This tag is used for questions about stochastic integrals - especially for calculations . For questions related to more theoretic aspects of stochastic integrals such as its construction. Stochastic-analysis may be a more appropriate tag.

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3
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1answer
59 views

$E \left\{ \left( \sum_{i=0}^{n-1} \left[ B_{c_i} \left( B_{t_{i+1}} - B_{t_i}\right)\right] \right)^2 \right\}$, where $c_i \in [t_i, t_{i+1}]$

Let $B$ be a standard Brownian motion and $\{t_i\}_{i=0}^n$ a partition of $[0,t]$. Define $c_i= (1-c)t_{i+1}+ct_i$, for some $c \in [0,1]$. Write $B_i$ for $B_{t_i}$ and $$ S_n=\sum_{i=0}^{n-1} ...
2
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0answers
43 views

First-Exit time in 2-dimensional problem

Could someone recommend me some books or papers related to this problem?
2
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0answers
76 views

an example indicating the relation between Brownian motion and PDE

I have a question: Let $(B_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a brownian motion. Consider the following function $u(x)$ defined by ...
1
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0answers
45 views

a question about covariation in stochastic integration

Let H, K be bounded previsibe process. M, N be two local martingales. How can I prove $d<H.M, K.N>_t = H_tK_td<M,N>_t$ $<M>$ means the quadratic variation of M. Thanks
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Formulae to about Moment and Cross-moments of Stratanovitch Iterated Integrals

The title is a bit long but quite explicit, I am looking for a reference where the moments and cross moment Stratanovitch Iterated Integrals defined as : $E[J_n(1).J_p(1)]$ with $p\not=n$ With : ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Rewriting SDEs - “Multiplication on both sides”

I have a question concerning a calculus "trick" sometimes used in stochastic calculus (e.g. in the Book on Arbitrage Theory in Cont. Time of Bjoerk). There they do the following in the proof of Prop. ...
3
votes
1answer
521 views

Stochastic integral : $\int_0^T (W(s))^2dW(s)$

How to evaluate this integral $$\int_0^T(W(s))^2 \, dW(s)$$ where $W(s)$ is random variable associated with brownian motion. I am new to this .Thanks in advance.
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Conditional expectation of a finite variation process

A simple question: Let $H$ be a cadlag, adapted process and $A$ a process of finite variation. Then also $\int_t^T HdA_t$ is a finite variation process (see "Limit Theorems... "Jacod&Shiryaev ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Confusion regarding Stochastic integral

I've a stupid doubt in the construction of stochastic integral of real scalar valued maps. Many times I've seen in books after the stochastic integral is defined in [$0,T$] for the integrand in $L^2$ ...
2
votes
2answers
357 views

Integral of a random function

How is it possible to evaluate the integral: $$I(\mu,\sigma)=\int_0^{2\pi}\sin(\omega t)^2dt$$ where $\omega$ is a random variable having a normal distribution $N(\mu,\sigma)$? What is the $pdf$ of ...
4
votes
0answers
186 views

Integrating the inverse of a squared bessel process - integrability

Let $X_t$ be a 4-dimension Squared Bessel Process (BESQ-4). Let $M_t$ be a continuous true martingale. Question: Does $\int_0^t \frac{1}{X_s}dH_s$ exist? If so, is it only a local or a true ...
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0answers
244 views

Ito's formula for irregular functions

Let's say we have \begin{align} Y_t=h(t,X_t) \end{align} and for simplicity \begin{align} dX_t=e\,dt+f\,dW_t \end{align} then by Ito's formula we have \begin{align} dY_t=\left(\frac{\partial ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

a pair of Stochastic Differential Equations

I'm trying to complete a course on SDEs and I need to solve two stochastic differential equations. They are supposed to be easy, but I'm still a beginner and to be honest I'm quite stuck. The pair of ...
0
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0answers
82 views

Expectation of $\int_0^t X(r) \, dW(r)$ where $dX=\mu \, dt+\sigma \, dW$

I have a questionlike: if $dX=\mu \, dt+\sigma \, dW$, where $W$ is a standard B.m. Then, is this expectation still o,$\int_0^t X(r) \, dW(r)$ ? Thank you all.
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Existence of solutions to stochastic differential equations by the Banach contraction principle?

