Questions on the calculus of stochastic processes, or processes that have a random component.

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17 views

Matlab code for higher order scheme

Can somebody help me how to generate the code for the increment $\Delta$Z in the document I have attached? I know how to generate the rest of the increments but struggling in how to generate ...
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2answers
17 views

Deriving Geometric Brownian Motion's solution?

The Black Scholes model assumes the following underlying dynamics, known as Geometric Brownian Motion: $$dS_t=S_t(\mu dt+\sigma dW_t)$$ Then the solution is given: ...
2
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1answer
37 views

A question about Malliavin calculus

An application of Malliavin calculus is to calculate the sensitivity of financial Greeks. However, as in the theory of Malliavin calculus, to take the derivative of a random variable, we need to ...
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2answers
31 views

Resolvent operators and inverses proof

I am trying to prove for myself that $A(R_{\alpha}g)=\alpha R_{\alpha}g-g$ which is proving problematic. The definition of $A$, the generator, is $\displaystyle Af(x)= \lim_{t \rightarrow 0} ...
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0answers
25 views

Question on generators in the proof of Kolmogorov's Backward Equation

Here is a part of the proof of the Kolmogorov's Backward Equation. I cannot see why $Y_t$ has been picked as it has. In particular, I cannot see why you would want to subtract t in the first bit of ...
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0answers
17 views

Milestein Scheme

Im struggling in the following schemes. I cant understand how the first scheme is equivalent to the second one. Can somebody help me? Thanks in advance. Moreover there is a typo error in the ...
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1answer
46 views

Questions about expectation of stochastic integrals

I am considering the following SDEs: $$dX_1=-\theta(X_1-a_1)dt+\sqrt{X_1}(1-X_1)dW_1-X_1\sqrt{X_2}dW_2$$ $$dX_2=-\theta(X_2-a_2)dt-X_2\sqrt{X_1}dW_1+\sqrt{X_2}(1-X_2)dW_2$$ Here $W_1$ and $W_2$are ...
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0answers
27 views

The completed natural filtration of brownian motion is right-continuous, proof?

I have a question concerning a claim in J.F. LeGall's book Mouvement brownien, martingales et calcul stochastique. Let $(\mathcal{F_{t}})$ be the canonical completed filtration on $\Omega$ of a real ...
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2answers
28 views

variance of $W_te^{W_t}$

I wanted to compute $\mathrm{var}[W_te^{W_t}]$. I had no problem computing the mean, but I'm not able to do the same with the mean of the squared variable, basically the trick of putting ...
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1answer
39 views

More on the Existence and Uniqueness of the solutions of an SDE Proof

An extract from the proof of the existence and uniqueness of the solution of a SDE from Oksendal. I cannot see how holders inequality and the ito isometry are applied.
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1answer
22 views

Part of Proof of the Uniqueness of the Solution of SDE's

This is an extract from Oksendal's SDE of the proof of the uniqueness of the solution of a SDE. I cannot see how the $P[|X_t-\hat{X_t}|=0 \ \ \ \text{for all t} \in \mathbb{Q} \cap [0,T]]=1$ is ...
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1answer
18 views

Finding the unique Martingale Convergence Representation of a given r.v.

According to the martingale representation there exists a unique $g(t,\omega) \in \mathcal{V}(0,T)$ such that $M_t = E[M_0]+\int^{t}_{0} g(s,\omega) dB(s); \ \ \ t \in [0,T]$ Find g in the case ...
2
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1answer
33 views

More preliminaries of the Martingale Convergence Theorem

Really struggling with this lemma. Not sure about the general structure of the proof. Why have we chosen g to be orthogonal to all functions of the form 4.3.1? Why should $G(\lambda)=0$, does it ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Preliminaries of the Martingale Representation Theorem

I cannot understand why we are taking a dense subset of $[0,T]$. Furthermore, I cannot see a result that would allow each such $g_n(B_{t_1},\ldots,B_{t_n})$ to be approximated in ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Ito formula applied to $\frac{1}{t}\int_0^t W_s ds $

I got this expression and I have to calculate its differential by the Ito formula, $W_t$ denotes the Brownian motion: $$\frac{1}{t}\int_0^t W_s ds $$ I calculate the derivative of ...
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1answer
30 views

Evaluating Stratonovich integral from definition

I am struggling to evaluate the integral $\displaystyle \int^{T}_{0} B_t \circ dB_t $ from definition. So far I have that $\begin{align} \displaystyle \sum ...
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1answer
27 views

