Questions on the calculus of stochastic processes, or processes that have a random component.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
94 views

How to show that the following process is a submartingale

Suppose we have a filtration $(\mathcal{F}_t)$ satisfying the usual conditions. Let $W$ be a Brownian Motion with respect to that filtration. We define the two processes $X_t:=W^2_t$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Cumulative Hazard Function

Let $X$ be a random variable taking positive values with the density function $f$. Let $F(t) = P(X\leq t)$ be distribution function of $X$ and $$ h(t) = \int_0^{t} \frac{f(s)}{1-F(s)}\,ds$$ the ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Martingal differentiation

Let $(X_n)$ be a sequence of independent, identically distributed random variables with finite moment-generating function $M(t) = \mathbb{E}\left[\exp(tX_1\right)] < \infty$ for $t \in \mathbb{R}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Continuous local martingales with same crochet have the same law?

Consider $M= \left(M\right )_{t \geq0}, \ N=\left(N\right) _{t \geq0} \in \mathcal M_{c,loc} $ starting both from zero, such that, a.e.$ \langle M \rangle_t =\langle N \rangle_t, \ \forall t\geq 0$. ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Asymptotic Behaviour of a Continuous Square Integrable Martingale

Consider $\left( M^\alpha _t\right)_{t \geq 0} \in \mathcal M_c ^2$ such that $$ \mathbb E \left\{ \sup_{0\leq s \leq t} \left |M^\alpha _s \right| ^2\right \} \leq C_\alpha t^{1-\alpha} $$ How to ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

About stochastic differential equations

Consider, for all $x \in \mathbb R $, the process $\left( X_t^x\right)_{t\geq 0} $ unique solution of the following SDE: $$ X_t ^x =x + \int _0 ^t \sigma\left( X_s^x\right) ~dB_s + \int _0 ^t ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Defining an equivalent measure starting from a continuous local Martingale

Suppose we have continuous local martingal $L$ given. We define $Z=\mathcal{E}(L)$, the stochastic exponential of $L$. I am interested in finding some condition such that $Z$ defines a density, i.e. I ...
0
votes
1answer
510 views

About exponential martingales

Consider the stochastic process defined by $$ Z_t = \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t}} \exp \left( \frac{-B^2_t}{2\left( 1-t\right)} \right ) , t \geq 0$$ where $ \left(B_t\right)_{t\geq 0}$ is a real standard ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Conditional law of $X_t | Y_t$ of the Gaussian stochastic process $Z_t=\left( X_t, Y_t\right)$

Consider the Gaussian stochastic process (in $\mathbb R^2$ without loss of generality) $Z_t=\left( X_t, Y_t\right)$. What is the conditional law of $X_t | Y_t$ ? Someone can help me ?
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Show $ \int _0^t \frac{\left|B_u \right|}{u}du < \infty \ a.e.$

How to show that for all $t\geq 0$ $$ \int _0^t \frac{\left|B_u \right|}{u}du < \infty \ a.e.,$$ where $ \left( B_t \right)_{t\geq 0}$ is the real standard brownian motion starting from zero ?
11
votes
3answers
356 views

Limit of a Wiener integral

How to show that $$ \lim _{\alpha \rightarrow \infty } \sup_{t \in \left [0,T \right]} \left | e^{-\alpha t} \int _ 0 ^t e^{\alpha s} ~ dB_s \right | =0, \ \ \text{a.e.} $$ where $\left (B_s ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

About stopping times and progressively measurable process

Given a filtered probability space $\left ( \mathbb P, \mathcal F, \left(\mathcal F_t \right)_{t \geq 0}, \Omega\right)$, consider a process $\phi = \left( \phi_t \right)_{t\geq 0}$ $\mathcal F_t$- ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

How to deal with differential in Itô

Suppose I have two Brownian Motion $W$ and $B$ which are connected through Girsanov, i.e. $W_t=B_t-\int_0^t v(u,T)du$. Furthermore I have the following expression $$\exp{(\int_0^tv(u,T)-v(u,S) ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

convergence ito integral

It is easy to calculate the integral $\int_0^T B_t \, dB_t=\frac{1}{2}B_T^2-\frac{1}{2}T$ That means I showed that $\int_0^T S_n \, ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Laplace functional of a Poisson random measure with stochastic intensity

This is one of the problems from Cinlar's 2011 book - "Probability and Stochastics" (Chapter VI, page 262, exercise 2.36) : Let $N$ be a Poisson random measure on $R^{+}$, defined by $N(\omega, B) = ...
6
votes
1answer
710 views

Expectation of an integral w.r.t. Brownian Motion

I know the following statement: if $f$ is a deterministic function and continuous, i.e. $f\in C^0([0,T],\mathbb{R})$, then $\int f(s)dW_s$ is normally distributed with mean zero and variance $\int ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

two question about poisson processes

I'm solving an exercise from a last year exam. Suppose we have an Poisson process $(N_t)$ with parameter $\lambda=\frac{1}{3}$ given with respect to a filtration $(\mathcal{F}_t)$. The first ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Fractional Brownian motion as integral, mean zero

Let $H\in$ $]0,1[$. A fractional Brownian motion $\left(B_H(t)\right)_{t\geq 0}$ can be represented as $$X(t)={1\over ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

How do I derive the Gaussian Mixture distribution of an Ito Integral?

