Spectral theory is a study of generalized notions of eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

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240 views

Why is the numerical range of a self-adjoint operator an interval?

I was reviewing for a test for functional analysis when I came across the following statement: Let $T$ be a bounded self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space $H$. Then the numerical range of it is ...
2
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2answers
439 views

Approximate eigenvalue and continuous spectrum

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and let $A: \mathcal{H} \rightarrow \mathcal{H}$ be a bounded operator. While studying different definitions of the continuous spectrum of $A$ (one using ...
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1answer
301 views

How to solve X*A=C matrix equation where two (X and A) matrices are unknown?

I have a spectroscopy problem that boils down to a matrix equation where X*A=C. I take N observations each consisting of 3 detector readings and my detectors suffer from some amount of cross-talk ...
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1answer
328 views

Is there a solution to this integral equation?

The problem is related to this question: How to find eigenfunctions of a linear operator (follow-up question) I posted earlier. Suppose I want to solve the following integral equation: $$\int_0^1 ...
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1answer
1k views

How to find eigenfunctions of a linear operator (follow-up question)

This is a follow up to this question. My original question was answered by @oeanamen but for convenience here I state the follow up question completely. I am interested in calculating characteristic ...
3
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1answer
523 views

How to find eigenfunctions of a linear operator

I wonder if there is a general way of finding characteristic values and eigenfunctions of a given linear operator described by an integral. As a special case suppose I am interested in this function: ...
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3answers
1k views

Ratio of largest eigenvalue to sum of eigenvalues — where to read about it?

Let $E_j$ be the $j$th largest-magnitude eigenvalue of a real symmetric $N \times N$ matrix $M$. I've found that the ratio $$\frac{|E_1|}{\sum_{j=1}^N{|E_j|}},$$ is a measure of the "rank-one-ness" ...
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1answer
122 views

Characterizations of the form domain for unbounded selfadjoint operators

This question follows from this one and especially from Willie Wong's answer: link. In Reed & Simon's book Methods of modern mathematical physics, vol. I, pag.277, the form domain of a ...
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0answers
132 views

Relations between spectrum and quadratic forms in the unbounded case

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space. If $B$ is a bounded self-adjoint operator on $H$ then its spectrum is a closed and bounded subset of the real line and we can find its extremes in terms of the ...
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5answers
21k views

What is the difference between Singular Value and Eigenvalue?

I am trying to prove some statements about singular value decomposition, but I am not sure what the difference between singular value and eigenvalue is. Is singular value just another name for ...
3
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1answer
284 views

Spectral radius, and a curious equality.

Given a $N\times N$ matrix $A$ over $\mathbb R$. Let $ \rho\left( A \right) = \max \left\{ {\left| \lambda \right|;\lambda \mbox{ eigenvalue of }A} \right\}$. Someone told me that, the following ...
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1answer
204 views

Is there a residue theorem for holomorphic operator-valued functions?

I'm wondering whether there is such a thing as a "residue theorem for holomorphic operator-valued functions". More precisely, I want to evaluate an integral of the form $P:=\int_{\Gamma} (A(\lambda) ...
3
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0answers
387 views

If $S$ and $T$ are commuting, normal operators, then $ST$ is normal

If $S$ and $T$ are commuting, normal operators, then $ST$ is normal That says it all, but let me be more specific. (By the way Wikipedia says this: "The product of normal operators that commute ...
3
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0answers
87 views

Asymptotics of Riemann-Lebesgue type integral

How to show that for $u \in L_{\mathbb{C}}^2$ and $a>0$, $$\int_0^a u(t) \sin{\sqrt{\lambda}t} \,dt = o(e^{|Im\sqrt{\lambda}|a}),\text{ as } |\lambda| \rightarrow \infty$$ Note that $\lambda$ ...
4
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0answers
231 views

A solution of $-y'' + q(x)y= \lambda y$

Could you help me with the following problem (from Poschel and Trubowitz)? I am looking for a solution of the differential equation $-y'' + q(x)y= \lambda y$, for $0 \leq x \leq 1$ with ...
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1answer
773 views

How to generate noise signal?

