Tagged Questions

Spectral theory is a study of generalized notions of eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

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2
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0answers
90 views

Dirichlet eigenvalue problem on the Hilbert cube

I'm trying to solve the Dirichlet problem for the Helmholtz equation \begin{aligned}-\triangle u & = & \lambda u, & x\in\Omega,\\ u & = & 0, & x\in\partial\Omega, ...
3
votes
1answer
487 views

Spectral Theorem for bounded compact, self-adjoint operators as corollary of Hilbert-Schmidt theorem

I'm following Debnath and Mikusinksi's "Introduction to Hilbert Spaces with Applications" and am trying to understand how the spectral theorem for compact self-adjoint operators is a corollary of the ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

spectrum of unitary operator

On $L^2(-\infty, \infty)$, T is a bounded linear operator and is defined by $$Tf(t)= \begin{cases} f(t), & \text{for } t \geq 0 \ \cr -f(t), & \text{for } t<0, \end{cases}$$ I'm able to ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Spectrum proofs

Let $T$ be a densely defined closed unbounded operator on a Hilbert space $H$. Show that if $\lambda$ is a point in the residual spectrum of $T$, then $\bar{\lambda}$ is in the point spectrum of the ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Spectral family property: $\lambda \geq M \Rightarrow E_{\lambda} = I$

I'm following Kreyszig's "Introductory Functional Analysis with Applications" and I'm trying to follow his proof about some properties of a spectral family associated with a bounded self-adjoint ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

spectral radius monotonicity

I encountered an inequality when reading a paper. Can someone help to show how to prove it? Let be the spectral radius of matrix $A$ or $\rho(A)=\max\{|\lambda|, \lambda \text{ are eigenvalues of ...
0
votes
2answers
156 views

Representation of a bilinear form on an Hilbert space

Given a bilinear symmetric form $b(u,v)$ on a Hilbert space. I need to know some very basic facts. A reference where these are discussed would be greatly appreciated. 1) There exists a symmetric ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Null spaces and projections

I'm following Kreyszig's exposition of projections in "Introduction to Functional Analysis with applications". I'm trying to follow the proof of the following theorem (9.6-1 on pp. 486-487) regarding ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Spectrum of the unbounded operator $i\partial_x$

I've been puzzling over this for some time now, and can't quite make my intuitions precise. I need to find the resolvent set and spectrum of the operator $$ Lu=i\frac{du}{dx} $$ taken to be ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Residual spectrum is empty

I'm following Kreyszig's "Introductory Functional Analysis with Applications" and am trying to follow the proof of the following Theorem (9.2-4 on p. 468) For a bounded self-adjoint linear operator ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Can I deal with the weak derivative in the “strong” sense?

This is an exercise in functional analysis: For $k=1,2,3$, let $A_k: D(A_k)\subset L^2([0,1])\to L^2[(0,1)]$ be the first-order differential operators $A_ku=iu'$ with domains $$ D(A_1) = ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Find spectrum of the operator and an explicit form for the solution

Let $A: L^2[0,2\pi] \to L^2[0,2\pi]$ be defined by $Au=v$ if $v(x)=\int^{2\pi}_{0} cos(x+t)u(t)dt$ (a) Find the point spectrum, eigenspace, residual spectrum, continuous spectrum, and spectrum (b) ...
1
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0answers
135 views

Find spectrum of the operator

I need some help to find point spectrum, residual spectrum, continuous spectrum and for this problem. Let $\theta \in\mathbb{C}$. On the complex space $L^2[-1,1]$ consider the operator $Au=v,$ ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Convergence of operator norm

I have a linear bounded operator $A:L_2(0,1) \rightarrow L_2(0,1)$ satisfying $\|A^n\|^{1/n} \rightarrow 0$. Thus, for some sufficiently large $N$, $\|A^N\| < 1$ and then from Gelfand's formula, I ...
5
votes
2answers
112 views

Looking for a first order perturbation of the Laplacian having 0 in its spectrum

I would like to find an explicit example of a linear elliptic operator having the following form: $$Lu=-\Delta u +b(x)\cdot \nabla u, $$ where $b\colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$, and such that ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

number of zeros of the superposition/interference of sine oscillations

There is a tricky problem to solve and we ask for your kind help. In a rather simple version of the problem, we have a set of oscillations of type $f(x)=\sin (\omega x + \phi)$ with different phases ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Study of the Laplacian on the Hyperbolic plane

