For questions whose answers can't be objectively evaluated as correct or incorrect, but which are still relevant to this site. Please be specific about what you are after.

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2
votes
1answer
21 views

Example of Non-separable stochastic process.

This question is related to the link: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Separable_process The link provided a basic definition of separable Stochastic process. I felt all the process under ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Analytical approach of representation theory

I'm doing M.Sc. in mathematics. I want to do my M.Sc. thesis on Representation theory in analytic approach. So I start reading the book Representations of Finite and Compact Groups by Barry Simon. ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Number Theory or Abstract Algebra first?

I have the option of choosing Number Theory or Abstract Algebra as a course. However, I can only choose 1 of them! Which is preferable to undertake first? I am somewhat used to rigorous mathematics, ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

On statistical analysis and sudden changes in data

Here we see the value of Euro against the United States Dollar, provided by BBC approximately 10.00 GMT on the 6th of June, 2015. On the 5th Greece had a referendum, and it's outcome of "No" to ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Inner Product Properties And Applications

In every calculus or analysis class we are told that the concept of inner product is very important, and that its applications are vast, diverse, and extremely useful. I don't think there is a single ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Differential topology versus differential geometry

I have just finished my undergraduate studies. During last two semesters I've taken two subjects dealing with manifolds: Analysis on manifolds, containing: definition of manifold, tangent space (as ...
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Most efficient way to learn mathematics

So there's a lot of advice on how to learn mathematics most efficiently, and it mostly revolves around doing problems, asking questions, and considering all possible generalizations. However, I was ...
3
votes
4answers
239 views

Theorems in number theory whose first proofs were long and difficult

What are the examples of important theorems of number theory that has been shown to have surprisingly simple proofs though their first demonstration wasn't at all simple enough. Now simple proof is an ...
6
votes
0answers
37 views

Why do people prefer cosine to sine when speaking of harmonic oscillation?

In almost all of the physics textbooks I have ever read, the author will write the oscillating function as $$x(t)=\cos\left(\omega t+\phi\right)$$ My question is that, is there any practical or ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How to effectively learn from and use Ramanujan's notebooks? [duplicate]

I will come back and elaborate on the question if necessary (I must be off for a while...). But I'll try being specific. I have all four of Ramanujan's notebooks, with their respective Errata ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Difference between stochastic process and chaotic system [on hold]

Can anyone please point out some difference and similarity between stochastic system and chaotic system?
80
votes
8answers
46k views
1
vote
3answers
62 views

History of convolution

Let $f, g\in L^{1}(\mathbb R),$ we may define the convolution of $f$ and $g$ as follows: $f\ast g(x)= \int_{\mathbb R} f(x-y)g(y) dy, (x\in \mathbb R).$ It is well known that it can be defined on ...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

Research areas lying at the confluence of Analysis and Geometry [on hold]

I wanted to get expert opinion on what are the areas of active research lying at the confluence of Analysis and Geometry. Two areas that I have heard about are : (1)Geometric Analysis and ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How to master the Calculus? [on hold]

I believe its a broad topic to ask a question about but the strange fact is I'm not confident at it. I do know the formulas and I've also done quite a few sums but I'm never confident that I can do a ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Question about “non-question” types of exchanges. [migrated]

Sorry if posting this question in the wrong forum, it is more of a meta-question. What if I have something interesting to discus or get feedback on, but am not able to formulate a question about it? ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Difference between proof-based calculus and analysis?

When I asked a teacher at school what the difference between calculus and analysis he said that calculus is essentially analysis without proofs. So where does proof-based calculus lie? Is it somewhere ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Calculus on Spaces other than $R$

I was thinking that all that the real numbers (and the complex numbers similarly) need for calculus to work is for them to be a field and a complete metric space, and probably have the usual field ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Complex integration: normally on a closed contour?

I have been studying complex integration for a few months now, and it seems my textbook mostly considers integration on closed contours. Is there no interest in integration on non-closed contours ?
39
votes
4answers
8k views

The Langlands program for beginners

Assuming that a person has taken standard undergraduate math courses (algebra, analysis, point-set topology), what other things he must know before he can understand the Langlands program and its ...
7
votes
1answer
50 views

Topological space $\nRightarrow$ Metric space $\nRightarrow$ Normed space $\nRightarrow$ Inner product space (Examples)

If I have an inner product space, the hierarchy goes: Inner product space $\Rightarrow$ normed space $\Rightarrow$ metric space $\Rightarrow$ topological space. The reverse, however, is not always ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Soft question: What are some elementary motivations of using functional analysis to study probability theory?

Recently I've become curious about the links between functional analysis and probability theory. What are some simple reasons why a functional analytic approach is preferable to a measure-theoretic ...
60
votes
3answers
5k views

Are there any series whose convergence is unknown?

Are there any infinite series about which we don't know whether it converges or not? Or are the convergence tests exhaustive, so that in the hands of a competent mathematician any series will ...
8
votes
0answers
155 views
+50

Review on Riemannian Geometry

I'm currently reading through Griffiths and Harris Principles of Algebraic Geometry, and the only subject in the foundational material section that I am not completely comfortable with is riemannian ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Very interesting graph!

I found a VERY interesting graph on http://www.xamuel.com/graphs-of-implicit-equations/. It looked very, very cool, but the equation of the graph is so simple! Here is the image of the graph: My ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Using distance formula to find slope, any reason to use the concluding equation?

So, today I was observing a class that I will be a TA for this semester and the professor started to talk about the distance formula $d=\sqrt{(x_2-x_1)^2+(y_2-y_1)^2}$. Well, my mind wandered a little ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

Bad at computations… but not math?

