This tag is used for questions about stochastic integrals - especially for calculations . For questions related to more theoretic aspects of stochastic integrals such as its construction. Stochastic-analysis may be a more appropriate tag.

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8 views

How do you calculate optimal quantity if there is a fixed cost in the Newsvendor Model?

I have listed the problem below. I know that in order to calculate optimal quantity that must be ordered, you need to do F(d)>= (Cu-Cv)/(Cu+Co) and compare it to the probabilities of demand. However, ...
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0answers
31 views

The Derivation of the Ito-Wentzell Formula

Is there a good derivation of the Ito-Wentzell Formula which is a generalization of the Ito's Lemma? Here are some unsatisfactory references to the Ito-Wentzell Formula: ...
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0answers
19 views

How can I solve $E[B^4_t B^3_t]$?

How can I solve the following expected value: $$ E[B^4_t B^3_t] $$ where $ B_t $ is a standard Brownian Motion.
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0answers
29 views

Fokker-Planck equation - find probability density function

I have problem from my course, that I can't solve. If anyone can do it and explain, would be great. Find the probability density function $f(x,t)$, of $X_t$ where {$X_t$} is a solution of stochastic ...
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1answer
21 views

Black Scholes Solution

I understand how to derive the black scholes solution if $dS_t$ = $\mu S_tdt$ + $\sigma S_tdW_t$ and r is constant. The solution is c(t, x) = $xN(d_{+}(T - t), x))$ - K$e^{-r(T - t)}N(d\_(T - t), x))$ ...
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1answer
50 views

Calculation of Radon–Nikodym derivative

Suppose the function $X \colon \mathbb{R} \longrightarrow \mathbb{R} \colon x \longmapsto X(x) : = x^2$. I want to calculate the Radon–Nikodym derivative $\frac{\text{d}\lambda_X}{\text{d}\lambda}$, ...
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1answer
31 views

Prove that the following process is a Geometric Brownian motion for every constant

Having some trouble understanding this problem: Given the dynamics of the geometric brownian motion $X_t$ where $(B_t)_{t\in\mathbf{R}_{+}}$ $$ dX_t = X_tdt+X_t dB_t,$$ $$X_0=1$$ for which value of ...
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1answer
31 views

How to compute $E[W_t^4]$, with $W_t$ being a standard Wiener process

I want to compute the fourth moment of a standard Wiener process: $E[W_t^4]$. My solution is not equal to the one in my textbook but I don't understand where I am wrong. I started by applying Ito's ...
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1answer
42 views

Deriving the Doob Meyer decomposition of a Sub Martingale using Ito's

Given the standard brownian motion $(B_t)_{t\in\mathbf{R}_{+}}$ and defining the sub-m.g.: $$X_t =B^6_t+2t$$ I would like to derive its Doob-Meyer decomposition: [Sub-m.g.]= [increasing ...
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0answers
18 views

Quadratic variation question

Let $M$ be a vector of local martingales. Then there exist an increasing and adapted $C$ and optional processes $\sigma^{ij}, i,j=1,...,d$ such that $<M^i,M^j> = \int_0^. \sigma^{ij} dC_s$. Can ...
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22 views

Profit Maximization

I have listed a homework problem below that I have been working on. How do I get the expected number sold/expected number unsold/expected number lost if I do not have the pdf for the demand? Am I ...
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1answer
29 views

Expected Value of the exponential of a stochastic integral

What is the expected value of the following process: $$ e^{\int_0^t B_u\, du} $$ Thanks.
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2answers
24 views

Find the value of the real $\alpha$ for which exp($2B(t) - \alpha t$) is a martingale.

I tried to answer using the three conditions to be a martingale (measurability, integrability, and martingality), validating the integrability condition, which is $$ E |e^{2B(t) - \alpha t} | < ...
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0answers
19 views

Deterministic integrals involving a Brownian motion [duplicate]

I am trying to work out the following two integrals involving a standard Brownian motion started at $W_0 = 0$. The first expression is bewildering me a bit, since it seems like somehow the Itô ...
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0answers
45 views

Expected value and Variance of a stochastic time integral of a deterministic variable (Standard Brownian motion)

Given a Standard Brownian motion $(B_t)_{t\in\mathbf{R}_{+}}$, define: $$E(e^{\int_0^tudB_u})=?$$ $$ Var(e^{\int_0^tudB_u})=?$$ Sidenote to be edited later: Here is my try, I'm not capable to ...
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1answer
34 views

Prove directly from the definition of the Ito's integral

I am trying to solve the exercises from the book Stochastic differential equations -An Introduction with applications by Bernt Oksendal and I am stuck on 1 question. Prove directly from the ...
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0answers
72 views

Expected value of a brownian motion times the deterministic integral of a brownian motion

Given a Standard Brownian motion $(B_t)_{t\in\mathbf{R}_{+}}$, $E (B_t \int_0^tB_s^3ds)$ = ? I try to turn the expected value into a double integral by rewriting the $B_t$ term as 1) $E(\int_0^t ...
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0answers
27 views

