Mathematical statistics is the study of statistics from a mathematical standpoint, using probability theory as well as other branches of mathematics such as linear algebra and analysis.

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Kähler Geodesics

Consider the Kähler manifold in coordinates $(a,b)$ given by the complex Riemannian metric $$\begin{pmatrix} ...
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176 views

What is the chance of obtaining 27 sets in the card game Set?

For people not familiar with the card game Set, see its entry on Wikipedia and/or one of the related questions here on Math SE. It might be faster to just play the game a couple of times though, see ...
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290 views

Does this calculation have a name, or a generic formulation?

Background I would appreciate help in identifying / explaining this operation: To calculate each of the $n$ values of $f(\Phi)$: sample from the distribution of each of $i$ parameters, $\phi_i$ ...
6
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54 views

Donsker's Theorem for triangular arrays

Assume we have a sequence of smooth i.i.d. random variables $(X_i)_{i=1}^{\infty}$. Given $\alpha>0$, does some sort of Donsker's Theorem hold for $\left(\frac{X_i}{n^{\alpha}}\right)_{i=1}^n$? ...
5
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77 views

Finding an upper bound for $\frac{d}{d\theta}\beta^*(\theta)|_{\theta=\theta_0}$

Suppose that a random variable X has a distribution depending on a parameter $\theta$, $\theta \in \Theta$, and consider a test of hypothesis $H_0: \theta = \theta_0$ versus the alternative $H_1: ...
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57 views

Decrease of entropy when iterating a random discrete function

Let $m$ be a positive integer. Let $S$ be the set of non-negative integers $x$ less than $m$, with $|S|=m$. Let $X_0$ be the discrete uniform distribution over $S$, with $P(x)=\begin{cases} 1/m & ...
5
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91 views

Distribution for ratio of dependent quadratic forms.

Random vector $\mathbf{x}_{0}$ $\sim$ $\mathcal{N}\left(\boldsymbol{\mu}, \mathbf{\Sigma} \right)$ is a sum of two orthogonal random vectors: $\mathbf{x}_{0}$ = $\mathbf{x}_{1}$ + ...
5
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101 views

Random point distribtion

How to generate numerically a set of random points $(x_1,y_1), (x_2,y_2),\cdots, (x_N,y_N)$ such that the pair-wise distances $d = \sqrt { (x_i-x_j)^2 + (y_i-y_j)^2}$, for all $ 0<i\le N, ...
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51 views

Deconvolution of distribution of diffraction reflexes

I'm a chemist stuck in a mathematical problem. Please bear with me as I'm trying to express myself in Math language. Let me explain in short terms the experimental method I'm using: X-ray ...
5
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129 views

Clarification in a paper

This is regarding a clarification in page 384 of a paper published in Annals of Statistics by Amari. In page no. 384, he defines $$R_i(t)=\frac{\partial}{\partial \theta_i} ...
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238 views

Multivariate Gaussian equivalent for a Gaussian integration identity.

For a one-dimensional x, $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}x^{2}e^{-x^{2}}dx=\frac{1}{2}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-x^{2}}dx$$ This can be shown through integration by parts. There is a good derivation of ...
5
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79 views

Is there a way to exploit the fact that the covariance matrix has a blocked structure to more easily compute the multivariate normal density?

I'm trying to minimize the (negative) multivariate normal log likelihood (dropping constants): $$ \log |\boldsymbol\Sigma|\,+(\mathbf{x}-\boldsymbol\mu)^{\rm ...
5
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487 views

Idempotence and the Rao–Blackwell theorem

Original question: In the Wikipedia article on the Rao–Blackwell theorem, we read: In case the sufficient statistic is also a complete statistic, i.e., one which "admits no unbiased ...
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55 views

Probability help! Am I even doing this right?

I am really bad with probability, so I just want some explanations and help with this problem (and probably many more to come!) and I also want to know if I am on the right track. Thank you! Lyme ...
4
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30 views

What real life statistician's job look like?

