Questions on special functions, useful functions that frequently appear in pure and applied mathematics (usually not including "elementary" functions).

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4
votes
1answer
123 views

Does $\int_0^{2 \pi} \sqrt{1-(a+b \sin\phi)^2} d\phi $ have a closed form in terms of elliptic integrals?

Consider the following integral for real $a, b$ such that the square root is real: \begin{equation} I=\int_0^{2 \pi} \sqrt{1-(a+b \sin\phi)^2} d\phi \end{equation} For $a = 0$, the integral is easily ...
5
votes
0answers
45 views

What is $f_\alpha(x) = \sum_{n\in \mathbb{N}} \frac{n^\alpha}{n!}x^n$?

I want to understand the function $$f_\alpha(x) = \sum_{n\in \mathbb{N}} \frac{n^\alpha}{n!}x^n, \ \ \ \forall x\in\mathbb{R},$$ for any possible real $\alpha\geq0$. I know that for $\alpha$ integer, ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Why does the asymptotic equation of the modified Bessel of the second kind (Iv) have an imaginary part?

This is a follow up to this question. How does one arrive at the asymptotic expressions for the bessel functions? After looking at: G. N. Watson, "A Treatise on the Theory of Bessel Functions", 2nd ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

$\int_{-1}^{1} x^{k+i} P_n(x)dx$, $P_n$ Legendre polynomial.

I was wondering whether there is a way to say what $$\int_{-1}^{1} x^{k} P_n(x)dx$$ is, where $k,n$ are positive integers or zero and $P_n$ is the n-th Legendre polynomial? I am looking for an ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

How to find a function from an infinite sequence of derivatives at $x=0$

I need an odd function $f(x)$ which converges to $\pm \infty$ at $\pm a$ for some positive $a$. At $x=0$, the even derivatives must be $0$, and the odd derivatives must be factorials : $f(0)=0$, ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

What is the Fourier series of $e^{\mu\cos\theta}$?

Motivation: I want to solve this convolution problem on the circle: find $f$, given $g$ and $$ g(\theta) = \int_{S^1} e^{\mu\cos(\theta-\phi)}g(\phi)\ d\phi. $$ To do this, I want to find the Fourier ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Low bound of Dirichlet eta function

every one. Suppose that $\eta(s)$ is Dirichlet eta function, I may find a low bound of this function, namely $\eta(2n)>\frac{2^{2n-1}-2}{2^{2n-1}-1}$ with $n>1$ and $n$ is a integer. But is ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

How does one arrive at the asymptotic expressions for the bessel functions?

It is known that Bessel functions for large arguments will behave as exp or cos/sin however I was wondering how does one arrive at those results. The motivation being that I would like to use these ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How to prove the transformation formula for Jacobi classic theta function

How to prove the following transformation formula: $$ \theta(x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{x}} \theta\left(\frac{1}{x}\right), $$ where $\theta$ is the Jacobi theta function $\theta(x)=\sum_{n\in \mathbb{Z}} ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Associated Legendre functions special values

I should prove that $$P_n^n(\cos \theta)=(2n-1)!! \sin^n\theta$$ $$P_n^m(0)=\begin{Bmatrix} (-1)^{(m+n)/2}\displaystyle\frac{(n+m-1)!!}{(n-m)!!} & \mbox{ if }& n+m \text{ even}\\ 0 & ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Properties of a Mehler's type integral

When computing the resolvent of the Laplace beltrami opetator on $S^n$ for even dimension, $n=2k$, I came across the following integral $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Calculate $\lim_{z\rightarrow -n} \frac{\Gamma'(iz)}{\Gamma^2(iz)}$

We know that: \begin{equation} \lim_{z\rightarrow -n} \frac{\Gamma'(z)}{\Gamma^2(z)}=(-1)^{n+1} n! \end{equation} What if there is $iz$ instead of $z$? i.e. \begin{equation} \lim_{z\rightarrow -n} ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Function that defines a skew bell shaped curve

The following formula describes a normal bell shaped curve: $$f(x,a,b,c) = \frac{1}{1+|\frac{x-c}{a}|^{2b}}$$ I am trying to model data that exhibits has skewed bell shaped behaviour (please see the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Legendre associated functions

From this $$P^m_n(x)=\displaystyle\frac{1}{2^nn!}(1-x^2)^{m/2}\displaystyle\frac{d^{n+m}}{dx^{n+m}}(x^2-1)^n$$ I should derive that $$P^{-m}_n(x)=(-1)^n\displaystyle\frac{(n-m)!}{(n+m)!}P_m^n(x)$$ ...
6
votes
0answers
226 views

Integral $\int_0^1 dx \frac{\ln x \ln^2(1-x)\ln(1+x)}{x}$

Hi I am trying to calculate $$ I:=\int_0^1 dx \frac{\ln x \ln^2(1-x)\ln(1+x)}{x}$$ Note, the closed form is beautiful (yes Beautiful) and is given by $$ I=−\frac{3}{8}\zeta_2\zeta_3 ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Asymptotic behaviour of $\frac{\Gamma(n)}{\Gamma(n+\frac{6}{5}+i\frac{2}{7})}$

