Questions on spherical coordinates, a three-dimensional coordinate system where a point is represented in terms of its distance from the origin, and its latitude and longitude angles (or complements thereof).

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3
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2answers
3k views

building transformation matrix from spherical to cartesian coordinate system

How to arrive at the following from given $ x = r\sin \theta \cos \phi, y = r\sin \theta \sin \phi, z=r\cos\theta $ $$ \begin{bmatrix} A_x\\ A_y\\ A_z \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \sin ...
3
votes
1answer
333 views

Prove that hyperspherical coordinates are a diffeomorphism, derive Jacobian

The explicit form for the transformation into hyperspherical coordinates is $$x_1 = r\sin\theta_1 \sin\theta_2 \dotsb \sin \theta_{n-1} \\ x_2 = r\sin\theta_1 \sin\theta_2 \dotsb \cos \theta_{n-1} \\ ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

Applied Math question: Is there a way to use the set of GPS satellite positions as a lattice?

Okay, I am wondering if it is possible to take a satellite constellation, say the gps satellites, and use the satellites' positions (at time $t$) as points (shown below) and use them as a lattice. ...
0
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2answers
86 views

Evaluating $\iiint_v(3x^2+3y^2+3z^2) \, dv$ using Spherical Coordinates

I'm having issues solving $\iiint_v(3x^2+3y^2+3z^2) \, dv$ using Spherical Coordinates I made the ffg substitutions: $x=r\sin\theta\sin\phi, y=r\sin\theta \cos\phi, z=r\cos\theta$ Thus ...
0
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2answers
412 views

Center of mass of one octant of a non-homogenous sphere

Find the center of mass of that part of the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2 \le a^2$ having $x,y,z \ge 0$ (that is, the part in the first octant) With density given by $\rho(x,y,z)=(x^2+y^2+z^2)^{3/2}$ It ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Reference for differentiation of an integral over variable ball

I am looking for a reference for a 'well-known' formula in $\mathbb{R}^d$: $$ \frac{d}{dr} \int_{\lVert x\rVert\leq r} f(x)dx= \int_{\lVert y\rVert=r} f(y)dS(y), $$ where $dS$ is the Lebesgue surface ...
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0answers
18 views

How can I obtain a unit vector of a shifted spherical system?

I hope that I can explain myself clear enough, Assuming I have a sphere that has been moved down in the $Z$-axis. I know that r unit vector when the sphere is not shifted can be expressed as: ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How to solve this problem using spherical coordinates system?

The question is very simple: Volume inside the solid limited by:$ (X^2+Y^2+Z^2=16), (X^2+Y^2=4)$ using SPHERICAL coordinates system. The final answer however can be checked making a "cylindrical ...
0
votes
2answers
385 views

converting kph and heading to xyz velocity vector

I am writing software (in C++) that is required to send out messages from our simulation system to another simulation system. Problem is we track the simulation object's current speed (kph) and ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Compute Surface Integral

Integrate $x^2+y^2$ over the upper hemisphere of radius $a>0$ centered at $(0,0,0)$. $\textbf{Edit}$ Consider the parametrization of the upper hemisphere given by $$X(\phi, \theta) = (a ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Volume of a cube in spherical polars

Let us calculate the volume of the cube using spherical coordinates. The cube has side-length $a$, and we will centre it on the origin of the coordinates. Denote elevation angle by $\theta$, and the ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Proof of change in position vector in spherical coordinates

I have found it hard to proof that ${d\vec r=dr\hat r+rd\theta\hat \theta}$ in spherical coordinates. Also it would be great if somebody can explain what ${d\vec r}$ is because I read different things ...
1
vote
2answers
255 views

How many coordinates are necessary to determine a sphere?

Do determine a circle, you would need at least three coordinates. How many are necessary to determine a sphere?
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1answer
67 views

Correct order of taking dot product and derivatives in spherical coordinates

I tried to derive definition of divergence in spherical coordinates from gradient and got: $${\vec \nabla \cdot \vec A=\bigg (\frac{\partial}{\partial r}\hat r+\frac{1}{r}\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
11
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5answers
25k views