I have recently finished statistics course and would like to know if statisticians really do what we covered in the course (usual college level stat course material). The course made me interested in ...
4
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183 views

Why sample statistics converge to the right parameter

We know that for sample/empirical distribution function $F_n(x)$ we have that a) $F_n(x)\xrightarrow[p]{}F(x)$ (pointwise convergence) b) ...
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70 views

Expectation of the absolut value of the determinant of a random matrix

Let $A$ be a random matrix of size $m\times m$ with integer entries $-n\ldots n$. Each value should have the same probability. What is the expectation of the random variable $$X := |\det A|$$ Can ...
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36 views

Statistics of Lists

To start, let me say i am a programmer and not a math wiz, so this question might be very simple. I have a data set of prices that sort of looks like this ...
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146 views

Using Bernoulli distribution approximate the $q$-th moment

Let $x$ be vector in $R^n$. Let $\pi(⋅)$ be a permutation on the set $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ with a uniform distribution. Let $|m|\leq n, m \in Z$. Using Bernoulli (or maybe some other) distribution ...
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85 views

Does Multiplicative Version of Azuma's Inequality Hold?

We know that there are multiplicative version concentration inequalities for sums of independent random variables. For example, the following multiplicative version Chernoff bound. Chernoff bound: ...
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140 views

Existence of a UMP test for two binomial random variables

Let $X$ and $Y$ be independent random variables, distributed as Binomial($p, n$) and Binomial($p^2, m$), respectively. Does a UMP test (for fixed level $\alpha$) exist for: $H_0: p \leq p_0 \text{ ...
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482 views

Conditional expectation of the product of two independent random variables

Suppose that $a$ and $b$ are independently distributed random variables, with means; $\mu_a$, $\mu_b$ and variances; $\sigma_{a}^2$, $\sigma_b^2$, respectively. Further, let $c=ab + e$, where $e$ is ...
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139 views

Varieties and Statistics

Consider a random variable $X$ that can take on the values $0,1$ and $2$. So we have $$p_i = P(X=i), \ i = 0,1,2$$ $$\sum_{i=0}^{2} p_i = 1$$ and $$0 \leq p_i \leq 1$$ So identifying a random variable ...
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145 views

NFC SuperBowl coin toss hot streak --> hypothesis testing and power calculation

There are many Q&A's on SE related to coin tossing - the simplest stochastic process. My Q is about relating mathematics and statistics to what in biomedicine and healthcare is termed "evidence" ...
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517 views

How did Target figure out a teen girl was pregnant before her father did?

First of all I do not have a mathematics degree only a B.S. in finance so please take that into account when writing an answer. Generally what type of mathematics is involved here? And specifically ...
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438 views

Chi Squared Distribution for Maximum Likelihood

I'm beginning to work in bioinformatics and have come across some papers that utilize chi-squared distributions to make a maximum likelihood selection. Particularly in the area using 'amplicons'. I've ...
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162 views

Critical exponents and point-wise convergence

A phase change is only possible in a physical system which obeys the laws of statistical mechanics if the infinite series for the partition function of that system converges non-uniformly (i.e. ...
3
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32 views

Trying to show convergence (in probability) of integrals using Taylor expansion

I've been working for a long time now on how to prove a proposition given in a paper about the asymptotic normality of POT-quantile estimators. Hope somebody can help me out. Proposition (i) Let ...
3
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103 views

How does 2D kriging interpolation work?

I have a grid of points Example ...
3
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0answers
53 views

Estimating parameters for a binomial

First of all I'd like to precise that I'm not an expert of the subject. Suppose to have two random variables $X$ and $Y$ that are binomial, respectively $X\sim B(n_1,p)$ and $Y\sim B(n_2,p),$ note ...
3
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48 views

Independent set of points in a square.

