Questions on special functions, useful functions that frequently appear in pure and applied mathematics (usually not including "elementary" functions).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
213 views

solution of another definite integral

Does the following integral converge or not? \begin{align} && \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} (-\varphi)^k \binom{\frac1\varphi+k}{k}\int_{-\infty}^\infty\beta x^n e^{-\beta x(k+1)}dx&& ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

finding value of definite integral

Does the following definite integral exist here $\alpha > 0$ and $n$ is positive integer.
1
vote
3answers
69 views

search for closed form solution of definite integral

Integrate/hint for this definite integral $$\int_0^\infty(\log\theta)^n\frac{1}{\theta^{k+2}}\text{d}\theta,$$ where $n$ and $k$ are positive integers. It is a simplified form of my earlier question ...
7
votes
2answers
128 views

Does this really converge to 1/e? (Massaging a sum)

Short version: can we prove that $$\sum_{k=0}^n (-1)^k \binom{n}{k}^2 \frac{k!}{n^{2k}} \to \frac1e$$ as $n \to \infty$? Long version: First, consider $$a_n = \sum_{k=0}^n \frac{(-1)^k}{k!}$$ It is ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

positively homogeneous function

A function $f:X→\mathbb{R}$ is said to be positive homogeneous of degree $k\in\mathbb{R}$ if $f(tx)=t^kf(x)$ for every $x\in X$ and every $t\in\mathbb{R}_{++}$. For $X=\mathbb{R}_+$, the sample ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Function returning number of subsets of size $k$ of a set of size $n$.

I am looking for a function that returns the number of subsets of size $k$ of a set of size $n$. Ideally, the function is commonly used. I took a look at the binomial coefficient. However, there ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Beta function proof

Show that : $$\beta \left( x,n\right) =\dfrac {\left( n-1\right) !}{x\left( x+1\right) \left( x+2\right) ....\left( x+n-1\right) }$$ My attempt : $$\beta \left( x,n\right) =\dfrac {\Gamma \left( ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Expressing upper incomplete gamma function of half-integer order in terms of gamma function?

N. M. Temme, "Special Functions" (Wiley 1996) gives the following expression that expresses the upper incomplete gamma function in terms of the ordinary gamma function, for integer orders: $$ ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Integration by using special functions

$$\int ^{\pi }_{0}\dfrac {dt}{\sqrt {3-\cos t}}$$ How can you solve the following equation by using alpha/gamma functions and putting $$\cos t=1-2\sqrt {u}$$
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How to prove this integral representation of Bessel function?

I'm trying to prove this integral representation: $$J_\nu = \frac{({x/2})^\nu}{\Gamma(\nu+1/2)\sqrt{\pi}}\int_{-1}^{1}(1-t^2)^{\nu-1/2}e^{itx}dt$$ I think countour integration would be useful, but ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Bessel function with shifted argument

Is there any standard practice which may represents $J_m(a\pm kx)$ in terms of $J_m(kx)$
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Bessel function with shifted argument

Is there any standard practice which may represents $J_m(a\pm kx)$ in terms of $J_m(kx)$ where $a$ is any constant and $m$ is integer $>-1$
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Is there a way to simplify Legendre-squared sum $\sum_{n} \frac{[P'_{n}(x)]^2}{n(n+1)}$

Is there a closed-form expression for $$F(x) = \sum_{n=2,{\rm even}}^{\infty} \frac{[P'_{n}(x)]^2}{n(n+1)}$$ where $P'_{n}(x)$ is the derivative of the $n^{\rm th}$ Legendre polynomial? Simple ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

modern analysis: step functions with upper and lower sums [duplicate]

A function $f$ defined on $[a,b]$ is a step function if there is a partition $P$ such that $f$ is constant on each subinterval of $P$ a. Show that upper and lower sums are integrals of step ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

analytic solution to definte integral

I am looking for Analytic solution to a definite integral. Or an approriate transformation to apply. the conditions on $\alpha$ , $\beta$ being positive real numbers while $n$ is positive integer.the ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

non-sequential sequence function

if i remember correctly (i had one workshop on numerics years ago, sorry for my lack of knowledge) there is a way to create some sort of hash function that gives you a non sequential sequence. This ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Taylor series of a rational function

I am facing some complicated integral, which part of it is $$\frac{z^{M-1}}{(1+(\eta z)^n)^p}$$ I think if I find the taylor series of this part the integral might be solved. So, can someone help me ...
4
votes
3answers
153 views

Conjectured closed form of $G^{2~2}_{3~3}\left(1\middle|\begin{array}c1,1;b+1\\b,b;0\end{array}\right)$