I have a question about the distribution of an Ito Integral. Consider the integral $$ \int_0^1 B_1(r) \mathrm{d}B_2(r), $$ where $B_1$ and $B_2$ are two independent standard Brownian motions. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Joint Convergence and Donsker's Theorem

I have a question about joint convergence results derived from an FCLT (i.e., a Functional Central Limit Theorem). To motivate my question, consider the following setup: Let $y_t$ be a random walk ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Supermartingale with vanishing drift

Is a continuous supermartingale with vanishing drift already a martingale? In my concrete problem, I have a continuous nonnegative local martingale $ (X_t) $ on $ \left[0, T\right] $ which is bounded ...
2
votes
1answer
685 views

Is continuous L2 bounded local martingale a true martingale?

I can prove it briefly, but I found a "counter" example. (There must be a mistake in the following words...) I can prove: X is a continuous local martingale, with $X_0=0$ a.s, then X is $L_2$ bounded ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Find a density function for the endpoint of this stochastic process

$(X_t, Y_t, Z_t)$ is a three-dimensional stochastic process described as follows: $X_t$ is a Brownian Motion. $Y_t = \int_0^t X_s ds$ $Z_t = \inf_{s \in [0, t]} X_s$ I would like to find a density ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Find the transition function of this stochastic process

Let $(X_t, Y_t)$ be a two-dimensional Markov stochastic process that runs on time interval $[t_0, t_f]$. Its infintesimal generator is described by the functions $\mu_X, \mu_Y, \sigma_X, \sigma_Y$. I ...
6
votes
0answers
356 views

Generated sigma algebra from Brownian Motion

Suppose that we have a Brownian motion and we define the P-augmented filtration by $$\mathcal{F}^W_t:=\sigma(\mathcal{F}^0_t \cup \mathcal{N})$$ where $\mathcal{F}_t^0:=\sigma(W_s;s\le t)$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Basic stochastic integral

I am new to this stuff. Can some one explain how I could compute the stochastic integral of the form $\int_0^t W_sds$, where $W_t$ is Brownian process? Thanks!
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Is this a valid method for time-integrating a stochastic process?

I have a stochastic process $X_t$, and I have a function $a(x | t)$ that reflects my beliefs about the value of $X_t$ ($a$ is a density function in its first parameter). I am studying the properties ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

how to derive this form using product formula

Suppose we have the following SDE $$dS(t) = S(t)(\mu(t)dt + \sigma(t)dW(t))=:S(t)dX(t)$$ where $W$ is a Brownian Motion and the processes $\mu,\sigma$ are well defined, such that the expression ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How do you convert an infintesimal generator of a Markov process to a transition function?

Suppose a continuous-time continuous-step Markov stochastic process $X_t$ has infinitesimal generator $\mu(x, t)$, $\sigma(x, t)$ ($\mu$, $\sigma$, and $X_0$ are known). How can we use this ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

Some basic questions about Stochastic Calculus

I have a transition function for a Markov process $X_t$. I want to find a density function for the stochastic process $Y_t := \int_0^t X_s \,ds$. Some questions about this: Is this the same as the ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

Funny problem about stochastic integrals and Ito' s lemma

Consider a probability filtred space $ (\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathcal F_ t, \mathbb P)$ and a continuous $\mathcal F _t$-martingal starting from $0$, $ M = (M_t)_{t \geq 0}$, such that $\left \langle ...
1
vote
2answers
364 views

Explicit solution of a SDE

I'd like an explicit formula as a function of $W_t$ (standard brownien motion) and $\lambda >0$ for the solution of the following SDE: $$\mathrm dX_t = \mathrm dW_t - \lambda X_t \,\mathrm dt$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Upper bound for the $\sup$ of a martingale defined as a stochastic integral of a general continuous martingale

Consider a probability filtred space $ (\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathcal F_ t, \mathbb P)$ and a continuous $\mathcal F _t$-martingal starting from $0$, $ M = (M_t)_{t \geq 0}$, such that $\left \langle ...
5
votes
2answers
258 views

Brownian Motion Covariance: max instead of min

It is known that $\operatorname{Cov}(B_t,B_s)=\min(t,s)$ where $B$ is Brownian motion. Can one think of an Ito process or integral (preferrably plain Gaussian process) $W$ such that ...
2
votes
2answers
849 views