Suppose I select points uniformly at random in $[0,1]^{2}$ and two points share an edge if their euclidean distance is less than $r$. Suppose I have $n$ points $v_{1},v_{2},...,v_{n}$ selected in this ...
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42 views

Distribution of $\frac{X}{|Y|}$, where X and Y are standard normal r.v.'s

Let X and Y be independent standard normal random variables. What is the distribution of $\large \frac{X}{|Y|}$? Attempt: Let $\large U = \frac{X}{|Y|}$ and $ V = |Y|$. This transformation is not ...
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86 views

Jacobian for a matrix transformation: Example of Cholesky decomposition

I would like to generally understand how the Jacobian of a matrix transformation can be computed. As a concrete example, consider the Transformation from a (correlation) matrix to its Cholesky ...
3
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35 views

Bayesian linear regression cost function

I am studying classification using linear regression . Now, I want to map it in Bayesian regression. Let talk about binary classification using linear regression again. Assume that I have a set ...
3
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41 views

Gamma distribution Norming constant for extreme minima

the norming constants for extreme maxima of Gamma distribution is known and is give in link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10687-010-0125-3. I would like to know is there reference or paper that states ...
3
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36 views

Asymptotic Bounds for the distribution of $f_n(X_n)$.

Let $\{X_n\}_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a sequence of $\mathbb{R}^{k}$-valued random variables defined on some probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$ converging almost surely to $X$. ...
3
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80 views

Determine whether ARMA(p,q) is stationary and/or invertible?

Determine whether an ARMA(p,q) process is stationary and invertible such that $y_t = \sum_{i=1}^{p} \phi_i y_{t-i} + \sum_{i=1}^{p} \theta_{i} \epsilon_{t-i}$ with the restriction that ...
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46 views

Linear regression, reversing it back then.

Need's formatting, editing will take some time.
3
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145 views

Is this method to find mean already discovered?

I am a 10th class student and in our syllabus, we have three methods for finding mean of grouped data: Direct method. Assumed mean method. Step deviation method. Out of these, the Step deviation ...
3
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83 views

Intuition behind (statistical) completeness

I was wondering if any of the members of the MSE community would like to share his/her intuition about completeness in statistics. For the sake of "completeness", here's the definition, taken from ...
3
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62 views

Expected minimum of a finite random walk.

So I couldn't find any resource for how to calculate the expected minimum of a random walk. Since it is such the minimum of the random variables are actually not independent as they are cumulative ...
3
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24 views

Confidence intervals for the variance. What if data is not noramlly distributed?

I am writing an essay about confidence intervals for the variance and there is a lot of information available under assumption that our data is normally distributed, but there is not much said about ...
3
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66 views

The sum of Gaussian functions

Suppose there is a normal distribution and the Gaussian function is $F(x)=\exp(-c\|x-b\|^2)$ where $c$ is a constant and $x,b\in \mathbb{R}^N$, b means the mean value. ...
3
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78 views

What is the most relavant math for statistics students?

As they say "the more math you learn the better". Unfortunately, I did not have a lot of mathematical training in my undergraduate. Now I am doing a master in mathematics, mainly to make up some ...
3
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0answers
1k views

Relation between standard deviation and mean in random processes

In a Poisson distribution the square of the standard deviation $\sigma$ is equal to mean $\mu$ ($\sigma^2=\mu$) and in a binomial distribution $\sigma ^2=\mu\,(1-p)$ (with $p$ the probability of ...
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58 views

How many items to acquire to get a full collection? (random chance involved)

The problem: My daughter wants to have a collection of certain Kinder Surprise toys. There're 10 different toys in this series. Assuming the chances of getting each toy are equal, how many Kinder ...
3
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572 views

How many ternary (0, 1, 2) sequences of length 10 are there without any pair of consecutive digits the same?

How many ternary (0, 1, 2) sequences of length 10 are there without any pair of consecutive digits the same? Not sure if i understood the question correctly . its asking for possible 10 digit number ...
3
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62 views

Calculating that confidence that pairs of lightbulbs are independently illuminated.

So, you're sitting in a dark room, and on the far wall you see $n$ lightbulbs mounted above plaques numbered $1$ through $n$. There is a lightswitch on the arm of your chair. Every time you flip the ...
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98 views

Mathematics Courses for an Economist

I am an Economist and I am interested in further developing my mathematical knowledge and skills. I would like to get your opinions on the topics that I should cover and which are also important for ...
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131 views

Multilinear or Tensor Regression?

Given input data $x_t\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and output data $y_t\in\mathbb{R}^m$, the closed form solution to $\min_A \sum_t \|y_t - Ax_t\|^2_2$ is given by $A = (XX^T)^{-1}XY^T$ where $x_t$ form the ...