Tagged Questions

For questions about surfaces.

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0answers
13 views

Castelnuovo's elimination of indeterminacy: a bound for the number of blow-ups.

Look at the following theorem from Beaville's "Complex algebraic surface": The surface $S'$ is obtained basically by successive blow-ups on the points where $\phi$ is not defined. Now at the ...
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0answers
25 views

Relating Differential geometry with ODEs / conformal map

Let $f:\mathbb{R}_{>0} \times (0,2\pi) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ $$f(t,\phi) := (r(t) \cos( \phi) , r(t) \sin(\phi),z(t))$$ be a surface of revolution, where we assume that $r>0$ and ...
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0answers
18 views

Understanding how connected sum of smooth surfaces is a surface

I have two smooth surfaces $M_1$ and $M_2$ I''m trying to understand how the connected sum $M_1 \mathop{\#} M_2$ is a smooth surface. I will write my understanding of the proof and then explain where ...
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0answers
14 views

Find the exact surface area by rotating curve around x axis

Can someone explain step by step how I would solve this problem, I tried and came up with $1/800(17620\cdot\sqrt{401} + 79 \sinh^{-1}(20))$ plugging this into web assign tells me it is incorrect. ...
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1answer
21 views

Understanding why Euler's Formula applies to planar graphs

I'm trying to prove that given a planar graph (by that I mean a graph where every pair of points is joined without crossings) $V-E+F = 2$. I can prove this by induction directly on the edges except ...
2
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2answers
36 views

Reference request for equality of torsion of H1 and H2

I have heard that for a surface $X$ (algebraic? smooth? compact?) the torsion part of $H_1(X,\mathbb{Z})$ is the same as that of $H_2(X,\mathbb{Z})$. Please could you give me a correct statement? I ...
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0answers
11 views

Cutting a surface at critical levels produces cylinders

Let $F$ a closed surface with isolated critical points and a homeomorphism $g: F \rightarrow F$ that maps critical levels to critical levels. Let us cut the surface $F$ by the critical levels. Do we ...
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3answers
24 views

Find the intersection of two surfaces

I have been looking into this question : we have two surfaces : $$\big\{(x,y,z)\in \mathbb{R}^3 \mid\;\; S_1\colon\;\; x+z=1 ,\;\; S_2\colon\;\; x^2+y^2=1 \big\}$$ we need to draw or describe the ...
4
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2answers
52 views

Quick question: Chern classes of Sym, Wedge, Hom, and Tensor

Given $L$ is a line bundle and $V$ is bundle of rank $r$ on a surface (compact complex manifold of dim 2). Recall the formula for $c_1$ and $c_2$: $c_1(V\otimes L)=c_1(V)+rc_1(L)$ ...
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0answers
42 views

Is there a surface S$\subset R^3$ whose Gaussian curvature is -1 at each point S?

Is there a surface $S\subset \Bbb R^3$ whose Gaussian curvature is $-1$ at each point $S$? At first I think this does not make a sense. But googling and googling.. I found a 'final exam problem' ...
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0answers
36 views

Lattice representation of the Klein bottle

I'm looking at the space $\mathbb{R^2}/G$ where $G = \mathbb{Z^2}$ acts by $(n,m)(x,y) = ((-1)^mx+m,y+n))$ and I'm trying to show that this is a smooth surface. I am having a couple of problems. To ...
3
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1answer
46 views

Surface of an onion-shaped church tower

I am wondering how to calculate surface of the church tower in the picture, for painting purposes. Especially, I am interested in the two 'onion-shaped' parts. I am thinking, that it is not really ...
4
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1answer
23 views

Volumes and surfaces of revolution?

Please can someone explain to me why we use $dx$ in a volume of revolution i.e. $$\pi \int{f(x)^2 dx}$$ but $ds$ (an elementary bit of arc) in a surface of revolution i.e. $$2\pi \int{f(x)ds}$$ does ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Two surfaces are not isometries of each other, but have the same Gaussian Curvature

How can you show that two surfaces are not isometries of each other, but have the same Gaussian Curvature. For example, I see that: the helicoid given by X = (ucosv, usinv, v) & the ...
4
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0answers
83 views

Number of fibrations over a curve.

Fix a non-singular complex projective curve $C$. I would like to know how many non-singular complex projective surfaces $S$ have the following properties (up to isomorphism): There is a fibration ...
3
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3answers
328 views

Surface area of a sphere limits

If I am finding the surface area of a sphere in spherical coordinates my intergral would be like this: $$\int^{\pi}_0 \int^{2\pi}_0 R^2 \sin (\theta) d\phi d\theta =4\pi R^2$$ But if I do the ...
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1answer
26 views

Analytically isomorphic fibers.

