Questions on the calculus of stochastic processes, or processes that have a random component.

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1answer
72 views

Poisson integral and discontinuous martingale (Ito-Levy formula)

Consider compounded Poisson process $P$ given by $P_t = \int_0 ^t \int _{\mathbb R}z~ N(dr,dz)$ where $N$ is a Poisson random measure of intensity $dt \otimes \nu$ and $\nu $ is a Levy measure. Why ...
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0answers
17 views

Continuity in $x$ of $E^x \int_0^{\tau} f(X_t)dt$

Suppose I have a stochastic diffusion $X$. I am studying an expression of the form $u(x):=E^x\int_0^\tau f(X_t)dt$ where $\tau$ is the exit time of $X$ from my bounded open domain $D$. I am also ...
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0answers
33 views

Distribution of Levy driven O-U process

Is there a way to find an analytical expression for $E\left[\exp\left(-\int_0^T \gamma_s ds\right)\right]$, where $d\gamma_t=k(\theta-\gamma_t)dt+\sigma dL_t$, and $L_t$ is a symmetric alpha ...
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1answer
44 views

Relation between autocorrelation and mean of a stochastic process

It is said that if the autocorrelation approaches zero as $\tau$ tends to zero, then the mean of the stochastic process is also zero. I am having trouble understanding the above concept. Say we have ...
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15 views

Simple Stochastic Measurability Question

In the proof of a Stochastic representation theorem, the author writes: $Z_t = \frac{d}{dt}<M>_t$ is progressively measurable. Here $M_t$ is a continuous local martingale and we have the ...
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1answer
51 views

What does it mean by “mean of a process”?

Say $X(t)$ is a stochastic process. Now when it says that the mean of the process, does it mean that the mean of $X(t)$. Elaborating further, a process is an collection of random variables - ...
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17 views

Parameter estimation of matrix-valued processes

I have a hard question for the probability theorist under you. Suppose we have the following process as defined by $dX_t = [-M(\bar{X} - X_t) - (\bar{X} - X_t)M^T] dt + \sqrt{X_t}dB_tQ + ...
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1answer
34 views

Elementary Malliavin Derivative question about definition.

I am reading a book that defines the Malliavin derivative $D_tF$ as follows: If $F = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} I_n(f_n)$ is the Wiener Chaos expansion. $F$ is in the brownian filtration and $F \in ...
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1answer
150 views

Variance of Ito Integral

I want to find the variance of the Ito integral: $X(t)=\displaystyle \int_0^t\sqrt{s}WdW$ where W is a Brownian motion and s is the variable of integration. This is what I have done so far: ...
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32 views

Condition on initial value of stochastic process

Suppose I denote by $X_t(\mu)$ a stochastic process taking values in $\mathbb{R}$ with a given initial distribution $\mu$ and $\delta_x$ the Dirac mass at $x \in \mathbb{R}$. When is the following ...
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1answer
57 views

Determining $dX_t$ for stochastic equations, and which of these are $\mathcal{F} $ - martingales?

I want to write down an expression for $dX_t$ for both: i. $X_t=t^2W_t^2-2\int_0^t(sW_s^2+s^2)ds$; and ii. $X_t=W_t^2-tW_t$ What is the process I would use for differentiating these stochastic ...
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1answer
47 views

Path solution for a SDE

I would like to get help in solving an Ito stochastic equation: $dY_t=-dW_t \, (Y_t^2+1)$ The process $W_t$ is the standard Brownian motion. Is it possible to get a path solution solution in terms ...
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1answer
46 views

Question on complex valued local martingales

So I was reading and found that the following was given as an example of a complex valued local martingale: $M_t = e^{\int_0^t f(\omega,s)dB_s - \frac 12\int_0^tf(\omega,s)^2ds}$ with $f(\omega,s) = ...
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0answers
36 views

Stochastic PDE representation

I am trying to find a pde which $u$ satisfies when $u(x) = E^{x}[\cos(X_1)]$ where $dX_t = \sin(nX_t)\,dt + dW_t$ and $X_0 = x$. I have tried using Feynman-Kac but I can't seem to get it into the ...
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1answer
39 views

$\mathbb{E}[B_t-B_s], \mathbb{E}[\exp(\sigma(B_t-B_s))]$ etc.

This may be a duplicate but I cannot find the corresponding question. I have been asked to show: $\mathbb{E}[\exp(\sigma(B_t-B_s))] = \exp\left(-\dfrac{\sigma^2}{2}(s-t)\right)$ As a side note I ...
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17 views

Is there a solution for this stochastic differential equation or analogous ordinary differential equation?

