geometry as on the surface of a sphere, where "lines" are great circles and any pair of lines must intersect

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Volume of a spherical tetrahedron

In the paper Jun Murakami, The volume formulas for a spherical tetrahedron a formula for the volume of a spherical tetrahedron is given. I am trying to work through the details for the specific ...
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33 views

Law of sines: Euclidean, spherical & hyperbolic

There is a unified formulation of law of sines which is true in all 3 geometries (Euclidean, spherical, hyperbolic): $$ \frac{l(a)}{\sin\alpha}= \frac{l(b)}{\sin\beta}= \frac{l(c)}{\sin\gamma}, $$ ...
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How I cut my orange - spherical volume integral

I cut my orange in six eatable pieces, following some rules. My orange is a perfect sphere, and there is a cylindrical volume down through my orange, that is not eatable. In the diagram, the orange ...
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59 views

Ratio of the Volume of n-spherical cap to the volume of n-sphere

Assume an n-dimensional sphere with radius $R$ and volume $V^{(n)}_s$. Also assume a corresponding n-spherical cap with height $h$ and volume $V^{(n)}_c$. what is the ratio of two volumes? ...
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414 views

General Formula for Volume of Spherical Triangle

I'm working on a problem for which I'm trying to divide a sphere into layers defined by integer radius values ($r\in{1, 2, ...}$) such that the segments in each layer all have the same volume. Doing ...
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41 views

Internal angle of a vertex of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{E}^2$ and $\mathbb{S}^2$

I am currently working on determining the maximum number of times the minimum spherical distance can occur among $n$ points in $\mathbb{S}^2$, and I have the following question. In $\mathbb{E}^2$, ...
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64 views

Finding the leftmost, rightmost, top, and bottom, points, on a surface, of a sphere.

So I'm making a 3D game, and the player is inside a glass sphere. I'm projecting a bunch of points onto the sphere, and I need to find the leftmost, rightmost, topmost, and bottommost points, so I can ...
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51 views

Zero-distortion map projection

Is it possible to take a limit of map projections (from a sphere to a plane) with ever-smaller distortion factors to get some kind of dendritic limit projection that has zero distortion everywhere? My ...
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51 views

Intersection of Two Parabolas on a Sphere

I'm trying to implement the algorithm in this paper which describes an implementation of Fortune's algorithm on a sphere, and I'm getting hung up on the math explaining how to calculate the ...
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80 views

Given 3 Vertices of a Tetrahedron, Find the 4th

A regular tetrahedron is circumscribed by the Earth (assume spherical). You are given 3 of the 4 vertices (as latitude and longitude in decimal format), and asked to find the 4th. Any help is most ...
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37 views

Extremal constant width curves on sphere

Definition Given some length $w\in\mathbb R$, I'm interested in closed convex sets $S$ of points with the following properties: For all pairs of points from $S$, the distance between them will be ...
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46 views

integral over two spherical Bessel function

I am now having a problem regarding the integral over two spherical Bessel function. If anyone can give any help, it would be so nice of you. Thank you so much for any help. Specifically, I intend to ...
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60 views

Finding the coordinates of the corners of an aligned pole-centered spherical square

Given a spherical square of radius $1$, with edge midpoints at $(1, x, 0)$, $(1, x, \pi/2$), $(1, x, \pi)$ and $(1, x,3 \pi/2)$ (in the spherical coordinate system of (radial distance, polar angle, ...
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64 views

Average distance from point to spherical square?

I need to calculate the average distance from a point to a $4$ sided spherical polygon. Can someone point me to the right direction? I guess either the average point of a spherical square or centroid ...
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148 views

calculating the area on the surface os a sphere created by intersection of two spherical caps!

Consider a spherical object composed of two compartments (A and B, not necessarily hemispheres) sitting at the interface which is characterized by a plane separating 1 and 2. For this case, ...
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425 views

projection of a sphere onto a plane

Consider you have a sphere centered at the origin.The sphere has a diameter of $\frac{1}{2} \sqrt{\frac{3}{2}}$. This means that the inscribed cube has an edge of 1. Take any point from the plane ...
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179 views

How to calculate rotated global location coordinates (Long, Lat)?