Very generally, the question I'm trying to ask is: Can someone be a good professional mathematician without being particularly good at (or even being - relatively - bad at) computations? More ...
8
votes
1answer
139 views

Do Electrical Engineering Researchers Usually Know Higher Math? e.g. Measure and Distribution Theory, Functional Analysis

I am an EE undergraduate student, and I recently took two courses in signals and systems. We were exposed to things like the Dirac delta (without mention of distributions), Fourier series (without ...
11
votes
1answer
148 views

Analogue of the term 'summand' for unions and intersections.

If we have a sum $\sum\limits_{i=1}^na_i$, we call the terms $a_i$ summands. In fact, in the cases of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, we have a large vocabulary to describe the ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Desk Reference Question: Linear Algebra and its Applications by Lay or Strang? Or Handbook of Linear Algebra?

I would like a good working desk reference for linear algebra for someone in applied mathematics (no proving abstract theorems). I saw the Handbook of Linear Algebra as well, but I am concerned it may ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

A negative third derivative implies a positive first derivative at a point.

Let $f$ be three times differentiable on $\mathbb{R}$ with $f(0)=f(1)$, and for all $x\in[0,1]$, $f'''(x)<0$. Prove that $f'(\frac{1}{2})>0$ I actually have a proof of this question using ...
3
votes
4answers
116 views

Why memorize trig identities?

I want to be a mathematician or computer scientist. I'm going to be a junior in high school, and I skipped precalc/trig to go straight to AP Calc since I've studied a lot of analysis and stuff on my ...
9
votes
1answer
105 views

What are some easier books for studying martingale?

What are some easier books for studying martingale? They are defined to be comprehensive but easier than Roger and William's martingale book. For example, to study Q and F martingales? It should ...
74
votes
32answers
7k views

What are some conceptualizations that work in mathematics but are not strictly true?

I'm having an argument with someone who thinks it's never justified to teach something that's not strictly correct. I disagree: often, the pedagogically most efficient way to make progress is to ...
5
votes
1answer
727 views

Soft question : First year student and confused

I hope I won't tire the fellow mathematicians with this question but I am very, very confused... I am a first year undergraduate student of Mathematics. I can't say I am a prodigy, maybe having an ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Mixed vs Equal Characteristic Local Rings

This is more of a vague, intuitive type of question, so perhaps there isn't anything too concrete anyone can offer. I am trying to get a sense of precisely why working with local rings of equal ...
34
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there something between summation and integration?

Let's take a general function $f(x)$, we can do a summation like: $$\sum_{k=m}^n f(k)$$ And we can do an integration like: $$\int_a^bf(k)dk$$ The basic difference between the two operation is that ...
59
votes
34answers
6k views

Easy math proofs or visual examples to make high school students enthusiastic about math [closed]

I'm a teacher in mathematics at a high school. Math has fascinated me for almost my entire life, so I would like to bring that enthusiasm to my students with beautiful yet easy to understand proofs or ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What motivates the definition of a ring in abstract algebra? [closed]

I've read a lot of questions about rings but I still don't know why they are useful/ I'm sure they are, but I don't know why. Are their properties somehow used in proofs or as foundations for ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is there a way to generate groups, rings, fields, etc.? [closed]

There are ways to generate a list of numbers $a_1, a_2,...a,n$ such that no $a_i,a_j$ share any factors, mainly by letting $a_{n+1}=a_n^2-a_n+1$ with $a_0>1$, my question is: is there a way to ...
11
votes
4answers
475 views

The best balance in studying Mathematics? [closed]

I'm a student studying Mathematics at a university level. I've completed Single Variable Calculus, Differential Equations, Multivariable Caculus, Real/Complex Analysis, and Linear Algebra and I've ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Order of 'Strength' of inequalities

There have been times when we solve an inequality and we get the reverse sign of inequality. The reason is quite simple- we did not choose a strong inequality. So my question is- Is there an order of ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

How to read this in English?

I am a teacher of English for IT. Please, help me! I do not know how to read $s(n), y(n), e(n)$ in English. We are studying signal processing and the way a filter operates. The sentence is: The ...
2
votes
2answers
389 views

Changing from Positive to Negative

I may mess up a little bit...Sorry for that! When we want a summation to go negative in case of odd numbers and positive otherwise , we use: $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^{12} \color{red}{{(-1)}^i} 2x^3 $$ ...
77
votes
23answers
2k views

Open mathematical questions for which we really, really have no idea what the answer is

There is no shortage of open problems in mathematics. While a formal proof for any of them remains elusive, with the "yes/no" questions among them mathematicians are typically not working in both ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

What background is needed to study quantum game theory?

Currently I am learning ( a beginner ) about Bell inequalities and device independent outlook on quantum mechanics. I come across some papers using these concept in quantum game theory. Most of the ...
-4
votes
0answers
65 views

Should I drop my Calculus III course? [closed]

S.E advisers, I am a college sophomore in US with major in mathematics and an aspiring algebraist. I wrote this email because I am having a great problem with my current Calculus III (vector ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Reference Book for Calculus

I've made this post as detailed as I can so as to give you a fair idea of my level. Calculus (particularly Integration) is my passion and frankly I spend all my free time learning as much of it as I ...
1
vote
3answers
77 views

Can we generalize Aleph numbers to non integer values? [duplicate]

I'm really new to those kind of arguments so don't call me mad but I was wondering if there is a way to define an infinite set which cardinality is an Aleph-number like: $\aleph_{\frac 12}$. I have a ...
4
votes
6answers
416 views

Elementary number theory - prerequisites

Since summer comes with a lot of spare time, I've decided to select a mathematical subject I want to learn as much as possible about over the next three months. That being said, number theory really ...