Solve the stochastic differential equation

I have to solve the following SDE: $$dX_t=X_t dt+2W_tdW_t$$ Let $Y_t=X_t e^{-t}$. By Ito formula we have: $$dY_t=-X_te^{-t}dt+e^{-t}(X_t dt+2W_tdW_t)=2e^{-t}W_tdW_t$$ Thus ...
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0answers
70 views

Deriving the definition of stochastic integrals with respect to Ito processes from first principles

When I first encountered the definition of integrals with respect to Ito processes (Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance Vol II), I didn't think twice. However, I wanted to see if the definition ...
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1answer
19 views

Malliavin Derivative

Motivation : We know that, if the randomness in the system is due to Brownian Motion then any contingent claim with mean zero can be written as Ito integral. (Of course, we need to have boundedness ...
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1answer
70 views

Expected value and variance of a stochastic process

Having trouble finding expected value and variance of a stochastic process defined by SDE: $dX_{t} = a X_{t} dt + b dB_{t}$ $X_0 = x$, $a$ and $b$ are constant values, $B_t$~$N(0,t)$ Thank you for ...
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0answers
50 views

Characterize the limit of an O-U process: $dX_t = -\tfrac{\mu}{\theta} X_t dt + \tfrac{\sigma}{\theta^{1/2}} dW_t$ as $\lim_{\theta \to 0}$.

Standard O-U Formulas: Take the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process defined by the SDE $$ dX_t = -\frac{\mu}{\theta} X_t dt + \frac{\sigma}{\theta^{1/2}} dW_t $$ where $\mu > 0, \theta > 0, $ and ...
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1answer
18 views

A question on integration wr.t to a local martingale

In a lemma in my graduate level course on financial mathematics uses the fact that integral of a progressive portfolio process(which is almost surely lower bounded i.e it is admissible) $\theta_t$ ...
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1answer
70 views

Eigenvalue problem in functional analysis?

How can I find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of \begin{align} Ay(p):=\int_{0}^{\infty} k^2 \cos(pk)y(k)dk \end{align} $A$ is a Hilbert-Schmidt operator. Well actually, i came across this in ...
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1answer
43 views

$Cov(X_t,X_s)$ of martingales

Let $X_t = \int_0^t W_u^2dW_u$ martingale compute : $$Cov(X_t,X_s)$$ note that $$Cov(\int_0^T a(t)dWt,\ \int_0^T b(t)dWt)\ = E[\int_0^T a(t)b(t)dWt]$$ My attempts: $$Cov(X_t,X_s)\ = ...
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0answers
75 views

Find the relation between 2 stochastic integral

$g(s,t)(\omega)$ is an adapted stochastic process on $\mathbb R^2$ define: $$X=\int_0^1\int_0^1g(s,t) \,dW_s\,dt$$ $$Y=\int_0^1\int_0^1g(s,t) \,dt\,dW_s$$ Could we conclude that "$X=Y$ a.s"? I ...
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1answer
21 views

Conditional Ito's isometry

I am looking for a formal proof of the following (if true): $\mathbb E \left[ \int_0^1 g_1(s)\,dW_s \int_0^1 g_2(s) K_s\,dW_s \big|\mathscr F^K \right]=\int_0^1 g_1(s)g_2(s)K_s\,ds $, where ...
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1answer
16 views

Covariance of Wiener Processes on the same Brownian Motion

I am trying to solve $Cov(Tw_T,\int^{T}_{0}tdw_t)=\mathbb{E}[Tw_T\times\int^{T}_{0}tdw_t]$, my attempt is as below: \begin{split} \mathbb{E}[Tw_T\times\int^{T}_{0}tdw_t] & ...
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0answers
18 views

A problem on Ito integral [duplicate]

Let $W$ be a standard, one-dimensional Brownian motion. Let $T\in(0,+\infty)$. Then $$\lim_{\beta\to+\infty}\sup_{0\le t\le T}\left|e^{-\beta t}\int_0^te^{\beta ...
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1answer
38 views

Integral of a Brownian bridge with respect to time

Let $(W_s)_{s\geq 0}$ be a Brownian motion and $t$ a fixed point in time. What is the distribution of $$\Big.\int_0^tW_sds\Big|W_t$$ i.e. the integral of a Brownian bridge with respect to time? Is it ...
3
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1answer
75 views

What is the explicit obstruction to almost sure convergence in stochastic integrals?

Let $B(\omega,t)$ be a Brownian motion defined on some appropriately filtered probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}_{t},\mathbb{P})$, and let $f(\omega,t)$ be a stochastic process defined on $\Omega$ ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Solution to truncated renewal function

Let's begin with some theory on the renewal process. In a renewal process $N(t)$, let $t$ denote the interarrival time, and $f(t)$ and $F(t)$ denote the PDF and CDF respectively. Let $M(t)=E[N(t)]$, ...
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1answer
65 views

Solve the SDE $dX_t = \frac{1}{2 X_t} dt + dB_t$ [closed]

Solve the following stochastic differential equations $ dX_t = \frac{1}{2 X_t} dt + dB_t$ or equivalently with a transformation $Y_t = X_t^2$ $ dY_t = dt + 2 \sqrt{Y_t} dB_t$ with $Y_0 = y_0 > ...
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1answer
50 views

