Spectral theory is a study of generalized notions of eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

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$L^p$ norm of diagonal is $\leq$ Schatten $L^p$ norm

Let $A = (a_{ij})$ be an $n\times n$ symmetric matrix. Its Schatten norm is defined by $\|A\|_{S^p}^p = \sum_{j=1}^n |\lambda_j|^p$, where $\lambda_j$ are the eigenvalutes of $A$. I am trying to prove ...
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214 views

Proof that the spectrum of the Dirichlet Laplacian is discrete

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ a open bounded set. The Dirichlet laplacian can be defined via it's closed semi-bounded form on $H^1_0(\Omega)$. The fact that it's spectrum is discrete is as far as I ...
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1answer
267 views

Spectrum of a multiplication compact operator

Let $X=(C([0,1]), \Vert \cdot \Vert_{\infty})$. Determine the spectrum of $$ \begin{split} M \colon & X \to X\\ & u(t) \mapsto \int_0^t h(s)u(s)ds \end{split} $$ where $h \in C([0,1])$ ...
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211 views

Borel - Caratheodory Inequality

If $f$ is a complex-valued function analytic on $\{z:\vert z \vert \leqq r \}$, then for $\vert z \vert <r $, $$ \vert f(z) \vert \leqq \frac{2\vert z \vert}{2-\vert z \vert} \sup\{\Re f(w): \vert ...
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1answer
224 views

Spectrum in an separable Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space with orthonormal basis $\{e_i\}$. Let $(c_n)$ be a bounded sequence of complex numbers and consider the bounded linear operator $T$ on $H$ defined by $$Tx = ...
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84 views

Properties of the spectrum

Let $\rho$ denote the resolvent of a closed operator and if $\lambda \in \rho(A)$, define $R(\lambda,A) := (\lambda I -A)^{-1}$. If $\mu$ is sufficiently small ...
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433 views

Compute the spectrum for a operator

Find the spectrum of the operator $$ \begin{split} A & \colon C[0,1] \rightarrow C[0,1] \\ & f \mapsto (Af)(x) := f(x) + \int_0^x f(t)dt \end{split} $$ P.S.: I know the spectrum ...
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1answer
44 views

What's wrong with this spectrum of a “scalar product” in $l^2$?

Let $T\in B(l^2)$ be s.t. $Tx=(\alpha_1 x_1, \alpha_2 x_2, \cdots )$, where the set of all $\alpha$ is dense in $[0,1]$. I've shown that the set of all eigenvalues is $A=(\alpha_j)_1^\infty$. The ...
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565 views

Recovering a Matrix knowing its eigenvectors and eigenvalues

Given the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix $R^{n\times n}$ is that possible to recover the same matrix from smaller matrices $R^{(n-1) \times (n-1)}$ where one of its eigenvalues and ...
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179 views

Spectral measures

Let $E:\Sigma\to\mathcal{L}(\mathcal{H})$ be a spectral measure on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$ of $\mathbb{C}$. Assume also that $E$ is compactly supported in the sense that ...
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231 views

Reconstructing a Matrix in $\Bbb{R}^3$ space with $3$ eigenvalues, from matrices in $\Bbb{R}^2$

I have a matrix which represents a closed loop matrix of a control system with delays (Control Systems Theory) in $\Bbb{R}^3$ space that has $3$ eigenvalues. Through some process I have obtained three ...
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1answer
303 views

Decompose a complex symmetric matrix to retain positive definitness

I have a complex symmetric matrix $A$, (i.e. non-Hermitian and obeying $A=A^T$), which is positive definite, in the sense that: $$\Re({z^HAz}) > 0$$ for any $z$. I am able to verify this ...
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41 views

Normalized Cuts and Spectra

I'm looking for a fleshed out proof of the following theorem. Theorem: Let $G=(V,\mathbf{W})$ be an undirected, edge-weighted graph with normalized Laplacian $\mathbf{L}_N$. Furthermore, let ...
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1answer
136 views

Finding the spectrum of the Schrodinger operator

Let $H(f) = -f'' + V(x) f$ be the Schrodinger operator on $\mathbb R$. I am trying to calculate the spectrum (eigenvalues) of the operator $H$ in $L^2(\mathbb R)$ for various choices of $V$. In ...
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2answers
610 views

Spectrum of an Orthogonal Projection Operator

I want to show that $ \sigma(p) = \{ 0,1 \} $ for any orthogonal projection operator $ p \notin \{ 0,I \} $ on a Hilbert space $ \mathcal{H} $. Recall that an orthogonal projection operator $ p $ on $ ...
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103 views

$(\lambda-a)^{-1}$ as limits of 'polynomials'

For a unital $C^*$-algebra $\mathcal{A}$ the spectral permanence gives \begin{equation} \sigma_{\mathcal{B}}(a)=\sigma_{\mathcal{A}}(a) \end{equation} for any unital $C^*$-subalgebra $\mathcal{B}$. ...
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103 views

If $Lat(\mathcal{A})$ is trivial then $\mathcal{A}'$ consists of scalars.

