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2
votes
1answer
104 views

solution of SDE: $dS_t=(\alpha S_t+f(t))dW_t$

does someone know how to solve the following SDE $$dS_t=(\alpha S_t+f(t))dW_t, S_0=s$$ where $f(t)$ is a deterministic function and $W_t$ is a standard brownian motion. Is there a explicit solution ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

question about time change for filtration

I have a question: Let $T$ be a bounded stopping time and let $(\mathcal{F}_t)_{t\geq 0}$ be a filtration satisfying the usual conditions. Define $\mathcal{G}_t:=\mathcal{F}_{T+t}$, $t\geq 0$. Then ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

right continuity of martingale constructed by $X_t=E[X|\mathcal{F}_t]$

$X\in L_1$ is a random variable, and $(\mathcal{F}_t)_{t\geq 0}$ is a filtration satisfying the usual conditions, so could we find a version of martingale defined by $X_t=E[X|\mathcal{F}_t]$. I think ...
2
votes
3answers
225 views

Proof of Levy's zero-one law

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F},\mathbb P)$ be a probability space and let $X$ be a random variable in $L^1$. Let $(\mathcal{F}_k)_k$ be any filtration, and define $\mathcal{F}_{\infty}$ to be the minimal ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Uniform integrability of a backward submartingale

Let $\{\mathcal{F}_n\}_n$ be a decreasing sequence of sub-$\sigma$-fields of $\mathcal{F}$($\mathcal{F}_{n+1}\subset\mathcal{F}_n$) and let $\{X_n\}_n$ be a backward ...
4
votes
1answer
258 views

Continuous Square integrable martingale Quadratic Variation

We know that given a continuous square integrable martingale there exists unique (up to indistinguishability) continuous, natural and increasing process which is quadratic variation process of the ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

an estimation of the expected value of a Poisson process

Let $N$ be a Poisson process with intensity $\lambda$, I want to prove that for any $c>0$, $$\limsup_{t\rightarrow\infty}P(\sup_{0\leq s\leq t}(N_s-\lambda s)\geq c\sqrt{\lambda t})\leq ...
2
votes
1answer
328 views

predictable quadratic covariation from Jacod / Shiryaev

In Limit theorems for stochastic processes, by Jacod and Shiryaev, they state the following theorem: $\mathbf{Theorem}$ To each pair $(M,N)$ of locally square integrable martingales one associates ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Lebesgue–Stieltjes integral from 0 to $\infty$ on $\mathbb{R}^+$

In the Stochastic analysis course we encountered the following integral $\int_0^\infty H^2_sd[M,M]_s$, where $H_s$ is a predictable process, $M_s$ is a uniformly integrable martingale in $L^2$, ...
2
votes
1answer
894 views

Distribution of Sum of Two Brownian Motions

How do we find the distribution of the sum of two Brownian Motions? The questions was asked here: Distribution of Brownian motion, and was answered with We can write ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

Good books on “advanced” stochastic analysis

Any good books suggestion for studding advanced features of stochastic analysis ? Thank's in advance
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Generalization of Doob Dynkin for Stochastic processes

Let $\{X_t\}_{t\geq 0}$ be continuous time stochastic process and $\{\mathcal{F}_t^X\}_{t \geq 0}$ be the filtration generated by it. If the process $Y$ is $\{\mathcal{F}_t^X\}_{t \geq 0}$ adapted, is ...
2
votes
2answers
274 views

How is Brownian motion predictable?

Could someone please explain how Brownian motion is predictable? My understanding is that a predictable process is one that depends on information up to time t say but not t itself, therefore W_t has ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Continuous time Stochastic Process stopping time measurability

Let $\{X_t,\mathcal{F}_t;0\leq t < \infty\}$ be continuous time stochastic processes and $T$ be $\{\mathcal{F}_t\}_{0\leq t < \infty}$ stopping time. How to prove $X_T$ is $\mathcal{F}_T$ ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Integral: Is there a closed form?

I wonder whether there is a closed form or way to compute explicitly: $$\int_0^t e^{\alpha s} dB_s$$ where $\alpha$ is just a real number and the integral is in the Itô sense. Thank you very much!
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Solve a special non-linear Backward SDE

It is straigtforward to solve a linear Backward SDE. i.e. $dY_t=Z_tdW_t+ aY_tdt+bZ_tdt$ with $Y_T=\xi$ (where a and b are constants, $\xi$ is bounded Randon Variable.) How can I solve $dY_t=Z_tdW_t+ ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Example Martingale not UI

I'm looking for an example of two stopping times $\sigma\leq\tau$ and a martingale $M$ that is bounded in $L^{1}$ but not uniformly integrablem for which the equality ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Variance & Expectation

$X$ is a random variable with values in the set of natural numbers and the Generating function G. In Addition: $t(n) = P(X>n)$. Let $F$ be the generating function of the sequence $\{t(n): n \ge ...
1
vote
1answer
320 views

Haar basis on $L^2(0,1)$ - proof?

