For questions about surfaces.

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3
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0answers
44 views

simple closed curve is nullhomologous iff is separable

A simple closed curve $\gamma$ in an orientable genus $g$ surface $M$ is nullhomologous if and only if $M \setminus \gamma$ consists of two connected components, one of which is a surface $N$ with ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Verification of the Stokes theorem for the surface that is a part of a cone

In the solution to this question in order to work out the surface integral you can project on to $z=3$ and evaluate over the region $x^2+y^2\leq9$. I was just wondering whether or not you could do ...
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0answers
29 views

Residue sequence

I'm reading book Compact complex surfaces. In the first section of the second chapter they consider a curve $C$ on a surface $X$ (for simplicity I assume that $X$ and $C$ are smooth), then tensoring ...
3
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1answer
37 views

Sketching a surface

I'm trying to draw a sketch to get a feel of the situation but am confused as to what the question is asking. I have sketched $y^2=8x$ in the plane $z=0$ and marked on the points where $y$ and $z$ ...
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3answers
26 views

How many feet of rope to wrap a column

A heating pipe in my bathroom measures 105" in height. It is 8" in circumference (so about 2.55" diameter). I want to wrap it with a 1/4" thick rope. How many feet should I buy? (All measurements in ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Areas of tetrahedron surfaces - how to calculate?

Reading up on Cauchy's stress theorem, I have stumbled over the so-called Cauchy tetrahedron, which is an important part of the theorem's proof. The following is cited straight from Wikipedia, but a ...
4
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1answer
39 views

How do I find the area of a triangle, in 3D, that lies between two planes, z = A and z = B

Very simple problem to conceptualize, but I don't have a good mathematical solution. I have a triangle with P0 = (x0, y0, z0), P1 = (x1, y1, z1), and P2 = (x2, y2, z2). The triangle represents part ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Parametrizing to Calculate Flux

Evaluate the flux of $\mathbf{f}$ across the oriented surface $\Sigma$ by computing the surface integral $\iint_{\Sigma} \mathbf{f} \cdot d\sigma$, where $\Sigma$ is the surface $z=xe^y$ for $0 \leq x ...
1
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1answer
14 views

Show a smooth map from a compact, connected, orientable surface to a cyllinder has singular derivative at 2 points.

Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $N$ be the cyllinder in $\mathbb{R}^3$ defined by $x^2+y^2=1$. Suppose $f:M\to N$ is $C^{\infty}$. Show that $f_*:TM\to ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Notation for Surface Integral in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Recently, a paper of mine got accepted, but the reviewers are struggling with the (in my view) standard notation for surface integrals in $\mathbb{R}^3$: Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a ...
3
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1answer
37 views

How do we check conformal equivalence of parametrized surfaces, e.g. parallel surfaces?

Suppose we have two parametrized surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$: $$ X,Y:\mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3 $$ The induced metric on either surface is the pullback of the Euclidean metric $\bar g$ due ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Connected components of the complement of a closed geodesic on a hyperbolic surface.

Let $M$ be homeomorphic to a 2-sphere with a finite number $\geq 3$ of points removed. This implies that $M$ can be equipped with a complete, finite area hyperbolic metric. I imagine $M$ as an ideal ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Where can I find a good set of notes discussing main theorems/ideas surrounding non-orientable surfaces?

I'm currently looking at non-orientable surfaces, but know very little about them. Is there are good set of notes that will teach me the classical results surrounding non-orientable surfaces?
0
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1answer
76 views

Surface Integral calc 3

I am having difficulty setting up this problem. I know the bounds must be 0 to pi/2 for both theta and phi but I am unsure as to how to calculate the integrand. I know it must be the double integral ...
1
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2answers
109 views

Representation of nullhomologous loop on compact surface as a product of commutators.