I've read a proof for existence of solutions to stochastic differential equation from a book of Ikeda and Watanabe and have a question. Is it possible to prove existence (and uniquness) by means of ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

A question related to Novikov's condition

The well-known 'Novikov condition' says: Let $ L = (L_t)_{t \geq 0} $ be a continuous local martingale null at 0 and $ Z = \exp(L - \frac{1}{2} \langle L \rangle) $ its stochastic exponential. If ...
1
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0answers
212 views

Constructing Ito integral for adapted process

I am trying to construct Ito integral for adapted process. However, I am stuck at some point. Let $X^n(t)$ be a sequence of simple processes convergent in probability to the process $X(t)$. Then the ...
3
votes
1answer
752 views

Verifying Ito isometry for simple stochastic processes

It is known that stochastic integral must satisfy the isometry property which is $$ \mathbb{E}\left[ \left( \int_0^T X_t~dB_t\right)^2 \right] = \mathbb{E} \left[ \int_0^T X^2_t~dt \right] . $$ I am ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Covariation Paradox??

we can see that $\left\langle \int_0^t \! W_s \, \mathrm{d} s ,W_t \right\rangle_t = 0$ However if I am to use the expression $$\int_0^t \! W_s \, \mathrm{d} s= t W_t - \int_0^t \! s\, \mathrm{d} ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

One correlated Stochastic Integral

If $${\rm Cov}[dW_t,dB_t]=\rho dt$$ then what is $$\mathbb{E} \left[\int_0^t\sigma_{1s}dW_s \int_0^t\sigma_{2s}dB_s\right]$$ where $\sigma_{1s}$ and $\sigma_{2s}$ are two deterministic functions ...
11
votes
1answer
790 views

Probability density function of the integral of a continuous stochastic process

I am interested in whether there is a general method to calculate the pdf of the integral of a stochastic process that is continuous in time. My specific example: I am studying a stochastic given ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Expectation value of a product of an Ito integral and a function of a Brownian motion

this problem has come up in my research and is confusing me immensely, any light you can shed would be deeply appreciated. Let $B(t)$ denote a standard Brownian motion (Wiener process), such that the ...
1
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0answers
75 views

Applicability of Itô's Lemma for $g\in \mathcal{C}^2((0,1)^2)\cap \mathcal{C}_0([0,1]^2)$

Let the domain be $[0,1]^2$. And let $W^x_t$ be the standard Brownian Motion started in $x\in [0,1]^2$ with absorbption on $\partial [0,1]^2$ and choose some $g\in \mathcal{C}^2((0,1)^2)\cap ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Are affine SDEs invertible?

If we have an a process $X_t$ with values in $\mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ which solves a linear Stratonovich SDE $$ dX_t = A_t X_t dt + B_t X_t \circ dW_t $$ then the inverse of $X_t$ exists and solves ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

properties about stochastic integral

I have a question about stochastic / Lebesgue Stieltjes integrals. I'm following Revuz / Yor. The space $H^2$ is the space of all $L^2$ bounded continuous martingales. If $M\in H^2$ then they call ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Stochastic differential equation: Itô's formula?

I came across a problem with SDE and need your help once again: $$dX_t=tX_t \, dt+\exp \left(\frac{t^2}{2}\right)$$ and I'm supposed to solve this, in the way $X_t=f(t,W_t)$. So I use Itô's formula: ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

The variance of bilateral filtered random variables

I am glad to have found this great site. There is a problem I am trying to solve for a while. I want to analyze the noise attenuation behavior of the bilateral filter. So given the unnormalized ...
3
votes
1answer
501 views

$\mathcal{F_t}$-martingales with Itô's formula?

I need a little help with a problem. I am given some stochastic processes and supposed to show that they are $\mathcal{F_t}-$martingales. The first one is this, and they all look similar: ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

Karhunen-Loève expansion of Poisson process

Let $X_t,t\geq 0$ be a Poisson process with rate parameter $\lambda$. Compute the Karhunen-Loève expansion of $X$ in interval $[0, T]$. How about the KL expansion of the centered process $X_t−\lambda ...
-1
votes
1answer
206 views

PDF for the integral of a Stochastic Process

My continuous-time, continuous step Stochastic Process P runs from time $t=0$ to $t=t_f$ and generates a path. I am able to observe its starting and ending position (so $P(0)=a$ and $P(t_f)=b$), but ...
0
votes
0answers
115 views

Why is this a martingale?

In our homework assignment, we are supposed to prove: If $ M $ is a countinuous local martingale and if for each $ T > 0, E[\sup_{t \leq T } |M_t|] < + \infty $ and $ H^T $ is a bounded ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Futures pricing and futures price process under the real world measure

This is something that keeps bothering me about the Benchmark approach of Platen, which (very) shortly is as follows: Compare the development of an economic value with a growth optimal portfolio. ...
1
vote
1answer
789 views

Scalar product of Gaussian process

Assume that $n(t)$ is a White Gaussian Noise (WGN) process with $E[n(t)]=0$, $E[n(t)^2]=\sigma^2$ and $x(t)$ a deterministic function defined in $[0,T]$. How can I compute from first principles the ...
1
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1answer
119 views

Why is $ N^\tau ( M - M^\tau ) $ a continuous local martingale if $ M $ and $ N $ are?

Working through my stochastic calculus script, I encountered the following identity, for which no proof is given: $ \langle M, N^\tau \rangle = \langle M, N \rangle^\tau $, if $ M, N $ are continuous ...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Calculating $\mathbb{E}[\int_0^T N_{t-} dS_t]$ - an expectation of a simple stochastic integral.

