Spectral theory is the study of generalized notions of eigenvalues and eigenvectors for linear operators in Banach spaces.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
1answer
289 views

How to prove that the spectrum of the Laplacian over $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is negative?

I am looking for a proof of this well known fact and I guess it has to do with integration by parts (Green's identity). Unfortunately, I only know about 1-d integration by parts( I am just 3rd ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Spectrum of linear operators

I can't solve the following: i) Let $T:l^2 \rightarrow l^2$ , $Tx=\{ (Tx)_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$ given by $$(Tx)_n = \dfrac{1}{2}x_{n-1} + \dfrac{1}{2}x_n.$$ Find $\sigma(T)$. ii) Let $S : l^2 ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Simple spectrum and the spectral theorem for bounded symmetric operators

I have a question regarding the spectral theorem for bounded self-adjoint operators. The book "Functional Analysis, an Introduction" by Eidelman, Milman, and Tsolomitis says that if an operator $T$ ...
2
votes
1answer
565 views

Affine transform of multivariate gaussian

If $X_1, \ldots, X_n$ are iid $N(0,1)$ or in other words $\mathbf{X}=(X_1, \ldots, X_n)$ is distributed $N(\mathbf{0}, \mathbf{I})$, then $A\mathbf{X}+\mu$ is distributed $N(\mu, AA^t)$. Showing that ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Resolvent lemma

I would like to proof a lemma that I am quite sure should be correct as I found it somewhere, I am writing a thesis about quantum walks and need this to get through an article. Let $X$ be Banach ...
1
vote
1answer
347 views

Bounded operator inverse, norm and spectrum

I need help with an operator, I am not very good at functional analysis and need to find some properties of following operator: $X=C[(0,1)], A \in B(X); A[f(t)]=f(t^2)$ 1. I need to show that an ...
0
votes
1answer
458 views

$uu^T$ is the standard matrix for the orthogonal projection of $\mathbb{R}^n$ on the subspace spanned by $u$

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ symmetric matrix, and $u$ an eigenvector of $A$. Why is it true that $\forall x\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $x^{T}uu^{T}(I-uu^T)x=0$? If I'm able to show this is true then I can show ...
2
votes
0answers
290 views

Proof of the spectral theorem for normal operators from two lemmas

I have the following lemmas that I can prove: Let $T$ be a linear operator on a Hermitian space $V$ and let $W$ be a $T$-invariant subspace of $V$ . Then $W^⊥$ is $T^*$-invariant Let $T$ be a normal ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Inverting a discrete linear transformation

Consider the transformation from the set $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^N$ to the set $\{p_j\}_{j=0}^N$: $$ p_j = \sum_{n = 0}^Na_n\phi_n(x_j)$$ where $\{\phi_n(x)\}_{n=0}^N$ is a set of basis functions (linearly ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Representation of square-integrable kernel

Let $k: [0,T] \times [0,T] \to \mathbb{R}$ symmetric, square-integrable and define $$(Kf)(t) := \int_0^T k(s,t) \cdot f(s) \, ds \qquad (f \in L^2([0,T])$$ Since $K$ is compact, by the spectral ...
3
votes
0answers
399 views

spectral integral

I am learning spectral integration for my summer. I am stuck at a point. Having got hold of a spectral measure, we define the spectral integral of a simple function as usual and then approximate any ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Eigenvectors of inverse complex matrix

For a non-singular matrix, its pretty straightforward to prove that $\lambda$ is eigenvalue of $A$ if and only if $\frac{1}{\lambda}$ is eigenvalue of $A^{-1}$. Let $A$ be a non-singular matrix, $x$ ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Is it possible for an operator to have only one eigenvalue in this case? - in need of a proof

First of all i have to state that i am a newcommer to spectral theory so please take it easy on me :). On lectures our professor derived this equation: \begin{align} \underbrace{\psi ...
0
votes
2answers
179 views

Trace of a diagonalized matrix

Why do I have: $Tr(SDS^{-1})=Tr(D)$?
0
votes
4answers
68 views

Eigenvalues of power of matrices

How come if $\lambda$ is an eigenvalue of $A$, then $\lambda^k$ is an eigenvalue of $A^k$? And is its multiplicity necessarily the same?
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Largest eigenvalue of a graph

I have $\lambda_1$ the largest eigenvalue of a graph, with $x = (x_v)_{v \in V(G)}$ the corresponding eigenvector. $x_u$ is the entry of $x$ with maximum absolute value. I don't understand why I ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Eigenvectors orthogonal to $j$

