1
vote
0answers
23 views

Markov property question

In every book I can find, the Markov property for ito diffusions, $E[f(X_{t+h})\mid F_s] = E^{X_t}f(X_h)$ is stated for $\textbf{bounded}$ Borel functions. However, I have the following statement ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Holder continuity, brwonian motion [duplicate]

Let $B$ stand for a brownian motion on a finite interval $[0,1]$. If i am not wrong, i think that there exists a positive constant $c$, such that almost surely, for h small enough , for all $0< t ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

integrability condition stochastic process

Consider the finite time interval $[0,T]$ and the stochastic process $(X(t); t\leq s)$ Can the integral \begin{align} \int_{0}^{T}X(s)ds \end{align} de defined if the stochastic process $X$ is not ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Stopped sigma-algebra for a counting process

let $(\Omega, \mathcal{A}, P)$ be a probability space and $(N_t)_{t \geq 0}$ a right-continuous counting process with jumps of size 1, $N_0 = 0$ and canonical filtration $\mathcal{F}_t := \sigma( N_u ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Brownian motion-Holder [on hold]

there exists a positive constant $c$, such that almost surely, for h small enough , for all $0< t < 1- h$ \begin{align} |B(t+h)-B(t)| < c\sqrt{h\log(1/h)} \end{align} As a result ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Problem with understading “mixed” integration

Using standard notation: $$dX_t=b(t,X_t)dt+\sigma(t,X_t)dW_t, \:\:X_0=x \tag{1}$$ Now in my script it is said that if we integrate both sides, we get: $$X_t=x+\int_0^t ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Brownian motion - Holder continuity

Let $B$ stand for a brownian motion on a finite interval $[0,1]$. If i am not wrong, i think that there exists a positive constant $c$, such that almost surely, for h small enough , for all $0< t ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Extension of martingale representation theorem.

It seems that the proof I am reading of the Martingale Representation Theorem, "A square integrable RCLL martingale which is adapted to the augmented filtration of a Brownian Motion must be an Ito ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Integral of Squared Brownian Motion given the integral of a regular Brownian motion?

So I'm looking to calculate the variance of the following integral: $$\operatorname{Var}\left(\int_0^b W(s)^2\,ds \mid \int_0^b B^y(s)\,ds\right)$$ where $W(s)$ is a standard Brownian motion, and ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Locate proof of Second Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing

Where can I find a $\textbf{rigorous}$ proof of the Second Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing. That is, A market is complete if and only if it has a unique risk neutral measure. Please do not ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Joint Quadratic variation

Let $X,Y$ be square integrable Right continuous martingales. If $Z$ is the total variation of $\langle X,Y\rangle$, how can I show that $$Z \leq \frac{1}{2}[\langle X\rangle + \langle Y\rangle].$$ I ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Positivity of a stochastic process

I want to simulate the paths of a stochastic process $$ dS_t = r S_t dt + \sigma S_t dW_t$$ Using the Forward Euler method, we can write: $$ S_{n+1} = (1 + r \Delta t_n + \sigma \Delta W_{n}) S_n $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Conditional Expected Value of Occurrence Time in Stochastic Process

I have a stochastic process defined by the intensity function $\lambda(t:F_t)$ where $t$ is time and $F_t$ is the filtration process. The stochastic process is self-exciting and models the occurrence ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Adapted and backward adapted?

I understand the following: Consider a probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{A},P)$ and a Brownian motion $B=\{B_t, t\in [0,1]\}$ on this space and denote $\mathcal{F}:=(\mathcal{F}_t)_{t\in [0,1]}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Solve $dX_t = (\sqrt{1+X_t^2} + \frac{1}{2}X_t) \, dt + \sqrt{1+X_t^2} \, dW_t$ explicitly

Solve explicitly the 1-dimensional equation: $dX_t = (\sqrt{1+X_t^2} + \frac{1}{2}X_t)dt + \sqrt{1+X_t^2}dW_t$ I have hopelessly been guessing solutions to this. Does anyone know how to solve this ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Covariance of Ornstein - Uhlenbeck Process

I'm considering the Ornstein - Uhlenbeck process $ X(t)=x_{\infty}+e^{-at}(x_{0}-x_{\infty})+b \int_{0}^{t} e^{-a(t-s)} dW(s)$ where $a, b > 0 $ are given constants. I used the Itô Isometry to ...
-2
votes
0answers
11 views