I came across some nasty stochastic integral of which I'd like to calculate the expected value" $\mathbb{E}[\int_0^T N_{t-} dS_t]$ where $N_t$ is a Poisson process and $S_t$ is, say, a geometric ...
2
votes
2answers
221 views

Is the solution to a driftless SDE with Lipschitz variation a martingale?

If $\sigma$ is Lipschitz, with Lipschitz constant $K$, and $(X_t)_{t\geq 0}$ solves $$dX_t=\sigma(X_t)dB_t,$$ where $B$ is a Brownian motion, then is $X$ a martingale? I'm having difficulty getting ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

If $X$ is a martingale, $X(0)=0$; $f$ left continuous, is $\int f X$ dt also a martingale?

If $X(t)$ is a martingale, and $X(0) = 0$. $f(t)$ is a left continuous function, $$ g(t) = \int_0^t f(s) X(s) ds $$ is $g(t)$ also a martingale? I guess it shall be, but don't know how to prove ...
0
votes
1answer
352 views

$d$-Dimensional Brownian Motion Martingales

Let $d > 1$ and let $W_t$ denote a standard $d$-dimensional Brownian motion starting at $x\neq 0$. Let $M_t = \log|W_t|$ for $d = 2$, and $M_t= |W_t|^{2-d}$ for $d > 2$. Show that $M_t$ is a ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

On hitting time of Brownian motion and Ito's lemma

I have two possibly related questions. Let $\tau:=\min\{t\geq0:B_t=1\}$, where $B_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. I am supposed to derive the fact that $\mathbf{E}\tau=\infty$ by applying some ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

Convergence of quadratic variation of Ito processes

I need to find an example of an Ito process $X=\{X_t:t\in[0,T]\}$ with non-zero Ito integral part and a sequence of Ito processes $\{X_n\}$ such that $X_n$ converges uniformly to $X$, as ...
4
votes
1answer
467 views

How to make this heuristic extension of Itô-Tanaka's formula valid

Here is my story, I have the following function : $$ g(x)=(1+x)\cdot\exp\left(-\frac{(\log(x+a)+c)^2}{2\sigma^2}\right)1[x\ge y]=f(x)\cdot1[x\ge y] $$ with $a,c,\sigma$ being "good" reals so that ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Stratonovich SDE coefficient selection

Is it possible to find a strictly positive function $\sigma:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$, such that a solution $X_t$ to an SDE $$dX_t=-X_tdt+\sigma(X_t)\circ dB_t,$$ with $X_0$ being arbitrary, is a ...
1
vote
3answers
182 views

Computing Some Integrals via Gauss Integral

$ \displaystyle\int_{-\infty }^\infty e^{-\frac{1}{2} x^2} \; dx $ and $ \displaystyle\int_{-\infty }^\infty x^{2}e^{-\frac{1}{2}x^2} \; dx $ how i compute these integrals via Gauss Integral?
1
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1answer
254 views

Differential form of “random walk with reset” based on Wiener process

Assume such a "random walk with reset" X(t) is defined based on Wiener process (GBM) ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Hammerstein stochastic integral equation

I'm in trouble with the following integral equation: $$\phi(t)=\rho\int_0^1 t^2 s \phi(s)^2 ds+\nu(t)$$ where $\nu(t)$ is a white gaussian noise with variance $\sigma$ and mean value $\mu$. Is it ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

stochastic analysis problem

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are Ito processes, $X_t=x+\int^t_0Y_sdB_s$ and $Y_t=y-\int^t_0X_sdB_s,\ t\geq 0$, here $B$ is a standard Brownian motion. I need to prove that ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Brownian bridge expression for a Brownian motion

Let $B_t$ be a standard Brownian motion in $\mathbb R$, then the Brownian bridge on $[0,1]$ is defined as $$ Y_t = a(1-t)+bt+(1-t)\int\limits_0^t\frac{\mathrm dB_s}{1-s} $$ for $0\leq t<1$. Here ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

Stochastic Integral which is almost surely zero at fixed time

This is an exercise from Karatzas and Shreve. Find a $(Y_s)_{s \in [0,1]}$ progressively measurable such that $ 0 < \int_0^1 Y_s ^2 ds < \infty$ almost surely, and $\int _0^1 Y_s dW_s = 0$ ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Simple stochastic integral

Let $(B_1,B_2)$ be a two-dimensional Brownian motion. Let $$ X_t = \int\limits_0^t B_1(s)\mathrm \; dB_2(s). $$ Is there a closed form for $X$ or the integral above is all one can get?
4
votes
2answers
339 views

Distribution of Maximum of Sum of Sum of Gaussians

Let $X_i$ be a sequence of i.i.d. standard normal random variables. Let $Y_i=\sum_{k=1}^iX_k$ and $Z_i=\sum_{k=1}^iY_k$. I am interested in upper and lower bounds for $P(\sup_{1\leq i\leq m}|X_i|\leq ...