Spectral theory is the study of generalized notions of eigenvalues and eigenvectors for linear operators in Banach spaces.

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Prove that a small shift in the diagonal term leads to smaller spectral radius (for Perron-Frobenius theorem)

On Wikipedia, the proof for Perron Frobenius theorem in the strictly positive case has a confusing step: Suppose $T=A^m-\epsilon I$, where $\epsilon$ is smaller than the smallest diagonal term of ...
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Spectral theorem for unitary operators T o F

Si $T$ es unitaria y $B$ es una base de $V$ formada por vectores propios de $T$ entonces $B$ es un conjunto ortogonal. If $T$ is unitary and $B$ is a basis for $V$ consisting of eigenvectors of $T$ ...
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Definition of essential spectrum?

Suppose we have a Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$ and a bounded linear map $T\in\mathscr{B(H)}$ NOT necessarily self-adjoint. There seems to be loads of definitions of the essential spectrum of $T$. My ...
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Uniqueness of spectral decomposition

Suppose $T: V\rightarrow V$ is diagonalizable on an arbitrary vector space (not necessarily an inner product space), so $T = \sum_{i=1}^r\lambda_i P_{\lambda_i}$ where ...
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Self-adjoint operators, projections, and resolutions of the identity.

In my Functional Analysis course, we're discussing the Spectral Theorem and the like. One question from a previous exam states the following: Let $H$ be Hilbert over $\mathbb C$, let $T \in B(H)$ be ...
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Example of operator with spectrum equal to $\mathbb{C}$?

In my Functional Analysis course, we proved that for a (possibly unbounded) operator $T$ that is densely defined, closed, and symmetric, exactly one of the following four occurs: $\sigma(T) = ...
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Example of a self-adjoint bounded operator on a Hilbert space with empty point spectrum

Good day, I wanted to find a self-adjoint bounded operator on a Hilbert space with empty point spectrum i.e. $$ T = T^* ~\text{but}~ \sigma_p(T)= \emptyset $$ Some definitions and results of the ...
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Image of a dense set through unbounded operator

Let $T$ be a densely defined, closed operator on a Hilbert space $H$ such that $T^*T$ remains densely defined. Obviously, $\sigma(I+T^*T)\subset [1,\infty)$, which in particular implies this operator ...
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Spectrum of operator $T((x_n)_{n\in\mathbb{Z}})=\left(\frac{1}{n^2+1}(x_n-x_{-n})\right)_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}$

The eigenvalues should satisfy: $$T(x_n)=\lambda x_n$$ $$\frac{1}{n^2+1}(x_n-x_{-n})=\lambda x_n$$ $$\left[(n^2+1)\lambda+1\right]x_n=x_{-n}$$ I suppose that this should mean that ...
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Spectral radius of perturbed bipartite graphs

I am looking into how perturbation(s) on a bipartite graph affect its spectrum (specifically its spectral radius or largest eigenvalue). Actually I'm not exactly looking into bipartite but the ...
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Can one hear the *material* of a drumhead?

"Can one hear the shape of a drum?" is a well known problem, originating from Kac, 1966, that questions whether an (idealized) drum head is completely specified by its spectrum. That is: is the ...
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Spectrum of operator in $l_2$

Sorry guys, I have a problem with this exercise. Let T an operator in $l_2$ Hilbert space: $$ (\textrm{T}x)_1 = x_2 , $$ $$ (\textrm{T}x)_2 = 0 , $$ $$ (\textrm{T}x)_n = x_{n-1} - x_n ...
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How to prove that $f(x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} f_{\lambda} (x) \, d\lambda$ where $f_{\lambda} $ is the eigenfunctions of $\Delta$

On Euclidean space $\mathbb R^n$, how to prove that $$f(x) = \int_{0}^{\infty} f_{\lambda} (x) \, d\lambda ,$$ where $\Delta f_{\lambda} (x) = -\lambda^2 f_{\lambda}(x) $, whith $\Delta$ is the ...
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References on the spectral theory of the Floquet problem

The Floquet problem is about the linear ordinary differential equation $$ \dot{\psi} = A(t) \psi. $$ Here $A(t)= A(t+T)$ is a periodic $n\times n $ matrix. Suppose $A(t) =-i H(t)$ with $H(t)$ being ...
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Proof: the resolvent operator is holomorphic.

