2
votes
1answer
25 views

How to prove the transformation formula for Jacobi classic theta function

How to prove the following transformation formula: $$ \theta(x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{x}} \theta\left(\frac{1}{x}\right), $$ where $\theta$ is the Jacobi theta function $\theta(x)=\sum_{n\in \mathbb{Z}} ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Are we only knowing prime counting function's property but not its infinite expansion?

Are we only knowing prime counting function's asymptotic property but not its infinite expansion or even people could saying that there are no infinite series for the function? If yes, what are some ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

An identity about Dirichlet $\eta$ Function

We know the Dirichlet $\eta$-function is defined as the analytic continuation of $$\eta(s) = \sum_{i=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{n^s} \quad \Re(s)>0$$ I find an identity for the values of this ...
24
votes
5answers
401 views

Other interesting consequences of $d=163$?

Question: Any other interesting consequences of $d=163$ having class number $h(-d)=1$ aside from the list below? Let $\tau = \tfrac{1+\sqrt{-163}}{2}$. We have (see notes at end of list), ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Is $y(x)=\frac{1}{2}M\left[1-\cos\left(\frac{\pi}{M}x\right)\right]$ an integer

Let ${\rm y}\left(x\right) = \frac{1}{2}M\left[1-\cos\left(\frac{\pi}{M}x\right)\right]$. Is ${\rm y}\left(x\right)$ an integer for each $x = 1,2,\ldots,M$ when $M\to\infty$ ?.
12
votes
1answer
174 views

On Continuous Replicative Functions

Knuth, in The Art of Computer Programming Vol. 1, defines a replicative function as a function $f$ such that $$f(x)+f\left(x+\frac{1}{n}\right)+\cdots +f\left(x+\frac{n-1}{n}\right)=f(nx)$$ whenever ...
13
votes
0answers
286 views

On Shanks' quartic approximation $\pi \approx \frac{6}{\sqrt{3502}}\ln(2u)$

In Mathworld's "Pi Approximations", (line 58), Weisstein mentions one by the mathematician Daniel Shanks that differs by a mere $10^{-82}$, $$\pi \approx ...
6
votes
3answers
208 views

The ordinary generating function for $ζ(s)$

$$\zeta(s)^m = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ where $ζ(s)$ is the Riemann zeta function has the ordinary generating function: $$\sum \limits_{n=1}^{\infty} a_nx^n = x + {m \choose 1}\sum ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

The number $ \frac{(m)^{(k)}(m)_k}{(1/2)^{(k)} k!}$

For a real number $a$ and a positive integer $k$, denote by $(a)^{(k)}$ the number $a(a+1)\cdots (a+k-1)$ and $(a)_k$ the number $a(a-1)\cdots (a-k+1)$. Let $m$ be a positive integer $\ge k$. Can ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Ordinary generating function for Bernoulli polynomial

I know the exponential generating function for the Bernoulli polynomial $B_n(x)$:$$\frac{te^{tx}}{e^t-1}=\sum_{n=0}^\infty B_n(x)\frac{t^n}{n!}.$$ But is there an ordinary generating function? i.e a ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Coefficients of powers of the theta function

Let $q=\exp(2 \pi i z)$ and $$\theta(z)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty q^{n^2}.$$ Now, I shall show that the powers of $\theta$ are given by $$\theta(z)^r = \sum_{n=0}^\infty S_r(n) q^n$$ where $S_r(n)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Dirichlet L-series and Gamma function question

Could someone help me, please, with this exercise? Consider a sequence of complex numbers $\{a_n\}$ such that $a_n=a_m $ iff $ n\cong m $ mod $q$ for some positive integer $q$. Define the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Dilogarithm Identities

Is there a cleaner way to write: $$ f(x) = \operatorname{Li}_2(i x) - \operatorname{Li}_2(-i x) $$ in terms of simpler functions? I don't know enough about dilogarithms, and the basic identities I see ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Are these numbers $h_{r,s}$ irrational?

I came across these numbers in my work some time ago. This type of expressions do not exist in closed form (not to confuse with Vandermonde convolution), I already know that. To simplify I denote ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Has the $\Gamma$-like function $f_p(n) = 1^{\ln(1)^p} \cdot 2^{\ln(2)^p} \cdot \ldots \cdot n^{\ln(n)^p} $ been discussed anywhere?

In an older fiddling with the gamma-function (expanding on the idea of sums of consecutive like-powers of logarithms, similarly as the bernoulli-polynomials for the sums of like powers of consecutive ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Nagura's paper--can we substitute for the original upper bound?