Why this sentence is true?: Assume that $M$ is compact surface and $f: S^1 \to M$ is nullhomologous and without selfintersections. Letting $g$ be the genus and $b$ the number of boundary components ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

common surface between two equation

what is common surface between: $(x+5)^2+z^2=y$ and $z^2+y^2=25$ ? I have found that at the XY plane the common surface is hiperbola, but it cannot be right because at the paraboloid there aren't any ...
0
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1answer
19 views

Surface fitting

I do not need a complete answer but just some advice. I have a sparse matrix of points in a volume. I know a surface passing by these points exists and this surface is mostly flat and relatively ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Need function for 2D sigmoid-shaped monotonic Surface

I am looking for a 2D function, $f(x, y)$ which increases monotonically over the range $(0,0)$ to $(1,1)$. In other words, it will be $0$ at $(0,0)$ and $1$ at $(1,1)$. It will also evaluate to $0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Building bicubic coons patch from four boundary curves

I want to create s coons patch surface from four boundary curves s1(u), s2(u) q1(v), q2(v) I know that equations are the following (added screenshots from a presentation): There are a few ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Linear equivalence vs algebraic equivalence of divisors on smooth projective surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface and $D_1, D_2$ be two divisors on $X$. Is it true that $D_1$ is linearly equivalent to $D_2$ if and only if $D_1$ is algebraically equivalent to $D_2$?
1
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0answers
28 views

ample anticanonical system implies regularity

I was having a look at Exercise V.21(1) of Beauville's "Complex Algebraic Surfaces", where it is asked to classify surfaces with ample anticanonical system. These are the surface $\mathbb{P}^1 \times ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Definition of the algebraic intersection number of oriented closed curves.

Can anyone point me to a reference (book/paper) where I can read up on the the algebraic intersection number of closed curves on an orientable surface? In this paper by John Franks it is used to ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Creating a surface from a path of 3D cubic bezier curves

I have a list of cubic bezier curves in 3D, such that the curves are connected to each other and closes a cycle. I am looking for a way to create a surface from the bezier curves. Eventually i want ...
1
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0answers
27 views

How do points change in a curved surface?

In the middle picture it shows a row of sticks at certain points along a flat surface. Now in the outer left picture (never-mind the outer right one), when the surface becomes curved the points ...
1
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2answers
287 views

Boundary under transformation of a closed curve from $R^2\to R^3$

Consider some mapping $\phi: R_{uv} \to S\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ where $R_{uv}\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and such that it is a simply connected region. We call the boundary of the surface (which we ...
0
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0answers
23 views

NURBS surface fitting for a closed region on mesh

I'm developing a tool that allows users to select a closed boundary (a polygon) on the triangle mesh and then from this boundary, generate a NURBS surface fitting the original mesh surface. My idea ...
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votes
1answer
76 views

Cw complex $\Sigma_g$

Consider the oriented connected compact surface $\Sigma_g$ of genus $g$ with its standard CW structure. How do I write down the attaching map for the single $2$-cell and how can it be proven that it ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

For compact surface $M$ and loop $f$ there exists a surjection $\phi: H_1(M) \to \mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z}$ such that $f \notin \ker(\phi)$

Why is this sentence true? For every not nullhomologous loop $f$ without selfintersections on orientable compact surface $M$ there exists a surjection $\phi: H_1(M) \to \mathbb{Z}/8\mathbb{Z}$ such ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Approximate a surface by set of points

Given a set of points $(X, Y, Z)$ obtained from the experimental data that can be considered as a 3D surface. What is the common approach to get an approximating function Z=f(x,y) that describes the ...
1
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1answer
89 views

How do you find the surface area of a boundary in R3?

I need to solve this problem: Let $D=\{(x,y,z):4(x-2+z)^2+4y^2\le(2-z)^2,0\le x-z\le1\}$ Calculate the area of $\partial D$ So how do you calculate the area of the boundary of a volume defined ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Does a pseudo-Anosov homeomorphism of a punctured surface possess infinitely many periodic points?

In A Primer on Mapping Class Groups by Farb and Margalit theorem 14.19 implies that every pseudo-Anosov homeomorphism $f:S \rightarrow S$ on a compact surface $S$ possesses infinitely many periodic ...
0
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0answers
10 views

How to find the tangents for a spiral geometry at each point accurately

I have been working on a progam that generates spirals from contours that have been formed by slicing a surface by various planes along its height.The contours are a collection of linear line ...
0
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1answer
19 views

tilt of surface from the normals

I have a flat object (not totally flat (let's say in range of 25µm)) which I measured two times (The measuring concept is not important here) with applying a tilt between the two times. I have the ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Difficult Surface Integral