What is the simplest formula of some noise signal? $A(t)=...$ where t is time. What is the name of a noise, which power spectral density is gaussian? EDIT 1 Actually I need a function which can ...
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1answer
119 views

Unitary equivalence to multiplication by x of the sum of a shift and its adjoint

We define $H=l^2(\mathbb{Z})$, $S\in L(H)$ to be the left (bilateral) shift and we look at $T=S+S^*$ ($S^*$ is actually the right shift). We need to prove that the spectrum of $T$ is $[-2, 2]$ and ...
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0answers
116 views

relation between inner product and spectrum

There is a question that puzzles me, so may be someone here has an answer. Assume we have a symmetric operator $A$ that is defined on a space $D$ that is dense in $L^2$, so $A:D\rightarrow L^2$, and ...
6
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3answers
731 views

Spectral measure of the multiplication operator

I have the following question: let $(X,\mathcal B,\mu)$ be a finite measure space and consider the operator $T\colon L^2(X,\mu)\to L^2(X,\mu)$ given by $Tf(x)=\varphi(x)f(x)$, where $\varphi\colon ...
2
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0answers
102 views

Bounds for eigenvalues, perturbation theory

Consider $-\Delta$ defined in $H^2(\Omega)\cap H_0^1(\Omega)$, $\Omega$ a smooth bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $g\in L^{\infty}(\Omega)$, $a\leq g(x)\leq b$. Show that, if ...
3
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1answer
89 views

change of spectrum under diagonalisation

I have the following question. Let $T\colon \mathcal{H} \to \mathcal{H}$ be a bounded, self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert-space $\mathcal{H}$. By spectral theorem we know that there exists a measure ...
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1answer
560 views

What is the use of Spectral Theorem?

Obviously the version for compact and self-adjoint linear operators on Hilbert Spaces is very useful since it decomposes the operators into orthogonal projections. However, the following more general ...
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2answers
338 views

An hermitian operator problem

It is possible to have two hermitian operators $A$ et $B$, with : $B^2 = \mathbb{I}d$ $[A,B] = i * \mathbb{I}d$ where $i$ is the usual (complex) square root of $(-1)$, and $\mathbb{I}d$ is the ...
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0answers
148 views

Find spectrum of $Af (x) = \int\limits_0^\pi \sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty 5^{-n} \cos(nx)\cos(nt) f(t)\;dt$

I need to find spectrum of $Af (x) = \int\limits_0^\pi \sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty 5^{-n} \cos(nx)\cos(nt) f(t)\;dt$ in $L_2[0,\pi]$. I know that this operator is self-adjoint, so its residual spectrum ...
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1answer
278 views

Simple isolated eigenvalue and pole of the resolvent

Let $T$ be bounded linear operator on some complex Banach space, and $\lambda$ an eigenvalue of $T$ which is isolated in its spectrum, and such that $\bigcup_{n\ge 1} N((T- \lambda I)^n)$ is ...
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0answers
80 views

Prove $\forall$ compact $M:\ M \subset C\quad \exists A:l_2\rightarrow l_2, \sigma(A)=M$ [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Operator whose spectrum is given compact set Can spectrum “specify” an operator? Prove that for each nonempty $M$ - compact subset of $\mathbf{C}$ exists ...
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1answer
101 views

References for spectral measures

I am trying to learn a little bit about the spectral theory of unbounded operators but the textbook we are using (Birman and Solomyak: Spectral theory of Self-Adjoint Operators in a Hilbert Space) is ...
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491 views

Eigenvalues of doubly stochastic matrices

There was a long standing conjecture stating that the geometric location of eigenvalues of doubly stochastic matrices of order $n$ is exactly the union of regular $k$-gons anchored at $1$ in the unit ...
7
votes
3answers
342 views

Nonexistence of a cyclic vector for a representation on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$

Let $S$ be the bilateral shift on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ and let $T = S + S^*$. I want to show that there is no cyclic vector for the representation of $T$ on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ i.e. $\forall x\in ...
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1answer
78 views

A question on strongly continuous semi-groups

At the moment I am trying to understand "Lectures on Floer homology" By D. Salamon, see http://www.math.ethz.ch/~salamon/PREPRINTS/floer.pdf In step 1 of the proof of Lemma 2.4 (page 17) he ...
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4answers
108 views

reference for strongly continuous semi-groups

At the moment I am trying to understand the proof of the Fredholm property in Salamon's notes on Floer homology. There I came across the notion of an unbounded operator on a (real) Hilbert space which ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Unitary Operator as a complex valued function

A book on Quantum Mechanics by Schwinger states, "A unitary operator can be considered to be a complex valued function of a Hermitian operator." Please give a hint on how to prove this assertion.
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1answer
170 views

Ascent and descent for a bounded linear operator

Let $T$ be a bounded linear operator on some complex Banach space. We define its ascent by $\alpha(T) = \min \{ n \ge 0 \, / \, N(T^n) = N(T^{n+1}) \}$ and its descent by $\delta(T) = \min \{ n \ge 0 ...
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1answer
320 views

Spectrum of a “quasi” right shift operator

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and let {$e_j$}$_{j\in \mathbb{Z}}$ be an orthonormal basis for $\mathcal{H}$. Define a linear operator $T$ on $\mathcal{H}$ by $T(e_0) = 0$ and $T(e_j) = e_{j+1}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Densely-defined linear functionals and the spectrum of the adjoint operator

Let $L$ be a bounded linear operator acting on a complex Banach space $B$. If there exists a nonzero continuous linear functional $\ell \colon B \to \mathbb{C}$ such that $\ell(Lx)=\ell(x)$ for all $x ...
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1answer
140 views

Do the maximum and minimum values of a Laplacian eigenfunction have the same magnitude?

