0
votes
1answer
22 views

More on the Existence and Uniqueness of the solutions of an SDE Proof

An extract from the proof of the existence and uniqueness of the solution of a SDE from Oksendal. I cannot see how holders inequality and the ito isometry are applied.
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Part of Proof of the Uniqueness of the Solution of SDE's

This is an extract from Oksendal's SDE of the proof of the uniqueness of the solution of a SDE. I cannot see how the $P[|X_t-\hat{X_t}|=0 \ \ \ \text{for all t} \in \mathbb{Q} \cap [0,T]]=1$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Finding the unique Martingale Convergence Representation of a given r.v.

According to the martingale representation there exists a unique $g(t,\omega) \in \mathcal{V}(0,T)$ such that $M_t = E[M_0]+\int^{t}_{0} g(s,\omega) dB(s); \ \ \ t \in [0,T]$ Find g in the case ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

More preliminaries of the Martingale Convergence Theorem

Really struggling with this lemma. Not sure about the general structure of the proof. Why have we chosen g to be orthogonal to all functions of the form 4.3.1? Why should $G(\lambda)=0$, does it ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

A Property of the Ito Integral

Let $f,g \in \mathcal{V}(0,T)$ and let $0 \leq S < T.$ Then $E[\int^{T}_{S}f dB_t]=0$ Apparently this holds clearly for elementary functions, (Im not so sure), and can be obtained by taking ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Expectations of certain Brownian motion equations

$B_t$ is Brownian motion. It is assumed that motion starts at $0$. I do not understand how the highlighted equalities hold true. Is the first one equivalent to ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What is a.e. a.s

I am reading a paper which uses almost everywhere almost surely (a.e.,a.s.) simultaneously, I am not quite sure what it means then. To be specific, they consider a stochastic process $\{X_t\}$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Rigorous Book on Stochastic Calculus

I have already taken a couse in Stochastic Calculus. Due to time constraints on many ocassions we had to skip some formalities among the proofs. I'm trying now to fill the gaps left, and I have been ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Poisson/ jump process distribution for process $z(t)=2t+B(t)+\sum_{k=0}^{X(t)} J_k$

For the process: $z(t)=2t+B(t)+\sum_{k=0}^{X(t)} J_k$, where $X(t)$ is a poisson process with paramater $\lambda$, and: $J_k$ are i.i.d . random variables (jumps). $B(t)$=brownian motion. I want to ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Girsanov theorem conditions

If we have an adapted function $f(t)$ such that $\int_0^t f(s)ds\,<\infty$, then the Girsanov exponent can be defined: $$ Z(t):=\exp\left( \int_0^t f(s)dW(s) - \frac{1}{2} \int_0^t ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

(Ito lemma proof): convergence of $\sum_{i=0}^{n-1}f(W(t_{i}))(W(t_{i+1})-W(t_{i}))^{2}.$

The purpose of this question is to complete my personal exposition on the rigorous proof of Ito's lemma. I have consulted more than half a dozen mathematical finance texts and not a single one, for ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

martingale and stochastic Integral

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dimension Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why it become ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

SDE and Stochastic calculus

$W_t$ is 1 dimension Brownian morion. $X_t=(cosW_t,sinW_t)$ Write SDE about $X_t$ I thought that $f(t,x)=(cosx,sinx)$, but I can't how "$t$" is expressed. I heard that the hint of this question is ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Brownian Bridge conditional probability

The problem is to show that the density $P[W_{t_1} \in dx_1,...,W_{t_n}\in dx_n | W_T = b]$ is the density of a Brownian bridge from $a$ to $b$. $W$ is Brownian motion. The density of a Brownian ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

Lookback option with floating strike: boundary condition

I am trying to make sense of one of the boundary conditions of a look-back option with floating strike. Some notation first: let $v(t,x,y)$ denote the price at time $t$ of the option under the ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Difference between Borel Sigma algebra and Cylindrical sigma algebra?