Given the current global location coordinate system: -180 <-> 180 Longitude -90 <-> 90 Latitude A rotation of the globe 90 degrees counter-clockwise around the Y-axis would bring the north ...
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389 views

Geographic coordinates to pitch+yaw+pitch

I'm creating a very basic simulation which involves air travel across the world and am trying to correctly position and orient my aircraft in a rendered 3D representation. I am representing the Earth ...
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41 views

Explaining Spin(3)

I’m going to discuss the action of Spin(3) on Euclidean vectors. This thing has several alternative names: “versors”/“rotation quaternions”, “quaternionic adjoint representation”, “quaternion action ...
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31 views

Looking for algorithm for spherical point in polygon that works across meridian and anti-meridian

I need to process millions of latitude/longitude points every day to see if they are located within a defined lat/lon bounded polygon. The polygon may be rectangular, or it may be some irregular 3.. ...
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23 views

Spherical geometry/trigonometry: lat/lon of intersection between line of sight from a given lat/lon and altitude above ground

Originally posted in GIS, but not sure if it belongs there. Given a starting latitude, longitude and altitude, and a line of sight defined by azimuth and elevation, I want to find the latitude and ...
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66 views

A point minimizing total great circle distance to a given set of points on a hemisphere

If you have a set of points on a hemisphere, how do you find a point on that hemisphere that has the minimum total great circle distance to the points in the set.
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67 views

intersection of a line and plane on a 3-sphere

Suppose I have two 4D points, $\mathbf{a}=(a_1,a_2,a_3,a_4)$ and $\mathbf{b}=(b_1,b_2,b_3,b_4)$, that both lie on a unit 3-sphere (i.e. unit distance from origin). In addition, I have a 2-D plane that ...
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17 views

Trigonometric rule on a spherical square

Consider a square on a sphere (in three dimensions), with edges of length $a$ and angles $\beta$. I want to prove the following formula: $$ \cos(a) = \cot^2(a) = \frac{1 + \cos(\beta)}{1 - ...
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63 views

How to find Latitudes and Longitudes of projections of the vertices of a rectangular plane below earth's surface?

I want to find out the latitudes and longitudes of projections of the vertices of a rectangular plane inside the earth's surface. I know dimensions of rectangle, angles of orientation and latitude and ...
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38 views

creating a mono-monostatic body from a basketball and acrylic tube

I'm looking for a formula to calculate if it is possible to create a mono-monostatic body out of a miniature rubber basketball and an acrylic tube of a variable length. I have PUR casting resin that I ...
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34 views

Make a balloon with least total length of seams

I'd like to build a small hot-air balloon out of flame-retardant plastic sheeting to suspend a camera. The plastic sheeting (plastic film) is commonly sold in a long roll in a width of 20ft (6 ...
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65 views

Are there 3D tilings of a 3D projective hyperplane or 3-sphere?

I noticed that pentagons tile the projective plane (a spherical dodecahedron). Something they do not do on a flat euclidean plane. Is there analogous 3D tilings (honeycombs) of a 3D projective ...
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109 views

to find volume of spherical tetrahedron and triangle area

I have two question though they are different in some way Could any one tell me how to find area of spherical triangle in a easiest way? How to find the volume of Spherical tetrahedron! which is in ...
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439 views

Generating evenly distributed points on a sphere

How could I write an algorithm to generate n points distributed 'evenly' on a sphere? I already wrote an algorithm to generate points distributed uniformly on the surface (here), but by 'evenly' ...
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181 views

Centre of a spherical triangle

Suppose I have a triangle defined by 3 unit vectors {$v_1, v_2, v_3$} in a 3 dimensional complex inner product space. What would be the centre of such a triangle? I guess it should be something like ...
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167 views

Is there a general equation expressing the area of a spherical quadrilateral using two polar angles, an azimuth, and a radius?