Find the asymptotic behaviour of $$\frac{\Gamma(n)}{\Gamma(n+\frac{6}{5}+i\frac{2}{7})}\ \ \ (n\rightarrow \infty)$$ I know we must use Stirling's formula. But I can't .Thank you
2
votes
5answers
181 views

Reference Book on Special Functions

Now I'm studying the topic that uses the special functions frequently, so I find myself in need for some good reference book on the properties and equalities of the special functions. The optimal one ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Bessel Equations Addition Formula

So, I'm considering yet another tricky proof involving Bessel Functions. Basically, I'm trying to figure out how the following is true: $$J_n(\alpha + \beta) = \sum_{m = -\infty}^\infty ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty (-1)^n \frac{x^{4n+1}}{4n+1}$

Does anyone know the sums of the following two series? $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty (-1)^n \frac{x^{4n+1}}{4n+1}$$ $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^{n+1} \frac{x^{4n-1}}{4n-1}$$ I encounter such series in my work.
14
votes
1answer
564 views

Integral$=-\frac{4}{3}\log^3 2-\frac{\pi^2}{3}\log 2+\frac{5}{2}\zeta(3)$

Hi I have been trying to prove this $$ I:=\int \limits_{0}^{1} \left[ \frac{1}{x(x-1)} \bigg(2\mathrm{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1-\sqrt{1-x}}{2}\bigg)-\log\bigg(\frac{1+\sqrt{1-x}}{2}\bigg)^2 \bigg) ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Hypergeometric Function simple identity

I must proove this property but I really have no idea of how to proove it: $${}_2F_1(a,b;c;z)=(1-z)^{-a}{}_2F_1(a,c-b;c,\frac{-z}{1-z}) $$ It seems its a 'simple' property, but I haven't been able to ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Are we only knowing prime counting function's property but not its infinite expansion?

Are we only knowing prime counting function's asymptotic property but not its infinite expansion or even people could saying that there are no infinite series for the function? If yes, what are some ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

How do you shift a sigmoidal curve to the right?

How do you shift the function $1$ $/ ( 1 + e ^ {-x} )$ to the right without altering the shape of the curve?
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Sums Involving the Mobius Function

Are there any good approximations for the following sums in terms of $n$? $$\sum_{k=1}^{n}\mu(k)$$ $$\sum_{k=1}^{n}\mu(k)\log^m(k)$$ $$\sum_{k=1}^{n}\frac{\mu(k)}{k}.$$ I realize that the third sum ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

bessel function maximizer

I try to find global maximum for $ \frac{J_2(x)}{x^2} $ I suspect it happens at x=0 ( plotting the graph) where the value of the function is $ \frac{1}{8} $ I know local maximizers are at zeros of ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

$\frac{5\pi^3}{154}=\int_{\pi/6}^{\pi/2}\bigg[\Re\big(\text{Li}_2(4\sin^2\theta)\big) +\text{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1}{4\sin^2\theta}\bigg) \bigg]d\theta$

I am trying to prove $$ \int_{\pi/6}^{\pi/2}\bigg[\Re\big(\text{Li}_2(4\sin^2\theta)\big) +\text{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1}{4\sin^2\theta}\bigg) \bigg]d\theta=\frac{5\pi^3}{54}. $$ Clearly, this closed form ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Zoo of sigmoid integrals (computational convenience)

In many areas in computational science (e.g. neural networks, fuzzy logic ... ) there is special interest in function like sigmoid ( erf, arctan, tanh ... ) which are kind of blured version of ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Discontinuity of the indicator function

Consider the function $q(x,\theta)=1\{ x \in \{x \text{ s.t. } \theta+x_i>0 \text{ }\forall i \}\}$ where 1 is the indicator function taking value 1 if the condition inside $\{ \}$ is satisfied and ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Proof of the Unsöld's Theorem (the sum of spherical harmonics)

There is an identity concerning spherical harmonics that plays a pretty important role in atomic physics. Thanks to wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spherical_harmonic) I know that its name is ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Integrate square root of 4th grad polynomials

During some calculations for a program I came upon this Integral which I am not able to solve. I already tried Matlab but it didn't help me. Here is the Integral: $$\int\left(\sqrt{\sum_{0}^{5} 9 ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Solution to Legendre eq in trig form

Okay I'm having a little trouble in answering this question... so the general solution is $y(x) = AP_n(x) + BQ_n(x)$ umm then what do I do?
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Continuous superposition of bump functions

I am trying to "model" Fig 2 with a superposition of a bump function. I understand that bump functions are bounded and can be often differentiated. The bump function I have used is shown in Fig 1. My ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

What is the product of bessel functions of first and second kind when their arguments are same and tends to zero?

