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2
votes
0answers
25 views

Is the distribution of an Ito diffusion at time t absolutely continuous wrt Lebesgue measure?

Suppose we have an sde of the form: \begin{eqnarray} dX_t=b(X_t)dX_t + \sigma (X_t)dB_t \end{eqnarray} where $b$ and $\sigma$ are Lipschitz. Then we have existence and uniqueness of the solution ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Ito integral's zero mean

My Sto Cal prof gave a long proof for the fact that $E[\int_{0}^{t} f_s dW_s] = 0$ where W is Brownian and f is Borel x $\mathscr{F}$-measurable, adapted and satisfies some integrability condition. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

markov property in Durrett's textbook

Assume $B_t(\omega)=\omega(t),\omega\in (C,\mathcal{C},\mathbb{P}^x)$ is a B.M.(C is the continuous function space ,$\mathcal{C}$ is generated by the coordinate maps) In Durrett's textbook,he proved ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Brownian motion on the circle and Itô processes

Consider the differential system \begin{cases} dX_t &=& -\frac{1}{2}X_t dt - Y_tdB_t, \\ dY_t &=& -\frac{1}{2}Y_tdt + X_tdB_t, \end{cases} $X_0 = 1$, $Y_0 = 0$. Let $X_t$ and $Y_t$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Solve SDE $dX_t = tX_tdt + e^{t^2/2}dW_t$

Solve $dX_t = tX_tdt + e^{t^2/2}dW_t, X_0 = \alpha$ by considering $X_t = a(t)(X_0 + \int_0^t b(s) dW_s)$, where a(t) and b(t) are not random. I don't think I quite understand stochastic ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

perfectly correlated processes

I am really stuck in this question: Let $\{S_t\}$ and $\{S'_t\}$ be two stochastic processes, satisfying \begin{equation} dS_t = S_t ( \sigma_t \,dB_t + r_t \,dt), \quad dS'_t = S'_t (\sigma'_t ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Equality of two spaces of stochastic processes

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal F, P, \mathcal F_t)$ be a filtered probability space. Consider two spaces $M$ and $S$ defines as follows: $M$ is a collection of all continuous $\mathcal F_t$-adapted processes ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Limit of $P(X_n > a_n)$ where $X_n \xrightarrow[n \to \infty]{d} X \sim{N(\mu,\sigma^2)}$ and $a_n\xrightarrow[n \to \infty]{} \infty$

I've been working on following problem and could need some help. Let $X_n$ be a sequence of RV with $$X_n \xrightarrow[n \to \infty]{d} X \sim{N(\mu,\sigma^2)}$$ for some $\mu \in \mathbb{R}$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Sufficient condition for u.c.p. convergence of processes

Assume that all processes are cadlag. I am trying to prove the following claim: Let a sequence of processes $X_n$ be given. Assume that for all $s$ in a dense subset of $\mathbb R^+$ $ X_n(s) ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Uniform integrable proof

Lets be $E[\sup_{t\in[0,T]}e^{-rt}\Psi(S_{t})]<\infty$. I want to show that $J_{t}$ defined by \begin{align} J_{t}:=\mathrm{ess sup}_{\tau \in \mathcal F_{t,T}}E[e^{-r\tau}\Psi(S_{\tau})|\mathcal ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Approximation of stochastic integrals by Riemann sums

I know that for $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$, the Riemann Integral converges in the sense that $$\sum_{k=1}^Kf(t_k)(t_{k} - t_{k-1})\longrightarrow \int_0^1f(t)dt$$ as the grid becomes smaller and smaller. ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Is stochastic modelling a subset of Frequentist and Bayesian points of view?

From what I know of stochastic modelling it seems to me that this technique takes a Frequentist approach. For example, and please correct me if I am wrong, but isn't a Monte Carlo Simulation a ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Translated stochastic process

Let $M$ be a (compact) Riemannian manifold and let $L$ be some second-order elliptic operator on $M$. Now for a vector field $v$, I can consider the flow $\Psi_t$ of $v$ and consider the following ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Why do two points never 'arrive at once' in a Poisson point process

In the following, all the measure spaces are endowed with the Borel $\sigma$-algebra corresponding to their topology (we take the usual topology on $[0,\infty)$). Let $E$ be a Polish space and let ...
6
votes
0answers
60 views

Donsker's Theorem for triangular arrays

Assume we have a sequence of smooth i.i.d. random variables $(X_i)_{i=1}^{\infty}$. Given $\alpha>0$, does some sort of Donsker's Theorem hold for $\left(\frac{X_i}{n^{\alpha}}\right)_{i=1}^n$? ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

A question on the extension of of integrants from simple processes t0 $L^2$?

I have a question. While defining the Stochastic integral w.r.t to the Brownian Motion we begin with simple processes which are adapted and left continuous and then extend it to the square integrable ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

How to calculate probability of an event in a stochastic setting?

