3
votes
1answer
48 views

Relationship between Surface Area and Volume

Question: Is there a general relationship between surface area and volume analogous to the below examples? Example 1. Consider a ball $B$ centered at the origin of a spherical coordinate system. The ...
17
votes
2answers
311 views

Convex surface on which any two points $a,b$ can be joined by a curve of length $(\pi/2-\epsilon)|a-b|$

I am trying to solve an exercise on page 13 of the book Metric structures on Riemannian and non-Riemannian spaces by Gromov. Construct a closed, convex surface $X$ in $\mathbb R^3$ such that any ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Areas of tetrahedron surfaces - how to calculate?

Reading up on Cauchy's stress theorem, I have stumbled over the so-called Cauchy tetrahedron, which is an important part of the theorem's proof. The following is cited straight from Wikipedia, but a ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Where can I find a good set of notes discussing main theorems/ideas surrounding non-orientable surfaces?

I'm currently looking at non-orientable surfaces, but know very little about them. Is there are good set of notes that will teach me the classical results surrounding non-orientable surfaces?
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

Cw complex $\Sigma_g$

Consider the oriented connected compact surface $\Sigma_g$ of genus $g$ with its standard CW structure. How do I write down the attaching map for the single $2$-cell and how can it be proven that it ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Does a pseudo-Anosov homeomorphism of a punctured surface possess infinitely many periodic points?

In A Primer on Mapping Class Groups by Farb and Margalit theorem 14.19 implies that every pseudo-Anosov homeomorphism $f:S \rightarrow S$ on a compact surface $S$ possesses infinitely many periodic ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How to find the tangents for a spiral geometry at each point accurately

I have been working on a progam that generates spirals from contours that have been formed by slicing a surface by various planes along its height.The contours are a collection of linear line ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

tilt of surface from the normals

I have a flat object (not totally flat (let's say in range of 25µm)) which I measured two times (The measuring concept is not important here) with applying a tilt between the two times. I have the ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Better way to denote position on a sphere's surface

TL;DR: Read the bold text. If you have a rectangular plane, you can use two coordinates (X, Y) to define any position on the plane. If you have a sphere, you can still use polar coordinates to denote ...
1
vote
2answers
159 views

How to parametrize a triangle?

How do I parametrize a triangle with vertices $A(1,1)$, $B(2,2)$ and $C(1,3)$? I have tried working with the equations of the lines that form it but am not completely sure how to link them together ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

compact surface of revolution

I have to prove that a compact surface of revolution is diffeomorphic to a sphere or to a torus. And show that $\int_{S} K dA= $ =$\{4\pi,$ if S is spherical type 0, if S is toric type $\}$, ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Flat Surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$ Can Be Bent Only Along Straight Lines

This is a problem out of Elementary Differential Geometry by Barrett O'Neill (Chapter 6 Section 3 Number 2). Let $M$ be a flat surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with principal curvatures $k_1$ and $k_2$, ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

The relation between principal curvature and curvature tensor?

To me, there are two systems of curvature of a surface, one is consist of 'principal curvature, mean curvature, Guass curvature, normal curvature' while the other is consist of 'curvature tensor'. I ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Showing to be Unit-sphere

First and second fundamental forms are both $du^2 +\cos^2 u dv^2$ I want to show that the surface is a part of the unit sphere. What I did is following; $E=L=1$ $F=M=0$ $N=G=\cos^2 u$ ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

How do you integrate surface area in spherical coordinates?

A single-valued function of spherical coordinates $r(\theta,\phi)$ (where $(\theta,\phi)\in[0,\pi]\otimes[0,2\pi]$) naturally defines a surface in 3D space. How does one calculate the surface area of ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

What does the metric matrix G tell us here

Let $\phi:U \rightarrow S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^3$ be a chart from $U \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ to a surface $S$. $G = g_{ij}$ be the metric matrix such that $ g_{ij} = \frac{\partial \phi}{\partial ...
1
vote
2answers
87 views

Total/Gaussian curvature is intrinsic, yet mean curvature is extrinsic, why?

