of degree greater or equal to 4?

Is there any rational map from the nonsingular Segre quadric surface in $\mathbb{CP}^3$ to a nonsingular surface in $\mathbb{CP}^3$ of degree greater or equal to 4? Someone told me that the answer is ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is there an algorithm that, given a point cloud, infers an optimal wireframe (surface) structure?

I have a point cloud that I would like to convert to a surface, in the form of a wireframe lattice structure. This means, from a sequence of 3D points (x,y,z), obtaining three 2D matrices X,Y,Z of ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Geometric definition of the stable commutator length

In his book, D.Calegari proves the equivalence of the algebraic and geometric definitions of stable commutator length (Proposition 2.10, p. 15). I actually have some difficulties in understanding the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Area of the portion of the cylinder $x^2+y^2 = 9$ for which $-1 \leq z \leq 2$ and $ 0 \leq \theta \leq \pi/2$

Problem: Find the area of the portion of the cylinder $x^2+y^2 = 9$, for which $-1 \leq z \leq 2$ and $ 0 \leq \theta \leq \pi/2$ I first solved this by parametrizing the surface. $x = 3\cos(u)$ , ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

simple closed curve is nullhomologous iff is separable

A simple closed curve $\gamma$ in an orientable genus $g$ surface $M$ is nullhomologous if and only if $M \setminus \gamma$ consists of two connected components, one of which is a surface $N$ with ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Verification of the Stokes theorem for the surface that is a part of a cone

Let $S$ consist of the part of the cone $z=(x^2+y^2)^{1/2}$ for $x^2+y^2\leq9$ and suppose $${\bf A}=(-y,x,-xyz).$$ Verify that Stokes theorem is satisfied for this choice of $\bf A$ and $S$. In ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Sketching a surface

If $${\bf F}=2y{\bf i}-z{\bf j}+x^2{\bf k},$$ and $s$ is the surface of the parabolic cylinder $y^2=8x$ in the first octant, bounded by the planes $y=4$ and $z=6$, evaluate $$\int_S{\bf ...
-1
votes
3answers
42 views

How many feet of rope to wrap a column

A heating pipe in my bathroom measures 105" in height. It is 8" in circumference (so about 2.55" diameter). I want to wrap it with a 1/4" thick rope. How many feet should I buy? (All measurements in ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Areas of tetrahedron surfaces - how to calculate?

Reading up on Cauchy's stress theorem, I have stumbled over the so-called Cauchy tetrahedron, which is an important part of the theorem's proof. The following is cited straight from Wikipedia, but a ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

How do I find the area of a triangle, in 3D, that lies between two planes, z = A and z = B

Very simple problem to conceptualize, but I don't have a good mathematical solution. I have a triangle with P0 = (x0, y0, z0), P1 = (x1, y1, z1), and P2 = (x2, y2, z2). The triangle represents part ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Parametrizing to Calculate Flux

Evaluate the flux of $\mathbf{f}$ across the oriented surface $\Sigma$ by computing the surface integral $\iint_{\Sigma} \mathbf{f} \cdot d\sigma$, where $\Sigma$ is the surface $z=xe^y$ for $0 \leq x ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Show a smooth map from a compact, connected, orientable surface to a cyllinder has singular derivative at 2 points.

Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $N$ be the cyllinder in $\mathbb{R}^3$ defined by $x^2+y^2=1$. Suppose $f:M\to N$ is $C^{\infty}$. Show that $f_*:TM\to ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Notation for Surface Integral in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Recently, a paper of mine got accepted, but the reviewers are struggling with the (in my view) standard notation for surface integrals in $\mathbb{R}^3$: Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How do we check conformal equivalence of parametrized surfaces, e.g. parallel surfaces?

Suppose we have two parametrized surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$: $$ X,Y:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3 $$ The induced metric on either surface is the pullback of the Euclidean metric $\bar g$ due ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Connected components of the complement of a closed geodesic on a hyperbolic surface.