Surface Element in Spherical Coordinates

In spherical polars, $$x=r\cos(\phi)\sin(\theta)$$ $$y=r\sin(\phi)\sin(\theta)$$ $$z=r\cos(\theta)$$ I want to work out an integral over the surface of a sphere - ie $r$ constant. I'm able to derive ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

lat/lon spherical coordinates to equidistant spherical coordinates

How to transform spherical data expressed in latitude/longitude pairs (parallels/meridians) in a new set of pair expressed just in parallels pairs? In other words, I need to transform data expressed ...
1
vote
1answer
923 views

Rotation matrix in spherical coordinates

When given arbitrary point on a unit sphere $a = (\theta, \phi)$ and an arbitrary axis $\vec{A}=(\Theta, \Phi)$, can we have an algebraic expression for $a_1=(\theta_1, \phi_1)$ which is a rotation of ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Projection of a 3D spherical function to a carteasian axis

I have a 3D function defined in a spherical coordinate system $(r,\theta,\phi)$, which is written as a product of a radial function $R_{nl}(r)$ and a spherical harmonic $Y_{lm}(\theta,\phi)$ I.e $$ ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Closure for Legendre Polynomials

Suppose I have a PDE which can be solved by an expansion on the Legendre Polynomial basis, for an axisymmetric problem in spherical coordinates. For the derivation for such a problem, see these ...
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3answers
49 views

Cross product spherical coordinates

I can't wrap my head around the result of the cross product of two vectors in spherical coordinates. Is it a vector or something that I can represent geometrically? For example, given two vectors in ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Rotating a point in spherical coordinates around Cartesian axis

If I have a point in spherical coordinates, and I rotate it around one of the Cartesian axes, what will be the new spherical coordinates for the point? Both spherical and Cartesian coordinate systems ...
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1answer
23 views

Azimuth angle limit in Spherical co-ordinate system

In spherical co-ordinate system (r, θ, φ), θ can range from 0 to 2pi, but φ only varies from 0 to pi. Why is that?
1
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2answers
650 views

Equation of a straight line in spherical coordinates

I'm trying to prove the angle sum formula for a triangle on the surface of a sphere. In order to do this I wanted to create a general triangle on the sphere, with one vertex at $\theta = 0$ and one ...
0
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0answers
15 views

How shall I find the angle between two vectors inside a sphere using spherical coordinates.

How shall I find the angle between two vectors inside a sphere using spherical coordinates. I want to compute the angle between two vectors by spherical coordinates only and not by any ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Finite difference expressions for spherical coordinates

I have information in a spherical grid, that is, I have a value for each combination of $\rho$, $\psi$, $\theta$ ($\rho$ - distance from origin to center of grid cell, $\psi$ - elevation angle to ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

How are arc components of a spherical system derived?

I am studying a flight dynamics book (see Flight Dynamics by Stengel) and am rusty on spherical coordinates. Commonly, aerospace coordinates use a North/East/Down right-hand system. So $z=-h$, ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Rotate a unit sphere such as to align it two orthogonal unit vectors

I have two orthogonal vectors $a$, $b$, which lie on a unit sphere (i.e. unit vectors). I want to apply one or more rotations to the sphere such that $a$ is transformed to $c$, and $b$ is transformed ...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

Volume of the region outside of a cylinder and inside a sphere

The cylinder is $x^2 +y^2 = 1$ and the sphere is $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 4$. I have to find the volume of the region outside the cylinder and inside the sphere. The triple spherical integral for this ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Find volume of the cap of a sphere of radius R with thickness h

I have to determine the volume and the formula for the volume for this spherical cap of height $h$, and the radius of the sphere is $R$: Two methods: *I just need help setting up the triple ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Representation of a cone in 3D

I need to find the representation of a cone in the 3D space with the following criteria: It's tip is located at the origin. It opens in the positive direction of the axis (it’s one-sided). The ...
1
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1answer
49 views

analytic solution poisson equation spherical coordinates

I'm trying to analitically solve a poisson equation $\nabla^{2}p(r,\theta,\phi)=f(r,\theta)$ in spherical coordinates; the boundary condition is $p(\infty,\theta,\phi)$=0. I'm quite used to the ...
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0answers
13 views

Integrating over particular grids to obtain Spherical Harmonic coefficients

Theoretically the spherical harmonic expansion coefficients of a function $f$ should be calculated via a continuous integration: $$F_{lm} = \int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{\pi} ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Smart coordinates for six-dimensional integral

I have a (hopefully) simple question: I am dealing with a definite (on all of $\mathbb{R}^6$) six-dimensional integral $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^6} F(\vec{x}_1,\vec{x}_2)d^3x_1d^3x_2$$ where the function ...
2
votes
3answers
43 views

