Spectral theory is a study of generalized notions of eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

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Spectrum of operator with unknown function

I'm working on a variational problem in elasticity which involves a hefty number of Lagrange multipliers. I have calculated the second variation to be [; \int ds ~h \left[ \frac{d^4 }{ds^4 } + ...
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In which cases the spectrum of an operator contains only eigenvalues?

Let $X\neq \{0\}$ be a complex normed spaces (not necessarily finite-dimensional) and $T:D(T)\subset X\to X$ a linear operator (not necessarily bounded). I would like to know under what conditions can ...
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Application of the spectrum of an operator

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectrum_of_an_operator What is the application of the spectrum of an operator
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587 views

Spectral Mapping Theorem

Spectral mapping theorem is as follows: https://math.uc.edu/~halpern/Matrix.methods/Homatrixmethods/Spectralmappingthm.pdf Is Spectral mapping theorem true for point spectrum ?
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228 views

Interpretation of Power Spectral Density (DTFT of Covariance function)

If we have a deterministic signal $x[n]$ and its transform $$ X(f) = \sum\limits_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}x[n]\exp\left(-2\pi fn\right)$$ I can think of this as containing knowledge of a discrete-time ...
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67 views

Spectrum of idempotent element

Let $A$ be some unitary algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. If $a^2=a$ and $0\ne a\ne 1$ then $\{0,1\}\subset \sigma_A(a)$ ($\sigma_A(a)$ is the spectrum if $a$). I believe that also $\sigma_A(a)\subset ...
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72 views

Spectral theory and sequences: is this fact a general truth or does it depend on the operator?

Let $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}\setminus\{0\}$, $\textbf{i}$ the imaginary unit, $H$ a Hilbert space, $T:D(T)\subset H\to H$ a invertible densely defined linear operator such that $T^{-1}$ is bounded, ...
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30 views

Rotating the spectrum of a bounded operator

If $T$ is a bounded operator on a Banach space $X$, and $\sigma(T)$ is its spectrum, what would be an operator whose spectrum is $\sigma(T)$ rotated by $\theta$? For example, $-T$ has as spectrum ...
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Any way to simplify this expression?

So I have a vector of asset allocation weights given by $x \in R^4$ and a covariance matrix of the asset returns $\Sigma \in R^{4,4}$. I know by the spectral theorem, $\Sigma = V DV^{-1}$ and the ...
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45 views

Distorted Unitary matrices

Let $U$ be an unitary and $D$ be a diagonal matrix. We know that for all vectors $v$ on the sphere $Uv$ is on the sphere and, $$\langle Uv,Uv\rangle=\langle v,v\rangle.$$ What are the vectors $v$ on ...
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Vectors on a Sphere

Let $S$ be a sphere centered at origin in $\Bbb R^{2n}$ of radius $\sqrt{2n}$. Let $D$ be a diagonal matrix. Let $U$ be unitary matrix. Let $r\in\Bbb Z_+$ be a fixed integer. $(1)$ For a vector $v$ ...
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49 views

Rudin's proof of invariant subspace existence

I have questions about Rudin's proof of invariant subspace existence. On page 327, point 12.27, How does he get that $Tx=TE(\omega)x$, and How does he know $E(\omega)$ is not the zero map? ...
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67 views

Examples of spectral decompositions

I would like examples of spectral decompositions and how they are obtained for normal compact operators and normal non-compact operators on an infinite dimensional hilbert space. I have googled it, ...
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52 views

What is a good book that focuses on the applications of complex analysis and spectral theory?

My research involves a great deal of complex analysis and spectral theory, and I always feel a bit flustered when non mathematicians ask me what I study. It's hard to explain the math in layman's ...
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73 views

The eigenvalues of a compact and self-adjoint operator on Hilbert space

Show that if $K$ is a compact self-adjoint operator on Hilbert space then it has either finitely many eigenvalues or a sequence of eigenvalues $\lambda_n\to 0$ as $n\to \infty$.
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118 views

Adjacency matrix of directed graph

I am given adjacency matrix $A$ of directed graph. $A(x,y)$ counts the number of edges from $x$ to $y$. I want to show that if $A$ has constant outdegree $d$: (i) For any eigenvalue $\lambda$, we ...
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295 views

How to use Parseval' identity( Plancherel)? [duplicate]

(May be this is very basic question for MO) Let $f\in L^{2} (\mathbb R)$ with $\lim_{t\to \pm \infty} f(t)=0.$ Put $$F_{n} (x)= \frac{1}{2\pi} \int_{-n}^{n}e^{itx} f(t) dt \ (n=1,2,...)$$ Fix ...
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Simultaneous Orthogonal basis for $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$

Given a smooth bounded set $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, there is a simultaneous orthogonal basis for $L^2(U)$ and $H^1_0(U)$ by the existence of eigenvectors to the Laplacian in a bounded domain, which ...
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How to choose $\lambda (x) =\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2}x \alpha}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu (\alpha)$; so $\lambda ^{-1}\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$?