I have the following problem. We defined $\mathbb{H}=\{f_0,\quad f_{j,n} \quad j=1,...,2^{n-1} \quad n=1,2,...\}$ where for all $t\in[0,1]$ we put $f_0(t)=1$ and setting $K=2j-1$, $$f_{j,n}(t)=\left\{ ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Generating function of a random variable

I've got the following problem: Give the generating function of the random variable $X$ whose mass function is defined by: $$f(m) = P(X=m) = (m+1) p^2 (1-p)^m,$$ where $m$ is a positive integer ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

The identity of two parameters derived via conditioning arguments

Suppose I have a random variable $X_1\in\mathbb{R}$ and a random vector $X_2\in\mathbb{R}^d$. Furthermore, there are two measurable functions $f_1$ and $f_2$, and two deterministic vectors $\theta_1, ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Why is the following function not càdlàg?

I have constructed the following function but I can't see why it is not càdlàg on $[0,1]$: $$f(x)=\begin{cases} 1, & ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Stochastic Exponential: $dZ=-\lambda Z dM + dL$ to $dZ=-\lambda Z dM + Zd\tilde{L}$ while $\tilde{L}$ is still orthogonal to $M$

I have a question concerning the paper http://www.researchgate.net/publication/228648002_No_arbitrage_and_the_growth_optimal_portfolio, Lemma 6.3, which is based on ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Stochastic Processes Question

Give an example of a stochastic process $X_{n}$ that is not a Markov chain, such that $P_{y}(N(y)=\infty)=0$ but $E_{y}N(y)=\infty$
2
votes
2answers
914 views

Ito Isometry and quadratic variation

Here is a confusion regarding stochastic integrals. Let $Y_t=\int_0^tW_sds$ where $W_t$ is a Brownian Motion. Now $dY_t=W_tdt$. So from this expression one can conclude that $dY_t \cdot ...
-1
votes
1answer
217 views

How can I prove it is a martingale when there is a jump process

Let $N_t$ be a Possion process, $M_t=N_t - \lambda t$ we can easily show that $M_t$ is a martingale. Now $\int_0^t\Phi_udM_u=.....=\sum_{i=1}^{N(t)}\Phi_{\tau_i}-\lambda\int_0^t \Phi(u)du $ $\tau_i$ ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

One stochastic integrability problem

On a lecture notes, there is a following arguement: To make $\int_0^T \pi_t dW_t$ well-defined, (maybe it means to make $\int_0^T \pi_t dW_t<\infty \ \ a.s.$) we only need $\int_0^T \pi_t^2 ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Given the SDE: $dX_t=dB_t+b(X_t) dt$ with $(x,b(x)) \leq 0, \forall x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, prove that $E[|X_t|^2] \leq nt+E[|X_0|^2]$

I'm working on this problem: Given a solution $X_t$ to the SDE $$dX_t=dB_t+b(X_t) dt$$ where $B_t$ is an $n$-dimensional Brownian motion, and $b:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ a Lipschitz ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Defining an equivalent measure starting from a continuous local Martingale

Suppose we have continuous local martingal $L$ given. We define $Z=\mathcal{E}(L)$, the stochastic exponential of $L$. I am interested in finding some condition such that $Z$ defines a density, i.e. I ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

How do I derive the Gaussian Mixture distribution of an Ito Integral?

I have a question about the distribution of an Ito Integral. Consider the integral $$ \int_0^1 B_1(r) \mathrm{d}B_2(r), $$ where $B_1$ and $B_2$ are two independent standard Brownian motions. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Joint Convergence and Donsker's Theorem

I have a question about joint convergence results derived from an FCLT (i.e., a Functional Central Limit Theorem). To motivate my question, consider the following setup: Let $y_t$ be a random walk ...
2
votes
1answer
679 views

Is continuous L2 bounded local martingale a true martingale?

I can prove it briefly, but I found a "counter" example. (There must be a mistake in the following words...) I can prove: X is a continuous local martingale, with $X_0=0$ a.s, then X is $L_2$ bounded ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How do you convert an infintesimal generator of a Markov process to a transition function?

