# Tagged Questions

Questions on special functions, useful functions that frequently appear in pure and applied mathematics (usually not including "elementary" functions).

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### On Hyper-geometric Functions and its recurrence relation

I research in generating functions of Hyper-geometric functions $_2F_1(a+n,b;c+n;x)$ using Lie group theoretic method and so the recurrence relation is important in this method. I want recurrence ...
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### Evaluating an integral by substitution and special functions [duplicate]

How can I evaluate this integral? $$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{dx}{\sqrt{{1+x^4} }}$$ I tried using the substitution $x=\mathrm{e}^{-u}$ but I got nowhere.
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### If $\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)=\frac{\pi}{\sin(\pi z)}$ holds for $0<z<1$, then also for $0<\operatorname{Re}(z)<1$

In Special Functions p. 10, it has proven that $$\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)=\frac{\pi}{\sin(\pi z)},$$ for $0<z<1$. Then it says that this equality implies for $0<\operatorname{Re}(z)<1$. I do ...
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### Hypergeometric function integral representation

How to prove the following relation? $$\, _2{F}_1(K,K;K+1;1-m) = \frac{\Gamma (K+1)}{\Gamma (K)} \int_0^{\infty } \frac{1}{(1+x) (m+x)^K} \, dx$$ where $_2{F}_1(.,.;.;.)$ is the hypergeometric ...
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### Show some properties of the Digamma Function

Let $\psi(z)$ denote the Digamma function, $\psi(z)=\frac{d}{dz}\ln \Gamma(z)=\frac{\Gamma'(z)}{\Gamma(z)}$. I am meant to show the following properties of $\psi$: $\psi$ is meromorphic in ...
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### Integral representation of Bessel function $K_v(y) = \frac{1}{2} \int_{0}^{\infty} t^{v-1} \text{exp}(-\frac{1}{2}y(t+t^{-1}))\text{d}t$.

How does one find the following representation of the bessel function $K_v(y)$: $$K_v(y) = \frac{1}{2} \int_{0}^{\infty} t^{v-1} \exp \left(-\frac{1}{2}y\left(t+t^{-1}\right) \right)\,\mathrm{d}t.$$ I ...
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### An elliptic integral?

I ran into an integral a little while ago that looks like an elliptic integral of the first kind, however I am having trouble seeing how it can be put into the standard form. I've tried messing ...