This is related to Exercise 3 of Section 2.5 of Arveson's book on spectral theory. For those who are interested, we were asked to show the following $\mathcal{A}$ is a Banach *-algebra. ...
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1answer
202 views

$\sigma(x)$ has no hole in the algebra of polynomials

Let $A$ be a unital banach algebra generated by two elements $1$ and $x$. Then it seems $\sigma(x)$ cannot have holes. At least this is true in the case for disk algebras. This amounts to prove that ...
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1answer
68 views

Simple question on self-adjoint operators

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space, $T\in H'$ and $T=T^*$. Here is where I need help: If $\sigma(T)\subset\{0,1\}$ then $T=T^2$. Using the spectral theorem I know that $\{0,1\} \supset q(\sigma(P)) = ...
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1answer
109 views

Spectrum of a shift composed with a multiplication operator on a vector valued Banach space

Let us consider the space $L_2(\mathbb{R} \times [0,1]; \mathbb{R}^n)$, i.e functions taking values in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and in $L_2$ . Suppose $T$ is a bounded linear operator defined as follows: ...
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990 views

How to understand spectral decomposition geometrically

Let $A$ be a $k\times k$ positive definite symmetric matrix. By spectral decomposition, we have $$A = \lambda_1e_1e_1'+ ... + \lambda_ke_ke_k'$$ and $$A^{-1} = ...
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1answer
143 views

Eigenvalues of Hilbert-Schmith operator

I am having trouble determining the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the operator $Kv(x)= \int_0^1((x+t)v(t)dt$, where the kernel is $k=x+t$. I have tried to solve the equation $Kv(x)=\lambda v(x)$, ...
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115 views

Spectrum of Transition Matrix for Random Walk

Consider the symmetric random walk on $\{0, 1, \dots, n\}$ with transition probabilities $P(j \to j \pm 1) = 1/2$ for $1 \le j \le n-1$ and $P(0 \to 0) = P(0 \to 1) = P(n \to n) = P(n \to n-1) = 1/2$. ...
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1answer
621 views

Neumann series and spectral radius

I have a question about the convergence of the Neumann series: Let $A$ be a matrix with spectral radius $\rho(A)<1$, i.e., all eigenvalues of $A$ are strictly less than $1$. Does that imply that ...
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1answer
237 views

operator norm and spectral radius

is it true that the operator norm of a matrix $A$ is smaller than 1 if its spectral radius $\rho(A)$ is smaller than 1? many thanks for any help, it is much appreciated!
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2answers
456 views

Spectrum and point spectrum of this operator

Let $T\in \text{Aut}(\ell^2(\mathbb{C}))$ and $T(x)=(a_1 x_1, a_2 x_2,\ldots)$ where $a=(a_i)_i \in \ell^\infty(\mathbb{C})$. How can I easily see what is $\sigma(T)$ and $\sigma_p(T)$ (that are ...
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201 views

Examples for spectrum of an operator

Looking for easy-to-understand examples for the spectrum of an operator, preferably so that they exposed some special properties. The right shift is a nice example of an operator which does not have a ...
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1answer
256 views

Fourier transform physical meaning [closed]

What is the physical meaning of the Fourier transform expressed at the spectral density? Also, what is the relationship between the Fourier transform and the total energy of an oscillating system? ...
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98 views

Difference in sound between a string and a pipe

I am told that I can model the vibration of a guitar string of length $l >0$ by the following Sturm-Liouville equation $$ -u'' = \lambda u \: \: \text{ on } [0,l],$$ with boundary conditions ...
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119 views

closed operator, projection

Let $A: D \subset X \to X$ be a closed linear operator. X is a Banach space. Furthermore we have $\gamma: [0,1] \to \mathbb{C}$, $\gamma$ is a $C^1$ curve and $\gamma \subset \rho(A)$, where $\rho(A)$ ...
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408 views

Spectral radius and positive definite of matrices

Denote $ \rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a matrix $A,$ that is the maximal eigenvalue of $A.$ We say that a matrix $M$ is positive definite, respectively positive semidefinite, if $x^TMx>0$ ...
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59 views

Compute Rayleigh quotient for ODE

I am trying to find Rayleigh quotient for this equation: $u''(r) + [\frac{1-4n^2}{4r^2} + \lambda - 2n\beta -\beta^2r^2]u(r) = 0$, where $0 \le r \le 1$. Is there any way to compute eigenvalue ...
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1answer
104 views

what is the largest eigenvalue of the average of non-negative matrices?