Variance of integrated squared wiener process

So I'm trying to figure out the mean and variance of $X = \int_{0}^{1} W^2(t) dt $ where $W$ is the Wiener process. The mean I've worked out easily to be $\frac{\sigma^2}{2}$ but I'm having ...
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0answers
27 views

Gibbs Sampler integral computeable

here is an example of a changepoint in a poisson world with the gibbs sampler, it is an bayesian approach. the data are assumed to follow this distributions : $\begin{equation} \nonumber Y_i \sim ...
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1answer
25 views

Ito integral's zero mean

My Sto Cal prof gave a long proof for the fact that $E[\int_{0}^{t} f_s dW_s] = 0$ where W is Brownian and f is Borel x $\mathscr{F}$-measurable, adapted and satisfies some integrability condition. ...
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1answer
32 views

Brownian motion on the circle and Itô processes

Consider the differential system \begin{cases} dX_t &=& -\frac{1}{2}X_t dt - Y_tdB_t, \\ dY_t &=& -\frac{1}{2}Y_tdt + X_tdB_t, \end{cases} $X_0 = 1$, $Y_0 = 0$. Let $X_t$ and $Y_t$ ...
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1answer
21 views

Basic question on application of Itô's formula to a stochastic process

I am working on a problem where I now find myself wanting to apply Itô's formula to: \begin{equation} X_t = \exp(W_t -W_0-\frac{t}{2}+\int\limits_0^tX_sds) \end{equation} where $W_t$ is 1D Brownian ...
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2answers
56 views

Verifying Property of Stochastic Integral

I am trying to verify this simple property for a stochastic integral. Given that f(t,w) is a bounded, nonanticipating function for a given Wiener process $W_t$ show that $E((\int_{0}^{T} f(s,w) ...
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0answers
119 views

Condition for a process to be a supermartingale

I am struggling in this question: Let $W$ denote a Brownian motion. Given that $ X_t = e^{- \lambda t} X_0 + \int_0^t \sigma e^{- \lambda (t-s)} \,dW_s$ solves the SDE \begin{equation} dX_t = - ...
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1answer
22 views

A variant of renewal function

Let's begin with some theory on the renewal process. In a renewal process $N(t)$, let $t$ denote the interarrival time, and $f(t)$ and $F(t)$ denote the PDF and CDF respectively. Let $M(t)=E[N(t)]$, ...
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1answer
47 views

Covariance of two geometric Brownian motions

Assume we have two geometric Brownian motions $$ dX_t = \mu X_t dt + \sigma X_t dW^1_t, \qquad \qquad dY_t = \mu Y_t dt + \sigma Y_t dW^2_t $$ where the Wiener processes are correlated with $E[dW^1_t ...
5
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0answers
127 views

proving equalities in stochastic calculus

I am struggling with this question: FIRST PART (almost done, but stuck somewhere): Let $Z $~$ N(0,1)$ be a standard normal random variable, and define a function $F$ by the formula \begin{equation} ...
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0answers
43 views

Why is the pathwise integral of $\alpha_s$ w.r.t the Lebesgue measure continuous?

My class notes on stochastic calculus say that the if $(\alpha_s(\omega))_{s\in \mathbb{R_+}}$ is progressive then $\int_0^t \alpha_s ds$ is a pathwise continuous process? How does the joint ...
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1answer
33 views

Proof of continuity of stochastic processes defined by Ito integrals

I'm currently trying to understand the proof of Theorem 4.6.2 in Kuo, Hui-Hsiung: Introduction to Stochastic Integration: Suppose $f \in L^2_{ad} ([a,b] \times \Omega )$, then the stochastic ...
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0answers
37 views

Girsanov's formula for an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process

This is homework so no answers please. Question:If I know that for an OU process $X_t\stackrel{d}{=}e^{-t} B_{e^{2t}}$, can I use that for the Radon-Nikodym derivative of $X_t$? Context and Attempt ...
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0answers
33 views

Proof of equality in Expectation with the Help of a Brownian Motion (Put-Call-Symmetry)

Hey I want to reproduce a proof of Damien Lamberton; proof begins at page 14. Under some assumptions i want to show that \begin{align} \sup_{t\in \mathcal T_{0,T}}\mathbb ...
3
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1answer
73 views

conditional expectation of some solution of SDE

Let $(M_t)$ be a nonnegative martingale in a probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \{ \mathcal{F}_t \}, \mathbb{P} )$ given by \begin{equation} dM_t = M_t \sigma_t dW_t \end{equation} for some ...
2
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0answers
16 views

Numerical integration scheme for stochastic system driven by colored noise (filtered white noise)

I have given quite a few hours to this problem, but I seem to be getting nowhere. Can anyone just give a hint or point towards a text on where to go looking for the concept and solution.
4
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1answer
113 views

Brownian motion, reproducing kernel Hilbert space, and the Laplace operator

Consider the standard Brownian motion on $[0,1]$: $$ dB_t, \; B_0 = 0, $$ defined on the probability space $(\Omega, P)$. It covariance function is $K(s,t) = \min \{s , t\}$ on $[0,1] \times ...