2-Sphere surface coordinate dimension

Ordinary sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$ is two-dimensional object (2-sphere), i.e. it requires at least two coordinates to define point on a surface. As I notice, however, there is a catch. If we use ...
1
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2answers
61 views

How can I evaluate this integral over a sphere, with surface area element instead of volume element?

$$\int_S (x^2 + y^2)d\sigma,$$ where S is the sphere of radius 1 centered at (0,0,0) and $\sigma$ is surface area. I would like some hints on how to proceed. This is tricky, since I am not being ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Spherical Parametrization of a Cholesky Decomposition

[Background: Trying to build up my math base knowledge (self-taught) to follow an explanation on page 291 of this document, dealing with spherical parametrization to estimate unknown ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Help with limits of integration in spherical coordinates

$$\int_\Omega F(\theta,\phi) \sin(\phi) \, d\Omega$$ where $\Omega$ represents the (outer) surface of a spherical cap on a unit sphere. Specifically, let the center of the spherical cap be in some ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Problem in deducing gradient in spherical coordinates.

I know the differential displacement in spherical coordinate as $$dr \cdot \widehat{r}+ r d\theta\cdot\widehat{\theta} + r\sin\theta d\phi\cdot \widehat{\phi}$$. But I can't figure out how the ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why must power series count up by integers 0,1,2.. in 3D harmonic oscillator in spherical coordinates?

http://www.physicspages.com/2013/01/17/harmonic-oscillator-in-3-d-spherical-coordinates/ http://quantummechanics.ucsd.edu/ph130a/130_notes/node244.html These are two links that have roughly the same ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Calculating two rotation angles from xyz coordinates for dummies

This post is a bit verbose so that others who come later may benefit from my thick headedness. I am attempting to construct a primitives composition and constructed solids geometry parser/processor ...
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0answers
17 views

Particular Solutions to Time Independent Nonhomogeneous PDE's in Spherical Coordinates

I find myself working with PDE's like: $$\nabla^2f = G$$ or $$\nabla^2 f + k^2f = G$$ in spherical coordinates. I know that the homogeneous form of these equations (Laplace's and Helmholtz) have ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

How do I calculate the angles between a point on a sphere and each unit vector in $\Bbb R ^3$?

Given the Cartesian coordinates of any point $p$ on the surface of a sphere in $\Bbb R ^3$, how do I calculate the angles between each axis $(x, y, z)$ and the vector $n$ defined by origin $o$ and ...
4
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2answers
108 views

Geometry: What is being calculated here?

Context: I am a computer graphics programmer looking at a code-implementation. I need help understanding a function that has neither been documented properly nor commented. Given a circle with ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Coordinates on the sphere not global?

I'm reading a book on differential geometry and some part of the introduction I do not understand but I'm curious to understand it. Maybe someone can try to explain those parts to me. "Each point on ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

periodic radial basis function

A have a point cloud ,described in spherical coordinates, which I need to fit with a smooth surface. I'm trying to do this with a bivariate radial basis function network, which operates on a spherical ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

Using spherical coordinates to find volume of a region

Use spherical coordinates to find the volume of the region lying above $z = \sqrt{3x^2+3y^2}$ and within the $x^2+y^2+z^2=2az$, $a>0$. So far I know that the first graph is a cone and the second ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Finding volume of a cone using triple integral

The cone has the formula: $x^2 + y^2 = z^2 , 0≤z≤2$ So I used the cylindrical coordinates to get the following answer: $$\int_0^{2\pi}\int_0^2\int_0^2 dz\,rdr\,d\theta = 8\pi$$ In the solution of ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Reverse use of Haversine formula

Alright the title is not the best. What I want to do is to change the given parameters in Haversine's formula. If we know the lat,lng of two points we can calculate their distance. I found the ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Determine the volume of a solid given specific bounds

Determine the volume of the solid enclosed by the paraboloid $z = x^2 + y^2$ and the plane with equation $4x − 2y + z = 0$. Could someone explain to me whether I use double integral polar coordinates ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

How do I get vectors orthogonal to the one generated by the spherical coordinate formula?

Given a formula: F : ℝ → ℝ → ℝ3 F(θ,φ) = (cos(φ)*sin(θ), sin(φ)*sin(θ), cos(θ)) what are the formulas: ...