I tried to prove that the resolvent operator $$\rho(A) \to \mathbb C,\space \lambda \mapsto R_{\lambda}(A):=(\lambda id_X -A)^{-1} $$ is holomorphic, where here $A$ is a bounded linear operator from ...
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Nonempty intersection between approximate point spectrum and residual spectrum

On the Wikipedia page on "Spectrum (functional analysis)", it is mentioned that the approximate point spectrum and residual spectrum are not necessarily disjoint. Is there a straightforward example to ...
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Different versions of Mercer's theorem

I am reviewing materials on reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) and I've found various versions of Mercer's theorem: About the positive-definiteness conditions. In the Wikipedia pages on RKHS ...
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Spectrum $\sigma(T)$ of $T:l^1 \to l^1$ given by $T((a_j))=\left( \sum_{j=2}^{\infty} a_j \right) e_1 + \sum_{j=2}^{\infty} a_{j-1} e_j$

I'm considering the bounded linear operator $T$ on $l^1$ (the space of all absolutely convergent complex sequences) given by (with $e_k=(\delta_{kj})_{j=1,2,...}$) $$T((a_j))=\left( ...
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Classify sub $C^*-$ algebras of $\mathbb{C}^{2 \times 2}$

Apparently if $A$ is a sub $C^*-$ algebra of the complex $n \times n$ matrices then we can characterize these subalgebras as block matrices.Now, for the case $n=2$ I was wondering if there is an easy ...
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Uniform convergence in Mercer Theorem for bounded kernels

Let $\mu$ be a finite, strictly positive measure on $\mathbb{R}$, and let $k$ be a measurable positive-definite kernel. Assume $k$ is bounded, and let $T:L^2(\mu)\rightarrow L^2(\mu)$ be defined by $$ ...
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Orthogonal projection onto the eigenspace of compact, self-adjoint operators.

Let $T$ be a compact, self-adjoint operator on a separable Hilbert space H. Suppose that $f\in H$, $||f|| =1$ and $||(T-3)f||\leq 1/2$. Let P be the orthogonal projection onto the direct sum of all ...
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Does there exist a self-adjoint operator whose spectrum is just the continuous spectrum?

Does there exist a self-adjoint operator whose spectrum is just the continuous spectrum?(i.e. no point spectrum and no residue spectrum) If not, please prove it.
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The topology of the spectrum of a linear operator

In general a spectrum of a linear operator has a decomposition into three parts: point spectrum, continuous spectrum and residual spectrum. What I'm interested in is the topology of these parts of ...
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Clarification on point spectrum of an operator

From my understanding, if $\lambda$ is in the point spectrum, then $\lambda$ is a complex number such that it satisfies the equation $(T - \lambda I) x = 0$. My confusion arises from problems like ...
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Isolated Eigenvalues on the Extensions.

I asked this question on Mathoverflow http://mathoverflow.net/questions/226484/isolated-eigenvalue-of-t-is-also-an-isolated-eigenvalue-of-overlinet and because of the comments apparently the answer ...
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$\lambda$ is an eigenvalue iff spectral measure of $\lambda$ is nonzero

Let $M$ be a normal operator on a Hilbert space and let $E$ be the spectral measure of $\sigma(M)$ (the spectrum of $M$). Show that $\lambda$ is an eigenvalue to $M$ $\iff E(\{\lambda\})\not = 0$. ...
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Finding the spectral decomposition of $\Delta= \frac{d^2}{dx^2}$ [closed]

What is the spectral decomposition of the operator $\Delta= \frac{d^2}{dx^2}$ in $(L^{2}(\mathbb R), dx)$? Thanks you in advance
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Spectrum of right shift operator in weighted $l2$ sequence space

Let $l_2(a)$ be a hilbert space defined with following inner product: $\langle x_n,y_n\rangle = \sum a^k x_k y_k$. (It's a weighted sequence space with the weights $\omega_i = a^i$). It's elements ...
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The k-th derivative of the resolvent set

I want to prove $$\frac{d^{k}}{dz^{k}}(zI-A)^{-1}=(-1)^{k}k!(zI-A)^{-k-1}$$ I have the resolvent equation $(zI-A)^{-1}-(\lambda I-A)^{1}=(\lambda-z)(zI-A)^{-1}(\lambda I-A)^{-1}$, i.e. ...
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Spectrum of the laplacian on a Banach space

Is the spectrum of the laplacian on $L^1(0,1)$ with Neumann boundary conditions known?
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Show that an operator is negative

I would show that, the operator $$A = \left(x_{4} \frac{\partial}{\partial x_{1} } -x_{1} \frac{\partial}{\partial x_{2} } \right) \frac{\partial}{\partial x_{3} } $$ is a negative operator on ...
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Is $f$ unitary if $f\in L(V,V)$ such that $a<\frac{\|f^n(v)\|}{\|v\|}<b$, with $0<a<1<b$, for all $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and nonzero $v$