Suppose that $S$ is a non-singular complex projective surface with a fibration $f$ over $\mathbb P^1(\mathbb C)$. Suppose also that: There are only finitely many points $y_1,\ldots,y_n\in\mathbb ...
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2answers
39 views

Volume, Lateral Area, and Surface Area of an Elliptic Conical Frustum

What are the formulae for the volume, surface area, and lateral area (i.e. the surface area without the bases) for the above illustrated elliptic conical frustum? I think I've got the volume figured ...
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1answer
35 views

a problem with Stokes' theorem(curl)

If L is the circle which you get from the intersection between the sphere $$ x^2+y^2+z^2=1, y=x\sqrt(3) $$ and $$ I= \int_L (y-z)dx+(z-x)dy+(x-y)dz $$ so |I| equals to? but i dont understand how the ...
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0answers
32 views

Roulette of a parabola - Delaunay-Surface

I've problems to understand an equation I've found in various books and papers. Maybe someone could help me and explain it a little bit more precisely. I colored the equation in yellow (the picture ...
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0answers
21 views

Given the equation for a surface, how to find enclosed volume?

Suppose we give an equation of the form $f(x_1,x_2,..., x_n)=C$, with $f$ a smooth function, and assume this is such that defines a closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Assume also that the equation ...
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0answers
17 views

Principle Lines of curvature

In the text by Manfredo P. Do Carmo entitled Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, an analysis of the principle directions is made near a non umbilic point on pp 160-161. I have followed his ...
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0answers
41 views

The curvature of surfaces in Euclidean space (Theorema Egregium)

The below animation is from Wikipedia. It shows how a helicoid can be deformed into a catanoid and vice versa without stretching. Because of this, the Theorema Egregium shows that the Gaussian ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Equation of ellipsoid surface obtained by revolving an ellipse

I'm working through the following example from the Princeton Review book: If the ellipse $x^{2} + x^{2/9}=1$ in the $xz-$plane is revolved around the $z-$axis, what's the equation of the resulting ...
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1answer
31 views

Asymptotic Directions of a Cylinder

Say I am looking at a cylinder. I have found the shape operator and I have found the eigenvalues to be k1 = -1/a and k2=0. I have also found the principal directions {1,0} and {0,1}. I know that if ...
3
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3answers
59 views

Differential Geometry: Is a closed disk a surface?

An open disk is clearly a surface, in the sense that it is locally homeomorphic to a part of $\mathbb{R}^2$. But what about a closed disk, even though it still looks like a surface, I am starting to ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Proof that a map from an orientable surface to a non-orientable surface has even degree.

For a smooth map $f:M\to N$ from an orientable closed surface $M$ to a non-orientable closed surface $N$, we define its parity (also called modulo 2 degree, and denoted $\deg_2(f)$) as the parity of ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Calculus 3 - Level surfaces

So I know how to find the level surfaces for a $2$ variable functions, $z=(x,y)$, by finding the $3$ planes. How would you find the level surfaces for a $3$ variable function, $w=(x,y,z)$. Would you ...
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1answer
36 views

slope of a curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$

The surface given by $z = x^2 -y^2$ is cut by the plane given by $y = 3x$, producing a curve in the plane. Find the slope of this curve at the point $(1, 3, -8)$. My answer is: $$f(x, y, z) = x^2 - ...
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1answer
27 views

Vector Parametrization of a Hyperbolic Paraboloid and a Plane

So I need to find the intersection between a hyperboloid ($z=\frac {y^2}{b^2}-\frac{x^2}{a^2}$) and some related plane ($bx+ay-z=0$). I have tried solving for $z$ and equating the two: ...
2
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1answer
25 views

Surface area of transformed sphere

So if I have a sphere with center C and radius R and then apply one or more affine transformations (so any combination of rotating, scaling and translating), how would I go about finding the surface ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Ruled Surface: $x(u,v) = \alpha(u) + v\beta(u)$, one of the following is true

Say we have a ruled surface that is given by $x(u,v) = \alpha(u) + v\beta(u)$ with $\alpha'$ not equal to $0$ and $\| β \| = 1$. If $\alpha'(u), \beta(u)$, and $\beta'(u)$ are linearly dependent for ...
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0answers
49 views

geodesic polar coordinate parallel circles

When is it possible to have the same constant geodesic curvature on all parallels of a constant Gauss curvature surface? EDIT: picture added.
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0answers
22 views

Revolution surfaces of constant Gaussian curvature k=1

Prove that all revolution surfaces $(\phi(v) \cos u ,\phi(v) \sin u,\psi(v)) $ of constant Gaussian curvature $k = 1$ is one of the following types: $\phi(v)=C\cosh v$ and $\psi(v)=\int_0^v ...
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1answer
49 views

How to calculate volume and surface area of three dimensional figures given set of three dimensional coordinates?