I'm trying to analyze the following Ito stochastic differential equation: $$dX_t = \|X_t\|dW_t$$ where $X_t, dX_t, W_t, dW_t \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Here, $dW_t$ is the standard Wiener process and ...
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1answer
46 views

Application of Ito's Lemma to integral expression

I have a problem applying Ito's lemma. I know that if: $dX_t= \mu_t \, dt + \sigma_t \, dB_t$ then for $f(t,x)$: $df(t,X_t) =\left(\frac{\partial f}{\partial t} + \mu_t \frac{\partial ...
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1answer
45 views

Ito's Lemma for Integral

Let $S$ follow GBM with $dS=(r-q)S\,dt+\sigma S\,dW$ where $W$ is a standard Brownian motion. Define $I_t=\int_0^t qe^{r(t-u)}S_u \,du$, then how can I determine $dI_t$? The answer should be ...
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23 views

Does this Stochastic Differential Equation have a name?

I came across this SDE and since I am not an expert I am wondering if this SDE is known to have an closed form solution for first passage times. The SDE is $$dY_t=(a+be^{ct}) \, dt+\sigma \, dB_t$$ ...
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1answer
59 views

Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process written explicitly

I need to show that the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, $$ dX_t = -\theta X_tdt + dB(t) $$ Where $X_0=0$, $B(t)$ is Brownian motion and $\theta>0$ can be written explicitly as: $$ X_t=B(t) - \theta ...
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1answer
69 views

Solving the SDE $dX_t=bdt+cX_t dW_t$

I want to solve the SDE $dX_t=bdt+cX_t dW_t$, $X_0=0$ for $b,c\in\mathbb R$. I start by rewriting this as $$dX_t=(\mu_1+\mu_2 X_t )dt+(\sigma_1+\sigma_2 X_t )dW_t$$ where $\mu_1=b, \mu_2=0, ...
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1answer
89 views

Solution to a stochastic differential equation

I could really do with some help on this question, have no idea where to start. Any advice would be much appreciated, thank u in advance. I am given $$\begin{align}dx(t)&=(1+x(t))dt + x(t) ...
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1answer
69 views

Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator and divergence operator

So I'm still struggling with Malliavin calculus, and this time about the divergence operator. We are working in the classical Wiener space $(W,H,\mu)$ where $W$ is the Wiener space ...
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28 views

Weak stochastic integral

I recently encountered the following object, referred to as "weak stochastic integral" in the book of SPDE's by Prévôt/Röckner [PR07]: $$ \int_0^T \langle \Psi \,\mathrm dW(t), \Phi(t)\rangle $$ A ...
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1answer
32 views

Do stochastic processes form a Banach space?

I'm interested in solving a particular integral equation: $$g(X) = \int_0^1 K(X,p)f(p) \ dp$$ where $f(p)\in L^1([0,1])$ and $X$ is a stochastic process of finite length; i.e. a collection of random ...
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64 views

Invariant measure of Euler-Maruyama Discretisation of an Ito diffusion

Let $(X_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be a diffusion process with dynamics governed by the stochastic differential equation \begin{equation} dX_t = b(X_t)dt + \sigma(X_t)dW_t, ~~ X_0 = x_0, \end{equation} where ...
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82 views

Second Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing

It seems that there is a step missing in the proof of the second Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing in Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance II: Does anyone know how to show the following: If ...
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1answer
62 views

Question on Martingales and Brownian Motion

I've run into an issue and I am unsure of how to proceed. In the text I'm working through, the following is left "as an exercise to the reader." Normally proofs listed as such tend to be fairly simple ...
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2answers
51 views

Density of cylindrical random variables in classical Wiener space

I'm currently working on Malliavin calculus, and a theorem in my class notes is bothering me : Denote W the Wiener space of continuous functions from $[0,1]$ to $\mathbb{R}$, and $\mu$ the associated ...
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1answer
56 views

Deriving the PDE for basket option

The payoff for basket option is max($w_1S_1+w_2S_2 -k,0)$. Using Ito's formula, I need to derive the PDE, where $dS_1 = rS_1dt + \sigma_1 S_1dW_1$ $dS_2 = rS_2dt + \sigma_2 S_2dW_2$ I need some ...
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29 views

Proposition from Oksendal Stochastic Calculus

I am reading Oksendal's Malliavin Calculus with applications to Finance and there is a part that I do not understand. First we have a proposition which is fine: If $\zeta_1$,$\zeta_2$,... are ...
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58 views

continuous time markov process - first passage time

Let $(X_t)_{t\ge0}$ is a continuous time-homogeneous Markov diffusion process such that $X_0=y$. Let $$p(x,t|y)=d\Pr(X_t\le x|X_0=y)/dx$$ be the respective transition probability density. Let ...
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17 views

Is reflected levy process a feller process?