I'm studying the proof of the following statement: $Spec(K_n) = (n-1)^1(-1)^{n-1}$ At some point I have: By the Spectral Theorem, when looking for eigenvectors $v$ we can assume they are ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

looking for “invertibility and singularity”

Dear *friends* Many monts ago,i searched a lot the book of Robin Harte "invertibility and singularity". this book contains a lot of demonstrations that i need in my master. it focus on banach ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Self adjointness of an elliptic differential operator

Let $A:D(a)\to L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be an elliptic partial differential operator $$ A(f)=\sum_{i,j=1}^{\infty}\partial_{x_j}(a_{ij}(x)\partial_{x_i}f) $$ where $a_{ij}\in C^{\infty}_b(\mathbb{R}^n)$, ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Resolution of Identity

I am reading the twelfth chapter of Rudin's Functional Analysis and am unable to understand two comments he makes in passing in the section on Resolution of Identity. Let E be a resolution of identity ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Resolution of Identity

I am reading the twelfth chapter of Rudin's Functional Analysis and am unable to understand two comments he makes in passing in the section on Resolution of Identity. Let E be a resolution of identity ...
0
votes
3answers
131 views

The maximal ideal space of $A$ is contained in the unit ball of $A^\ast$

On page 281 of Rudin's book Functional Analysis, let $\Delta$ be the maximal ideal space of a commutative Banach algebra $A$, $K$ be the norm-closed unit ball of $A^*$, then $\Delta\subset K$ (by ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Why is there an element with infinite spectrum in a commutative Banach algebra with infinitely many characters?

Let $A$ be a commutative Banach algebra such that set of all characters is infinite. I want to prove that there exists an element in $A$ such that its spectrum is infinite.
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Upper bound on the difference between two elements of an eigenvector

Let $W$ be the non-negative, symmetric adjacency/affinity matrix for some connected graph. If $W_{ij}$ is large, then vertex $i$ and vertex $j$ have a heavily weighted edge between them. If $W_{ij} = ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

The spectrum of an invertible element $x$ is $\sigma(x^{-1})=\{\lambda^{-1}: \lambda\in \sigma(x)\}$

Suppose $x$ is invertible in the unital Banach algebra $A$. How can I prove that $\sigma(x^{-1})=\{\lambda^{-1} : \lambda\in \sigma(x)\}$
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Spectrum of T in $B(\ell^2)$

Let $T:\ell^2 \to \ell^2$ be an operator on $\ell^2$ is defined as follows: $$T\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}=\{0,a_1,a_2,\dots\}$$ What is spectrum of T in $B(\ell^2)$?
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Calculus of Variations statement of a Singular Value Decomposition?

My previous question on SVD gained very little traction, so I thought I'd try a different version that hopefully has an explicit solution. As noted in the linked question, I am taking a function of ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

SVD, infinite matrices and normal operators from a function

I'm trying to understand the behavior the Singular Value Decomposition on a deeper level, and why it might give a particular result. Take the function $$ f(x,y) = \frac{1}{(1+2x+y)^2} $$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What is twisted triangular two-torus also called a triangular doughnut?

In "A Geometry of Music" by Dmitri Tymoczko Oxford 2010, the authors says that mathematicians refer to a particular lattice in what mathematicians would call "the interior of a twisted triangular ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

Gelfand's formula, different field

Gelfand's formula says that for a complex matrix $A \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$, $$\rho(A) = \lim_{m \rightarrow \infty} \|A^m\|^{1/m},$$ where $\rho$ is the spectral radius (norm of maximal ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Dirichlet eigenvalue problem on the Hilbert cube

I'm trying to solve the Dirichlet problem for the Helmholtz equation \begin{aligned}-\triangle u & = & \lambda u, & x\in\Omega,\\ u & = & 0, & x\in\partial\Omega, ...
3
votes
1answer
853 views

Spectral Theorem for bounded compact, self-adjoint operators as corollary of Hilbert-Schmidt theorem

I'm following Debnath and Mikusinksi's "Introduction to Hilbert Spaces with Applications" and am trying to understand how the spectral theorem for compact self-adjoint operators is a corollary of the ...
2
votes
1answer
341 views

spectrum of unitary operator

On $L^2(-\infty, \infty)$, T is a bounded linear operator and is defined by $$Tf(t)= \begin{cases} f(t), & \text{for } t \geq 0 \ \cr -f(t), & \text{for } t<0, \end{cases}$$ I'm able to ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Spectrum proofs