I have a set of square matrices $A_i \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ for $i=1,\ldots,N$, such that $[A_i]_{jk} \ge 0$ for all $i$ and coordinates $j,k$. If the largest eigenvalue of each $A_i$ is ...
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41 views

Tensoring Spectral triples that are composed from Real algebras.

I have a misunderstanding that I am hoping is really quite trivial. In connes standard Non-commutative geometry model of electroweak interactions he takes the algebra input in his finite spectral ...
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4answers
224 views

Eigenvalues of the “Laplacian” on [0,2$\pi]\subset\mathbb{R}$

for the dirichlet eigenvalue Problem on compact and connected Riemannian manifolds, the eigenvalues of the laplacian consists of a discrete sequence. On the other hand, if we consider ...
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118 views

Infimum of the spectrum of an unbounded selfadjoint operator

Let $A$ be an unbounded selfadjouint operator in the Hilbert space $H$, having domain $D(A)$. Denoting by $\sigma_A$ the spectrum of $A$, we have $\inf \sigma_A \ = \ \inf_{u\in D(A),\|u\|=1} \ ...
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1answer
209 views

Fixed-point method in many-dimensions

A well known method of easily solving multi-dimensional non-linear root finding problems, is to bring the equations into the form: $$\bf x = g(x)$$ And then iterating. The problem is, one has to find ...
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58 views

Uniform Poincaré-Wirtinger constant for diffeomorphic domains?

Consider a bounded and connected open set (with regular boundary) $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ and a family of $\mathscr{C}^1$-diffeomorphisms $(\varphi_t)_{t\in[0,\alpha]}$ all in ...
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2answers
111 views

can I decide the following from the inverse of I-A?

I have a square matrix $A$. Is it possible to determine if its largest eigenvalue is smaller (by magnitude) than 1 by inspecting the matrix $(I-A)^{-1}$? (we can assume that $I-A$ is invertible.) ...
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1answer
295 views

Spectrum of this Operator

Let $A\colon \ell^{1}\to \ell^{1}$ be defined by $A(x)=(x_{2}+x_{3}+x_{4}+ \dots,x_1,x_2,x_3,\dots)$ where $x\in\ell^1$ iff $\sum|x_k|<\infty$. Let $D$ be the closed unit disc in $\Bbb C$ and ...
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137 views

How can I calculate the eigenvalue of the following matrix?

I have a matrix $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ such that its elements are all non-negative values. I know that for any $k$, $A^k$ has elements on the diagonal which are smaller or equal to 1. Can I ...
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332 views

is there a way to find or upper bound the largest eigenvalue of the following matrix?

I have a matrix $A \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ -- i.e. a matrix with 1s and 0s only. Is there a way to find or upper bound its largest eigenvalue? I have a feeling it is related to connectivity of ...
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449 views

Finding Spectral Radius of Matrix

Find the Spectral Radius of $A=$ $\mbox{} \left[ \begin{array}{cc} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & c & 0 \\ 0 & -c & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \end{array} ...
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496 views

Spectral theorem for unitary operators

I saw in several texts, as a part of the spectral theorem for unitary operators, that given a unitary operator $U$ on a Hilbert space $H$ (say it is separable), $H$ can be decomposed as an orthogonal ...
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391 views

spectral radius.

I am stuck in a problem of Conway's A course in a Functional Analysis. Can anyone give me a hint to solve the problem? The question is "If $A$ is a Banach Algebra, then show that the function $r:A\to ...
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1answer
67 views

Proof that these Hessian matrix identities are similar matrices

I am wondering if $Q, P$ are similar matrices where for a function $f:\mathbb{R^n}\to\mathbb{R}$ and for a diagonal matrix $D$ $Q=I-D^{-1}\nabla^2f(x)$ and $P=I-D^{-1/2}\nabla^2f(x)D^{-1/2}$. ...
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259 views

Similar matrix proof

$A$ and $B$ are similar matrices, if $B=PAP^{-1}$ holds for a square, non-singular matrix $P$. Now am wondering if $S^{-1}T$ and $S^{-1/2}TS^{-1/2}$ are similar matrices? Am looking for a proof for it ...
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The spectrum of an unbounded operator

It's well known that the spectrum of a bounded operator on a Banach space is a closed bounded set (and non-empty)on the complex plane. And it's also not hard to find unbounded operators which their ...
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247 views

spectrum of convex combination

$A,B$ are $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices. If the eigenvalues of $A$ and $B$ are all in an interval $I$, then the eigenvalues of any convex combination of $A,B$ are also in $I$. In the book Bhatia, ...
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50 views

Strict positivity on the diagonal of a particular integral kernel: A question from Simon's Schrödinger Semigroups

This is a question pertaining to a (formerly?) open question from Barry Simon's Schrödinger Semigroups. In Theorem C.5.2 (page 504) of that publication, the existence of a specific function ...