I am trying to perform a surface integral over kind of a weird shape. So the radius of the shape should be equal to the multiple of $3$ constants (one for each of the $x, y$ and $z$ directions) each ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Parallel Transport - Path independence

I'm trying to solve this problem: Prove that if the parallel transport is path independent, i.e., given two points $p,q \in S$ the parallel transport from $p$ to $q$ is the same, no matter the curve ...
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4answers
37 views

Help calculating the surface area given by the polar curve: $r=2(1-\cos\theta)$

I want to calculate the surface area given by the curve: $$ r = 2(1-\cos(\theta)) $$ using an integral. I have thought about doing this: $$ x = r\cos(\theta), \, y = r\sin(\theta) $$ $$ \iint r \,dr ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Newtonian potential at (0, 0, – a)

I found this problem in the book Advanced Calculus, written by Friedman. "Newtonian potential at (0, 0, – a) due to a mass with constant densinty $\sigma$ on the hemisphere S: $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Topology of level surfaces

I have a level surface of the form $f(x,y,z,w)=0$ and also $g(x,y,z)=0$. Here f and g are differentiable! I need to decide if they are compact or not. Is there any criteria, theorem or anything? ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Lagrange multipliers (distance)

Find the closest point of the surface $z=xy-1$ to the origin. How would you do that with Lagrange multipliers?
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0answers
34 views

Blowing up a Singular Point More Than Once.

I am trying to understand how $I_n$-fibres appear in an elliptic surface by performing a sequence of blow-ups. To be concrete, I am looking at the following elliptic surface given in Weierstrass ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Is $\textrm{im}(f)$ homeomorphic to the torus less the inner equator?

Consider the map $id_{S^1}\times f:S^1\times [0, 1]\longrightarrow S^1\times S^1$ where $f:[0, 1]\longrightarrow S^1$ is given by $$f(t)=(\cos(\pi t), \sin(\pi t)).$$ Is it true that $\textrm{im}(f)$ ...
2
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2answers
60 views

Regular Surface: Regularity Condition

I am having some difficulty in understanding the meaning/motivation of the regularity condition in the definition of regular surfaces. The definition (restricted to $\mathbb{R}^2$ and ...
2
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2answers
94 views

Formula for a surface of revolution

The curve $y=\sqrt{x^2+1}, 0\leqslant{x}\leqslant{\sqrt{2}}$, which is part of the upper branch of the hyperbola $y^2-x^2=1$, is revolved about x-axis to generate a surface. Find the area of the ...
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0answers
13 views

Question about extending a solution to Monge-Ampere solution

I am interested in solutions to the Monge-Ampere equation for a smooth function $h(x,y)$ of two variables(though I suppose I could try to make do with $C^2$ solutions). The equation is: ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Understanding surface integrals

My question is a bit vague, but I'm trying to get a better understanding of surface integrals and their relation to physics. Suppose I have a surface, say a sphere, and I have a function which gives ...
1
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2answers
26 views

Surface: intersection of 2 polar curves

I have these two polar curves: $$ C_1: r = 2 - \cos(\theta)\\ C_2: r = 3 \cos(\theta) $$ Plots: C1 and C2. I need to find the surface of $D = C_1 \cap C_2$. I started by finding the solution to ...
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3answers
45 views

surface integral using substitution

I am stuck trying to calculate the following surface integral: $$\int _{R}\int (x+y)^{2}ds$$ over the the following regions: $$0\leqslant x+2y\leqslant 2\: \: \wedge \: \: 0\leqslant x-y\leqslant ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Bezier Surface evalution

So the problem I'm having at the moment, is a thinking problem. I can draw a bezier surface (parametric surface) with 16 control points and if I evaluate S(u, v) I get a coordinate in the 3D space. ...
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1answer
45 views

the fundamental group of punctured surface

Let $S_{g,m}$ be a surface of genus $g$ with $m$ punctured, we know the fundamental group of $S_{g,0}$ is $$ \pi_1(S_{g,0}) = \left\langle a_1, b_1, \dots, a_g, b_g {~\large\mid~} [a_1, b_1] \dots ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Better way to denote position on a sphere's surface

TL;DR: Read the bold text. If you have a rectangular plane, you can use two coordinates (X, Y) to define any position on the plane. If you have a sphere, you can still use polar coordinates to denote ...