4
votes
1answer
35 views

What curvature conditions make a surface rigid?

Consider a compact surface $S$, possibly with boundary, embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$, with the induced Riemannian metric. I believe that if $S$ has constant positive Gaussian curvature (that is, $S$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Flat Surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$ Can Be Bent Only Along Straight Lines

This is a problem out of Elementary Differential Geometry by Barrett O'Neill (Chapter 6 Section 3 Number 2). Let $M$ be a flat surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with principal curvatures $k_1$ and $k_2$, ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Why use Gauss and mean curvature to characterize a surface's deviation from being “flat” at one point?

We know for a 2-dimensional surface there are two orthogonal principal directions at every point, where the principal curvatures $\kappa_1$ and $\kappa_2$ are the two ends of the curvature spectrum ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Total/Gaussian curvature is intrinsic, yet mean curvature is extrinsic, why?

What characteristics define the total/mean curvature to be intrinsic/extrinsic accordingly? What is different geometrically about these curvatures that cause them to be defined as this?
0
votes
1answer
215 views

compute principal directions of a cylinder

I calculated the parametric equation of a cylinder, $$x(u,v)=a\cos(u)$$ $$y(u,v)=a\sin(u)$$ $$z(u,v)=v$$ I do not know how to calculate principal directions ? I am not sure what it means neither ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

Numerical computation of surface curvature

In 2 dimensions, the definition of curvature of a curve $y = y(x)$ is \begin{equation} C = \frac{y''}{(1+y'^{2})^{3/2}} \end{equation} and it is easy to estimate the curvature numerically for given ...
0
votes
4answers
349 views

Prove that Gauss map on M is surjective

Let $M$ be a closed, orientable, and bounded surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$. (a) Prove that the Gauss map on $M$ is surjective. (b) Let $K_+(p) = \max \{0, K(p)\}$. Show that $$ \int K_+dA \ge 4\pi. $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Curvature of surface

So lets say I have a mesh and for each face I have the position of its $3$ vertices and the area of the face. So let's say I have a point $p$ on this face and a vector $v$ that goes from $p$ to the ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Conics generalized to surfaces of constant curvature

Do conic sections have an interesting generalization to surfaces of constant curvature? Consider a sphere (constant positive curvature) $\mathcal{S}$ centered at $O$, as well as points $A, B \in ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Complete developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ is ruled

Let $X \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a complete smooth surface which is developable in the sense that its Gaussian curvature is identically zero. Wikipedia claims that such a surface is necessarily ruled, ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

Questions on surfaces touching along a curve (why is it a curvature line?)

I have two questions on surfaces touching along a curve. I would really appreciate if you could help me. i) Prove that if two surfaces touch along a curve and it is a curvature line on one of the ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

Hilbert theorem and constant negative curvature surfaces

Let us consider the tractroid (pseudosphere) obtained by rotation from the tractrix curve. The surface is not defined on the "big rim", so it is not a complete set. Hilbert's theorem states that there ...