We define, $$\lambda (x) =\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2}x \alpha}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu (\alpha), (\mu(0)=0) $$ where $\mu (\alpha)$ is a non-decreasing function such that the integral converges for ...
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renorm a Banach space to make an operator have spectral radius equal to norm

Let $X$ be an infinite-dimensional complex Banach space equipped with the norm $\lVert\cdot\rVert$, and let $T\in\mathcal{L}(X)$ a bounded linear operator on $X$. Let $r(T)$ denote the spectral ...
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A couple of proofs on a spectrum

Let $T$ be a normal bounded operator. Let ${\lambda}$ be in $({\sigma}(T))$. Without invoking general algebra theories, show that: a) $p({\lambda},{\lambda}^*)$ is in $({\sigma}(T))$ for all ...
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33 views

Spectrum of perturbed operator's

Let $G$ be a normal operator with compact resolvent acting on a Hilbert space $H$ such that $\ker G \neq \{0\}$. If $P$ denotes the orthogonal projection onto $\ker G$, and if $\{\lambda_n\}$ are ...
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If $\lambda$ is isolated in $\sigma(u)$, then $E(\left\{\lambda\right\})(H)=\ker(u-\lambda)$.

This is a Question 2.11 from Murphy's book: C$^*$-algebras and Operator Theory: Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Let $u\in B(H)$ be a normal operator with spectral resolution of the identity $E$. (a) ...
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About some properties of the heat kernel

Maybe my questions are stupit, but I'm so unsure about some properties of the heat equation. Suppose we have a compact and smooth manifold M (possibly with boundary), then in a lot of books they ...
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characterisation up to unitary equivalence

My book says that the spectral theorem for compact normal operators characterises compact normal operators up to unitary equivalence. It doesn't expand on this so I was wondering what does this mean ...
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The eigenspace of 0 problem

In the spectral theorem for a compact normal operator, do we exclude the eigenspace corresponding to 0 (assuming its an eigenvalue) from the space decomposition. My reason for asking is this: Every ...
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45 views

properties of norms of operators

Let $T$ be a linear densely defined operator on a Hilbert space $H$ and $L$ be a selfadjoint operator with discrete spectrum such that $L^{-1}$ is bounded and $$\|Tf\| \leq \Phi_{\eta}(f) + \eta ...
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Spectrum of a compact operator

If the spectrum of a compact operator is finite, I don't understand why $0$ has to be a member. I have proved that for all $\epsilon > 0$, there is only a finite number of eigenvectors which have ...
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110 views

Direct sum of eigenspaces of a compact operator has finite codimension

In an infinite dimensional Hilbert space the orthogonal complement of the (closure) of the direct sum of eigenspaces of a compact normal operator is finite dimensional. Why is this the case? thanks.
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operator on separable banach space whose spectrum and point spectrum is prescribed compact set

I am interested in obtaining the following paper: G. K. Kalisch, "On operators with large point spectrum," Scripta Math. 29 No. 3-4, (1973), 371-378. According to Ben Mathes, "Strictly Cyclic ...
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63 views

Spectral decomposition

For a compact normal operator, the space can be written as the sum of generalized eigenspaces. So every element can be written as a linear combination of the eigenvectors, one from each eigenspace. ...
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60 views

Spectral decomposition for normal compact operator

My book says $Tx=(\alpha x_{\alpha})$ where the $\alpha$ are eigenvalues the of T. But the image of an operator is not in general a sequence. Do they mean these are the scalars in the linear ...
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pierre simon laplace and his knowledge of the (Laplacian) matrices

so as we all know, there is a graph matrix called the Laplacian that is used in some eigenvalue/eigenvector/graph theory/spectral theory problems. i'm wondering if the name of this matrix is ...
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Unique ergodicity a spectral invariant?

