Questions on spherical coordinates, a three-dimensional coordinate system where a point is represented in terms of its distance from the origin, and its latitude and longitude angles (or complements thereof).

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31 views

Projecting non-central Gaussian on a sphere?

Suppose I have an $n$-dimensional Gaussian random variable with mean $\mu\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and covariance matrix $\sigma^2I_n$, where $I_n$ is the identity matrix. If I condition on the distribution ...
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55 views

volume in spherical coordinates

I am trying to find the region bounded by the sphere $p = 2\cos\psi$ and hemisphere $p=1$, $z\geq 0$. Not quiet sure not to do this problem, so please help.
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1answer
52 views

Distortion in spherical coordinates

I'm trying to realized 3d models of stones. My idea was to create a 2D random angular distribution with opportune correlation, namely $R(\theta,\varphi)=rand(\theta,\varphi,c_l)$ where ...
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48 views

Proof of $\vec(r) \times \nabla$ in spherical coordinates

My professor claims, that $\vec{r} \times \vec{\nabla} = \vec{e}_{\varphi} \frac{\partial}{\partial \vartheta} - \vec{e}_{\vartheta} \frac{1}{r\sin \vartheta} \frac{\partial}{\partial \varphi}$ in ...
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1answer
76 views

Numerical solution needed for the quadratic equation (spheres)

There are three point coordinates $A(x_1,y_1,z_1),B(x_2,y_2,z_2),C(x_3,y_3,z_3)$, where $z_1=z_2=z_3$ Now, $(x-x_1)^2+(y-y_1)^2+(z-z_1)^2=d_1^2$ this equation can be written for my system as ...
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2answers
107 views

Computing distance from line to point in geodetic environment

Supposing to be in a cartesian plan and that I have the following point: $$A(x_{1},y_{1}), B(x_{2},y_{2}), C(x_{3},y_{3}), D(x_{4},y_{4})$$ $$P(x_{0},y_{0})$$ Now immagine two lines, the fist one ...
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71 views

Integrating Over Truncated Sphere

Consider the volume bounded by the sphere of radius R (with center $r_0$ = R/2 z) and the plane z = 0. Evaluate $\int dS$ over the surface of the truncated sphere. I'm not sure how to integrate over ...
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233 views

Conversion from Spherical Coordinates to Cartesian Coordinates aligned along arbitrary polar axis

I have spherical coordinates $w = (\theta, \phi)$ such that $\theta$ is the angle between $w$ and the polar axis (let's assume $z$ is up). Assuming $w$ is a unit vector, the conversion to cartesian ...
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1answer
83 views

How to derive curl in spherical coordinates

This is one of those questions where I know I am making a dumb mistake someplace and I am trying to check where it is. $$ \begin{vmatrix} \frac{\bf\hat r}{r^2\sin\theta} & ...
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1answer
143 views

Angled Spherical Sector - formulas?

I am glad to be here. First off, please excuse my almost saddening lack of knowledge. Math (in general) isn't my strong point. I might ask some really basic questions, you have been warned :) The ...
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74 views

Joint PDF for spherical region

A sphere has a coordinate system (r, $\theta$, $\phi$) with the origin at the center of the sphere. What is the joint PDF of the r and $\phi$ coordinates, $f_{r,\phi}(r,\phi)$, for a randomly ...
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1answer
222 views

Directions in spherical coordinates

Say I have a system with standard spherical coordinates. There's a man on that sphere and he's standing on the equator facing east. He chooses a random angle $0°-360°$ and turns that much in the clock ...
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0answers
347 views

Distance of two points in spherical coordinates

Today I was trying to solve a physics exercise and ran into some mathematical problems. Consider two concentric spheres $K_{1,2}$ with radii $R_{1,2}$. I wanna solve the following integral: $$E_{ij} ...
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0answers
466 views

Generating evenly distributed points on a sphere

How could I write an algorithm to generate n points distributed 'evenly' on a sphere? I already wrote an algorithm to generate points distributed uniformly on the surface (here), but by 'evenly' ...
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199 views

Centre of a spherical triangle

Suppose I have a triangle defined by 3 unit vectors {$v_1, v_2, v_3$} in a 3 dimensional complex inner product space. What would be the centre of such a triangle? I guess it should be something like ...
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610 views

Rotating co-ordinates in 3D

Suppose I have 3 axes, $x$, $y$, and $z$ such that $x$ is horizontal, $y$ is vertical, and $z$ goes in/out of the computer screen where $+$ve values stick out and $-$ve values are sunken in. Suppose ...
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70 views

Knowing coordinates of a point having two coordinates and the distance.

