Questions on spherical coordinates, a three-dimensional coordinate system where a point is represented in terms of its distance from the origin, and its latitude and longitude angles (or complements thereof).

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1answer
43 views

Del on Riemannian manifolds

I was supposed to figure out what $grad(div(e_r))$ is, where $e_r$ is the unit vector in spherical coordinates. In the following I assume $g:=diag(1,r^2,r^2sin^2(\theta))$ be the metric tensor. My ...
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2answers
154 views

Find volume of the cap of a sphere of radius R with thickness h

I have to determine the volume aka the formula for the volume for this spherical cap of height h and the radius of the sphere is R. ...
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2answers
532 views

Volume of a sphere (r=2a) with hole(r=a) drilled through centre, using spherical polar coordinates.

Need help solving 11.bi), A cylindrical hole of radius a is bored through the center of a sphere of radius 2a. Find the volume of the remaining material, using spherical polar coordinates. (You ...
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2answers
96 views

can a great circle route be predicted from initial condition?

Assuming the world is a sphere with no wind, can the great circle route of a vessel be predicted from the current position $\{\phi_i,\lambda_i\}$ and the current true course $\theta_i$? Presently, ...
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2answers
200 views

Vector Picking on the Unit Sphere

Imagine a vector from the center of a unit sphere to its surface: Now imagine a second vector generated in indentical fashion. Given the first vector, how can I generate vectors to uniformally ...
2
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1answer
777 views

Find volume of a cone $z=k\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ bounded by $z=h$ using spherical coordinates

We were given this exercise in class to take home but I am a bit confused with it. If anyone could help I would appreciate it. Let $C$ be a conical solid bounded above by $z=h$ and below by the cone ...
2
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1answer
153 views

Triple Integral in Spherical Co-ordinates

Find the volume bounded by the surface $(x^2 + y^2 + z^2)^2 = 2z(x^2 + y^2)$ I have $x = \rho \sin\phi \cos\theta$, $y = \rho \sin\phi \sin\theta$, $z = \rho \cos\phi$. Therefore, $(x^2 + y^2 + ...
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2answers
664 views

Converting from Cartesian coordinates to Spherical coordinates

I want to understand how to convert from Cartesian coordinates to spherical coordinates. I have the following definitions: \begin{align} x & =r\sin\theta\cos\phi \\[6pt] y & ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Angle between GPS coordinates

I realize GPS Coordinates are spherical coordinates. However I know the earth is more of an ellipsoid. I need to compute with a fairly high degree of accuracy the pitch and yaw between two objects ...
2
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1answer
312 views

Equation for the sensitivity pattern of a bi-directional microphone?

Can anyone give me an equation that expresses the sensitivity pattern of a bi-directional microphone, as a function of azimuth and elevation angle? A bi-directional microphone pattern looks something ...
2
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1answer
312 views

Can you formulate a $ \phi, \theta $ restriction in spherical coordinates for a great circle?

Further to this question Quaternion rotation has a nice property that you can trace any great circle you like. You specify the axis of rotation, and you will automatically follow the great circle ...
2
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1answer
448 views

integral of a spherically symmetric 3-dimensional function over all space

I'm very sorry because it may be a very basic question but I'm not able whether to solve it for sure, nor to find an answer in stackexchange or elsewhere. I have to calculate $ \int \int ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Minimum of a potential function

I'm looking for extremes (minimum) of $$V = \frac{\alpha}{|\vec{r}_1-\vec{r}_2|} + \beta (\vec{r}_1 + \vec{r}_2)\cdot \vec{e}_z$$ where $\vec{r}_i = ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Spherical-Coordinate Reference Frame

my problem looks apparently easy but I can figure out a solution. I'm going through a paper about the Boltzmann equation and I got stuck with this change of coordinates. The original formula for Q ...
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2answers
759 views

Different ways for calculating distance between two geodetic points give me different results

I'm trying to calculate the distance between two geodetic points in two different ways. The points are: A:(41.466138, 15.547839) B:(41.467216, 15.547025) The ...
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2answers
150 views

How to find all 3 orthogonal vectors to a 4D vector

For a program I'm writing, I need to find the vectors orthogonal to a given vector rotated at an arbitrary angle, and in 4D. It is a unit vector. For 3D, I found the two orthogonal vectors like ...
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3answers
101 views

Writing triple integrals in spherical coordinates over nonspherical/nonconical regions

Defining upper and lower limits of integration for $\rho$, $\theta$, and $\phi$ is relatively easy when writing a triple integral in spherical coordinates if the region of integration is defined by ...
2
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2answers
199 views

Proving that $\nabla \times (U(r) \hat{r} = 0 $

I was just checking to see if I wsa doing this right, as it isn't a formal proof. Just showing the identity. Let $U(r) \hat{r}$ b a vector in spherical coordinates. Given that the vector is only ...
2
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1answer
320 views

