In Probability and Statistics, the standard deviation of a statistical population or data set is a measure of how much variation or dispersion exists from its average value. It is defined as the square root of the variance.

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how to calculate standard deviation

I have the following chart. How do I calculate the standard deviation? I've tried to do that: $x=$ $[2^2*30+6^2*35+(9.5)^2*10+13.5^2*20+18^2*5)] \over 100 $ $-(7.25)^2$= 22.912 -> wrong answer. what ...
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Generating a data set that approximates another given random variable

One of the question my friend was asked in technical interview : The probability density function for a normal random variable with μ = 0.6 and σ = 0.7:​ Below is the code to generate the ...
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Bayesian Shrinkage Factor

Vasicek(1973), referenced in this paper(See bottom of page 16) explains a method of shrinking individual betas $\beta^{TS}$ toward a cross-sectional mean $\beta^{XS}$ as follows: for each time $t$, ...
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Shrinkage of variance

I have a sample of N variables, and a sample period of length T. At each time $t$, I have the following information: For each variable i, I have an estimate of variance $\widehat{\sigma^2_{i,t}}$. ...
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Standard Error in OLS Regression

Assuming I have the following linear regression set-up: $y_i = \alpha + x_i * \beta + \epsilon_i$ for $i = 1,2,..., n$. When I run the regession, I get a $\beta$ and $\alpha$ estimates, along ...
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Standard Error of Sample Variance

I have a time-series of values $X_1, X_2, \ldots, X_t$, for which I compute sample variance: $$\hat{\sigma}^2 = \operatorname{var}(X_1, \ldots, X_t)$$ (unabiased estimator using $\frac{1}{t-1})$. ...
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rewriting formula containing covariance and variances

just trying to follow a formula. the equation starts of as follows, 1 = sum( xi * (cov(ri, r) / sigma^2(r) ) please note i's are subscripts then next line ...
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statistically analyse pass rate of test in different locations

I'm looking to analyse some data and as it's been a long time since my statistics days I'd like to know which area of statistics my problem lies. Lets say I have a number of different driving ...
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Is there a measure of 'evenness' of dispersion?

I looked up on the web, but couldn't find anything helpful. I'm basically looking for a way to measure how 'evenly' a value is distributed. As in, an 'evenly' distributed distribution like X: and ...
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statistic normal distribution

Transport Canada was investigating accident records to find out how far from their residence people were 2 when they got into a traffic accident. They took the population of accident records from ...
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Standard deviation…

I have this random variable $X = \{-1, 0, 1\}$ with uniform repartition $p(X = -1) = p(X = 0) = p(X = 1) = \frac{1}{3}$. Expected value is $$E[X] = \sum_{i\in\{-1,0,1\}} x_ip_i = 0$$ Then variance ...
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If $E(W) = \mu$ and $Var(W) = \sigma^2$

This is one of two HW problems that I'm positing that I have no clue how to go about. If $E(W) = \mu$ and $\operatorname{Var}(W) = \sigma^2$ show that $E\left(\frac{W - \mu}{\sigma}\right) = 0$ and ...
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Is it possible to calculate standard deviation if I have sum of squares and number of samples as input?

I have following inputs Sum of the squares of the numbers. For example if the numbers are 1,4,6 the sum of squares is 53 (sq(1)+sq(4)+sq(6)). And I have the number of input samples: 3 in this ...
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64 views

Probability Between Two Normally Distributed Variables

The weight of medium-size tomatoes selected at random from a bin at the local supermarket is a normal random variable with mean $μ = 10$ ounces and standard deviation $σ = 1$ ounce. Suppose we pick ...
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Compute the Std. Deviation of Multiple Monte Carlo Estimation of $\pi$

For a school programming assignment, I am trying to compute the value of $\pi$ via the classic Monte Carlo estimation of $\pi$. In the experiment, we throw a variable number of darts at a circle that ...
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Application of Statistics in Sports Pool Selection

I am looking for the best mathematical approach for my hockey pool selection based on statistics from the previous season. We are 8 participants. Each participant must select: 9 Forwards 4 ...
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176 views

Analysis of IQ scores given mean, median, sd, quartiles

The statistics below provides a summary of IQ scores of 100 children Mean: 100 Median: 102 Standard Deviation: 10 First Quartile: 84 Third Quartile: 110 About 50 of the children in this sample have ...
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Probability that two points (any where on the curve) are a set number of standard deviations apart on a normal distribution

So, here is the question: You buy two pieces of pipe from supplier A, and the inner diameter has a normal distribution of N(muA, sigmaA^2) = N(8.02, 0.1^2). You want these two pipes to butt together ...
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What makes standard deviation a good measure of dispersion from the mean?

Standard deviation formula: If I just want to measure the amount of dispersion from the mean, why can't it be just an average of the absolute differences of each term from the mean? Something like ...
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53 views

Finding variance and standard deviation of a random variable in an equation

Suppose that X is a random variable with mean 17 and standard deviation 5. Also suppose that Y is a random variable with mean 45 and standard deviation 11. Find the variance and standard deviation of ...
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177 views

Finding the mean of a random variable in an equation given standard deviation and mean

Please help! What do I plug into these equations to solve for the mean of Z?? Suppose that X is a random variable with mean 23 and standard deviation 5. Also suppose that Y is a random variable with ...
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Welford's algorithm for standard deviation: combine multiple sets of results

Suppose I use Welford's algorithm to compute the standard deviation of multiple sets of values. I only store all the n, mean and M2 results that the algorithm calculates, thus I have these three ...
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Help solving: Normal Distribution problem without using the table OR with a given std

For a recent history test, scores follow the normal distribution with a mean of 70 points. 80% of the students scored below 88 points. What is the standard deviation of the scores? I have done a lot ...
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What does the multiplication of standard deviation of two variables gives?