In my answer to this question, I come across the following case of the Meijer G-function: $$F(b)=G^{2~2}_{3~3}\left(1\middle|\begin{array}c1,1;b+1\\b,b;0\end{array}\right), b>0$$ and based on my ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Real roots plot of the modified bessel function

Could anyone point me a program so i can calculate the roots of $$ K_{ia}(2 \pi)=0 $$ here $ K_{ia}(x) $ is the modified Bessel function of second kind with (pure complex)index 'k' :D My conjecture ...
12
votes
1answer
185 views

Closed form for $\int_{-\infty}^0\operatorname{Ei}^3x\,dx$

Let $\operatorname{Ei}x$ denote the exponential integral: $$\operatorname{Ei}x=-\int_{-x}^\infty\frac{e^{-t}}tdt.\tag1$$ It's not difficult to find that ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Integral of incomplete gamma function

I am trying to integrate this: $$\int_0^\infty z^{-|M|-1}\,\Gamma(A,z)\;dz$$ where $A$ is a real positive, and note that the power of $z$ is $-|M|-1$, i.e., is forced to be negative real.
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Help with taylor series as part of an integral involving gamma function

I am facing some strange problem regarding the Taylor series for this function: $$\frac{1}{(1+(\eta z)^n)^p} = ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

I need an even function that grows faster than cosh(x)

Does anyone know of any even special functions that grow very fast, faster than $\cosh(x)$? (Not the exponential) (Further info): ...
18
votes
1answer
329 views

Fourier transform of $\operatorname{erfc}^3\left|x\right|$

(this is a follow-up on my another question) Could you please help me to find the Fourier transform of $$f(x)=\operatorname{erfc}^3\left|x\right|,$$ where $\operatorname{erfc}z$ denotes the the ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

eigenfunctions in a Sturm-Liouville problem

I've found that the eigenfunctions in a certain Sturm-Liouville problem satisfy a differential equation whose general solution is $\phi(x)= x^{a}[C_1M(a,2a+2,x)+C_2U(a,2a+2,x)]$, $x\ge0$, where $M$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

asymptotics of tricomi function

What's the asymptotic behavior of the Tricomi confluent hypergeometric function $U(a,b,z)$ when $|z|\to0$ and $b$ is complex but with $Re(b)=1$. The Abramowitz and Stegun handbook does not seem to ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

product of different order Bessel function integral

$\displaystyle w = \int_0^\infty r\; J_\mu(ar)\;J_\theta(br)\; \text{d}r $ I'd like to solve this integral ,where a and b are real and positive constant. any information regarding this integral help ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Limit of a hyperpower function

i have a question regarding this class of equations: Let $\gamma(x)=x^x$ Let $\Psi_n(x)=\underbrace{\gamma(x)\circ\gamma(x)\circ\gamma(x)}_n$, such that $\Psi_1(x)=\gamma(x)$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Learning about the gamma function.

I have just started learning about the gamma function but the books I have are not sufficient to give me a complete picture of it. Can you guys suggest some online resources/free books where I can ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Connection between Expected power and Expected Energy over Frequency - Dirac Delta Squared?

I know math people don't like the Dirac delta, so feel free to answer with your measure theory - I'll try my best to understand. Suppose $x$ is a WSS stochastic process $\{x[n] : n \in ...
18
votes
1answer
626 views

Integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty J^3_0(x) e^{i\omega x}dx $

Hi I am trying to evaluate the integral $$ \mathcal{I}(\omega)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty J^3_0(x) e^{i\omega x}dx $$ analytically. We can also write $$ \mathcal{I}(\omega)=\mathcal{FT}\big(J^3_0(x)\big) ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

integral involving hypergeometric function

I've obtained that the eigenfunctions of a certain Sturm-Liouville problem are: $$ \phi(x,\lambda) = C\cdot(1/x)^{-1/2\pm i\lambda}\Psi(-1/2\pm i\lambda, 1\pm2i\lambda,1/x), $$ where $C$ is a ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Zeta function for negative integers

I already proved that $\zeta(z)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(z)}\int_0^\infty\frac{t^{z-1}}{e^t-1}dt=\frac{\Gamma(z-1)}{2\pi i}\int_{-\infty}^0\frac{t^{z-1}}{e^{-t}-1}dt$ Now the Benoulli numbers are defined by ...
8
votes
1answer
207 views

Strange closed forms for hypergeometric functions

So in the process of trying to find a derivation for this answer, the following interesting equalities arose (one can check with Wolfram Alpha/Mathematica): $$\frac{8\sqrt{2}G^4}{5\pi^2} ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

integral equation with beta kernel

Is there any way to solve the integral equation $$ z(a,b;x) = 1+\dfrac{(1+x)^{b}}{B(a,b)}\int_0^c\dfrac{y^{a-1}}{(1+x+y)^{a+b}}z(a,b;y)\,dy,\;\;x\ge0, $$ where $a,b,c>0$ are parameters, and ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Beta function identity for $B(z,z)$