What characteristics define the total/mean curvature to be intrinsic/extrinsic accordingly? What is different geometrically about these curvatures that cause them to be defined as this?
2
votes
2answers
107 views

check if point is on a plane (using Heron formula ?)

Is this true that if any of parameters a, b, c, d is equal to sum of three others then 4 points are on same plane? I am given 4 points in 3 dimensional space. Is this correct to state that all 4 ...
0
votes
2answers
149 views

Find tangent vector to surface given a point on the surface and its normal vector (for a sphere)

I need to know how to find a tangent vector to a point on the surface of a sphere if I am given the point P and the normal vector at that point N. I know that there are many possible tangent vectors ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Is every quadratic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ ruled?

Let $\mathbb{P}$ be the projective line over an algebraically closed field $k$. Is it true that every quadratic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ is ruled? How can one see that this is the case? This ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

parametrization of plane in $\mathbb R^3$

Parametrize the plane in $\mathbb R^3$ with direction vectors $\hat u$ and $\hat v$ and through the point $p$ as in representation as the range of a $C^1$ function $f:\mathbb R^2\to\mathbb R^3$. ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

What kind of surface is this?

I'm not a math guru, but just fascinated by it, so sorry if my questions are only curiosity and not high level. In some contemporary art website I have found this image: In the right side there is ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

equivariant map $\mathbb{CP}^1 \to \mathbb{CP}^2:$ where does it send the boundary

Start from a map $\mathbb{CP}^1 \ni (u:v) \mapsto (x:y:z) \in \mathbb{CP}^2$ given by $$ x = au^2, \quad y = av^2, \quad z = uv,$$ where $a \in \mathbb{R}$ is a parameter. The image of the map is the ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

holomorphic disk and crosscap as quotients of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ by antiholomorphic involutions

Consider $\mathbb{CP}^1 \ni (u:v)$ and the maps $$ \sigma_{\pm}: \quad (u:v) \mapsto (\overline{v}:\pm\overline{u})$$ How do we show that the quotient $\mathbb{CP}^1/\sigma_+$ gives a disk, and ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Help with Plateau's Laws

Can someone please explain mathematically what is meant by the term 'smooth' in Plateau's First Law: "Soap films are made of entire smooth surfaces" Thank you in advance!
2
votes
2answers
494 views

Surface area of intersection of two cylinders

Let $$R=\{(x,y,z):y^2+z^2\leq 1\,\, \text{and}\,\, x^2+z^2\leq 1\}.$$ Compute the volume of $R$. Compute the area of its boundary $\partial R$. I'm fine with #1. For #2, I have a ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Surface area of a sphere bounded by a pyramid

I'm trying to calculate the surface area of a sphere that is bounded by the walls of a triangular pyramid. $o$ is the origin and centre of a sphere of radius $R$, $a$ is a point at the tip of the ...
17
votes
2answers
359 views

How to determine that a surface is symmetric

Given a surface $f(x,y,z)=0$, how could you determine that it's symmetric about some plane, and, if so, how would you find this plane. The special case where $f$ is a polynomial is of some interest. ...
-1
votes
2answers
128 views

Identifiying the next point on the surface of a cube ( or 3D object )

I have a cube of unit length. Each face of the cube is divided into 10 x 10 equal segments. Consider an object of size equal to that of a segment moving through the surface of the cube ( or any 3D ...
38
votes
4answers
1k views

How to identify surfaces of revolution

Given a surface $f(x,y,z)=0$, how would you determine whether or not it's a surface of revolution, and find the axis of rotation? The special case where $f$ is a polynomial is also of interest. A ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Proof that the infinite cylinder is a regular surface.

I have to proof that the circular cylinder $M=\{(x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^3\mid x^2 + y^2 = r^2\}$ is a regular surface, where $r$ is a constant, $r>0$. Then I have to see also that $\mathrm x\colon ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Formula for extracting bounding points from a given set of points

I have a set of geographic locations, i.e. points defined by latitude and longitude. Given this set of points, I need to select only those of them that belong to the surface bounds. The simplest ...
0
votes
1answer
230 views

compute principal directions of a cylinder

I calculated the parametric equation of a cylinder, $$x(u,v)=a\cos(u)$$ $$y(u,v)=a\sin(u)$$ $$z(u,v)=v$$ I do not know how to calculate principal directions ? I am not sure what it means neither ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Does the uniqueness of solutions to convex optimization with linear constraints hold in n>3 dimensions?

