This tag is used for questions about stochastic integrals - especially for calculations . For questions related to more theoretic aspects of stochastic integrals such as its construction. Stochastic-analysis may be a more appropriate tag.

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2
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1answer
45 views

upper bound for Ito integral of deterministic integrand

It is well known that Ito integrals with respect to a Brownian motion cannot be defined pathwise because the Brownian motion has infinite 1st order variation. These integrals are defined as limits of ...
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0answers
26 views

Does an integrable IID continuous time stochastic process exist?

Let $t\in[0,T)$ where $0 < T \leq \infty$, and assume a stochastic process exists $Z_t$. The question is: does there exist an IID stochastic process for $Z_t$ such that $Z_t \perp Z_{\tau}$ for ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Expectation of e^(cX) if X is a geometric Brownian motion

(Edit:) The short version: Calculate $$E[e^{cY}]$$ if $c < 0$ and $Y$ is lognormally distributed, i.e. $\log(Y) \sim N(\tilde\mu, \tilde\sigma^2)$. The long version: I want to calculate ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Ito integrals and the Euler scheme

I was wondering how to find the solution of the following stochastic integral: $$dY_{t}=a(W_{t},Y_{t})dW_{t}+b(W_{t},Y_{t})dZ_{t}$$ or in integral notation ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

A question about Malliavin calculus

An application of Malliavin calculus is to calculate the sensitivity of financial Greeks. However, as in the theory of Malliavin calculus, to take the derivative of a random variable, we need to ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Milestein Scheme

Im struggling in the following schemes. I cant understand how the first scheme is equivalent to the second one. Can somebody help me? Thanks in advance. Moreover there is a typo error in the ...
1
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0answers
50 views

Why the Ito isometry implies this equality? [duplicate]

If $${\rm Cov}[dW_t,dB_t]=\rho \, dt$$ then why $\mathbb{Cov} \left( \int_0^t \sigma_{1}(s) \mathrm{d} W_s, \int_0^t \sigma_{2}(u) \mathrm{d} B_u \right)$ $\stackrel{\text{Ito isometry}}{=} ...
0
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0answers
83 views

Expected value of correlated stochastic integrals

I do not understand the following result: Suppose $dz_\chi$ and $ dz_\xi$ are correlated increments of standard Brownian motion with $dz_\chi dz_\xi=\rho dt$ you have the following expectation ...
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0answers
48 views

The completed natural filtration of brownian motion is right-continuous, proof?

I have a question concerning a claim in J.F. LeGall's book Mouvement brownien, martingales et calcul stochastique. Let $(\mathcal{F_{t}})$ be the canonical completed filtration on $\Omega$ of a real ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Evaluating Stratonovich integral from definition

$\bf 3.9.$ Suppose $f\in\mathcal V(0,T)$ and that $t\to f(t,\omega)$ is continuous for a.a. $\omega$. Then we have shown that $$\int\limits_0^T f(t,\omega)dB_t(\omega)=\lim_{\Delta ...
0
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1answer
24 views

A Property of the Ito Integral

Let $f,g \in \mathcal{V}(0,T)$ and let $0 \leq S < T.$ Then $E[\int^{T}_{S}f dB_t]=0$ Apparently this holds clearly for elementary functions, (Im not so sure), and can be obtained by taking ...
0
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1answer
48 views

What is the distribution of this random variable? [closed]

Find the distribution of this random variable: $$X_t=\exp\left(t \int_0^t sdW_s\right)$$ knowing that $W$ is a Brownian motion in the filtered space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F},P,(\mathcal{F}_t)_{t\geq0} ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Solution to SDE using Itô calculus

So if I have the following generator and an initial condition: $$A(f)(x) = \alpha x f'(x) + f''(x) \\ X_0 = x \in \mathbb{R}^+$$ I've been asked to find $X_t$ and assume that $\alpha$ is a constant. ...
2
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2answers
302 views

Matlab Code to simulate trajectories of Ito process.

I need some help to generate a Matlab code in order to do the following question. Can somebody help me in this regard. Any sort of hint that could be helpful will surely be appreciated.. Q: "Simulate ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Stochastic Differential equations with $\sin(x^2)$ as drift.

Can somebody help me how to solve the following SDE analytically or suggest me to go through some literature to understand this or can give me a little bit hint to work by myself. Thanks in advance. ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

An exponential martingale [closed]

Let $H_{t}$ be a bounded continuous and $\textbf{F}^{B}_{t}$ an adapted process. $B$ Brownian motion. Show that $M_{t}= \exp\left(-\int^{t}_{0}H_{s}dB_{s} -\frac{1}{2}\int^{t}_{0}H^{2}_{s}ds\right)$ ...
3
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0answers
69 views

Multipe Ito Integrals

Im working on a Lemma 10.8 in the Book "Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations by Kloeden And Platen" I have been stuck on one point. Can somebody help me to understand how he moved ...
1
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0answers
89 views