In some literature , there is a concept similar to reflected Brownian process. Assume that $L_{t}$ is a levy process (may be we can assume it's not a Poisson process) then reflected Levy process ...
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1answer
66 views

$dX_t=-\mu X_tdt + \sigma dW_t$. Prove that $X_t = e^{-\mu t}X_0 + \sigma \int_0^t e^{-\mu(t-u)}dW_u $

So the solution says use Ito-s formula, taking $Y_t:= e^{\mu t}X_t$ to obtain $dY_t = [\mu e^{\mu t}X_t - e^{\mu t}\mu X_t + e^\mu t \sigma dW_t] $. As far as I can see though, Ito's formula says ...
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57 views

Application of Ito's formula

I recently learned about Ito's formula and integral and now i have to do the following exercise, but I actually don't really know, how to start: Apply Ito's formula to prove that $$Z_t=exp(\sigma ...
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0answers
55 views

Ito formula for $f(X_t, Y_{t-s})$

I have a situation where I have two stochastic processes (say 2 OU processes) and I have the function $f(X_t, Y_{t-s})=\frac{X_t}{Y_{t-s}}$. How do I apply Ito lemma in this case?(is Ito lemma still ...
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1answer
110 views

Use Ito's Lemma to show:

I am somewhat unsure how to go about showing this: Use Ito's Lemma to show for any deterministic differentiable function, $f$: $$ \int_0^t f(s) dB(s) = f(t)B(t) - \int_0^t B(s)f'(s)ds $$ Where $B(t)$ ...
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24 views

Parameter estimation using characteristic function

Is it possible to do parameter fitting using log-returns data & the characteristic function(CF) in Matlab? I have been trying it on the Variance Gamma Scaled Self-Decompasable (VGSSD) model CF for ...
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1answer
67 views

double area integrals over coherence functions on circles

I am having trouble showing the following, which shows up from coherence theory: $\frac{\pi b^2}{\alpha^2}(1-J_0^2(\alpha b)-J_1^2(\alpha b))=\int_0^{2\pi}\int_0^b\int_0^b r_1r_2\frac{J_1\left ...
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34 views

Girsanov's theorem for OU process

Say that I've got the process $dr_t=a(b-r_t)dt+\sigma dB_t$ and that I want to calculate $E[\exp(-\int_0^T r_s ds)]$ by using Girsanov's theorem. How do I do this? I cannot seem to find an explicit ...
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1answer
114 views

Integrating brownian motion times exponential function

I am trying to calculate $$\int_0^tB_se^{\lambda s}ds$$ but I am unsure of how to start the computation. The motivation behind this is that I read (and am now trying to prove) that ...
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147 views

An exercise from Revuz, Yor; equality in distribution of 2 integrals.

Here is the exercise I have been struggling to solve. It is taken from this book by Revuz and Yor: link. Here is the full text of the problem ( Exercise 3.32, chapter 4). Exercise (3.32). Let $B$ and ...
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1answer
61 views

Law of large numbers variant?

I have the following: Let $(X_n)$ be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables. (a) Assume $\frac{1}{n} S_n=\frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n X_i$ converges a.s. to a real-valued random variable $Y$. Show that ...
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1answer
52 views

Girsanov's theorem and simulation of bond prices

Assume that we want to calculate the time $t=0$ price of a bond: $B(0,T) = E_P[\exp(-\int_0^T r_s ds)]$, where $r$ is the interest rate following the SDE $dr_t=k(\theta-r_t)dt+\sigma ...
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0answers
61 views

Ito's Lemma and Geometric Brownian Motion With Jumps

I have a price process: \begin{equation} dF_t = d\Pi_t - \mu_\pi \sigma_t F_t \gamma \, dt + \sigma_t F_t \, dz \end{equation} And wish to simulate the process $x_t = \ln(F_t)$ by Euler method, ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Product of $n$ i.i.d. random variables

Let the variable $Z$ equal $Z = XY$ where $X$ and $X$ are two i.i.d. continuous random variables which distributions are given by $f_X()$ and $f_Y$. The distribution of $Z$ is given by: $$f_Z(z) = ...
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1answer
85 views

Finite expectation of renewal process

Let $T_n$ be a random variable with $T_n=X_1+...+X_n$ where the $X_i$'s are iid. Further we set $N(t)=max\{ n: T_n\leq n\}$ with the property $\Pr(N(t)<\infty)=1$. I want to prove that ...
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40 views

Why does the price term in Vega disappear for a European call option?

In my course, I have been asked to prove a number of statements about "the Greeks" from the Black-Scholes model for pricing a European call option with no dividends and a strike price of $K$. One of ...
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0answers
230 views

Cubed Brownian motion

I have to do the following exercise: Let $(W_t)$ be a Brownian motion. (a) Does X given by $X_t:=W_t^3$ have constant expectation? (b) Is it a martingale? (c) Does it have independent increments? ...
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29 views

Change of Measures for Lévy-Processes

If $X$ is a Lévy-Process on a filtered probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}_t, \mathbf P)$ and $Q$ an equivalent probability measure. Under which circumstances is $X$ also a Lévy-Process under ...