Let $\Delta$ be the scalar Laplace-Beltrami operator on a compact, connected, orientable 2-manifold without boundary smoothly embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $\phi$ be one of its eigenfunctions, ...
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193 views

Construct a multiplication operator which has dense point spectrum

By a multiplication operator here we mean an operator $$Af(t)=m(t)f(t), \qquad f \in D(A)=\{x \in L^2(\mathbb{R} \mid m(t)f(t) \in L^2(\mathbb{R})\}$$ where $m$ is a Borel measurable function on ...
3
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0answers
624 views

Continuous spectrum can shrink to an isolated point

Let $A$ be a bounded linear operator in a Hilbert space $H$. I had the misconception that the continuous spectrum of $A$ would necessarily have some "continuous" appearance: an interval, a union of ...
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0answers
99 views

Does a projection valued measure (PVM) induce a PVM on a generic subspace of the Hilbert space?

Let $E:{\cal B}(X) \to Pr({\cal H})$ be a projection valued measure (PVM), where ${\cal B}(X)$ is the Borel $\sigma$-algebra of a suitable topological space $X$ and $Pr({\cal H})$ is the set of ...
4
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1answer
273 views

How to characterize self-adjoint operators in terms of orthogonal diagonalizability

Have a look at the following excerpt of Tosio Kato (taken from Zeidler Applied functional analysis vol. I): The fundamental quality required of operators representing physical quantities in ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Changing the manifold, preserving the discrete spectrum

On a Riemannian manifold $M$, the Laplace operator $L$ is uniquely defined. If $M$ is not compact, then $L$ admits a continuous spectrum. Is there a way of "changing" $M$ and/or $L$ in say $M'$ ...
4
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0answers
145 views

When functions, analytically continued, carry over certain properties

Let $ \Omega $ be a sufficiently smooth planar region in $ \mathbb{R}^2 $ with spectrum $ \Gamma $ (the set of eigenvalues of the Laplace operator on functions which vanish on the boundary $ \partial ...
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1answer
273 views

Does there exist a self-adjoint operator whose spectrum consists wholly of prime numbers?

The zeros of the canonical Riemann zeta function have been compared to the prime numbers, and they have a number of special, definite connections. The infamous zeros have also been conjectured to be ...
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1answer
281 views

Convergence of spectra under strong convergence of operators

Say $\left\{A_n\right\}$ is a sequence of bounded self-adjoint operators on a separable Hilbert space, converging in strong operator topology to a (bounded, self-adjoint) operator $A$. Denote the ...
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votes
1answer
702 views

spectrum of right shift operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$

Consider the right shift operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$. Is there a way of calculating (well, showing what it is since I already know it's $z$ s.t $|z| = 1$) its spectrum without reference to it ...
4
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1answer
547 views

Spectrum of sum of operators on Banach spaces

Let $A$ and $B$ be two operators on a Banach space $X$. I am interested in the relationship between the spectra of $A$, $B$ and $A+B$. In particular, are there any set theoretic inclusions or ...
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2answers
631 views

How do the solutions to the wave and heat equations converge in general?

I would like to check my understanding with someone if possible. When we cover the heat and wave equations, for instance, in "methods" courses at university, they normally restrict the initial ...
42
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1answer
2k views

Example of a compact set that isn't the spectrum of an operator

This question is a follow-up to this recent question and related to that one. Is there an easy example of an (infinite-dimensional) Banach space $X$ and a non-empty compact set $K \subset ...
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3answers
785 views

Can spectrum “specify” an operator?

Given a bounded operator $A$ on a Banach space $X$, one may find the spectrum $\sigma(A)\subset{\bf C}$. Here are my questions: Given some set in the complex plane, say, $S\subset{\bf C}$, ...
2
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1answer
200 views

Schrödinger operator: where is the generator to be defined?

The theory as I know it Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and $(A, D(A))$ a self-adjoint operator acting on it. The Spectral Theorem (cfr. Reed & Simon Methods of modern mathematical physics, ...