Write the Hamilton Jacobi Bellman equation

Consider the following stochastic optimal control problem. \begin{equation} V(t,x) = \max_{u}\,\, \log \left(\mathbb{E}\left[\int_{0}^{T} u^{2}(t)dt\right]\right) \end{equation} subject to the ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Strong solution of stochastic differential equation

Consider the stochastic differenctial equation: $dX_t=\frac34 X_t^2 dt-X_t^{3/2}dW_t$. How to find a strong solution?
-3
votes
2answers
70 views

How to solve SDE

SDE: $dX_t=\frac{b-X_t}{T-t}dt+dW_t,t<T$ $X_0=a$ answer Let $b(t)=\frac{-1}{T-t},c(t)=\frac{b}{T-t},\sigma(t)=1$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Solve the SDE $dX_t = \frac{1}{2}\sigma(X_t)\sigma'(X_t)dt+\sigma(X_t)dW_t$

Solve this SDE: $dX_t=\frac{1}{2}\sigma(X_t)\sigma'(X_t)dt+\sigma(X_t)dW_t$ with $X_0=x_0$ My try is let $f(x)=\int_{x_0}^{x}\frac{dy}{\sigma(y)}$ and $(f^{-1})'=\sigma(x),(f^{-1})''=\sigma'(x)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

integral approximation (law of large numbers)

I am totally at a loss with this question and don't even know where to begin. Let $g:[0, 1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a measurable and Lebesgue-integrable function. $U_1, U_2, \dots$ be a series of ...
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0answers
40 views

partial derivative of stochastic variable inside an integral

Very simple question, is it correct to take a partial derivative of stochastic variable inside an integral. If not, why? is$ \frac {\partial}{\partial R} \int_q^Q R(v) dv = \int_q^Q dv$ ? where R is ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Integral of a non-linear step function on closed interval

I need to compute the following integral for a random variable $a$ with known support and CDF: \begin{equation} \int_{a^L}^{a^H} \left( \sum_{j=1}^{N} \begin{cases} B_j a \mbox{ if } a \leq a_j^*\\ 0 ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Expected value of solution of SDE

Is there any way to find expectation of $X_t$ defined by the following SDE? $dX_t = -[\sin(2X(t)) + \frac{1}{4}\sin(4X(t))]dt + \sqrt{2}\cos^2 x dB(t), X(0)=1, t \in [0,\tau),$ where $\mathbb{B}$ is ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Question on Ito Isometry and bounds of integration

I am trying to find the variance of $\int_t^T(T-s)~dW_s$ I was wondering if this approach is correct: $$ Var~(\int_t^T(T-s)~dW_s~)=\mathbb E~[~(~\int_t^T(T-s)~dW_s~)^2~]=\mathbb ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Show $E[h(X)] = \int_0^{\infty} h'(t)P[X>t]dt$ and the first two moments

Let $X\geq 0$ be a real random variable and $h:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a monotonously growing, continuously differentiable function with $h(0)=0$. Show: $E[h(X)] = \int_0^{\infty} ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Show that a stochastic process is a martingale

Use Ito's formula to prove that the following stochastic process is a $\{\mathcal{F_t}\}$- martingale. a) $X_t = e^{\frac{1}{2}t}cosB_t \ \ \ \ (B_t \in \mathbb{R})$ So ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Stochastic differential equation with trigonometric functions

I heard that the following SDE can be solved analitically by substitution: $dX(t) = - \left[ \sin (2 X(t) ) + \frac{1}{4} \sin (4 X(t) ) \right] dt + \sqrt{2} \cos^2 X(t) dB(t),$ $X(0) = 1, \; t \in ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Ito's process and martingale [duplicate]

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dim Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. My try is below. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

SDE transformation using a primitive of a function?

Consider the following SDEs : (E) : $dX_t = (\alpha b(X_t) + {1\over2}b(X_t)b'(X_t))dt + b(X_t)dB_t$ (E') : $dY_t = \alpha dt + dB_t $ prove that E can be transformed to E' using : $ ...
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0answers
57 views

How to write the Hamilton Jacobi Bellman equation

We consider the following optimal control problem \begin{equation} V(t,x)=\max_{u}\mathbb{E} ( \log [\int_{0}^{T}u^{2}(t)dt + U(X(T))]) \end{equation} subject to the state process \begin{equation} ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

martingale and stochastic Integral

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dimension Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why it become ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Expectation of Ito integral, part 2, and Fubini theorem

I previously asked a question (Expectation of Ito integral). I have additional questions on the same subject. Let's say that we have an Ito process such as $$ X(t)=X(0) + \int_0^t a ds + \int_0^t b ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Expectation of Ito integral

The expectation of an Itô stochastic integral is zero $$ E[\int_0^t X(s)dB(s)\,]=0 $$ if $$ \int_0^t E[X^2(s)]ds\,<\infty $$ It is sometimes possible to check this condition directly if the ...
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0answers
54 views

