In Probability and Statistics, the standard deviation of a statistical population or data set is a measure of how much variation or dispersion exists from its average value. It is defined as the square root of the variance.

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Exponential deviation with two $x$ values

I recently got interested in this topic of standard deviation. My TA did not have any time to go over this topic so I was trying to teach myself it recently. My TA said if he had more time he would ...
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Clarification: Expression to calculate the standard deviation when data is scaled to interval [0,1]?

For an experiment, the standard deviation (SD) is entered as a parameter for generating gaussian noise. The SD value is mentioned to be 25 when data (a matrix) has integer values in [0,255]. If the ...
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Margin of error for quotient of two measurements

I need to find the total margin of error for calculating velocity, while I have margins of error for time and distance. Actually the margins are the same (as both measurements were based on GPS - but ...
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finding percentiles with standard deviation

This is a question on my worksheet that I'm not sure how to start: If you know that the mean salary for your profession is $\$45000$ with a standard deviation of $\$2000$, to what percentile does ...
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28 views

Standard deviation shouldn't reduce?

I need to do a algorithm to calculate an integral via Monte Carlo Method, and for a purpose of simulation, I need to calculate the standard deviation of a sample generated in my program. My problem is ...
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A Sample with two Standard Deviation

Question : In a batch chemical process, two catalysts are being compared for their effect on the output of the process reaction. A sample of 12 batches was prepared using catalyst 1 and a ...
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Standard Deviation, Percentile IQ, and Adjusting them

I've been doing a personal project to figure out how accurate online IQ tests are, so I made two of my own and had a few sample test subjects for each. For test One, I've had 21 observations (which is ...
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Uncertainty on an estimator

Well first I want to say that I have a very weak background in stats/probability but I still hope that the question I want to share with you makes sense. I have a set of binary (coming from a set of ...
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Can I calculate the new standard deviation when adding a value without knowing the original set of values?

I have these three mathematical values that describe an unknown set of values. Mean (population mean, not from sample) $\bar{x} = 3$ Standard deviation $s = 1.5$ Number of elements in population ...
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probability, normal distribution mean [closed]

Should I use a certain table for this question or should I use a special formula. A random value has a normal distribution with the mean 102.9 and the standard deviation 4.7. What are the ...
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I need help with this review question. Business Calculus/Statistics

The question is: The scores on a test have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 8. A personnel manager wishes to select the top 60% of applicants. Find the cutoff score. Assume the variable is ...
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Variences and adding them from independent random variables?

If I have 3 random varibles X, Y and Z and X=Y+Z then var(X)=var(Y)+var(Z), but Y=X-Z therefore var(Y)=var(X)+var(Z), it is clear that these two contridict, so what makes one of them right and the ...
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How do you calculate deviation from optimal value?

The variables I have: The optimal Tour Cost My Tour cost - I executed this 30 times, so I can get the average? Standard deviation just tells you how spread out the values are, I dont think thats the ...
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446 views

How to weight three different variables to create a ranking

I have data on the graduation rate, tuition, and average student income (a measure of accessibility) for about 7,000 colleges and universities in the U.S., and I'm trying to compose an interactive in ...
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46 views

Estimate standard deviation of sample

You have a random sample of 25 objects with mean weight of 24 grams, estimate the standard deviation of the sample. In addition, you know it's supposed to be 25 grams with a deviation of 1 gram, but ...
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40 views

Standard deviation on absolute square of complex average

I am calculating a quantity $q=|c|^2$ where I obtain $c\in\boldsymbol C$ as an average of a collection of estimates with errors: $\langle c\rangle=\sum_{j=1}^nc_j$, and the question is what error to ...
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Conclusions to be drawn from mean, median, stdev, and range

From a sample of size n = 100, the following descriptive measures were calculated: median=23, mean=20, standard deviation=5, range=35; 75 sample values are between 10 and 30; and 99 sample values are ...
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48 views

Taking the standard deviation over multiple assignments?

Lets say that a group of students all take 5 tests, with the average and standard deviations as follows: test 1: mean 43/50, SD 8 test 2: mean 23/30, SD 4 test 3: mean 56/70, SD 12 test 4: mean ...
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31 views

Probability and Standard Deviation

Hey I'm confused about how to do this kind of problem. I can't figure out how to find the standard deviation. There are on average 4 tetanus cases reported in the US each month. What is the ...
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how to find standard deviation when given a percentage?

I'm stuck on this question, can anyone help? An electronics company's biggest seller is a talking toy. Of the toys produced, 4% have a defective voicebox. A quality control tech randomly collects 250 ...
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“Reverse” distribution-tails

Chernoff, Markov and Chebyhev all give some upper bound for tail probabilities, e.g. Chebyshev gives us $Pr[|X-E[X]| \geq t] \leq \frac{Var[X]}{t^2}$. This is quite helpful, but what if I would ...
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Mean and variance: Gaussian is the most conservative assumption

"given only the mean and variance of a distribution, the most conservative assumption that can be made about the distribution is that it is a Gaussian having the given mean and variance" I've read ...
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stdev and mean from gaussian fit vs. from classical formula

I have a set of data - measured speed of molecules in water. I made a histogram and fitted it with function $$A\exp\frac{(x-B)^2}{C}$$ calculating mean and standard deviation from values B and C If I ...
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problem on standard error in sample data

From a population of 20,000 observations, a sample of 500 observations is selected. how to Calculate the standard error of sample mean if the population standard deviation equals 20.
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Problem on Standard Deviation

A man has observed the number of chocolates eaten by his son for 32 days.The total number of chocolates eaten by his son is 80 and the sum of the squares of the chocolates eaten everyday is 1000, then ...
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Confidence intervals and dividing by $n^{0.5}$

I am studying a-level and am confused when I divide the standard deviation by $n^{0.5}$ when doing confidence intervals. To put it another way when I don't divide by it? (where $n$ is the number of ...
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Identification of linear regression function under $\ell_1$-norm criterion.