What's a good reference for the simplest case? I'm interested in the spectral theory of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the upper half plane (domain, self-adjoint extension, etc.). I only need this ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Showing a bound on a contour integral

I'm working through M. Schechter's 'Principles of Functional Analysis' and I'm working through a proof on page 136 that shows that the spectral radius $r_{\sigma} (T) $ of a bounded linear operator ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Proof that $A^n = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \oint _C z^n \left(z - A \right)^{-1} dz$

I'm working my way through Martin Schechter's 'Principles of Functional Analysis' (2nd ed.) and am trying to understand his proof of the following theorem, given on page 136: "Let $T:X\to X$ be any ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

spectrum of two bounded linear operators

Suppose that L and B are bounded linear operator on H, assume $0\in \rho(L) \cap \rho(L+B)$ and that $L^{-1}$ is compact. Prove that L+B also has a compact inverse.
0
votes
1answer
94 views

real spectrum of an almost symmetric stochastic matrix

Let $M$ be a real nonnegative square matrix ''almost'' symmetric ($A_{ij}=0$ if and only if $A_{ji}=0$). In addition, $M$ is irreducible (not necessarily primitive) and row stochastic (the sum of each ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Eigenvectors of a Self-adjoint Differential Operator Spans the Domain

Can someone, please, suggest a reference or what steps should I take to prove the following theorem: The set of eigenvectors of a self-adjoint differential operator, defined over a finite ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Show for compact operator $K$, if $||Kf|| < ||f|| \forall f$, then $||K|| < 1$.

I wanted to check my reasoning on proving this statement, and see if anyone had suggestions for other proofs of this fact. Again, the statement is, if $K$ is a compact operator on a Hilbert space ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Continuous functional calculus

Let $\mathscr H$ be a Hilbert space, and $\mathscr B(\mathscr H)$ is a $C^*$-algebra, $T\in \mathscr B(\mathscr H)$ is a normal operator. Let $C^*(T)$ denote the $C^*$- subalgebra generated by $T$ ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Convergence of Fourier series - strange graph in proof

I am reading a text that states the following related to convergence of Fourier series: $$g_K(x) = > ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Global solution for spectral clustering

I used spectral clustering for directed graphs suggested by Dengyong Zhou paper to partition the graph.I selected the eigen vectors corresponding to k largest eigen values and then I use kmeans or FCM ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Spectral density function in stationary process

I have the following argument in my Time Series class notes: Let ${u_t}$ be a mean zero covariance stationary process. Define $\gamma(j) = \mathbb{E}u_tu_{t-j}$ and $Y_t = \mu +C(L)u_t$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Spectral theorem of compact operators in Hilbert space

I am reading the following theorem from my lecture notes (English translation of German text). But I don't understand exactly what is meant from this theorem and the proof. Theorem. Let $H$ ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Image of a set under a mapping

I need to show that the image of the closed unit ball in $\mathbb{C}$, under the polynomial mapping $p(x) = (1-x)^2$ is the cardioid: ${re^{i\theta} : 0 \leq \theta < 2π, 0 ≤ r ≤ 2 + 2 ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Spectrum of the Hill Operator $L(y)= -y''+ v(x) y $

Consider the eigenvalue equation for the Hill operator $$L(y)= -y''+ v(x) y = \lambda y, \quad x\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $v(x)$ is any potential and $\lambda$ is the spectral parameter. If $v(x) ...
0
votes
2answers
253 views
0
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0answers
76 views

Spectral theory - a simple application

I'm following Martin Schechter's 'Principles of Functional Analysis' (Second Edition, 2002) and am interested in the spectral theory chapter (chapter six). In particular, I wish to make us of ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Evaluating difficult spectrum

Can anyone see how to show the spectrum of the bounded linear operator $T$ on $l^1$ defined by $$T((\alpha_j)) = (\alpha_j - 2\alpha_{j+1} + \alpha_{j+2})$$ is the cardioid $$\{(r, θ) : 0 ≤ θ < 2π, ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

In relation with the set of Fredholm perturbation elements

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital Banach algebras and $T\colon A\to B$ an homomorphism of Banach algebras. Let denote the set of Fredholm perturbation elements in $A$, i.e. $\operatorname{Ft}:=\{r\in ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Determining the spectral density?

Suppose you have a process $X_{t} = 0.5X_{t-1} + w_{t}$ where $w_{t}$ is $WN(0,\sigma^{2})$. How does one determine the spectral density of the process? Do you first find the ACF of the process and ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

The spectrum of $C(K)$ where $K$ is a compact Hausdorff space

Let $K$ be a compact Hausdorff space, what's the spectrum of $f\in C(K)$? I don't know how to start.
2
votes
0answers
57 views

What are the connections between spectral expansion and differential operator?