This question concerns two results about primes. The first is J. Nagura's 1952 result, that there is a prime on the interval $[x, (1+1/5)x] $ for $x> 2103,$ which depends on the result derived ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Minimal $x$ for which $\phi(k) > n$ for all $k > x$

It's well-known that $$ \liminf_n\frac{\varphi(n)\log\log n}{n}=e^{-\gamma} $$ and there exists an effective version $$ \varphi(n)>\frac {n}{e^\gamma\log\log n+\frac{3}{\log\log n}} $$ valid for ...
5
votes
1answer
255 views

How to prove Gauss's Digamma Theorem?

Here $\psi(z)$ is digamma function, $\Gamma(z)$ is gamma function. $$\psi(z)=\frac{{\Gamma}'(z)}{\Gamma(z)},$$ For positive integers $m$ and $k$ (with $m < k$), the digamma function may be ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

Could you give a application of a special function on number theory or analysis?

With the best effort i have ever taken, i couldn't find a application of a special function on number theory or analysis on the internet. By the way, why is the applications of special functions in ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

Verifying identities for Riemann zeta function

I ran across these two problems, while reading a text on number theory. The problem states: "Verify the following identities". What does "verify" mean in this context, and what strategies can I employ ...
19
votes
1answer
491 views

Upper bound on differences of consecutive zeta zeros

The average gap $\delta_n=|\gamma_{n+1}-\gamma_n|$ between consecutive zeros $(\beta_n+\gamma_n i,\beta_{n+1}+\gamma_{n+1}i)$ of Riemann's zeta function is $\frac{2\pi}{\log\gamma_n}.$ There are many ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Reason behind the reciprocity of series

This question may appear to be a silly one for experts. From long back I have been observing all kinds of series but every-series contain a reciprocal part, I mean the " one over something " , is ...
7
votes
2answers
392 views

Why is this sum equal to the Logarithmic Integral?

I am using this sum: $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{k-1}}{k}\left((-1)^{k-1} (n-1) + \sum_{j=1}^{k-1}\frac{(-1)^{j+k-1}n (\log n)^j}{j!}\right)$$ Empirically, this is precisely equal to ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

Lerch-$\small \zeta(\varphi,0,-n)$ of integer *n* purely real and imaginary ($\small \zeta_\varphi (-n)^2 $ is real) for $\small n \ge 2$?

Are the Lerch-$\zeta(\varphi,0,-n) $ of integer n (for shortness I use the notation of my earlier question $\small \zeta_\varphi(-n)$) periodically purely real and imaginary: $\zeta_\varphi (-n)^2 $ ...
2
votes
4answers
375 views

Generalization $\zeta_\varphi(s)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty {\exp(I\varphi*k) \over (1+k)^s} $

This is more a reference-request for some fiddling/exploration with the $\zeta$-function. In expressing the $\zeta$ and the alternating $\zeta$ (="$\eta$") in terms of matrixoperations I asked myself, ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Analytic continuation- Easy explanation?

Today, as I was flipping through my copy of Higher Algebra by Barnard and Child, I came across a theorem which said, The series $$ 1+\frac{1}{2^p} +\frac{1}{3^p}+...$$ diverges for $p\leq 1$ and ...
20
votes
1answer
500 views

Feeding real or even complex numbers to the integer partition function $p(n)$?

Like most people, when I first encountered $n!$ in grade school, I graphed it, then connected the dots with a smooth curve and reasoned that there must be some meaning to $\left(\frac43\right)!$ — ...
5
votes
1answer
346 views

Where are this kind of series used, $\vartheta_{4}(0,e^{\alpha \cdot z})$?

In my recent explorations I stumbled upon the following series $$ \vartheta_{4}(0,e^{\alpha \cdot z})=1+2\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} (-1)^{k}\cdot e^{\alpha \cdot z\cdot k^{2}} ; \alpha \in \mathbb{R}, z ...
4
votes
1answer
461 views

Efficiently calculating the logarithmic integral with complex argument

My number theory library of choice doesn't implement the logarithmic integral for complex values. I thought that I might take a crack at coding it, but I thought I'd ask here first for algorithmic ...
8
votes
3answers
535 views

Are there addition formulas for the Riemann Zeta function?

In particular for two real numbers $a$ and $b$, I'd like to know if there are formulas for $\zeta (a+b)$ and $\zeta (a-b)$ as a function of $\zeta (a)$ and $\zeta (b)$. The closest I could find ...
1
vote
2answers
365 views

Legendre functions in number theory

I have heard that Legendre functions are important in number theory. Can any one tell me how? The Legendre function of the first kind $P_s$ is defined by \begin{eqnarray*}P_s(x) =& ...