I would like to derive the identity $B(z,z)=2^{1-2z}B(z,\frac{1}{2})$ somehow. The Beta function is defined as $B(p,q)=\int_0^1 t^{p-1}(1-t)^{q-1}dt$ where $Re(p), Re(q)>0$ I used the ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

An additive function with capability to retrieve individual components

Assume a set of points in a path $A,B,C,D$ and $E$. Starting from point $A$ assuming single direction there are 4 possible paths as $AB, ABC, ABCD, ABCDE$ with identifies 1 to 4 representing each ...
18
votes
4answers
509 views

Fractional Calculus: Motivation and Foundations.

If this is too broad, I apologise; let's keep it focused on the basics if necessary. What's the motivation and the rigorous foundations behind fractional calculus? It seems very weird & ...
15
votes
2answers
279 views

Integral $\int_0^\infty F(z)\,F\left(z\,\sqrt2\right)\frac{e^{-z^2}}{z^2}dz$ involving Dawson's integrals

I need you help with evaluating this integral: $$I=\int_0^\infty F(z)\,F\left(z\,\sqrt2\right)\frac{e^{-z^2}}{z^2}dz,\tag1$$ where $F(x)$ represents Dawson's integral: $$F(x)=e^{-x^2}\int_0^x ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Conjecture about integral $\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx$

I'm interested in the following integral: $$\mathcal J(n)=\int_0^1 K\left(\sqrt{\vphantom1x}\right)\,K\left(\sqrt{1-x}\right)\,x^ndx,\tag1$$ where $K(z)$ is the complete elliptic integral of the 1ˢᵗ ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Solution of definite integrals involving incomplete Gamma function

The solution of the integral $$\int_0^{\infty}e^{-\beta x}\gamma(\nu,\alpha \sqrt x)dx $$ is given as ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

Integral $ \int_0^1 \frac{\ln \ln (1/x)}{1+x^{2p}} dx$…Definite Integral

Calculate $$ I_1:=\int_0^1 \frac{\ln \ln (1/x)}{1+x^{2p}} dx, \ p \geq 1. $$ I am trying to solve this integral $I_1$. I know how to solve a related integral $I_2$ $$ I_2:=\int_0^1 \frac{\ln \ln ...
4
votes
2answers
145 views

Fourier transform of $\operatorname{erfc}^2\left|x\right|$

Could you please help me to find the Fourier transform of $$f(x)=\operatorname{erfc}^2\left|x\right|,$$ where $\operatorname{erfc}z$ denotes the the complementary error function.
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to evaluate the derivate of a hypergeometric function w.r.t. one of its parameters?

I have to numerically evaluate the derivative of the hypergeometric function w.r.t. its first and second parameters $\large\frac{\partial}{\partial a}{_2F_1}\left(a , b ,c;z\right)$ and ...
0
votes
2answers
17 views

Simple function with a couple of properties

Please supply any simple function $f(x | p)$ which the following properties: $f(0 | p) = 0$ and $f(1 | p)=0$ $f'(0 | p) = 0$ and $f'(1 | p)=0$ $f(x | p)>0$ for $0<x<1$ For $0<x<1$ ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How to solve this Fourier-Bessel integral

I want to solve this integral: $\{\int_0^{a\cos{\phi}}\rho e^{-bk\rho}J_q(k\rho)d\rho\}$ where $b=\frac{jn\kappa \cos \phi}{k}$ and $q$ is integer. Since it has a form like Fourier-Bessel transform, ...
4
votes
0answers
166 views

Integral $=\int_0^\infty x^{\alpha -1}Li_n (-\sigma x) Li_m(-\omega x^r)dx$.

I am trying to calculate an integral that can be expressed in terms of infinite hypergeometric series by using transforms and Residue method, the integral is $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Solution of some Bessel integrals

The solution of the integration $\int_0^\infty e^{-\alpha x}J_v(\beta x)x^{\mu-1}dx$ is given in a standard form. Can I use the same result when the upper limit of the integration is finite? The ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Proving Legendres Relation for elliptic curves

The legendre's relation can be stated as follows $$ K(k) E(k^*)+ E(k) K(k^*) - K(k) K(k^*) = \frac{\pi}{2} $$ where $k^* = \sqrt{1 - k^2}$ is the complimentary modulus, and $E$ and $K$ are ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Mean and variance of truncated generalized Beta distribution

The generalized Beta probability density function is given by: $$f(x) = \frac{(x-A)^{\alpha - 1} (B-x)^{\beta - 1}}{(B-A)^{\alpha + \beta - 1} \mathrm{B}(\alpha ,\beta)}$$ for $A<x<B$, and ...