Questions on special functions, useful functions that frequently appear in pure and applied mathematics (usually not including "elementary" functions).

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0
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1answer
38 views

Legendre's Chi- Function

I want to get the numerical value(twenty at thirty decimals) of $$\operatorname\chi_{2}(\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}})$$ Thanks you very much.
2
votes
2answers
39 views

how to compute this limits given these conditions.

if $f(1)=1$ and $f'(x)=\frac{1}{x^2+[f(x)]^2}$ then compute $\lim\limits_{x\to+\infty}f(x)$ i tried to write it was $$\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{1}{x^2+y^2}\\ (x^2+y^2)\frac{dy}{dx}=1\\ (x^2+y^2)dy=dx$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
336 views

Fourier-Bessel series coefficients

When finding the coefficients of a Fourier-Bessel series, the Bessel functions satisfies, for $k_1$and $k_2$ both zeroes of $J_n(t)$, the orthogonality relation given by: $$\int_0^1 ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Integral of the product of two Normal distribution CDF (erf)

How do I solve the following? $$ \lim_{x \rightarrow \infty} \int_0^{x} \left[ 1 + \text{erf} \left( \frac{\epsilon - a}{b} \right) \right] \left[ 1 + \text{erf} \left( \frac{\epsilon - c}{d} \right) ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Analyticity of Mellin Barnes integral

How to decide the analyticity of Mellin-Barnes integral? In particular, When Fox's H-function is analytic? Is the condition for existence, analytic and condition for convergence both have the same ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Can any one tell m ewith one example, how to evaluate a double Mellin Barnes integral?

What is meant by asymptotic expansion of Gamma function? i.e. $ |\Gamma(z)| = |\Gamma(x+iy)| \approx \sqrt{2 \pi} \left|y\right|^{\left(x - \frac{1}{2}\right)} e^{-\pi \frac{|y|}{2}}, \quad ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Writing Dirichlet series in infinite product.

In Serre's $A \, Course\, In \,Arithmetic$, it says the following: $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}c(n)/n^s= \prod\limits_{p \,\rm prime}\frac{1}{1-c(p)p^{-s}+p^{2k-1-2s}}$ $\Longleftrightarrow$ ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Gaussian-like integral??

It has been a long time since I've needed to do integration... hope you can help What is the result of the following where $\alpha$ is a constant; $$\int_0^\infty ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Series (Dilogarithm Function)

Let $\displaystyle f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \dfrac{x^n}{n^2} , \; x \in (0, 1)$. Evaluate $f(1/2)$ without using the known formulae of the dilogarithm or the equation it satisfies. May I have some ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

An integral involving in Bessel, exponential and power functions

I need to solve an integral similar to the one in a book, Abramowitz and Stegun. Handbook of Mathematical Functions,P486, Eq. 11.4.29. However, I can't use infinity as the upper bound. Can someone ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to bound the uniform convergence on $[0,1]$ of the Bernstein polynomials of $ e^x $ to $e^x$

I have a question: How can we prove that the Bernstein polynomial $$p_{n}(x)=\sum_{l=0}^{n} e^{l\over n}\begin{pmatrix} n\\ l \end{pmatrix}x^l(1-x)^{n-l}$$ uniformly converges $e^x$ in the interval ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

Integral involving bessel function/gaussian/rational function

I'd like to solve: $$\int_0^{\infty}\quad J_1(ak)\,\frac{b+k^2}{(k-\alpha_1)(k-\alpha_2)(k-\alpha_3)(k-\alpha_4)}\,\exp(-ck^2)\,\,dk$$ Is there any specific rule for it? Thanks!
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Approximation of a series containing Bessel functions

I have this series: $$\displaystyle S=\sum_{k=0}^N\left(J_k(x)-J_k(y)\right)$$ where: $J_k(\dot{})$ is the Bessel function of order $k$ with $x\in\mathbb{R}$ and $y\in\mathbb{R}$. I have to calculate ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Evaluation of definite integral in terms of Bessel function

Can I express the integral $\int_0^1[\cos (xt)/(1-t^2)]dt$ in terms of Bessel Polynomial? I tried by putting $t=\sin \theta$ and used the integral representation of Bessel's polynomial ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculation of Chebyshev coefficients

The Chebyshev polynomials can be defined recursively as: $T_0(x)=1$; $T_1(x)=x$; $T_{n+1}(x)=2xT_n(x) + T_{n-1}(x)$ The coefficients of these polynomails for a function, $\space f(x)$, under ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views
1
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0answers
41 views

Can my wrong derivation of the Gamma function be fixed?