I see that there are two differen concepts for Sigma Algebras on cartesian products over the real numbers. The first one is the Borel Sigma Algebra created by the product topology. The other one is ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

The Vacisek Model and the short rate process

I am trying to do some calculations related to the Vacisek model, but I think I am mixing up concepts and I'm not getting to any solution. Let me explain what the problem is. The Vacisek model ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Is the following Itô-Integral not zero?

is the following statement true: $$\int_0^T t \, dW(t) \neq 0$$ I need it for a counter-example, that one can not change the order of integration between $dW$ and $dP(\omega)$. I thought of taking ...
4
votes
1answer
46 views

Expectation of $e^{-4B_\tau}$, where $\tau$ is an extended stopping time

This is an specific example so with a bit of luck I can get some general methodology from your answers. I have this stopping time: $$ \tau = \inf\{t \geq 0; B_t < t-2 \} $$ This is a clear ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

The law of the iterated logarithm for BM and boundedness of stopping times

My question is regarding the usefulness of the law of the iterated logarithm, and its connection to stopping times. In many answers of this forum, I understand that some people often claim that some ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Girsanov Measure Question.

If $Z_t = exp^{\int_0^t X_s dW_s - \frac{1}{2} \int_0^t (X_s)^2 ds}$ is a martinagle then by Girsanov's theorem, the measure $P_T$ defined by $P_T(A) = E^P(AZ_T)$ is mutually absolutely continuous ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Is $t^{-\frac{1}{2}}B_{t^2}$ a Brownian Motion?

I think the title says it all. Let $X_t = t^{-\frac{1}{2}}B_{t^2}$, with $B_t$ being a brownian motion started at $0$. I think I have proved continuity at $0$ by doing the following: $$ X_t = ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Defining the scale function of a diffusion process

My question has to do with correctly calculating the scale function of a diffusion process, but ultimately might only have to do with calculus. I'll briefly set-up my calculations, so you can quickly ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process: increments

I'm new to the forum so I hope this first question goes well. Let the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process be defined as: $$ dV_t = - \beta V_t dt + \sigma dW_t $$ with $V_0 = v$, where $W_t$ is a Wiener ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Mean and Variance of Gaussian Process

Let $B = (B_t : t \geq 0)$ be a standard Brownian Motion. Fix $0 \leq s \leq t$. How can I prove that, conditionally on $\{B_s = x, B_t = z\}$, the intermediate value $$B_{\frac{t+s}{2}}$$ has ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Sufficient condition for time-changed quadratic covariation to vanish in probability

Let $(M_t^n)_{t \geq 0}$ be a sequence of continuous martingales of the form $M^n_t = \int_0^t X^n_s \, dB_s$ where $B_s$ is a Brownian motion. Let $\tau^n(t)$ be the time change associated to $M_t^n$ ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process and Markov property

There isn't a similar question in the forum, so here it goes. Firstly, let the O-U velocity process be defined as $$ dV_t = -\beta V_t dt + \sigma dB_t $$ with $V_0 = v$, and $B = (B_t), t \geq 0$ a ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Resource for Stochastic Calculus and Ito processes

May someone please recommend a book or website where one can learn Stochastic Calculus and Ito processes from scratch.
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Poisson integral and discontinuous martingale (Ito-Levy formula)

Consider compounded Poisson process $P$ given by $P_t = \int_0 ^t \int _{\mathbb R}z~ N(dr,dz)$ where $N$ is a Poisson random measure of intensity $dt \otimes \nu$ and $\nu $ is a Levy measure. Why ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Distribution of Levy driven O-U process

Is there a way to find an analytical expression for $E\left[\exp\left(-\int_0^T \gamma_s ds\right)\right]$, where $d\gamma_t=k(\theta-\gamma_t)dt+\sigma dL_t$, and $L_t$ is a symmetric alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Application of Ito's Lemma to integral expression

I have a problem applying Ito's lemma. I know that if: $dX_t= \mu_t \, dt + \sigma_t \, dB_t$ then for $f(t,x)$: $df(t,X_t) =\left(\frac{\partial f}{\partial t} + \mu_t \frac{\partial ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Question on Martingales and Brownian Motion

I've run into an issue and I am unsure of how to proceed. In the text I'm working through, the following is left "as an exercise to the reader." Normally proofs listed as such tend to be fairly simple ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Ito formula for $f(X_t, Y_{t-s})$

I have a situation where I have two stochastic processes (say 2 OU processes) and I have the function $f(X_t, Y_{t-s})=\frac{X_t}{Y_{t-s}}$. How do I apply Ito lemma in this case?(is Ito lemma still ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Use Ito's Lemma to show:

I am somewhat unsure how to go about showing this: Use Ito's Lemma to show for any deterministic differentiable function, $f$: $$ \int_0^t f(s) dB(s) = f(t)B(t) - \int_0^t B(s)f'(s)ds $$ Where $B(t)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Girsanov's theorem for OU process