Let $T$ be a densely defined closed unbounded operator on a Hilbert space $H$. Show that if $\lambda$ is a point in the residual spectrum of $T$, then $\bar{\lambda}$ is in the point spectrum of the ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

Spectral family property: $\lambda \geq M \Rightarrow E_{\lambda} = I$

I'm following Kreyszig's "Introductory Functional Analysis with Applications" and I'm trying to follow his proof about some properties of a spectral family associated with a bounded self-adjoint ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

spectral radius monotonicity

I encountered an inequality when reading a paper. Can someone help to show how to prove it? Let be the spectral radius of matrix $A$ or $\rho(A)=\max\{|\lambda|, \lambda \text{ are eigenvalues of ...
0
votes
2answers
249 views

Representation of a bilinear form on an Hilbert space

Given a bilinear symmetric form $b(u,v)$ on a Hilbert space. I need to know some very basic facts. A reference where these are discussed would be greatly appreciated. 1) There exists a symmetric ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Null spaces and projections

I'm following Kreyszig's exposition of projections in "Introduction to Functional Analysis with applications". I'm trying to follow the proof of the following theorem (9.6-1 on pp. 486-487) regarding ...
2
votes
1answer
367 views

Spectrum of the unbounded operator $i\partial_x$

I've been puzzling over this for some time now, and can't quite make my intuitions precise. I need to find the resolvent set and spectrum of the operator $$ Lu=i\frac{du}{dx} $$ taken to be ...
1
vote
1answer
260 views

Residual spectrum is empty

I'm following Kreyszig's "Introductory Functional Analysis with Applications" and am trying to follow the proof of the following Theorem (9.2-4 on p. 468) For a bounded self-adjoint linear operator ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Can I deal with the weak derivative in the “strong” sense?

This is an exercise in functional analysis: For $k=1,2,3$, let $A_k: D(A_k)\subset L^2([0,1])\to L^2[(0,1)]$ be the first-order differential operators $A_ku=iu'$ with domains $$ D(A_1) = ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Find spectrum of the operator and an explicit form for the solution

Let $A: L^2[0,2\pi] \to L^2[0,2\pi]$ be defined by $Au=v$ if $v(x)=\int^{2\pi}_{0} cos(x+t)u(t)dt$ (a) Find the point spectrum, eigenspace, residual spectrum, continuous spectrum, and spectrum (b) ...
1
vote
0answers
168 views

Find spectrum of the operator

I need some help to find point spectrum, residual spectrum, continuous spectrum and for this problem. Let $\theta \in\mathbb{C}$. On the complex space $L^2[-1,1]$ consider the operator $Au=v,$ ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Convergence of operator norm

I have a linear bounded operator $A:L_2(0,1) \rightarrow L_2(0,1)$ satisfying $\|A^n\|^{1/n} \rightarrow 0$. Thus, for some sufficiently large $N$, $\|A^N\| < 1$ and then from Gelfand's formula, I ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Looking for a first order perturbation of the Laplacian having 0 in its spectrum

I would like to find an explicit example of a linear elliptic operator having the following form: $$Lu=-\Delta u +b(x)\cdot \nabla u, $$ where $b\colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$, and such that ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

number of zeros of the superposition/interference of sine oscillations

There is a tricky problem to solve and we ask for your kind help. In a rather simple version of the problem, we have a set of oscillations of type $f(x)=\sin (\omega x + \phi)$ with different phases ...
4
votes
1answer
392 views

Study of the Laplacian on the Hyperbolic plane

What's a good reference for the simplest case? I'm interested in the spectral theory of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the upper half plane (domain, self-adjoint extension, etc.). I only need this ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Showing a bound on a contour integral

I'm working through M. Schechter's 'Principles of Functional Analysis' and I'm working through a proof on page 136 that shows that the spectral radius $r_{\sigma} (T) $ of a bounded linear operator ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Proof that $A^n = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \oint _C z^n \left(z - A \right)^{-1} dz$

I'm working my way through Martin Schechter's 'Principles of Functional Analysis' (2nd ed.) and am trying to understand his proof of the following theorem, given on page 136: "Let $T:X\to X$ be any ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

spectrum of two bounded linear operators

Suppose that L and B are bounded linear operator on H, assume $0\in \rho(L) \cap \rho(L+B)$ and that $L^{-1}$ is compact. Prove that L+B also has a compact inverse.