Is there a general equation expressing the area of a spherical quadrilateral using two polar angles, $\theta_1$ and $\theta_2$, an azimuth, $\phi$, and a radius, $r$? I know this can be done by ...
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122 views

Name and properties of spherical polygon with small-circle sides

Just as the title says: is there a formal name for a convex polygon on a sphere, of which the vertices are connected not by great circle but by small circle segments? My end goal is to intersect two ...
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122 views

Find third geographic coordinate in triangle using spherical earth model

I'm trying to solve triangulation problems using geographic coordinates from a GPS. all calulations must use the spherical earth model (great circle distance). Given the points and lengths: Point A: N ...
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210 views

Apollonius Pursuit Problem

Most references in a brief search under 'Apollonius' concern tangent circles. The problem I am interested in is the Apollonius pursuit problem. In the plane, the question concerns the point at which ...
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368 views

How to project a spherical map onto a sphere / cube

I have this panorama, an spherical map from google streetview, and want to map this on a sphere/cube. Below are some examples and illustrations, i am going to implement it in c++ and are not sure ...
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263 views

Isomorphic triangles?

From my previous post I have learnt that spherical triangles can have different interior angle sums. Is this enough to argue that the triangles are not isomorphic? I am not sure how isomorphism works ...
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94 views

Definition of stereoprojection and Möbius maps

@WillieWong has kindly pointed out that there are 2 definitions of stereographic projection. One with the unit sphere placed on top of the plane, the other where the plane is at the equator of the ...
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121 views

Stereographic projections and cross-ratios

Would anybody shed some light on question 2.11 in Wilson's Curved Spaces? The numbers $p,q\in \hat{\mathbb{C}}$ are stereographic projections of points $P,Q$ on the unit sphere. The spherical ...
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98 views

Analytical calculation of the resulting surface between a sphere and a spherical cap from another sphere

Let's say I have one spherical cap, resulting from cutting a sphere centered at origin and with radius R1 with a plane, whose normal goes into the direction of the ...
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23 views

Does there exist a spherical quadrilateral with all angles pi/2?

Does there exist a spherical quadrilateral with all angles pi/2? I do not think so but I am not sure. I am unable to really visualize this. Please offer suggestions. Thank you.
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find a triangle on S2 all of whose angles are pi/2

I am stuck on this question. I am not sure how specific to be but I am thinking it is the triangle formed by any three great circles passing on S2 since they pass through the origin. Please offer ...
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32 views

Find the length of any great circle on $\mathbb{S}^2$

I am speculating that the length is $2\pi$ because the circumference of a unit circle in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is $2\pi$. From my understanding, a great circle in $\mathbb{S}^2$ would be a circle centered ...
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14 views

Determining end coordinates of line with the specified length and angle on a spherical surface.

I have the point (x1o (degree),y1o (degree)), the angle 0≤a<360 in degrees and the length l>0. How do I determine the end point (x2o (degree),y2o (degree)) if there is a line between (x1o ...
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14 views

Stereographic Projection preserves angles at the south pole

Show that stereographic projection preserves angles at the "south pole" $S=(0,0,-1)$. I really don't know how to approach this problem. The main problem is that I do not have a good definition ...
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30 views

Loxodrome : found an error on wolfram MathWorld web site?

Could it be?... We find this claim on Wolfram MathWorld site http://mathworld.wolfram.com/SphericalSpiral.html The claim is that this curve (given in oblate spheroidal coordinates in the limit where ...
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Question on setting up Gosset for a spherical caps search

I just obtained Neil Sloane's Gosset program which does spherical designs, but I am having trouble setting it up to look for n optimal spherical caps on the unit sphere S2. Has anyone here used Gosset ...
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Rotation invariant method to compare points on spherical surface

Is there any rotation invariant method that I can use to compare the similarity between the three groups of "A" points as shown below?
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47 views

A continuous centerpoint of a convex spherical polygon

In discrete geometry, a centerpoint $c$ of a discrete set $S$ of $n$ points in the plane is such that any half plane containing $c$ contains (roughly) $n/3$ points of $S$. (Such a centerpoint always ...
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77 views

list of points of a circle on a sphere, given a coordinate and radii

Here's the setup: a sphere with radius R. Now choose a single point or coordinate, C, on the sphere (in latitude and longitude). Now choose a smaller radius, S, and draw a circle around the point C. ...