Consider a linear system \begin{align*} y = \theta^Tx + e, \end{align*} where $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$ and $e\in\mathbb{R}$ are independent Gaussian random variables with distribution $\mathcal{N}(0,I_n)$ ...
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Standard Deviation and Mean

take a look at this question: The sample from Population A has a mean of 35 and a standard deviation of 1. The sample from Population B has a mean of 45 and a standard deviation of 15. Which of ...
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Confidence interval for n=1, unknown standard deviation

Is there any way to calculate a confidence interval (or otherwise gauge the reliability of a sample) when you have a sample size of one and you don't know the population standard deviation? I work at ...
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What is the corrected sample standard deviation when there is only one sample?

What do we say about the corrected sample standard deviation when the sample size is one? Do we just assume it is 0? Is it even meaningful? The usual equation seems to fall apart here because N - 1 ...
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Establishing the upper and lower bounds of normal using standard deviation

I understand the concept of standard deviations and z-values, but I'm trying to figure out if standard deviations alone are good for establishing the upper and lower bounds for normal. For example, if ...
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Normal Distribution Problem

The time taken for a computer to connect to a server is normally distributed with a mean value given by 3.3 seconds and a standard deviation of 0.66 seconds. (a) A computer is said to have a fast ...
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240 views

Percentage with only standard deviation and mean given. [closed]

I have some questions that I really need help with. The mean mark for an IQ test in the population is 100, with a standard deviation of 16.5. The IQ is normally distributed. Your IQ is 113. a. ...
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How to calculate standard deviation from mean and probability?

What's the formula to calculate the standard deviation knowing the mean and a certain probability, but not knowing all the n's. http://stattrek.com/online-calculator/normal.aspx For example, ^that ...
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Probabilities and Estimation of average and standard deviation

I've done a good bit of this number but I have trouble with part 2. I'll show you my work and the questions I can't figure in bold. A guy has a machine that scans his apples. The machine rules are : ...
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Is it possible to convert calculate the percentile and t-scores from mean and standard deviation?

I need to produce a table that will allow you to look up various types of scores for a test using the number of correct answers like this: ...
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192 views

Fast way to recalculate average and standard deviation as new values arrive

Say I have a stream of values arriving all the time, and I want to get the average and standard deviation of only the last $n$ values. If I already have the average $V$ for values $v_1, ..., v_n$, ...
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hypothesis testing two sample problem and standard error of mean

In my homework, I was asked to find the standard error of mean for 2 cases and then do the 5% and 1% test for both of them. I know how to work out stand error of mean, but I don't know how to use it ...
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X and Y are two random variables, what is the standard deviation of X - 2Y

I have: E(X) = 10 E(Y) = 12 Var(X) = 4 Var(Y) = 9 covariance = 2 I know that for: ...
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Population deviation\Sample deviation

I am really stuck in checking weather something is a sample of the entire population or it is infact the polution. Suppose I make a bucket to hold a litre of water and I obtain 8 measurements to ...
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Difficulty to find the Standard Error in a simple hypothesis testing

I'm having some difficulty to solve a very simple hypothesis testing problem. $$\begin{array}{c|c|c|} & \text{X} & \text{Y} \\ \hline \text{1} & 1 & 1 \\ \hline \text{2} & 3 ...
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Relationship between median and standard deviation

I have some data and I added Gaussian noise with zero mean ($\mu=0$) and standard deviation ($SD=SD$). I was interested to see the behaviour of the noise to the data after integrations. I integrated ...
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Why does variance divide by $n-1$? [duplicate]

The variance is: $$\dfrac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_i-\bar x)^2}{n-1}$$ I read that $n-1$ is used instead of just $n$ when we are measuring the variance of a sample taken from a bigger population. I don't ...
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Why is variance squared?

The mean absolute deviation is: $$\dfrac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}|x_i-\bar x|}{n}$$ The variance is: $$\dfrac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_i-\bar x)^2}{n-1}$$ So the mean deviation and the variance are ...
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question about Mean absolute deviation formula

$$\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_i-\bar x)}{n}$$ This method will not work for calculating the mean deviation. Instead we have: $$\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}|x_i-\bar x|}{n}.$$ I'm not quite understanding why ...
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38 views

Standard Deviation ( Sort of ) Problem

I have a bunch of particles spread over a 2D area. I plan to fit a a distribution to describe the spread. To start off : I have about 100 particles arranged in a circular pattern in a "unit" ...
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Model selection: geometric mean of the standard deviation.

I have two models that represent a physical process. To determine which model is the best, I make some experiments and compare measured data with data predicted by each of the models. The model with ...
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Where are they getting this number from?

Here's the question that I'm having a problem with: ...
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Constructing confidence variances for std and variance samples.

A) Construct the 90% confidence interval for the standard deviation for the dark treatment. B) Construct the 95% confidence interval for the variance for the sunlight treatment. And that what I ...
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Probability and proportion from standard deviation and mean [duplicate]

I do not know how to start this problem-help needed-kindly help me The lifetimes of a colour TV picture tube is normally distributed, with a mean of 8 yrs and a standard deviation of 2 years. ...