Advice on Stochastic Drift Sequence

I recently wrote a paper for university reviewing stochastic differential equations and it pretty well. I now have an idea for a paper which I would like to write in my spare time (and maybe if I can ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Write down the HJB equation

Suppose that we have to solve the following optimal control problem \begin{align} V(t,x) = \min_{\alpha}\mathbb{E} \left[\int_{0}^{T}L(t,x,\alpha)dt + F(e^{-\beta t}X^{\alpha}_{T})\right] ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Angle bracket and sharp bracket for discontinuous processes

The question is quite simple actually. I am trying to understand the differences between the angle bracket $\left<X,Y\right>$ of two processes with jumps $X,Y$, and the sharp bracket of $[X,Y]$. ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

If a random integral has moments of all orders, is the same true for its kernel?

Suppose you have a continuous semimartingale $S_t=M_t + A_t$ where $A_t$ is the continuous finite variation part which has the form $A_t = \int_0^t b_s \, \mathrm{d} s$, where $\int_0^{\infty} |b_s| ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Stopped supremum of the Brownian local time still $L^p$ bounded in space?

Let $B_t$ be a standard Brownian motion and $L_t^x$ its local time in $x$ at time $t$. For fixed $t$ and $p>1$, it holds that $$ \sup_{x \in \mathbb{R}} \operatorname{E} [ (L_t^x)^p ] < ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Mean value theorem inside the Expectation

Consider a stochastic process $X_t$ with continuous paths. I'd like to apply the mean value theorem inside the expectation, i.e. write something like $$ \operatorname{E} \left[ \int_0^t X_s \, ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Derivation of Black-Scholes equation by riskless portfolio

The following is a summary of the derivation of the Black-Scholes equation as given on wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-Scholes_equation#Derivation) - I have a question regarding the ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

In stochastic calculus, why do we have $(dt)^2=0$ and other results?

I'm doing actuarial problems of Exam MFE and it covers some of the stochastic calculus (like Ito's Lemma). One of the frequently used results are the so-called "multiplication rules": $(dt)^2=0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Multi-dimensional Feynman Kac Theorem

I am trying to understand how to prove the multi-dimensional version of the Feynman-Kac formula. The single-dimensional version is proved on this page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feynman–Kac_formula ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Change of variable in stochastic integral

Let $B$ be a standard Bronwian motion. Can we do a change of variable in the sense $s=\theta+h$ $$\int_{0}^{t+h}X_sdB_s=\int_{-h}^{t}X_{\theta+h}dY_\theta.$$ In this case what is the process ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Brownian Motion and stochastic integration on the complete real line

I'm struggling to understand stochastic integration over intervals containing zero, i.e. integrals of the form $\int_{a}^{b} X_s \, d B_s$ where $-\infty \leq a < b \leq \infty$, $(X_t)_{t \in ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Invariant mesure of a reflected random walk

Let $(X_n), n \geq 0$ be a Reflected Random Walk defined by: $X_0 = 0$ and: $ X_{n+1}=\max( 0 , X_n + \xi )$ $\xi $ is a random variable such that $P(\xi=a)=\theta$ and $P(\xi=-b)=1-\theta$ for a ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Ito formula proof for bounded functions using stopping time

I'm self studying with the Oksendal book "Stochastic differential equations" and trying to do some exercises by myself. P.57 the exercise asks for the following (a screenshot will save us typing ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

The Lévy-Khintchine formula and integrability conditions of a random measure

I am trying to see the connection between the Lévy-Khintchine and the integrability conditions of a Lévy measure. The literature seems to always connect both, but I cannot make sense of this relation ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Reflected random walk

Suppose that $X_n$ is a reflected (in 0) random walk with parameter $\theta$. So $X_{n+1}-X_n = 1$ with probability $\theta$ , and -1 with probability $1-\theta$ when $X_n \geq 1$, if $X_n=0$ then ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Stochastic integral wrt the compensated Poisson random measure

I am solving the exercises in a book I have about Lévy processes ("Lévy Processes and Stochastic Calculus", Applebaum, 2003), and I cannot get my head around an exercise that seems rather simple. I ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Integration with respect to two different Brownian motions