I have the two geographic coordinates of the lower corners of a wall. So, for example, i want to know what is the coordinate that is for example 15cm on the right of the lower corner left. Is that ...
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175 views

Cross-section of a circle with a three-dimensional Gaussian

Suppose I have a three-dimensional Gaussian with mean $\bar{\mu}$, volume $A$ and covariance matrix $\Sigma$ $$G(X)=\frac{A}{\sqrt{(2\pi)^{3}\det(\Sigma)}}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(X-\mu)^{T}\cdot ...
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1answer
272 views

dotting gradient in spherical coordinates with displacement vector

The gradient in spherical coordinates is given by: $\nabla f = \left(\frac{\partial f}{\partial r}, \frac{1}{r} \frac{\partial f}{\partial \theta}, \frac{1}{r \sin \theta} \frac{\partial f}{\partial ...
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0answers
190 views

Relative spherical coordinates of 2 points.

I have 2 points in space, defined by their spherical coordinates. I'd like to know the spherical coordinates of the second point in a reference system centered on the first point (I know the unit ...
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0answers
161 views

What is the name for the axis that “inclination angle” is measured from in spherical coordinates?

What is the name for the axis that "inclination angle" is measured from in spherical coordinates? I keep trying to call it "polar axis", and the other axis from which the azimuth is measured, the ...
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3answers
67 views

Triple Integral in Spherical Coordinates.

$\newcommand{\de}{\operatorname{d}}$A little stuck on this one. $$\iiint_V ye^{-(x^2+y^2+z^2)^2}\de V$$ Use Spherical Coordinates to evaluate where V is the solid that lies between y=0 and the ...
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1answer
62 views

Granted I have NE and SW coordinates for a rectangle, how do I get the center point?

I've got the NE and SW coordinates/points for a minimum bounding rectangle. How do I calculate the center point of this rectangle? At first thought, I could calculate this using simple division. ...
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2answers
38 views

How do I calculate opposite / most distanced coordinates on the earth?

If i get this coordinates: City Coordinates: 43°52′0″N 18°25′0″E φ Latitude °N, λ Longitude °E (of Map center): (43.8562586, 18.413076300000057) How do i determine most distant / opposite ...
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1answer
65 views

Find the volume inside

Find the volume inside the torus $\rho=\sin\phi$. First of all how can $\rho=\sin\phi$ represent a torus? I can't even visualise that. All Ideas are welcome, this looks like a 'food for thought ...
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1answer
137 views

Finding the limits of a triple integral.

Evaluate: $$\iiint_V (x^2+y^2)\:\mathrm{d}x\:\mathrm{d}y\:\mathrm{d}z,$$ where $V$ is the region in the positive octant bounded by the sphere $\|\vec{r}\|=a$. I am unsure how to get the limits of ...
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2answers
39 views

Divergence of vector in spherical coordinates

How should I calculate the divergence for $$\vec{V}=\frac {\vec{r}}{r^2}$$ Is it possible to convert it from spherical coordinates to cartesian?
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2answers
681 views

Identifying a surface $\rho^2\cos(2\phi)-1=0$

I need convert this spherical expression, to a rectangular form (specific surface). $$\rho^2\cos(2\phi)-1=0$$ Thanks for a while.
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1answer
1k views

Converting from Spherical to Rectangular

I need to convert $\rho \sin\phi=2\cos\theta$ in to rectangular form. Attempt: I tried using those nice properties : $$x=\rho\sin\phi\cos\theta \\y=\rho\sin\phi\sin\theta\\z=\rho\cos\phi$$ and ...
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3answers
56 views

The geometric meaning of certain mappings written in cylindrical or spherical coordinates

What is the geometric meaning of the following mappings, that are written in cylindrical coordinates? The mappings are: $$(r, \theta, z) \rightarrow(r, \theta , -z) \\ (r, \theta , z) \rightarrow (r, ...
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1answer
221 views

Drawing ellipse as google.maps.Polygon with 8 points

In a web page using Google Maps JavaScript API v3 (including Geometry library) I currently draw an ellipse as a "diamond" with 4 corner points by the following JavaScript code: ...
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2answers
30 views

Derivation for the integrating term in line integrals and volume integrals in spherical coordinates

Can anyone refer me to, or respond with, the derivation for the integrating term in line integrals $dl=dr\hat{r}+rd\theta\hat{\theta}+r\sin\theta\ d\phi\hat{\phi}$ and volume integrals ...
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2answers
47 views

How can I solve these two tough integrals?

\begin{equation*} J_{1} = \int_{0}^{\sqrt{{\pi}/{6}}} \int_{y}^{\sqrt{{\pi}/{6}}} \cos{(x^2)}\,dx\,dy \end{equation*} \begin{equation*} J_{2} = \int\int_{E}\int z e^{(x^2+y^2)} + xe^{x^8}\,dV, ...
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1answer
26 views

Conversion to Spherical Coordinates

http://www.physics.usu.edu/Wheeler/QuantumMechanics/QMOrbitalAngularMomentum.pdf Unfortunately, this is the first time I've come across a conversion to spherical coordinates and I'm pretty lost. The ...
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2answers
437 views

How to move a camera in “Flight Simulator” style (Roll, Pitch, Yaw) using a joystick

I am working on a video game where the camera movement (what the viewer sees) is controlled by a joystick. I want the camera movement to act like a flight simulator meaning the following: When the ...
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2answers
681 views

How to calculate the angle between two vectors, defined by 3 points on the earth?