Suppose $f:X\to X$ and $g:Y\to Y$ are two automorphism of measure spaces. Suppose there is an unitary operator $V:L^2(X)\to L^2(Y)$ satisfying $VU_fV^*=U_g$, here $U_f$ and $U_g$ are the Koopman ...
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Clarification about Arveson exercise

In an exercise at the start of the book of Arveson "A short course on Spectral Theory"(page 5 exercise 5), while asking to prove that the operator $Kf(x)=\int_{0}^{1}k(x,y)f(y)dy$, (where k is a ...
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Projections in spectral decomposition.

In my quantum mechanics book the spectral decomposition of operator $A$ is given as $A=\sum\limits_j\lambda_jP_j$ where $\lambda_j$ are the eigenvalues of matrix $A$ and $P_j$ is the orthogonal ...
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Resolvent's estimation.

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $L$ is a self- adjoint operator with a discrete spectrum $\{\lambda_{j}\}$. I would ask about this inequality because I don't understand it$$\displaystyle{\|(L- \lambda ...
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114 views

Reference for a Proof of Weyl-Von-Neumann Theorem

I'm looking for a reference for the proof of the Weyl Von Neumann theorem, however there seems to be two (or the two might be the same). There's the one which is stated in Conways, A Course in ...
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52 views

Perturbation of a matrix with negative eigenvalues

Let $A$ be a square matrix with all eigenvalues negative. What is the relationship between the $\lambda_\max$ of perturbed matrix $A + X$ and the norm of the perturbation $\|X\|$? PS: I know that the ...
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90 views

Spectral Theorem for normal operators

I want to prove this in the infinite dimensional Hilbert space case. What is the easiest way to go about this (What do I need to know, what theorems do I need,etc). My aim is to show every normal ...
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Spectral Relaxation and Eigendecomposition

Suppose I have the following optimization problem: $\underset{\mathbf{x}}{\mathop{\max }}\,{{\mathbf{x}}^{T}}A{{\mathbf{x}}^{T}}$ s.t $\mathbf{x}\in {{\left\{ -1,1 \right\}}^{N}}$. One possible ...
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1answer
80 views

Fast Gauss-Seidel convergence on low rank matrices

I stumbled upon the following remarkable fact when experimenting with the Gauss-Seidel iterative solver: First I construct a low-rank symmetric positive semi-definite matrix $A = M^TM$ with M a ...
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How to show that the spectral radius of a binary tree approaches exp(1) as the N tends to infinity?

How can I prove mathematically that the spectral radius of a binary tree approaches e as the number of nodes tends to infinity? I mean it is true that the increase in nodes number is exponential but ...
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Characterization of all matrices with unit spectral radius under constraint

Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}_{\geq 0}$ be a symmetric matrix with positive row sums $\mathbf{d} := A\mathbf{1} > 0$. I am interested in characterizing all those positive diagonal matrices $Z ...
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Why is it important to study the eigenvalues of the Laplacian?

Why is it important to study the eigenvalues of the Laplacian acting on regions in $\mathbb R^n$? What information does this give us? What problems does this information help us solve? In particular, ...
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Spectrum of product from two selfadjoint matricies

If I have 2 selfadjoint matricies A,B given, is the spectrum of $A B$ always real? I know that $A B$ is not necessary a selfadjoint matrix, but are some properties of the spectrum preserved?
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A transformation recipe for functional calculus of a self-adjoint operator?

Consider a self-adjoint operator $\operatorname{A}$ on a Hilbertspace $\mathcal{A}$ and its spectral decomposition according to the spectral theorem: $$A = \int_{\mathbb{R}} \lambda \;dP_\lambda$$ ...
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Spectrum of the Orr Sommerfeld equation

The Orr Sommerfeld equation is as follows $$\psi''-k^2 \psi - \frac{U''}{U-c}\psi=0$$ where $\psi(y)$ is a complex valued function on $[0,2\pi]$ satisfying Dirichlet boundary conditions ...
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Characterization of central (modulo the radical) elements of a Banach algebra

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $Z(A)=\{a \in A:ax-xa \in $ Rad $ A \ \forall x \in A\}$ be the centre (modulo Rad$A$). Then TFAE: 1) $a \in Z(A)$ 2) $\exists M >0$ such that $\rho(a+x)\leq ...
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Resolvent R(1) of the Laplace operator not compact

I want to show that $$R_\Delta(1):=(1-\Delta)^{-1} $$ is not compact in $\mathbb{R}^3$. I have found that for $\chi_{B}$ being the characteristic function for a set $B\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, ...