Triple Integral over a shifted sphere

I am interested in the following: Let $f(x,y,z)$ be a given (known) function in Cartesian coordinates, and let $B_d(p_0) = \{ y: ||y-p_0|| < d \}$ (i.e., a sphere centered at p_0). I want to ...
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2answers
818 views

Projection of a 3D spherical distribution function in to a 2D cartesian plane

Consider a 3D spherical Gaussian distribution function that depends on radius only, $$f(r) = \frac{1}{N} e^{-(\frac{r-R_\mu}{\sigma})^2}$$ where $R_\mu$ is the radial offset of the distribution and ...
2
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2answers
154 views

Are there derivations of equations of non-degenerate real quadric surfaces

Take the ellipsoid for example $$(x^2/a^2)+(y^2/b^2)+(z^2/c^2)=1$$ in the x-y plane you have an ellipse described by $$(x^2/a^2)+(y^2/b^2)=1$$ (suppose z=constant) in the y-z plane you have an ellipse ...
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1answer
329 views

Change of coordinate system on a sphere

This might take a while to explain, so bear with me: I've got a perfect sphere. I've set up an arbitrary longitude/latitude ("angle") coordinate system on it (imagine an equator around the middle, ...
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2answers
454 views

Evaluating an integral in spherical coordinates over on odd shaped region.

I have to evaluate this integral: $$ \int_{0}^{\sqrt{2}}\int_{y}^{\sqrt{4-y^2}}\int_{0}^{\sqrt{4-x^2-y^2}} \sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}dzdxdy $$ in spherical coordinates. I see that the region in the xy ...
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2answers
258 views

How to use a Rhumb Line?

I am new to working with coordinate data and figured out the equation I am looking for is the Rhumb Line. I went to go research it and found a lot of equations and I still have no idea where to start. ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Coordinates of tilted circle.

The original question is as follows: Imagine a wire located at the intersection of $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$ and $x+y+z=0$, whose density depends on position according to $\rho({\bf x})=x^2$ per unit length. ...
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2answers
45 views

Laplacian $\frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial}{\partial r}(r^2 \frac{\partial \phi }{\partial r})= \frac{1}{r} \frac{\partial ^2 }{\partial r^2}(r \phi )$

Does anyone have any intuition on remembering or very quickly deriving that $$\frac{1}{r^2}\frac{\partial}{\partial r}(r^2 \frac{\partial \phi }{\partial r}) = \frac{1}{r} \frac{\partial ^2 ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Find the volume of the solid bounded by the surface given in spherical coordinates by $R = 4-3\cos(\phi)$.

It is worth noting that $R$ in this case denotes the distance from origin to a point $P$ in space. You may be more familiar with $\rho$ instead of $R$. Here is my attempted solution: I am assuming ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Triple integral over a sphere with parameter $2n$?

I need to intergrate $x^{2n}+y^{2n}+z^{2n}$ over a sphere of equation $x²+y²+z²=1$. I have thought of changing the coordinates from cartesian to spherical but I don't know how to deal with the ...
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0answers
56 views

Given 3 Vertices of a Tetrahedron, Find the 4th

A regular tetrahedron is circumscribed by the Earth (assume spherical). You are given 3 of the 4 vertices (as latitude and longitude in decimal format), and asked to find the 4th. Any help is most ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Prove that hyperspherical coordinates are a diffeomorphism, derive Jacobian

The explicit form for the transformation into hyperspherical coordinates is $$x_1 = r\sin\theta_1 \sin\theta_2 \dotsb \sin \theta_{n-1} \\ x_2 = r\sin\theta_1 \sin\theta_2 \dotsb \cos \theta_{n-1} \\ ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Divergence in spherical coordinates

On the one hand there is an explicit formula for divergence in spherical coordinates, namely: $$ \nabla \cdot \vec{F} = \frac{1}{r^2} \partial_r (r^2 F^r) + \frac{1}{r \sin \theta} \partial_\theta ...
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0answers
96 views

How do you set up the integral in spherical coordinates in the following problem?

Find the volume bounded by the surface $z = x^2 + y^2$ and $x^2+y^2 = 1$ in the first quadrant. The answer is $\pi/8$ using rectangular and cylindrical coordinates and that is the correct answer, but ...
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0answers
55 views

Finding the coordinates of the corners of an aligned pole-centered spherical square

Given a spherical square of radius $1$, with edge midpoints at $(1, x, 0)$, $(1, x, \pi/2$), $(1, x, \pi)$ and $(1, x,3 \pi/2)$ (in the spherical coordinate system of (radial distance, polar angle, ...
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0answers
81 views

expansion of function on spherical harmonics

Let $f :S^{n-1}\longrightarrow R_+$ be a square integrable function. Let $\{Y_{j,k}\}$ be an orthonormal basis of spherical harmonics on $S^{n-1}$, $j\in Z_+$ and $k=1, \ldots, d_n(j)$, where $d_n(j)$ ...
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0answers
143 views