Expectation of Brownian motion Integral

I want to calculate $\mathbb{E} \left[\left(\int_0^tB_s\text{d}B_s\right)^3\right]$ where $B_t$ is a standard Brownian motion. Using Ito's formula for $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ with ...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Ito Isometry for conditional expectations

Is Ito's isometry true for conditional expectations too? I mean, is it true that:$$\mathbb{E}\left[\left(\int_0^tX_sdB_s\right)^2\ |\ \mathcal{F}_t^B\right]=\mathbb{E}\left[\int_0^tX^2_sds\ |\ ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Relation between $\text{d}M_t$ and $\text{d}B_t$ when $M_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$

Let $B_t$ be a standard Wiener motion. What can we say about $\text{d}M_t$ and $\text{d}B_t$ when $M_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$? Is there a relation?
0
votes
2answers
411 views

Conditional Expectation of integral of Wiener process

Let $W_t$ be a standard Wiener process. How can we calculate: $$\mathbb{E}\left[\int_0^t|W_r|^2\text{d}r \ |\ \mathcal{F}_s\right]$$ where $(\mathcal{F}_s)_{s\geq0}$ is the natural filtration?
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Applying Ergodic Theorem on fractional Brownian motion

For a fractional Brownian motion $B_H$ consider the sequence for $p>0$ $$Y_{n,p}={1\over n}\sum\limits_{i=1}^n \left|B_H(i)-B_H(i-1)\right|^p.$$ By the Ergodic Theorem it is ...
3
votes
2answers
489 views

Show that this process is a martingale

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian motion and $M_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$. Show that: $$(M_t-B_t)^4-6t(M_t-B_t)^2+3t^2$$ is a martingale for $t\geq0$.
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Quasimartingale is Quasi-Dirichlet process

a paper I read states, that a Quasimartingale (an process $(X_t)_{t\in [0,T] }$ with $\mathbb E[|X_t|]<\infty$ for all $t\in [0,T]$, which suffices $$\sup_\Delta \sum^{n-1}_{j=0} \left\|\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Show that $M_t$ is a Standard Brownian Motion

Let $M=(M_t)_{t\geq0}$ with $$M_t=\int_0^{\log\sqrt{1+2t}}e^s\text{d}B_s$$ where $(B_t)_{t\geq0}$ is a Standard Brownian Motion. Show that $M$ is also a Standard Brownian Motion and compute ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

How to calculate the following expectation

I have a problem to find the expectation of the following expression, $$E\left[W_T e^{\int_0^T(W_s)ds}\right].$$ Here, $W_T$ is a Brownian motion. Any suggestions as to how to proceed with it? Many ...
6
votes
0answers
324 views

Hölder Continuity of Fractional Brownian Motion

I would like to prove the following theorem: Let $H\in (0,1)$. The fractional Brownian motion $B_H$ admits a version whose sample paths are $a.s.$ Hölder continuous of order strict less than $H$. ...
1
vote
0answers
416 views

Show that this semimartingale is a local martingale

Let $B_t$ be a standard Wiener motion, $I_t=\int_0^t|B_s|^2\!\text{ds}\ $and $S_t=\max_{0\leq s\leq t}B_s$. Let also $F:\mathbb{R}^2_+\times\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}_+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ a ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Checking a solution for a SDE

I want to show that the process $Y(t) = e^t \int_0^t e^{-s}dW(s)$ satisfies the following SDE: $dX(t) = X(t)dt + dW(t), \ \ t\geq 0 , \quad X(0) = 0$ I think the right approach is to use Ito's ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Fractional Brownian motion, selfsimilar

Let $0<H<1$. A real-valued Gaussian process $\left(B_H(t)\right)_{t\geq 0}$ is called fractional Brownian motion (fBm) if $\ \mathbb{E}[B_H(t)]=0$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Martingale representation theorem

Trying to figure out how to solve problems on the 'form': Find a real number $z$ and a square integrable, adapted process $\psi(s,w)$ such that $$G(w) = z + \int \psi(s,w)\,dB_s(w)$$ for som ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

a homework question about Levy air

I have a question in my homework: Let $X_t$ and $Y_t$ be two Brownian motions issue de $0$ and define $$S_t=\int_0^tX_s\,dY_s-\int_0^tY_s\,dX_s$$ Show that $$E[e^{i\lambda S_t}]=E[\cos(\lambda ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Expectation of stopping time

Let $X_t$be the solution to the SDE: $dX_t=-X_tdt+dB_t$, $X_0=0$ Then $X_t$ is the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process $X_t=e^{-t}\int_0^te^sdB_s$. I want to calculate $\mathbb{E}[e^\tau X_\tau]$ when ...