I found the following simple but wrong derivation of the Gamma function: We start from the definition of the exponential function $$ e^x = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^k}{k!} \\ \Rightarrow 1 = ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Definite integral involving modified bessel function of the first kind and its logarithm

I'm trying to solve the following integral $$ T=\int_0^\infty \exp(-a x^2) I_1(b x) \log(I_1(b x))\, dx $$ where $I_1(x)$ is the modified Bessel function of the first kind and order one, and $a$, $b$ ...
14
votes
3answers
325 views

Calculate the following integral $\int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\sin^m x\,\mathrm{d}x}{\sin x + \cos x}$, $m=2k-1$

At the moment I am studing the following integral $$K(m,n)= \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\sin^m x\,\mathrm{d}x}{\sin^nx + \cos^nx}.$$ For integers $m$,$n$. The question regarding both $K(1,1)$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

A discrete fourier-bessel series?

A function $f$ on an interval $[0,b]$ can be expanded as a sum of Bessel functions, using the inner product $$\int_0^b f(x) g(x) x\mathrm dx$$ under which these functions are orthogonal, for example ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Why is the imaginary part of the logarithm of the gamma function a square wave?

I just stumpled upon it and it made me curious. Why is the imaginary part of $\ln(\Gamma(x))$ a square wave for $x < 0$ ? The square wave has a period of 2 and a amplitude of $\pi/2$. How can one ...
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Function preserving exponentiation

I'm wondering what kind of function preserves exponentiation, i.e., what is an $f$ such that $f(a^b)=f(a)^{f(b)}$?
0
votes
1answer
16 views

How to define formula for decimal places

I need to define a formula for a half unit of the smallest decimal place in unit price ($UP$), or understand if this can be defined with a formula? What I have is this $$ T_{min,max} = Amt +/- (Qty ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Integral with the Floor Function in the Limits

I have $$\int d\mathbb{r}_{i}\int\mathbb{d}r_{j} f\left(x_{i},y_{i},x_{j},y_{j}\right)$$ where $d\mathbb{r}_{i}=dx_{i}dy_{i}$, and similarly for $d\mathbb{r}_{j}$. If I want to integrate $f$ over ...
4
votes
2answers
36 views
1
vote
1answer
34 views

$\zeta_m(s)=\prod\limits_{p\nmid m} \frac{1}{\left(1-\frac{1}{p^{f(p)s}}\right)^{g(p)}}$ is a Dirichlet series with non-negative coefficients

Let $p$ be a prime number, $m$ be any integer, $f(p)$ be the order of $p$ in $(Z/mZ)^*$, $i.e.$ $p^{f(p)} \equiv 1 \pmod m$ with $f(p)$ smallest. Let $g(p)=\frac{\phi(m)}{f(p)}$ is a integer where ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Solution to simple functional equations

What is $\psi$ in functional equation: $$\sum _{n=0}^{\infty }{\frac { \left( -1 \right) ^{n}}{n+x}}=1/2\,\Psi \left( 1/2+x/2 \right) -1/2\,\Psi \left( x/2 \right)?$$
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Function property of $o$

I have a doubt regarding $o$-function. Could we write $o(\|\theta h)\|)=\theta \ o(\|h\|)$ ?
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Important Functions That Are Multivariable Integrals

There are lots of "important" functions of one variable that are defined in terms of integrals for which no closed form exists, like the Gamma Function and the normal distribution. Are there any such ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Name of special function used by Wolfram integrator

Integrating $e^{-r}/\sqrt{2t-r}$ with respect to $r$ between $r=t$ and $r=2t$ using this widget gives the answer $2e^{-t}F(\sqrt{t})$. However the widget doesn't say what $F$ is. I have looked on ...
3
votes
3answers
114 views

Which methods can be used to evaluate the following integral?

How can I evaluate the following integral $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} x^{-1/2} \exp({-x/2})\ dx $$ I know the answer is $\sqrt{2\pi}$.
0
votes
0answers
30 views

on convergence of Integral involving Bessel function

For $r>0$ suppose $$\chi(r)=\sqrt{r}J_{\nu}(re^{i\frac{\pi}{4}})$$ where $J_{\nu}$ is a Bessel function of order $\nu$ (which is complex number). I am trying to find for what values of $\nu$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How can a unit step function be differentiable??

Recently, I am taking a Signal & System course at my college. In all of the signal & system textbooks I have read, we see that it is written " When we differentiate a Unit Step Function, we ...
4
votes
2answers
77 views

Simplify $\frac{\Gamma(n)}{\Gamma(n+a)}$ with $a\in\mathbb C$.