Say that I've got the process $dr_t=a(b-r_t)dt+\sigma dB_t$ and that I want to calculate $E[\exp(-\int_0^T r_s ds)]$ by using Girsanov's theorem. How do I do this? I cannot seem to find an explicit ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Integrating brownian motion times exponential function

I am trying to calculate $$\int_0^tB_se^{\lambda s}ds$$ but I am unsure of how to start the computation. The motivation behind this is that I read (and am now trying to prove) that ...
4
votes
0answers
124 views

An exercise from Revuz, Yor; equality in distribution of 2 integrals.

Here is the exercise I have been struggling to solve. It is taken from this book by Revuz and Yor: link. Here is the full text of the problem ( Exercise 3.32, chapter 4). Exercise (3.32). Let $B$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Law of large numbers variant?

I have the following: Let $(X_n)$ be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables. (a) Assume $\frac{1}{n} S_n=\frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n X_i$ converges a.s. to a real-valued random variable $Y$. Show that ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Product of $n$ i.i.d. random variables

Let the variable $Z$ equal $Z = XY$ where $X$ and $X$ are two i.i.d. continuous random variables which distributions are given by $f_X()$ and $f_Y$. The distribution of $Z$ is given by: $$f_Z(z) = ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Stopping time problem - Show that T is bounded

Let $a< 0 < b$ and $W_t$ is Brownian motion $T_a$=inf{$t\ge$0|$W_t\le a$} $T_b$=inf{$t\ge$0|$W_t\ge b$} T=min{$T_a$,$T_b$} $1)$ Show that $T$ $<$ $\infty$ My attempt : ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How to calculate the value of $E[X^4], E[X^6],E[X^8] $…?

I learned that when X is a normal random variable , $X$~ $N(0,1)$ , $E[X^2]=1$ $E[X^4]=1.3=3$ $E[X^6]=1.3.5=15$ $E[X^8]=1.3.5.7=105$ For the general case , when variance is s , how do you do ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

The relationship of $\sigma(f(X))$ and $X$

If X is a random variable and f is a measurable function, 1) Is f(X) measurable with $\sigma(X)$ ? 2) Is X measurable with $\sigma(f(X))$ ? Please give proof & example or counter example. Ok ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Can I make the substitution of dP when using the CDF?

Random variable $X \geq 0$ with parameter $\lambda>0$ and $X$ has the c.d.f. $$ F (a) = P{(X ≤ a)} = 1 − \exp(−λa)$$ for $a \geq 0$. Consider $Z = (λ'/λ)\exp(-(λ'-λ)X)$ Show that $E[Z]=1$ thus ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Markov processes and semimartingales

Semimartingales and Markov processes are two fundamental families in probability theory. There are many specific processes that belongs to the intersection of those two families, e.g. Levy processes. ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Independence random variables

I found two theorems in my notes and they seem to be somewhat complementary which made me doubt that both of them are true: a) Let $X,Y: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a measurable function and ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Diffusion processes

I am trying to work out a problem to which I have not found similar solutions on the website. Perhaps you can help me out. Let $X = (X_t)_{t\geq0}$ be a non-negative diffusion process which solves ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Martingale and Stochastic equation

Using the Ito formula, I can show that the martingale $$ Z_{t}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t}}\exp -\frac{B_t^2}{2(1-t)}\qquad 0\leq t<1 $$ admits the following differential $$ dZ_t=-\frac{B_t}{1-t}Z_tdB_t. ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Distribution of Stopped Brownian motion at hitting time of another Brownian motion.

Suppose $B_t$ and $W_t$ are two independent Brownian motions and $\tau$ is the first hitting time of $B_t$ to some $a >0$. Compute the distribution of $W_{\tau}$. We can try the characteristic ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Distribution of ceiling function and absolute value of random variable

Given a distribution function $f_X$, where $X$ is some random variable. I want to get the distribution functions of $|X|$ and $\lceil X \rceil$( the last one may only have an easy form if $X$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Unbiased estimate $\lambda^2$

Given a Poisson distribution I want to figure out whether $d:(x_1,...,x_n) \mapsto x_1^2$ and $d':(x_1,...,x_n) \mapsto x_1x_2$ are unbiased estimations for $\lambda^2$ ? I mean it would sound ...