As we know, $\lim_{x \to 0} J_m(x)=0$ where $m\geq 1$ and $\lim_{x \to 0} Y_m(x)=\infty$ then what would be $\lim_{x \to 0}J_m(x)Y_m(x)$. Matlab shows the product is finite and $< 1$. What should I ...
2
votes
0answers
172 views

The Monster PolyLog Integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{Li_n(-\sigma x)Li_m(-\omega x^2)}{x^3}dx$

I am trying to solve this integral $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} {{\rm Li}_{n}\left(-\sigma x\right){\rm Li}_m\left(-\omega x^{2}\right) \over x^{3}}\,{\rm d}x $$ which is from some high school training ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Gamma Function Contour Integration

So, I've been trying to prove the following integral related to the gamma function, and I'm really banging my head against the wall over this: ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Intuition about the where the beta distribution has its maximum

I've stumped myself trying to develop an intuition about why the beta distribution should have its maximum where it does. I can differentiate easily enough, and I can manage a simple argument based on ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Move Hill equation curve horizontally without changing its shape?

I have a normal Hill function of: $y = \dfrac{x^\lambda}{h^\lambda + x^\lambda}$; where $\lambda$ is Hill coefficient, and $h$ indicates the infection point. I am concerning if we could add another ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Question about an exponential funtion

Now we have a function: $f(x)=e^x, x\in \mathbb R$ Question: 1) Assume that $x>0$, discuss the number of the intersects between $f(x)$ and $y=mx^2,m>0$ under different situation. 2)Assume ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Shifted integral for a Bessel Function

I have an integral of the kind $\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{- d \cosh(x+i a)} dx $ where $d, a \in \mathbb{R}$. Now, I know that $\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{- d \cosh{x}} dx = 2 K_0(d)$ and I would ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

integral involving incomplete gamma function

Need to evaluate the integral $$ \int_a^b e^{1/x}\,\Gamma(m,1/x)\,dx $$ or equivalently $$ \int_{1/a}^{1/b} y^{-2}\,e^{y}\,\Gamma(m,y)\,dy, $$ where $m$ is an integer, and $0<a<b<\infty$. The ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Interpolate the number of arrangements in a set

I am working the integral $$\int_0^\infty e^{x(k-\alpha) - e^x} dx$$ where $k$ is a positive integer and $\alpha$ a positive real. WolframAlpha shows that for $\alpha=0$ and $k=1,\ldots,7$ the ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Help with a double integral involving the modified Bessel function of the first kind

Consider the function $f(t)$ given by the double integral: $$f(t)=\frac{2}{\pi}\int_{0}^{\infty}\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{I_{0}\left(2\sqrt{y x} \right )-1}{e^{y}-1}\cos(xt)dydx$$ Where $I_{0}(\cdot)$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

mathieu function of non integer order asymptotics

I have an asymptotic expression for the integer mathieu functions: $se_\nu(q,z)$ and $ce_\nu(q,z)$, where $\nu$ is an integer. I would like to use these expression for the case $\nu$ real. My question ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Finding the Bessel function from its derivative

I have a situation: $A_k\frac{\partial J_m(k\rho)}{\partial \rho}=0$. where $k=k_1$ for $0\leq\rho\leq a$ and $k=k_2$ for $a \leq \rho \leq \Lambda-a$ with $a,\Lambda\leq \infty$. Can I proceed with ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Product of two Whittaker functions

According to 6.669.3 of Gradshteyn and Ryzhik the following identity $$ W_{a,b}(z_1)\,W_{a,b}(z_2) = \frac{2\sqrt{z_1z_2}}{\Gamma(1/2+b-a)\,\Gamma(1/2-b-a)}\int_0^\infty ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Calculating the limit with integrals of Bessel function

I have $\alpha,\alpha_{0}$ complex numbers. Now I would like to calculate the following: $$\lim\limits_{\epsilon\rightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Interesting special functions identity involving the inner product of real spherical harmonics with a cosecant weight function

In spherical coordinates $\Omega=(\theta,\phi)\in[0,\pi]\otimes[0,2\pi]$, define the inner product $$C_{L_1m_1}^{L_2m_2}:=\left\langle Y_{L_1m_1},\rho,Y_{L_2m_2}\right\rangle=\int ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Definite integral involving bessel functions of first and second kind

Is there any standard solution of the integral: $\lim_{\epsilon \to 0} \int_{\epsilon}^{a} J_m(k_1\rho)Y_m(k_2\rho)\rho \, d\rho$. where the integer $m\geq0$ and $a<\infty$
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Definite integral of product of two bessel functions of different order and different argument

What is the solution of the integral: $\int_0^a J_m(k_2\rho)J_{m+1}(k_1\rho)d\rho$ where the integer $m\geq0$
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Weighting values using curves

I am in the field of computer programming but I think my question is maths based. I have tried several google searches on this matter but nothing has come up with what I am looking for, probably ...