Continuity problem in derivation of general ito integral

This is part of the derivation of the Ito integral. In particular extending the definition to more general functions. I cannot understand why $g(.,\omega)$ is continuous for each $\omega$. $\psi$ ...
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1answer
16 views

Extensions of the Ito integral

This is an extract from Oksendal's Stochastic Differential Equations (end of chapter 3). I cannot understand why we have taken the intersection, surely the union would have been more appropriate?
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1answer
19 views

A Property of the Ito Integral

Let $f,g \in \mathcal{V}(0,T)$ and let $0 \leq S < T.$ Then $E[\int^{T}_{S}f dB_t]=0$ Apparently this holds clearly for elementary functions, (Im not so sure), and can be obtained by taking ...
1
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1answer
20 views

Continuity theorem in Itô integral explanation

What is the continuity theorem used here in the explanation of the Itô integral? I cannot seem to find anything that would be exactly useful in my measure and integration text.
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1answer
15 views

Expectations of certain Brownian motion equations

$B_t$ is Brownian motion. It is assumed that motion starts at $0$. I do not understand how the highlighted equalities hold true. Is the first one equivalent to ...
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0answers
36 views

First hitting time Geometric Brownian motion

I have the following problem: My Process underlies the SDE $ d W_t = \mu W_t dt + \sigma W_t d B_t $ with $B_t$ being a standard Brownian motion, $\mu,\sigma >0$, i.e. $W_t = S_0 \exp\Big( ...
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0answers
26 views

Matlab code for Simulation of SDE [duplicate]

I need some help to generate a Matlab code in order to do the following question. Can somebody help me in this regard. Any sort of hint that could be helpful will surely be appreciated.. Q: "Simulate ...
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0answers
26 views

Product of stochastically independent random variables

Let $X, Y, Z$ be three stochastically independent random variables that are quadratic integrable (quadratintegriertbar is the German term, I didn't find a exact translation). No which statements hold ...
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0answers
10 views

solve stochastic partial differential equations where initial value function does not have compact support

In stochastic calculus, there are several techniques of solving initial value problems for partial differential equations. Kolmogorov BE and Feynman-Kac formulas (as well as others) require that the ...
1
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1answer
49 views

is $(x-6)^2$ in $C_0^2$?

My math problem involves using a theorem that requires $f(x)=(x-6)^2$ to be in $C_0^2$. I'm trying to understand what $C_0^2$ means and how to check whether a function belongs to it. The course I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Matlab Code to simulate trajectories of Ito process.

I need some help to generate a Matlab code in order to do the following question. Can somebody help me in this regard. Any sort of hint that could be helpful will surely be appreciated.. Q: "Simulate ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Stochastic Differential equations with $\sin(x^2)$ as drift.

Can somebody help me how to solve the following SDE analytically or suggest me to go through some literature to understand this or can give me a little bit hint to work by myself. Thanks in advance. ...
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0answers
34 views

Brownian motion starts fresh variant

It is a standard result that if $W_t$ is a Brownian Motion and $S$ is a stopping time of the standard filtration $F_t$ then we have that $B_t = W_{S+t} - W_S$ is a Brownian Motion. I quote the ...
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0answers
31 views

solving partial differentiation using finite difference method

I have been trying to solve right hand side (RHS) of the following one-dimensional partial derivative equation: $\frac {\partial p} {\partial t}=\frac {\partial} {\partial x} ({D(x)}e^{-\beta V(x)} ...
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0answers
51 views

Property of G- Stochastic Calculus

i have maybe a stupid question about an equation. It is said that \begin{equation} \inf\limits_{P \in \mathcal{P}}\mathbb{E}_{P} \left[\int_0^T \varphi_{x}(t,X_{t})X_{t}\pi^{T}_{t}\,\mathrm ...
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0answers
48 views

What is a.e. a.s

I am reading a paper which uses almost everywhere almost surely (a.e.,a.s.) simultaneously, I am not quite sure what it means then. To be specific, they consider a stochastic process $\{X_t\}$ such ...
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1answer
21 views

inverse function type SDE

SDE $dX_t=-a^2\sin X_t\cos^3X_tdt+a\cos^2X_tdW_t$ with $X_0=x_0$ I think this is inverse type of SDE, refer to Itô's formula and SDE. However, I can't find the inverse funcition. My try ...
3
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0answers
66 views

Multipe Ito Integrals

Im working on a Lemma 10.8 in the Book "Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations by Kloeden And Platen" I have been stuck on one point. Can somebody help me to understand how he moved ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Rigorous Book on Stochastic Calculus

I have already taken a couse in Stochastic Calculus. Due to time constraints on many ocassions we had to skip some formalities among the proofs. I'm trying now to fill the gaps left, and I have been ...
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1answer
31 views