Let $M$ be homeomorphic to a 2-sphere with a finite number $\geq 3$ of points removed. This implies that $M$ can be equipped with a complete, finite area hyperbolic metric. I imagine $M$ as an ideal ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Where can I find a good set of notes discussing main theorems/ideas surrounding non-orientable surfaces?

I'm currently looking at non-orientable surfaces, but know very little about them. Is there are good set of notes that will teach me the classical results surrounding non-orientable surfaces?
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Surface Integral calc 3

I am having difficulty setting up this problem. I know the bounds must be 0 to pi/2 for both theta and phi but I am unsure as to how to calculate the integrand. I know it must be the double integral ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Representation of nullhomologous loop on compact surface as a product of commutators.

Why this sentence is true?: Assume that $M$ is compact surface and $f: S^1 \to M$ is nullhomologous and without selfintersections. Letting $g$ be the genus and $b$ the number of boundary components ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

common surface between two equation

what is common surface between: $(x+5)^2+z^2=y$ and $z^2+y^2=25$ ? I have found that at the XY plane the common surface is hiperbola, but it cannot be right because at the paraboloid there aren't any ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Surface fitting

I do not need a complete answer but just some advice. I have a sparse matrix of points in a volume. I know a surface passing by these points exists and this surface is mostly flat and relatively ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Need function for 2D sigmoid-shaped monotonic Surface

I am looking for a 2D function, $f(x, y)$ which increases monotonically over the range $(0,0)$ to $(1,1)$. In other words, it will be $0$ at $(0,0)$ and $1$ at $(1,1)$. It will also evaluate to $0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Building bicubic coons patch from four boundary curves

I want to create s coons patch surface from four boundary curves s1(u), s2(u) q1(v), q2(v) I know that equations are the following (added screenshots from a presentation): There are a few ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Linear equivalence vs algebraic equivalence of divisors on smooth projective surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface and $D_1, D_2$ be two divisors on $X$. Is it true that $D_1$ is linearly equivalent to $D_2$ if and only if $D_1$ is algebraically equivalent to $D_2$?
1
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0answers
33 views

ample anticanonical system implies regularity

I was having a look at Exercise V.21(1) of Beauville's "Complex Algebraic Surfaces", where it is asked to classify surfaces with ample anticanonical system. These are the surface $\mathbb{P}^1 \times ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Definition of the algebraic intersection number of oriented closed curves.

Can anyone point me to a reference (book/paper) where I can read up on the the algebraic intersection number of closed curves on an orientable surface? In this paper by John Franks it is used to ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Creating a surface from a path of 3D cubic bezier curves

I have a list of cubic bezier curves in 3D, such that the curves are connected to each other and closes a cycle. I am looking for a way to create a surface from the bezier curves. Eventually i want ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

How do points change in a curved surface?

In the middle picture it shows a row of sticks at certain points along a flat surface. Now in the outer left picture (never-mind the outer right one), when the surface becomes curved the points ...
1
vote
2answers
291 views

Boundary under transformation of a closed curve from $R^2\to R^3$

Consider some mapping $\phi: R_{uv} \to S\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ where $R_{uv}\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and such that it is a simply connected region. We call the boundary of the surface (which we ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

NURBS surface fitting for a closed region on mesh

I'm developing a tool that allows users to select a closed boundary (a polygon) on the triangle mesh and then from this boundary, generate a NURBS surface fitting the original mesh surface. My idea ...
-2
votes
1answer
81 views

Cw complex $\Sigma_g$

Consider the oriented connected compact surface $\Sigma_g$ of genus $g$ with its standard CW structure. How do I write down the attaching map for the single $2$-cell and how can it be proven that it ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

For compact surface $M$ and loop $f$ there exists a surjection $\phi: H_1(M) \to \mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z}$ such that $f \notin \ker(\phi)$

Why is this sentence true? For every not nullhomologous loop $f$ without selfintersections on orientable compact surface $M$ there exists a surjection $\phi: H_1(M) \to \mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z}$ such ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Approximate a surface by set of points

Given a set of points $(X, Y, Z)$ obtained from the experimental data that can be considered as a 3D surface. What is the common approach to get an approximating function Z=f(x,y) that describes the ...