If we need to find the correlation between two variables it is given by the formula - co variance of two variables divided by the multiplication of Standard deviation of the two variables. My ...
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Understanding standard deviation

If the mean is 50 and the standard deviation is 10. I am told that this means that "most of my data" falls within 10 points of 50. So "most of my data" is between 40 and 60. But what does this ...
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How to find the mean variable of a normal distribution with a given probability and standard deviation?

We have a machine that produces µ g of pasta to be stored in their package, with a standard deviation of 20g. It follows a normal distribution. And we don't want it to produce more than the package's ...
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Standard Deviation of a Magic Square

I'm not sure if this is the right stackexchange to post this question to, but I was just wondering if someone had the answer to an interesting observation I've made. I've written a program that ...
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How to 'adjust' a series mean to match another series mean

I have 2 data series that I would like to compare. Perhaps it's best to show a graphic of the series as they are now ... and what I would like to do ... Basicaly, I would like to visually ...
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How are standard deviations compounded over multiple periods?

I am using a simple compound interest formula to calculate the value of an investment over 18 years. I have access to the standard deviation of the investment, based on its asset allocations, which ...
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gre standard deviation probability

I have solved it ,but my answer is wrong above mean mean + n S.d Below mean mean-n s.d S.d' standard deviation and 'n' is number of time s.d
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Uncertainty of measurement with goniometer

I got a goniometer with scale -90 to 90 degree. I use only 0 to 90 degree. One section of the scale has 1 degree. I read a value of $62^\circ$. What is the uncertainty of this measurement? I thougt ...
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How to calculate the standard deviation of numbers with standard deviations?

I have essentially a propagation-of-error problem I run into frequently with my scientific data. For example, I have three samples, each of which I take two measurements of. So, for each sample, I can ...
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Is the sample variance for normally distributed data equivalent to the sample variance for data following a bernoulli or binomial distribution?

For normally distributed data, sample variance $s^2$ is: $$s^2 = \frac1{n-1}\sum (Y_i - \bar Y)^2$$ For a bernoulli distribution, sample variance is: $$\frac{\hat p \hat q}{n-1}$$ $\hat p = ...
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Finding variance from bell curve

Find variance from the graph given. I know the mean is 6 but I have no idea how to find the variance using this graph
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Normal distribution of juice

Quantity of juice in a pack of 1L is normaly distributed with average (mean) 950ml, and with standard deviation of 10ml. What is the probability that random pack of juice contains less then 945ml of ...
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Finding probability given mean and standard deviation

I don't know how to approach this problem: X is normally distributed with a mean of 200 and a standard deviation of 10. Find P(X ≥ 203)
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Finding groups with minimum mean deviation

Is there any algorithm that groups consecutive elements in an array that gives the minimum mean deviation. For example we are given an array a=[1,2,3,4,8,2,3,5] There can be many "consecutive" ...
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Beginner Econometrics question about probabilities for a normal variable

$Y \sim N(\mu, \sigma^2)\implies (Y-\mu)/\sigma$ Prove that this has a Mean of $0$ and a Variance of $1$.
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When plotting a bell curve from an array of values, is it possible that +/- 2 standard deviations from the mean can fall outside the range of values?

First, this is not homework, it is actually for work. It's been a couple of years since I've done stats and need some help! I've googled for this problem but was unavailable to find any resources that ...
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Finding the 99% of a normally distributed graph

The heights of adults are normally distributed with a mean of 187.5 cm and a standard deviation of 9.5 cm. A standard doorway is designed so that 99% of adults have a space of at least 17 cm over ...
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Statistics - Calculating Mean given standard deviation and percentage.

This is one of our homework problems for Statistics. I'm really stuck on this one, and it would be great if someone could show me how to solve this, or at least set up the equation. The weights of ...
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Unbiased sample standard deviation of a custom/unknown probability distribution

Hi i must determine the unbiased sample standard deviation of an unknown probability distribution.I dont have the data of the full population so i must work with a sample. Now according to Wikipedia ...
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How to estimate the standard deviation in this normal distribution?

There is this simple looking basic statistics question that asks to estimate its mean and standard deviation. I have some doubts and just want to make sure whether my working is correct. For part ...
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Standard deviation in normal distribution

A manufacturer uses a machine to make metal rods.The diameter of the rods follow a normal distribution with a mean of 1cm and a standard deviation of 0.02cm If the standard deviation of the diameters ...
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Finding the percentile of a value given other percentiles

I am using someone else's research and only have part of the data. I want to find the percentile of a value, such as 350.2, based upon the data given. The following is known: mean = 308.2 The ...
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Showing deviation of data on a fixed scale

I'm creating a chart in D3 which shows the Mode from a large (1mil +) dataset; and colors it according to the standard deviation of the dataset. But the issue is that I need to map the range (Red ...
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Standard deviation of travel times

Suppose that travel times for Swinburne students are normally distributed with mean of $32.5$ minutes and a standard deviation of $5$ minutes. Complete the following sentence, giving figures correct ...
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Measure dispersion of a set of values resides in a range

I want to know what is best method to calculate (measure) the statistical dispersion of a set of values resides between a range. Scenario: My goal is to build an index. I have two methods that ...
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GRE - Standard Deviation

The frequency distributions shown above represent two groups of data. Each of the data values is a multiple of 10. Quantity A = The standard deviation of distribution A Quantity B = The standard ...
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Gaussian of different standard deviation and sample spacing

For given a set of samples position (e.g. $-2,-1,0,1,2$) I can define the correspondent, normalized, gaussian weights for a gaussian with std. deviation $1.0$. I know that if I scale all the sample ...