For instance, for a nice function $f$ on the unit circle, we have its Fourier expansion, $$f(x)=\sum_n \hat{f}(n) e^{inx},$$ where the exponentials are eigenfunctions for differential operator ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Eigenvalues of $A^{T}A$

Let $\lambda_{i}(M)$ denote the $i$th eigenvalue of the square matrix $M$, and $T$ denote the matrix transpose. Is it true that $|\lambda_{i}(A^{T}A)|=|\lambda_{i}(A)|^{2}$ for every square matrix ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Spectrum property

Can someone please provide good demonstration for this theorem: Theorem 1.9. Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. If the elements $a, b \in A$ satisfy $ab = ba$, then $\sigma (a + b) ⊆ \sigma (a) + \sigma ...
1
vote
2answers
691 views

Spectral radius of the Volterra operator

The Volterra operator acting on $L^2[0,1]$ is defined by $$A(f)(x)=\int_0^x f(t) dt$$ How can I calculate the spectral radius of $A$ using the spectral radius formula for bounded linear operators: ...
9
votes
1answer
310 views

An approximate eigenvalue for $ T \in B(X) $.

This is a problem from Conway’s Functional Analysis: Definition An approximate eigenvalue for $ T \in B(X) $ is a scalar $ \lambda $ such that there is a sequence of unit vectors $ x_{n} \in X $ ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Compact resolvent

Given that the operator $$ Hf(x) = -xf''(x) + (x - 1)f'(x) $$ on the Hilbert space $L^2([0,\infty),e^{-x}dx)$ possesses, for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$, an eigenvalue $\lambda_n = n$ with eigenvector ...
-1
votes
1answer
121 views

Eigenvalues of a connected graph $G$ are greater than or equal to $-1$ iff $G$ is perfect?

Consider $P_G$ as the characteristic polynomial of the adjacency matrix of the connected graph $G$. It is easy to prove that $P_{K_n}(x)=(x-n+1)(x+1)^{n-1}$, so all of the eigenvalues of a perfect ...
11
votes
1answer
197 views

why is the spectrum of the schrödinger operator discrete?

let (M,g) be a compact riemannian manifold. Then the spectrum of the Schrödinger opartor $H=-\Delta +V$ with bounded potential V acting on $L^2(M)$ consists of discrete Eigenvalues ...
7
votes
3answers
504 views

Spectral radius inequality

Suppose $A,B \in M(n \times n, \mathbb{C})$ or $ A,B \in M(n \times n, \mathbb{R}) $. Under wich hypothesis can I state that: $\rho(AB) \leq \rho(A)\rho(B)$ ?
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Variation on a completeness relation

The completeness relation for the spherical harmonics is: $$\sum_{l=0}^{\infty} \sum_{m=-l}^{l} Y_{lm}^*\left(\theta_1,\phi_1\right)Y_{lm}\left(\theta_2,\phi_2\right) = ...
9
votes
1answer
184 views

Help computing an integral for Green's function of a discrete Laplacian on a square lattice

I need to calculate the following integral: $$ \int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{1-\cos(2 \pi k_1 x) \cos(2 \pi k_2 y)}{4 \sin(\pi k_1)^2 + 4 \sin( \pi k_2)^2} dk_1 dk_2 $$ I have tried to use some contour ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

Why the Wu-sprung model is not accepted as a solution to Riemann HYpothesis ??

in the Wu-sprung model, given a Hamiltonian in one dimension $$ -y''(x)+f(x)y(x)=E_{n}y(x) \qquad y(0)=0=y(\infty) $$ we can define the function $ f(x) $ implicitly as $$ f^{-1}(x)= 2\sqrt{\pi} ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Relationship between spectrum and Norm of bounded linear maps .

I am reading the following paper : http://www2.icmc.usp.br/~sma/cadernos/toc9.1/292.pdf In the second paragraph the author introduces a new operator $\|x\|_{T,\epsilon}$ , which i don't really ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Convergence of spectrum along with the convergence of the Operator.

This seems to be very interesting result , ie If operators $\{A_n\}$ in Banach space $B(X)$ and if $A_n \to A$ , $A \in B(X)$in operator norm then $\lambda_n \in \sigma(A_n)$ ie spectrum of $A_n$ ...