Let $\left(\, B_{t}\,\right)_{t\ \geq\ 0}$ be a Brownian motion. Calculate the probability of the event: $$ E\equiv\left\{\,\exists\ \epsilon > 0 : \forall\ 0 < h < \epsilon, \max_{t\ \in\ ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

A Liar's Paradox Mathematically

The premise (you can skip to the mathematical part below): You are driving back to the town where you were born. You haven't been home for a very long time and you are unsure if you are even on the ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Derive bound for a function satisfying stochastic differential equations/inequalities

I have a function $U(t)=\frac{1}{2}\|{x}(t)\|^2$ satisfying $ d{U} \le -\frac{\lambda_0}{2}dt+\frac{\sqrt{2T}}{N} \sum_i {dB_i(t)} \cdot {x}, \ \ if\ \ \|{x}\|\ge d_0,$ $d{U} \le \lambda_1 ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Stochastic integral density of simple functions no1

I am trying to understand proposition 2.6 page p.134 from Karatza's book Brownian motion and stochastic calculus. If $M$ is continuous square integrable martingale on $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, P)$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

First-order stochastic dominance and truncation

Suppose we have two distributions $F$ and $G$ over $\left[0,1\right]$. Suppose $F(x) \leq G(x)$ for all $x$, i.e. $F$ first-order stochastically dominates $G$. Is it true that $F(x|x\leq k) \leq ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

For a real-valued random variable it holds: $ E(|X|)<\infty\Leftrightarrow \sum_{n\in\mathbb{N}}P(|X|>n)<\infty$

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{A},P)$ be a measurable space and $X$ be a real-valued random variable on $\Omega$. I want to show that it holds: $$E(|X|)<\infty\Leftrightarrow ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Ito Integral representation for bounded claims

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$ be Probability space and let $\{(X_t) : 0 \leq t \leq T \}$ be a continuous semimartingale on it. Let $\xi$ be $\mathcal{F}_T^X$ measurable and bounded. Does it ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

The ito integral is gaussian [duplicate]

Let $\Omega, F, P)$ be the classic setting. I saw that if $f$ is a function which satisfies some assumptions then the integral with respect to the brownian motion is Gaussian. Ie $\int_{0}^{t} f_u ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Ito's Lemma for negative exponential

I'd been reading on Hull-White model, when I encountered the bond-pricing formula, that is if $$ dr(t) = (\alpha(t)-\beta(t)r(t))dt + \sigma(t)dW(t)$$ for some deterministic function $\alpha, \beta, ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Processes adapted to time changes

I have a question regarding a passage in Chapter X of "Calcul Stochastique et Problèmes de Martingales"J.Jacod(1979). In (10.13) they define an adapted process $X$ to the time change $\tau(t)$ as a ...
1
vote
1answer
10 views

How to interpret this variance

If I have a probability measure defined by $P( \Omega ) = \int_{\Omega} (1-a) \delta(x) + a \delta(x-a^2) dx,$ then I noticed that the variance is given by $a^5(1-a)$. This is somewhat strange, cause ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Hermite Polynomials and Brownian motion

I am asked to prove the following : Let $B_t$ be a standard brownian motion. The $n$th Hermite polynomial is $\displaystyle H_n(t,x)=\frac{(−t)^n}{n!} e^{x^2/(2t)} \frac{d^n}{dx^n}e^{-x^2/(2t)}$. ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Integral with respect to brownian motion

Let $f$ be a continuous function on $[0,\infty)$ and $B_t$ be a standard Brownian motion. Define $X_t=\int_0^t f(s) dB(s).$ a) Show that $X_t$ is Gaussian and computer its covariance $C(X_s, X_t)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Equivalent Stopping Times for Brownian Motions

For standard Brownian motion $B$, define stopping time $T_1:=\inf\{t>0: B_t = 3\}$ and $T_2:=\inf\{t>0: B_t = -3\}$ and $T_3 := \min\{T_1, T_2\}$. Can I say that $T_3 = \inf\{t>0, B_t \in ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Brownian Motion and Progressive Process

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian motion. Define sign function as follows. $sign(0) = 0$ and $sign(x) = \frac{x}{|x|}, \forall x \neq 0$. I do not know how to show the following two questions, especially on the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Stopping Time and Brownian Motion [closed]

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian motion. Let $a < 0 < b$. Consider $\tau: = \min\{T_a, T_b\}$ where $T_a := \inf\{s \geq 0: B_s \leq a\}$ and $T_b := \inf\{s \geq 0: B_s \geq b\}$, namely, the first ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Progressively Measurable for Rigth Continuous Adapted Processes

Any adapted and right continuous process $X_t$ is progressively measurable. For the above statement, I found proof in several books. They all have similar argument as follows. For a given $t > ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Variance process of stochastic integral and brownian motion

Let $(W_t)$ be a Brownian motion with respect to a filtration $(\mathcal{F}_t)$. For all $t \geq 0 $ set $$X_t = \int_0^t W_s^2 \mathrm{d} W_s,\qquad Y_t = W_t^7.$$ Find the covariance process ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Brownian and Brackets

A continuous martingale with deterministic bracket must be a Brownian motion. Is this statement ture or not, please? If true, how to show it? If not, what is a counter example?
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Why is the canonical filtration of a Brownian motion left-continuous?