Strong solution of stochastic differential equation

Consider the stochastic differenctial equation: $dX_t=\frac34 X_t^2 dt-X_t^{3/2}dW_t$. How to find a strong solution?
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2answers
65 views

How to solve SDE

SDE: $dX_t=\frac{b-X_t}{T-t}dt+dW_t,t<T$ $X_0=a$ answer Let $b(t)=\frac{-1}{T-t},c(t)=\frac{b}{T-t},\sigma(t)=1$ and ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Help with integral (inner product of stochastic and deterministic process)

i need to calculate an integral of the form $$ X = \int_0^T w(t) \sin (\omega t) dt $$ where $w(t)$ is a stochastic normal process (white noise), $\sin(\omega t)$ is deterministic. How do I do that? ...
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0answers
33 views

Second (centered) moment for martingales

Take the process ${x}_t$ following geometric Brownian motion (GBM) $$x_t=\mu x_t \,dt+\sigma x_t \,dW_t$$ with $x_0>0$ known. It has first moment equal to $$\text{E}[x_t]=x_0 e^{\mu t}$$ and second ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Proof of the Key Renewal Theorem

I try to prove the Key renewal theorem by using the renewal theorem. In my book, it is written that it can be done by proofing the theorem first for indicator functions, then for step functions and ...
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0answers
20 views

Expected value of solution of SDE

Is there any way to find expectation of $X_t$ defined by the following SDE? $dX_t = -[\sin(2X(t)) + \frac{1}{4}\sin(4X(t))]dt + \sqrt{2}\cos^2 x dB(t), X(0)=1, t \in [0,\tau),$ where $\mathbb{B}$ is ...
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1answer
19 views

Question on Ito Isometry and bounds of integration

I am trying to find the variance of $\int_t^T(T-s)~dW_s$ I was wondering if this approach is correct: $$ Var~(\int_t^T(T-s)~dW_s~)=\mathbb E~[~(~\int_t^T(T-s)~dW_s~)^2~]=\mathbb ...
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0answers
43 views

Poisson/ jump process distribution for process $z(t)=2t+B(t)+\sum_{k=0}^{X(t)} J_k$

For the process: $z(t)=2t+B(t)+\sum_{k=0}^{X(t)} J_k$, where $X(t)$ is a poisson process with paramater $\lambda$, and: $J_k$ are i.i.d . random variables (jumps). $B(t)$=brownian motion. I want to ...
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0answers
31 views

Girsanov theorem conditions

If we have an adapted function $f(t)$ such that $\int_0^t f(s)ds\,<\infty$, then the Girsanov exponent can be defined: $$ Z(t):=\exp\left( \int_0^t f(s)dW(s) - \frac{1}{2} \int_0^t ...
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0answers
7 views

Stationary distribution for OU process driven by fractional brownian motion

Consider the SDE driven by a fractional brownian motion $$ dX_t = \kappa (\omega - X_t) dt + \eta dW_t^{H} $$ where $W_t^{H}$ is a fractional brownian motion with Hurst parameter H. I am interested ...
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1answer
28 views

Ito's process and martingale [duplicate]

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dim Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. My try is below. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why ...
0
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1answer
25 views

SDE transformation using a primitive of a function?

Consider the following SDEs : (E) : $dX_t = (\alpha b(X_t) + {1\over2}b(X_t)b'(X_t))dt + b(X_t)dB_t$ (E') : $dY_t = \alpha dt + dB_t $ prove that E can be transformed to E' using : $ ...
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1answer
48 views

(Ito lemma proof): convergence of $\sum_{i=0}^{n-1}f(W(t_{i}))(W(t_{i+1})-W(t_{i}))^{2}.$

The purpose of this question is to complete my personal exposition on the rigorous proof of Ito's lemma. I have consulted more than half a dozen mathematical finance texts and not a single one, for ...
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0answers
21 views

Visualization help for random Environment models

Hi im stuck on simple random environment models. Let $\Omega=P_{k}^{\mathbb{Z}^{d}}$ where for $k>0$ fixed. $P_{k}$ denotes the set of (2d)-vectors $(p(e))_{|e|=1,e\in \mathbb{Z}^{d}}$ with ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

martingale and stochastic Integral

Let ${W_t}$ be 1 dimension Brownian motion and $X_t:=\exp(t/2)\cos W_t$ $t\in[0,T]$. Show that $X_t$ is martingale. I understood $df(t,W_t)=-\exp(t/2)\sin xdW_t$ , but I don't know why it become ...