How can simplify the following expression? $$\frac{\Gamma(n)}{\Gamma(n+a)}\sim \cdots\text{ ?}$$ Where $a\in\mathbb C$, $n\in \mathbb N$. Any suggestions please? I propose the following. We have ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

sinc function in terms of Hermite function

Is there any formula which represent the sinc function $\operatorname{\rm sinc}(x)=\dfrac{\sin(\pi x)}{\pi x}$ (its expansion) in terms of the Chebychev-Hermite function?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Does a function relationship for a specific $y$ hold for any?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}\mapsto \mathbb{R}$ , continous $\forall$ $y$ in $\mathbb{R}$, $\exists$ $a,b$ such that $f(x,y) = ax + b$ $\forall$ $x$ in $\mathbb{R}$, $\exists$ $a',b'$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

$\frac{\sin(nx)}{\sin(x)}=(-4)^{(n-1)/2} \prod_{1\leq j \leq (n-1)/2}(\, \sin^2(x)-\sin^2(\frac{2\pi j}{n})\,)$

In Serre's A Course in Arithmetic, it states For $n$ odd and positive integer, proof that $\frac{\sin(nx)}{\sin(x)}=(-4)^{(n-1)/2} \prod_{1\leq j \leq (n-1)/2}(\,\sin^2(x)-\sin^2(\frac{2\pi ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Fourier transform all steps walkthrough for wave vector $k$ and $x$

Below is my walkthrough of a fourier transform. My problem is that I want to do all the similar steps for a fourier transform between position x and the wave vector k. That is working on a solution of ...
7
votes
2answers
193 views

how to compute this limit

compute $I=\lim\limits_{n\to+\infty}\sqrt[n]{\int\limits_0^1x^{n+1}(1-x)\cdots(1-x^n)dx}$ attempt: I tried to evaluate the integral $$\begin{align} ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

is split function derivable

$ f(x) = \begin{cases} \frac{sin(x)}{x}, & x \ne0 \\ x+1, & x=0 \end{cases}$ I know that the function is a continuous function in R. But is this function derivable at x=0? I am not sure.. ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Rodrigues formula Associated Laguerre polynomial

Could you find the rodriguez formula of $$L_n^{\beta }\left(x^2\right)$$ knowing that $$\frac{\left(e^x x^{-\beta }\right) \frac{\partial ^n\left(e^{-x} x^{\beta }\right)}{\partial ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Inverse of elliptic integral of second kind

The Wikipedia articles on elliptic integral and elliptic functions state that “elliptic functions were discovered as inverse functions of elliptic integrals.” Some elliptic functions have names and ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Limit of Ratio of Chebyshev Polynomials

I have been trying to compute the limit $$\lim_{n\to\infty}{{U_n(x)^2}\over{U_{n-1}(x)^2+U_n(x)^2}}$$ where $U_n(x)$ is the $n$-th Chebyshev polynomial of the second kind and $x\ge 1$. Using software ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Simplify $\int_0^{\infty}\,dk\,\exp{(-\delta^2k^2)}\,J_1(kR)\frac{1}{1+bk^2}$

EDIT: I would love to find an analytical solution for this definite integral: $$\int_0^{\infty}\,dk\,\exp{(-\delta^2k^2)}\,J_1(kR)\frac{1}{1+bk^2}$$ with $\delta>0,\, R>0,\,b>0$. Does ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Infinite product representation for the Sine Integral $\mathrm{Si}(z)$

The infinite series representation of the sine integral (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trigonometric_integral, previous m.se question: Is there any infinite series representation of the sine ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Infinite sum of products of four Bessel functions

The discrete Schrödinger equation for two interacting electrons in 1D under an electric field reads $$ E\psi_{mn}=[(m+n)F+U\delta_{mn}]\psi_{mn}-\psi_{m+1,n}-\psi_{m-1,n} -\psi_{m,n+1}-\psi_{m,n-1}\ . ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Generalizing 1D function to higher dimensions

I have a function in 1D given by $f(x) = \tanh(x-x_1) + \tanh(x-x_2)$. I want to generalize this to two dimensions, such that it describes a circle. The function $f(x,y)$ has to have a form such that ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

get a integral from another

if $\int\limits_{0}^{+\infty}x^3e^{-\alpha x^2} dx=\frac{1}{2A}$ then $\int\limits_{0}^{+\infty}x^4e^{-\alpha x^2} dx=$ i tried to use integration by parts $$\begin{align} ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Comprehensive summary of where the function $\pi^{-\frac x\pi}$ can be encountered

I am studying the special functions, including the Riemann Xi and Zeta, and everywhere a function $\pi^{-\frac x\pi}$ pops up, usually as multiplier to the Gamma function. But yet I am not sure this ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

evaluation of the limit $\lim_{u\to 0}\phantom{ }_0F_1(1,-u)u^{1-\alpha/2}$

What are the values of the limits \begin{equation} \lim_{u\to 0}\phantom{}_0F_1(1,-u)u^{1-\alpha/2}=?\\ \lim_{u\to \infty}\phantom{}_0F_1(1,-u)u^{1-\alpha/2}=? \end{equation} where ...