I have set of three dimensional coordinates, and the shape is unknown. I would like to calculate the surface area and volume for these coordinates approximately. What is the right approach to solve ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Finding the surface area of a parametrized surface

I was wondering how you would compute the surface area of a parameterized surface. Is there a formula or set of procedures you can follow to compute this. Say I wanted to compute the surface area of a ...
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0answers
24 views

Orientation of surfaces

From the book: Fixing a parametrization $x(u,v)$ of a neighborhood of a point $p$ of a regular surface $S$, we determine an orientation of the tangent plane $T_p (S)$, namely, the orientation of the ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Inverse mapping for a simple $\mathbb{R}^3$ surface given by $(\sin u, \sin 2u, v)$.

For a domain $U=\{\, (u,v) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \mid -\pi<u<\pi,\ 0<v<1 \,\}$ we have a mapping $X \colon U \to \mathbb{R}^3$ defined by $X(u,v) = (\sin u, \sin 2u, v)$. The resulting surface ...
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0answers
106 views

Wicked domain of integration in a triple integral

I am dealing with a domain of integration of the form: $\left(\frac{x-y}{x+y}\right)^2+\left(\frac{y-z}{y+z}\right)^2+\left(\frac{x-z}{x+z}\right)^2\leq k$ The region looks like this (for $k=0.2$): ...
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0answers
27 views

Two unit disks spliced together?

$$ x^2 + (y-z)^2 = 2 x^2 z/y $$ The surface represented by above equation is formed by radial cuts on two separate unit diameter disks spliced together forming a "continuous" surface around ...
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0answers
28 views

“Circle” on pseudosphere

How should parametrization of the 2 parameter surface of a pseudosphere ("latitude" u and longitude v) change to result in a 1 parameter curve of constant geodesic curvature? EDIT: In other ...
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2answers
46 views

Viviani on Sphere parametrization

How should parametrization of the 2 parameter surface of a sphere (latitude u, longitude v) be changed to result in 1 parameter curve of Viviani?
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1answer
69 views

The projections are differentiable $1$-forms.

Suppose $M$ is a surface and suppose $X: U \subset \mathbb R^2\rightarrow M$ is a coordinate patch. Then for every $p \in X(U)$, the pair of vectors $(X_u(X^{-1}(p),X_v(X^{-1}(p) )$ is a basis of the ...
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1answer
59 views

Curvature proof of a convex plane curve

Having a little trouble with part b. Is there a way to show that this curve would be arc length paramaterized? I am assuming that we cannot say this. If it is not we can take alpha', alpha'' and ...
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1answer
68 views

Give a closed plane curve C with k (curvature) > 0 that is not convex, Draw closed plane curves with rotation indices 0, 2, -2, and 3

1.) Give a closed plane curve C with k (curvature) > 0 that is not convex. can someone please explain these concepts to me. How can you have a closed plane curve like this? Do you used signed ...
0
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0answers
26 views

sphere parametrization

We have the standard spherical surface parametrization in which one set describes geodesics (longitudes) and another ( latitudes/parallels). What parametrization may be possible for both sets to be ...
0
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2answers
91 views

A curve internally tangent to a sphere of radius $R$ has curvature at least $1/R$ at the point of tangency

Suppose $a$ is an arc length-parametrized space curve with the property that $\|a(s)\| \leq \|a(s_0)\| = R$ for all $s$ sufficiently close to $s_0$. Prove that $k(s_0) \geq 1/R$. So, I was going ...
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2answers
42 views

surface presentation

Given the following group and presentation, how could I go about showing if there exists a compact surface with that fundamental group? The group is $\big \langle a, b, c, d, e $ $\mid$ ...
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1answer
32 views

Total variation as surface area smooth functions of two variables.

I learnt we have different definitions for the total variation for functions of the form $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ which are in some way analogous to the total variation of functions of one ...
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0answers
44 views

What does this operator $\odot$ mean

I read this about the second fundamental form in Wikipedia and I’ve no idea what does $\odot$ mean? Does anybody know? $$II=-dN\cdot dP=\omega^3_1\odot\omega^1+\omega^3_2\odot\omega^2$$