Let $B$ be the standard Brownian motion. The process $W_s=B_{s+a}-B_a$ is also a Brownian motion. I just want an example of a process $X_s$ such that $$E\int_0^tX_sdB_s\neq E\int_0^tX_sdW_s.$$
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Time homogeneous asset dynamics model

I'm studying asset process. As i know, Black scholes model and CEV model is time homogeneous diffusion model. Are there time homogeneous model ???
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Differential of stochastic process

How do I find the dynamics of $X_t=\int_0 ^t \sigma (s,t) dW_s$? It seems that the simple solution of $dX_t = \sigma(t,t)dW_t$ is not correct since I get $X_t = \int _0 ^t \sigma(s,s) dW_s$ if I ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How to find the dynamics of stochastic process?

We have $Y_t=e^{\int_0^t W_sds}$. How do I obtain the dynamics of $Y_t$ (i.e. $dY_t$)? It seems that we can't use Ito Lemma because $\int_0^t W_sds$ is not in the form $X_t = \int_0 ^t \sigma_s dW_s ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Dynamics of short rate in HJM

According to a simplified HJM framework, we have: Forward Rate: $f(t,T)=\sigma W_t +f(0,T) +\int_0^t{\alpha(s,T)}ds$, where $W_t$ is brownian motion. Dynamics of forward rate: ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Comparison between these Ito Lemma versions

According to wikipedia : I found another version : Please explain the difference for me.
2
votes
1answer
37 views

upper bound for Ito integral of deterministic integrand

It is well known that Ito integrals with respect to a Brownian motion cannot be defined pathwise because the Brownian motion has infinite 1st order variation. These integrals are defined as limits of ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Matlab code for higher order scheme

Can somebody help me how to generate the code for the increment $\Delta$Z in the document I have attached? I know how to generate the rest of the increments but struggling in how to generate ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Resolvent operators and inverses proof

I am trying to prove for myself that $A(R_{\alpha}g)=\alpha R_{\alpha}g-g$ which is proving problematic. The definition of $A$, the generator, is $\displaystyle Af(x)= \lim_{t \rightarrow 0} ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Question on generators in the proof of Kolmogorov's Backward Equation

Here is a part of the proof of the Kolmogorov's Backward Equation. I cannot see why $Y_t$ has been picked as it has. In particular, I cannot see why you would want to subtract t in the first bit of ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Milestein Scheme

Im struggling in the following schemes. I cant understand how the first scheme is equivalent to the second one. Can somebody help me? Thanks in advance. Moreover there is a typo error in the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

More on the Existence and Uniqueness of the solutions of an SDE Proof

An extract from the proof of the existence and uniqueness of the solution of a SDE from Oksendal. I cannot see how holders inequality and the ito isometry are applied.
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Part of Proof of the Uniqueness of the Solution of SDE's

This is an extract from Oksendal's SDE of the proof of the uniqueness of the solution of a SDE. I cannot see how the $P[|X_t-\hat{X_t}|=0 \ \ \ \text{for all t} \in \mathbb{Q} \cap [0,T]]=1$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Finding the unique Martingale Convergence Representation of a given r.v.

According to the martingale representation there exists a unique $g(t,\omega) \in \mathcal{V}(0,T)$ such that $M_t = E[M_0]+\int^{t}_{0} g(s,\omega) dB(s); \ \ \ t \in [0,T]$ Find g in the case ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

More preliminaries of the Martingale Convergence Theorem

Really struggling with this lemma. Not sure about the general structure of the proof. Why have we chosen g to be orthogonal to all functions of the form 4.3.1? Why should $G(\lambda)=0$, does it ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Ito formula applied to $\frac{1}{t}\int_0^t W_s ds $

I got this expression and I have to calculate its differential by the Ito formula, $W_t$ denotes the Brownian motion: $$\frac{1}{t}\int_0^t W_s ds $$ I calculate the derivative of ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Evaluating Stratonovich integral from definition

$\bf 3.9.$ Suppose $f\in\mathcal V(0,T)$ and that $t\to f(t,\omega)$ is continuous for a.a. $\omega$. Then we have shown that $$\int\limits_0^T f(t,\omega)dB_t(\omega)=\lim_{\Delta ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Continuity problem in derivation of general ito integral

This is part of the derivation of the Ito integral. In particular extending the definition to more general functions. I cannot understand why $g(.,\omega)$ is continuous for each $\omega$. $\psi$ ...