I want to develop a formula to calculate the angle between two vectors. The vectors will be OX and OY (from point O to X , and Y), where the points are defined by their latitude and longitude values. ...
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1answer
124 views

Exterior Product $d\Phi_1\wedge d\Phi_2$ and spherical coordinates

One short question: If $\Phi\colon\mathbb{R}^3\to\mathbb{R}^3$, defined by $$ \begin{pmatrix}r\\\vartheta\\\phi\end{pmatrix}\mapsto\begin{pmatrix}r\sin \vartheta\cos \phi\\r\sin \vartheta ...
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1answer
440 views

Triple Integral Spherical Coordinates

So I have to compute the triple integral of this: $\int\int\int \frac{1}{1+x^2+y^2+z^2}$ and it says the equation of the sphere is $ x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = z$ which is just an elongated sphere running ...
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1answer
429 views

Finding a third coordinate on a sphere that is equidistant from two known coordinates

Here is my problem that I'm having some trouble with: I have the coordinates (latitude and longitude) of two points on Earth. I have no problem finding the great circle distance between the two ...
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1answer
85 views

Spherical Coordinates

Let Q be the region above by the plane $8z=4-x-y$ and below by the cone $64z^2=x^2+y^2$. How would I setup the triple integral to find volume of Q, using spherical coordinates? I just need help with ...
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3answers
26 views

Cylindrical - Spherical coordinates

We are given a point in cylindrical coordinates $(r, \theta , z)$ and we want to write it into spherical coordinates $(\rho , \theta , \phi)$. To do that do we have to write them first into ...
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1answer
54 views

Radius of the Earth at N32.704220, W90.000000?

I want to express a point on a map in radian spherical coordinates. By Google maps, this location is north of Canton, MS, USA just a few hundred feet from US 51. In radian spherical coordinates, ...
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2answers
19 views

Spherical distance

The spherical distance between two points (P1=(0,0,1) P2=($\frac{1}{2\sqrt{2}}$,$\frac{1}{2\sqrt{2}}$,$-\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$) ) is $\frac{5\pi }{6}$ I am at a loss as to how the spherical distance was ...
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1answer
25 views

Writing same equation in different forms

I am working with a unit circle with imaginary integration. I know from experience that this can be written as $f(\theta)=\cos t+ i \sin t$ or $e^{i \theta } $ My question would be if i have a circle ...
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1answer
59 views

convert triple integral $\int_{-6}^{6}\int_{-\sqrt{36-x^2}}^{\sqrt{36-x^2}}\int_{x^2+y^2}^{36}x\,dz\,dy\,dx$ to spherical coordinates

I need to convert the following integral from rectangular to spherical coordinates $$ \int_{-6}^{6}\int_{-\sqrt{36-x^2}}^{\sqrt{36-x^2}}\int_{x^2+y^2}^{36}x\,dz\,dy\,dx $$ I am able to convert it to ...
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1answer
24 views

Spherical coordinates on cartesian straight lines

I'm trying to solve this problem: Compute the volume of the solid bounded by: the surface $(z+1)^2=x^2+y^2,$ the surface $4z=x^2+y^2,$ above the $xy$ plane. I want to do it with spherical ...
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1answer
22 views

Envisioning Spherical Coordinates

Is there a way to envision these two equations in spherical coordinates without plotting a bunch of points? I'm interested in what the surfaces look like. $$\rho=\sin\theta\sin\phi$$ ...
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1answer
26 views

Converting to Spherical Coordinates that have a Large Azimuth?

I've run into a problem converting Cartesian coordinates to spherical coordinates. Say I've got a vector/point $p=(-1,5,7\frac{2}{3})$. Obviously, finding the polar angle/inclination isn't going to ...
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1answer
26 views

Integration in d-dimensional spherical coordinates

Can someone please tell me why $$\left(\int_0^\infty dr\, e^{-r^2}\right)^d=\int_0^\infty dr\,r^{d-1}S_d e^{-r^2}?$$ Why doesn't $d$ end up joining the exponential?
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1answer
112 views

Determine if one point lies between two other points on a sphere

My question is rather simple. Can I use the dot product to determine if a coordinate lies between two others? With coordinates I mean a Point P(latitude, longitude) on the surface of the sphere. I ...