BMO martingale and exponential martingale

Consider the BSDE, $$ Y_{T}-Y_{t}=\sum_{i=1}^{n} \int_{t}^{T} Z_{s}^{i}dB_{s}^{i} - \frac{1}{2}\int_{t}^{T} \left| Z_{s}\right|^{2}ds $$ where $B$ is a standard Brownian motion on a complete ...
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vote
2answers
58 views

Moment generating function of the stochastic integral $\int_0^t \alpha_s \, dW_s$

Question: Let: $$ Y_t=\int_0^t\alpha_s \, dW_s $$ where $\alpha_t$ is a deterministic, continuous integrand and $W_t$ is a P Brownian motion. Calculate the moment generating function of $Y$. I can ...
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0answers
38 views

SDE with no weak solution

I'm facing the followingd d-dimensional SDE: $$dY_t=\sigma(h_t)\,dB_t$$ In addition it holds, that: $h_t\in H$ and $H$ is compact (for example the simplex of $R^n$) the proces $h_t$ is progressivley ...
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1answer
33 views

I want to show $\operatorname{Cov}(X(t),X(s))=\min(s,t)- \frac{st}{T}.$

i have this Equation with Condition $X\left(0\right)=a $ and $ 0\le t \lt T$ $$dX\left(t\right)=\frac{b-X\left(t\right)}{t-T}dt+dB\left(t\right)$$ I solved and got $$X\left(t\right)= ...
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0answers
38 views

Girsanov Measure Question.

If $Z_t = exp^{\int_0^t X_s dW_s - \frac{1}{2} \int_0^t (X_s)^2 ds}$ is a martinagle then by Girsanov's theorem, the measure $P_T$ defined by $P_T(A) = E^P(AZ_T)$ is mutually absolutely continuous ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Expectation of product of stochastic integral and brownian motion

Find the covariance: $$ COV((\int_t^T(T-s)dW_s), W_t) $$ I used the covariance formula: COV(X,Y) = E(XY) - E(X)E(Y) = E(XY) as E(X)=E(Y)=0 But I am stuck on figuring out the expectation of the ...
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vote
1answer
42 views

Stochastic Integral Help

Let W(t) be a Brownian Motion. Show that the integral: $$ \int_t^T W(s)ds $$ can be written in terms of the stochastic integral: $$ \int_t^T (T-s)dW(S) $$ Is there an error with this question? I ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Solutions of SDE do not explode when drift term is zero.

Suppose we have $dX_t = \sigma(X_t) dW_t$ where $\sigma : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is Borel and $W_t$ is a standard one-dimensional Brownian motion. I am trying to show that $X_t$ cannot ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Random variables independent

We said that two random variables $X,Y$ are independent iff we have that for $Z = X+Y$: $$P_Z(B)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}P_X(B-s)dP_Y(s) = \int_{\mathbb{R}}P_Y(B-s)dP_X(s).$$ But I still don't get this ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Stratonovich integral of $\sin(W^2)$

I have to solve the following Stratonovich integral: $$\int_{0}^{t}\sin(W^2_s)\circ{dW_s}$$ First of all I use the conversion from Stratonovich to Ito, obtaining ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

derivative of expected value of maximum of two stochastics variables (iid)

I need to optimize an expected value of a maximum value for $q$. The problem has three variables, $q$ is a constant and $D_1$ and $D_2$ are stochastic variables with pdf $f(x)$ and cdf $F(x)$. The ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

How to solve this SDE ? stuck half way

Problem: $dX_t = \sigma X_tdB_t$, $X_0=x$. $dY_t=X_tdt-Z_tdt$ find $Y_t$, where $Z_t$ is a control and $B_t$ is standard Brownian motion. My attempt: From Ito's lemma, $\partial_BX_t=\sigma X_t$, ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Sufficient condition for time-changed quadratic covariation to vanish in probability

Let $(M_t^n)_{t \geq 0}$ be a sequence of continuous martingales of the form $M^n_t = \int_0^t X^n_s \, dB_s$ where $B_s$ is a Brownian motion. Let $\tau^n(t)$ be the time change associated to $M_t^n$ ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Independence of stochastic process $(dB_1t)(dB_2t)$=0?

What does it mean (definition) for two stochastic processes to be independent? like two independent Brownian motion $B_1(t), B_2(t)$. I come across this when I saw a solution of a problem says if ...
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0answers
18 views

Differential of $ \int_{0}^{t} e^{\int_{s}^{t} \sigma(\tau)dW(\tau)+(r(\tau)-\frac{1}{2}\sigma(\tau)^{2})d\tau} c(s)ds $

I think -- using the chain rule -- it's $$ e^{\int_{t}^{t}\cdots d\tau} c(t)dt \cdot e^{\int_{s}^{t} \sigma(\tau)dW(\tau)+(r(\tau)-\frac{1}{2}\sigma(\tau)^{2})d\tau}\cdot ...