Let $\{W_t, t\geq 0\}$ be a Brownian motion, and has a.s. continuous sample paths. Let $\{\mathcal{F}^W_t, t\geq 0\}$ be the canonical filtration, i.e. $\mathcal{F}^W_t=\sigma(W_s, 0\leq s\leq t)$. ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Remove drift from exponential Weiner process

I have the following problem: let $X_t$ solve $$ dX_t = b X_t \, dt + \sigma X_t \, dW_t$$ where $W_t$ is a Weiner process. Find $s(\cdot)$ such that $Y_t = s(X_t)$ is a martingale. We can see by ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Stochastic process using Markov chain (thief on the run!!)

I'm given an exercise where we are to simulate a thief escaping from an officer. The thief (let's call him/her T for simplicity) and an officer (O) have four cities to be in. Let's call the cities A, ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Two stochastic processes with the same distribution inducing different measures

I am currently reading Strook's $\textit{Probability Theory: An Analytic View}$, and I am confused by the following statement on page 156: "I take for $D(\mathbb{R}^N)$ the measurable structure given ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What is the distribution of a Brownian motion evaluated at times defined by Brownian motion?

Let $X_t$ and $Z_t$ be independent, $\mathbb{R}$-valued Brownian motions. For each $t$, the process $X_{|Z_t|}$ defined as $$\omega\mapsto X_{|Z_t(\omega)|}(\omega)$$ is measurable (with respect to ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Is exit probability monotonic in drift and diffusion coefficient?

Let $W$ be Brownian motion. Let $b_t$ and $\sigma_t$ be adapted to $\mathcal{F}_t^W$. Consider the SDE $$dx_t=b_tdt+\sigma_tdW_t.$$ Assume that $b$, $\sigma$ are such that $x$ stays non-negative. Fix ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Ito formula for integral function

Let $$dS_t = \mu S_t dt + \sigma S_t dW_t$$ where $W_t$ is a Wiener process. Let $$Z_t = e^{-r(T-t)} \int_{t}^{T}{h(u,S(u))du} = g(t,S)$$ where $h$ is a known function of $t$ and $S$. How can we ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Rewriting Diffusion Processes: Combining Independent Wiener Processes

In stochastic calculus, a rule of thumb for computations is $(dW_t)^2 = dt$ for a Wiener process $W_t$. Say we have a diffusion process $dX_t = dW^1_t + X_t dW^2_t$, with $W_t^1, W_t^2$ independent ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

\otimes notation question

what does this notation mean: $f_t $ is $\mathscr B_t \otimes \mathscr F_t$-measurable for every $t\in[0,T]$ and $\Bbb E \left[ \int_0^T \mid f_t \mid^2 dt \right]$ and what alternatives may be used? ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Feynman-Kac representation for a PDE

I have the following PDE: $$ u_t + r x u_x + \frac{\sigma^2 x^2}{2} u_{xx} + h(t,x) u_y - ru =0 $$ $$ u(x,T,y) = y $$ I wanted to check whether the following representation is correct (I used ...
1
vote
3answers
48 views

Random variable stochastic bigger than random variable

I have a exercise, which I don't know how to show. It goes like, X is a continuous random variable with support $(-\infty,\infty)$. Consider the random variable $Y=X+\Delta$, where $\Delta$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What is the effect on the eigenvalues of reducing a column of a stochastic matrix.

The following is for any 2 right stochastic matrices $A_x$ & $A_y$ of equal size $n$x$n$ with known eigenvalues $\lambda_{x1}-\lambda_{xn}$ and $\lambda_{y1}-\lambda_{yn}$ respectively. Also given ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Problem with understading “mixed” integration

Using standard notation: $$dX_t=b(t,X_t)dt+\sigma(t,X_t)dW_t, \:\:X_0=x \tag{1}$$ Now in my script it is said that if we integrate both sides, we get: $$X_t=x+\int_0^t ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Positivity of a stochastic process

I want to simulate the paths of a stochastic process $$ dS_t = r S_t dt + \sigma S_t dW_t$$ Using the Forward Euler method, we can write: $$ S_{n+1} = (1 + r \Delta t_n + \sigma \Delta W_{n}) S_n $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Intuition underlying stopped martingales

Let $X$ be a martingale and $T$ a stopping time. Define the stopped martingale $X_{\min\{T,n\}}$. What is the intuition underlying this process? It is quite confusing here. $X$ is random and $T$ is ...