Suppose a continuous-time continuous-step Markov stochastic process $X_t$ has infinitesimal generator $\mu(x, t)$, $\sigma(x, t)$ ($\mu$, $\sigma$, and $X_0$ are known). How can we use this ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Prove this equation

I'm taking a course on stochastic analysis. I'm stuck on the very first problem of the lecture notes: $\lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1+\frac{\lambda}{n} + o(n^{-1})\right)^n = \exp(\lambda)$ Prior to ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Clarke Ocone representation formula

Let $(B_t)_{t}$ a Brownian motion and $F \in L^2(\Omega,\mathcal{F}_T,\mathbb{P})$. Then we know by Itô's representation theorem that there exist a process $X$ such that $$F=\mathbb{E}F+\int_0^T X_s ...
10
votes
2answers
303 views

Area enclosed by 2-dimensional random curve

Consider a 2-dimensional Wiener process $(W_t)_{t \in [0,1]}$. Color every area which is enclosed by the line parametrised by $W_t$ (this means that, when the Wiener process makes a loop and ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Question Regarding Poisson and probability.

i found this interesting question on the web but i am not quite sure if my solution is accurate. Honestly i would appreciate few opinions. Given Question: At a subway station, eastbound trains ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Representation theorem for continuous process of finite variation

There is a martingale representation theorem If $M$ is a continuous $L^2$-martingale, there is a Brownian motion $B$ and a cadlag adapted function $\sigma$ such that $$ M_t = M_0 + \int_0^t ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Initial Conditions for Finite Difference of PDE

I am having trouble with figuring out what my initial conditions should be for a simple finite difference algorithm I wrote in Matlab. Specifically, I'm trying to show that the regular 1-Dimensional ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Covariation of Wiener processes, $\langle W_1,W_2\rangle_t = \rho t$.

I'm wondering why this is true: $\langle W_1,W_2\rangle_t = \rho t$. Where $W_1$ and $W_2$ are standard Brownian Motion. I know that $\langle W_1,W_2\rangle_t = 0.5\big[ \langle W_1 + W_2 \rangle - ...
2
votes
1answer
378 views

Expectation of exponential martingale and indicator function.

Let $W$ be a Wiener process, $r,\sigma \in \mathbb{R}_+$ and $S(T) = S(t)e^{(r-\frac12 \sigma^2)(T-t) + \sigma(W(T)-W(t))}$. I want to evaluate $$A:=E[e^{- \frac12 \sigma^2 (T-t) - ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Readings necessary to understand Ito Integrals?

I searched for this question but couldn't find a direct answer. Basically I want to understand (and possibly compute some simple instances of) the Ito integral. I am coming from a physics background ...
2
votes
0answers
186 views

Explaining Ito formula to an analyst

From the point of view of analysis, what is Ito formula? Is it an integral by substitution, or, a radon-nikodym derivative? Define the probability space $$ \left(C\left(\Bbb ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Is it true that $X(t)^a > K \iff X(t) > K^\frac1a$

Let $a \in \mathbb{N}$, $K \in \mathbb{R^+}$ and $X(t)$ be a geometric Brownian Motion. Is the following true? $$X(t)^a > K \iff X(t) > K^\frac1a$$ The context of the above is that I want to ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Condition on $f$ for $e^{\int_0^t f(B_s)ds}$ to be of finite variation

Let $B$ be a standard Brownian motion, and, $$ X_t=e^{\int_0^t f(B_s)ds}, $$ for some function $f$. What are the condition on $f$ for $X_t$ to be of finite variation? Let $Y_t=\int_0^t f(B_s)ds$, if ...
1
vote
0answers
696 views

Stochastic integral: Interchanging the order of expectation and integration

Let $B$ be a standard Brownian motion and $$ X_t=\int_0^t f_s ds+\int_0^t g_s dB_s, $$ where, $|f|$ and $|g|$ are both bounded, almost surely, by some positive constant $M$. Is it true that $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Local martingale iff each component is a local martingale?

This is probably an easy question: A local martingale is an adapted, cadlag process for which there is an increasing sequence of stopping times (going to $\infty$) such that the stopped process is a ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Condition for existence of a stochastic differential equation

With $B$ a standard Brownian motion, write $$ dX_t=f_tdt+g_tdB_t. $$ What are the conditions on $\left(f\right)_{t\ge 0}$ and $\left(g\right)_{t\ge 0}$ for $X_t$ to exists? I think ...
1
vote
1answer
280 views

Integration of Wiener process: $\int_{t_1}^{t_2} dB(s)$

We all know that $\int_0^t dB(s) = B(t)$, where $B(t)$ is a standard Brownian Motion. However, is the following identity true? Also, why or why not? $\boxed{ \displaystyle \ \ \int_{t_1}^{t_2} ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Finite p-th variation implies zero-valued q-th variation.

The Question: Let $X$ be a continuous process, and suppose $0 < p < q$. Prove the case $V_t^p(X) < \infty \implies V_t^q(X) = 0$. Definitions: The standard setup. $\Pi := ...