This is a repost of an earlier question, where I think I was not clear enough in what I was asking: I am examining the following optimization problem, for which I would like to know if, when a ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Boy surface parameterization confusion

I'm looking at equations 10, 11 and 12 here. What do the letters I and R represent in these equations?
1
vote
3answers
599 views

Find internal surface area of painted cube

Suppose that a wooden cube, whose edge is $3$ inch, is painted red, then cut into $27$ pieces of $1$ inch edge. Find total surface area of unpainted? First of all, I have tried to draw the cube using ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

isometries of the sphere

There is a theorem by Pogorelov that if a $C^2$ surface $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$ is isometric to the unit 2-sphere, then $M$ is itself (a rigid motion of) the sphere. What is known about isometric ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

Paper cylinder inside out

My question is related with paper folding: Given a cylinder of paper it is possible to turn it inside out using folding along lines. This is a Martin Gardner recreational puzzle. Secondly, ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Identify the Euler characteristic of the edge word $ abc^{-1}b^{-1}da^{-1}d^{-1} c $

Identify the Euler characteristic of the edge word $ abc^{-1}b^{-1}da^{-1}d^{-1} c $. The Euler characteristic is $$ X=V-E+F$$ where $V$, $E$ and $F$ are the vertices, edges and faces ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Find position on surface of a lens

If I have a lens with coordinates UV on the lens surface where U, V are [-1, 1] and I want to find the real-world (x,y,z) coordinates of the UV point, how would I do that if I have the following ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Property about revolution surfaces

"Consider $f:[a,b]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ of class $C^1$, limited, such that $f(x)\neq 0$ for all $a\leq x\leq b$. After this, consider the revolution surface by turning graphic of $f$ around the $x$ ...
8
votes
3answers
206 views

What curve is this?

This is my earring (see the image please) and my question is: Does this curve have a name? If it does, which one? Regards! And thank you.
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Show that there is a fixed $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ such that for all $s \in I, \gamma(s)=\beta(s)+p$.

Suppose that $\beta,\gamma : I \to \mathbb R^3$ are two unit speed smooth curves. Suppose that the curvatures and tortions are everywhere positive, and that $B_\beta(s)= B_\gamma(s)$ for all $s\in I$. ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Curvature of surface

So lets say I have a mesh and for each face I have the position of its $3$ vertices and the area of the face. So let's say I have a point $p$ on this face and a vector $v$ that goes from $p$ to the ...
4
votes
0answers
128 views

Union of two self-intersecting planes is not a surface

I need to show that the union of xy-plane and xz-plane, i.e. the set $S:=\lbrace (x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^3 : z=0 \mbox{ or } y=0\rbrace$, is not a surface. Here is my claim, $\textbf{Claim :}$ Suppose ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Why the solution of this brainteaser a linear function?

I have been asked the following brainteaser: Imagine that you have a grid of dots in 2D placed at regular interval, you draw a convex shape by joining dots. Let us call M the number of dots ...
6
votes
2answers
210 views

Embedded surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $U \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ be an open set and let $\sigma : U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be a parametrization of an oriented surface $S$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ whose unit normal in $\sigma ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

How do you explain the appearance of a sine in the integral for calculating the surface area of a sphere? [duplicate]

Let's say I want to calculate the surface area of a sphere. For simplicity, let's just use the unit sphere. A naïve argument might go like this. Let's say I mark the north and south "poles" and draw ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Sign-preservation of continuous map in a small neighborhood

So I was reading a small book on surfaces called "Mostly Surfaces" which is available for free in the internet: http://www.math.brown.edu/~res/Papers/surfacebook.pdf In page 32, the author decides ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What is the meaning of a surface approximation equation?

Given a set of $n$ points $P$, a point $p_i\in{P}$, $1\leq i\leq n$ and a number $k<n$, I define the group $N_k(p_i)$ as the group containing $p_i$'s $k$ nearest neighbors. In addition, each point ...