Let $V$ be a complex inner product space. Is $f$ unitary if $f\in L(V,V)$ such that $a<\frac{\|f^n(v)\|}{\|v\|}<b$, with $0<a<1<b$, for all $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and nonzero $v$? If not, ...
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If $0\leq a \leq b$ and $a$ is invertible, then $b$ is invertible

Let $\mathscr A$ be a unital C*-algebra and let $a,b\in \mathscr A$ such that $0\leq a \leq b$ and $a$ is invertible. How to show that $b$ is invertible? ($0\leq a \leq b$ means that $a,b$ is ...
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Spectrum radius upper bound of Hadamard product

I am doing some research that relies on Hadamard product of two matrices bound, the most famous one that I encounter is : $\rho(A\circ B)=\rho(A)\rho(B)$ this seems to be trivial when I test it with ...
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Positive logarithm in a $C^*$-algebra

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $a \in A_+$ be a positive element. I want to show that $a$ has a positive logarithm if $a$ is invertible. I just see that the usual $\log$ function is continuous on ...
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What does the spectrum of the adjacency matrix of a graph tell you? [duplicate]

I am trying to search for an answer to the following question and I cannot find a straightforward answer. What does the spectrum of the adjacency matrix (set of eigenvalues and their multiplicities) ...
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T be compact operator defined on $L^2(\Omega)$ Show that the null space of T-I satisfies

Can anyone help me out on this one Let $$ \Omega\subset\text{R^d be a domain K}\,\in\,L^2(\Omega X \Omega)$$ and T be compact operator defined on $L^2(\Omega)$ by Tf(x)=$\int_\Omega K( ...
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How to do spectral decomposition?

I missed the last couple classes due to a family emergency and am trying to catch up with review questions. However, I can't seem to find an online source that teaches how to compute a spectral ...
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compactness in $\ell^2$

How can I show T is compact when T is defined as $$ \text{T :}\,\ell^2 \to\ell^2\,\text{by Tx=y where} \,y_j=\alpha_jx_j\text{and}\,\alpha_j\to0\,\text{as}\,n\to\infty$$
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Intuitive understanding of quantum ergodicity of eigenfunctions

I recently heard a talk on differential geometry where the speaker was using a result called quantum ergodicity of eigenfunctions. I am trying to see if I am getting the gist of the result correctly. ...
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Spectral Theorem for compact Operators

I think about the spectral theorem for compact operators on a Banach Space. And I come to a question: Can the Theorem be generalized to any Normed Space or a bigger subclass of TVS
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Eigenvalues of an integral operator

The following operator is defined on $L_2(0,1)$: $$Kf(t)=\int_0^1|s-t|f(s)ds$$ I am wondering how I can calculate the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of such an operator. I start with ...
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Linearization of PDE: $0$ is an eigenvalue since all translates of travelling waves are also travelling waves

Consider the following PDE: $$ u_t=u_{xx}+f(u)-w,~~~~~w_t=\varepsilon (u-\gamma w),~~~~~~~~~(1) $$ where $f(u)=u(u-a)(1-u), 0<a<\frac{1}{2}, \varepsilon,\gamma >0, \varepsilon\ll 1,\gamma\ll ...
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Confusion on Theorem in Kato's book

On page 432 (pdf-page: 455) of Kato's book perturbation theory of linear operators, I do not understand why in Theorem 1.15 $$H_n = \int dE_n(\lambda)$$ instead of the ususal thing $$H_n=\int ...
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Laplace-Beltrami operator

I'm interesting in the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a sphere, more precisely its spectral properties including the spectral function, etc. So if someone can give me some references that treats this ...
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Spectrum of nonnegative operator

Let $A$ be a bounded, nonnegative operator on a complex Hilbert space $H$. Prove that the spectrum $$\sigma(A)\subset[0,+\infty].$$ We say that an operator $A$ is nonnegative if it is self adjoint and ...
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What theorem is this in the infinite dimensional case?

The spectral theorem for compact, self-adjoint operators is as I have understood the infinite dimensional case for orthogonal diagonalisation of a symmetric case in linear algebra? But in linear ...
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Problem involving the Spectral Mapping theorem.

Consider the following problem: Let $T$ be a bounded operator in a Banach space $X$. Use the Spectral Mapping theorem to show that $|\lambda^n|\le\|T^n\|$ for all $\lambda\in\sigma(T).$ Here's ...
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Difference between the spectrum and point spectrum of an operator.

I have the following two definitions in my notes: The spectrum of an operator: We define $\sigma(T)$, the spectrum of T, by, $$\sigma(T):=\{\lambda\in\mathbb C: T-\lambda I\,\, \text{is not ...
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Computing spectra in Banach algebras

In general, computing the spectrum of a specific element in a Banach algebra can be very difficult. What are some of the less obvious tricks that you've encountered?