Diffusion in Spherical Coordinates with mixed BC

I have been working through the book "A Guide to First-Passage Processes" and wanted to branch out on my own doing a calculation similar to what occurs in chapter 6. My basic problem comes from the ...
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1answer
74 views

Determining new coordinates after a rotation of a sphere

Imagine that I am standing at a place on Earth, using coordinates of say N41 W74. Now the Earth's axis rolls 90 degrees, causing the N/S axis to become the equator, and rotation resumes as before. ...
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0answers
485 views

Inverse Jacobian matrix of spherical coordinates

I found inverse transformation from spherical coordinates to cartesian coordinates (on $x>0$, $y>0$ and $z>0$). I have $$ r = w_1(x,y,z) = \sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2} $$ $$ \theta = w_2(x,y,z) = ...
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0answers
629 views

Calculate the volume between two spheres

I have to find the volume between the two spheres. Their equations are $x^2+y^2+z^2=2$ and $x^2+y^2+(z-\frac1 2)^2=\frac 1 4$ for $z>0$ The first one has center $(0,0,0)$ with $r=\sqrt 2$ and the ...
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0answers
485 views

How do I find the inverse Fourier transform of a function that is separable into a radial and an angular part?

I need to take the inverse Fourier transform of a function that is initially specified in spherical coordinates: $f(r, \theta, \phi) = \int_{R^3}F(k, ...
2
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1answer
2k views

building transformation matrix from spherical to cartesian coordinate system

How to arrive at the following from given $ x = r\sin \theta \cos \phi, y = r\sin \theta \sin \phi, z=r\cos\theta $ $$ \begin{bmatrix} A_x\\ A_y\\ A_z \end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \sin ...
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3answers
675 views

Solve the triple integral $\iiint_D (x^2 + y^2 + z^2)\, dxdydz$

How does one go about solving the integral: $$ \iiint_D (x^2 + y^2 + z^2)\, dxdydz, $$ where $$ D=\{(x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3: x^2 + y^2 + z^2 \le 9\}. $$ I believe I am supposed to convert to ...
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2answers
591 views

Probability density function for radius within part of a sphere

I would like to find the probability density function for radius within a given section of a sphere. For example, suppose I specify $\pi / 4 < \theta < \pi / 3$ and $\pi /7 < \phi < \pi ...
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2answers
2k views

Parametric Equation for Great Circle

So I've been doing a lot of searching and haven't found exactly what I'm looking for. My math skills are a bit rusty, so I haven't had luck deriving this on my own. What I'm looking for is an ...
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4answers
671 views

Coordinates notation in Spherical polar system

There is a number of conventions for specifying coordinates in Spherical polar coordinate system: ($r$, $θ$, $φ$), ($r$, $φ$, $θ$), ($\rho$, $\theta$, $\phi$) and even ($r$, $\psi$, $θ$). The article ...
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1answer
626 views

Optimal distribution of points over the surface of a sphere

How can one generate a distribution of N points over the surface of a sphere so that the all N voronoi cells have the same area? Which is the best algorithm for this?
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1answer
848 views

How do I find the Fourier transform of a function that is separable into a radial and an angular part?

how do I find the Fourier transform of a function that is separable into a radial and an angular part: $f(r, \theta, \phi)=R(r)A(\theta, \phi)$ ? Thanks in advance for any answers!
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2answers
42 views

Distance between two points in spherical coordinates

I want to find the distance between two points in spherical coordinates, so I want to express $||x-x'||$ where $x=(r,\theta, \phi)$ and $x' = (r', \theta',\phi')$ by the respective components. Is this ...
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2answers
72 views

Multivariable Calculus Volume of Integration Question

I have an integral $$ \iiint\sqrt{x^{2} + y^{2} + z^{2}\,}\,{\rm e}^{-\left(x^{2} + y^{2} + z^{2}\right)}\, {\rm d}x\,{\rm d}y\,{\rm d}z $$ The integration region is bounded by the sphere ...
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2answers
210 views

How to calculate volume of a cylinder using triple integration in “spherical” co-ordinate system?

Lets have a cylinder given by $x^2+y^2=1$ which is cut from the top by plane $z=2$ and bottom by $z=-2$.I am having problem regarding the limits of ρ for the equation ∭ ρ sin^2ϕ dρ dϕ dθ where ϕ is ...
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1answer
51 views

Consider the region shared by ρ=8cos(φ) and ρ=4. Find the volume of the region.

Consider the region shared by ρ=8cos(φ) and ρ=4. Find the volume of the region. I know it involves a triple integral, but do not understand how to set up the integral.