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1
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1answer
29 views

Is it possible that a randomized recursion has a nonzero probability of either converging or diverging?

I have very little "hands-on" experience with probability, but here is my context: I was looking at the random Fibonacci sequence: $$f_0=f_1=1, f_n=f_{n-1}+Xf_{n-2}$$ where $X$ is chosen randomly ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Connection between differential form of a manifold and Sheaf of relative differential of a map of schemes.

I was wondering whether there is a connection between the differential form of a manifold and Sheaf of Relative differential of a Scheme map. Definitions: Differential form on a manifold M is a map ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Formal Trigonometric Refrence

I'm Using a textbook for mathematic which is produced to learn for normal students. Here I'm giving the link of chapter of trigonometric functions of my textbook : ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Why is adding Cohen reals so “uninteresting”?

I read the following in this paper (Otmar Spinas, Proper products. Proceedings of the AMS, 137 (8), (2009), 2767–2772): $ \mathbb{L}^2 $ adds a Cohen real. Thus it was considered uninteresting ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Alternative set therories?

Is there a version of set theory that allows the existence of a set that does not admit the empty set as a member? I.e., reject the axiom $A\cup \emptyset = A$
1
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1answer
50 views

Software to easily draw 3d plots from functions

my problem is that I need a way to quickly check results of my, that is to say, homework. I think that the best way to do this is to draw a plot of a function to quickly see whether my solution is ...
2
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0answers
85 views

Why are Lie Groups so “rigid”?

This is probably a naive question, but here goes. To motivate my question, I'll consider a unit circle in $\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb R^2$. This is a compact Lie group equipped with the usual exponential ...
6
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1answer
504 views

Is calculus not rigorous?

While studying single and multivariable calculus during my first year some people complained that calculus wasn't rigorous enough, when I asked about this no one seemed to be able to really specify ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Uniform distribution on convex hull

Let $X=\{ x_1,\dots,x_n \} \subset \mathbb{R}^m$. Let $H(X)$ be the convex hull of $X$. Assume that $X$ is a convexly independent set, i.e. none of the $x_i$ are a convex combination of the others. ...
0
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2answers
45 views

Which letters to use as index in sequences?

Usually the latin letters $i,j,k,l,m,n$ are used as indexes in sequences or sets with $k$ elements ($A = \{ a_1,...,a_k \} $). But when we already used all these letters is there any recommendation? ...
0
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0answers
30 views

general local to global principle

Consider the Diophantine equation $f(x)=0$, where x is a vector of integers and $f: \mathbb Z^n \rightarrow \mathbb Z$ is a polynomial function. Is the following statement true? The structure of the ...
64
votes
31answers
7k views

What are some conceptualizations that work in mathematics but are not strictly true?

I am having an argument with someone who thinks that it's never justified to teach something that is not strictly correct. I disagree: often, the pedagogically most efficient way to make progress is ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

Mathematical Intuition Behind Schizophrenic Numbers?

Schizophrenic numbers (A014824) are numbers whose square roots "look" like rational numbers. They were first discussed in 2004 by Darling in the Universal Book of Mathematics (page 282), and I ...
2
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1answer
82 views

How to see 4th dimension? [closed]

Anyone has tricks or methods? Great help, thank you. P.S.: Abstractly of course, not actually seeing 4D, which I don't think is possible.
10
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2answers
160 views

Applications of Geometry to Computer Science

How is differential geometry (or any type of theoretical math) related to computer graphics and/or computer programming? A friend of mine has only a bachelors degree in pure math and got hired by ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

How do people on MSE find closed-form expressions for integrals, infinite products, etc?

I always wanted to ask this question since when I joined MSE, but because I was afraid of asking too many soft questions I never asked it. I've seen some pretty complicated integrals and infinite ...
8
votes
1answer
174 views

How much math is there? [closed]

Among other things I teach high school-level math, and one question that often comes up is: "How long would I have to study math in order to know all of it?" I usually tell them that it's like ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

How to take limit *along a path*

So in multivariable calculus for a limit of a function to exist, the limits of the function along all possible paths must exist and equal the same value. But how does one calculate the limit along a ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Is it necessary to know all the details in proofs of theorems you study in PDE's?

I've been studying PDE from the book by L.Evans for some time now. I came across some statements in the proofs which I couldn't justify. But to complete the exercises I didn't need to know all these ...
0
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3answers
63 views

Infinitesimal Unit of Measurement

This is just a question that popped into my head which I lack the knowledge to answer (or even to know whether there is an answer, honestly). Does the idea of an infinitesimal unit of measurement even ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

How do you self-study Functional Analysis?

It would be very handy to know about function spaces, distributions and Fourier analysis. It looks like Rudin's Functional Analysis covers these things, but I do not yet have the foundation for it. ...
35
votes
5answers
6k views

How hard should a mathematician work?

Of course I would never compare myself to, and don't expect to be, one of the great mathematicians. However, I am curious as to how my work habits, dedication and passion differs from theirs. How ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What are the patterns in the number of divisors $d(n)$ of the highly composite numbers?

I am trying to understand the patterns in the number of divisors $d(n)$ of the highly composite numbers. The numbers marked with an asterisk are the superior highly composite numbers. The first ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Text on Witt vectors that are accessible to undergraduate students

I am looking for a thorough text on Witt vectors that is accessible to an undergraduate student that have completed the following courses: Calc 1, 2, Linear Algebra and Abstract Algebra. (In Norway, ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Self-Contained Books / Series / Lectures for Comprehensive Introduction to College-Level Math for Someone with VERY Poor Math Foundation?

I've long been interested in various math related subjects (technology, philosophy, sciences, computer science, languages, etc.) without really invested time to actually any learn any of them. I ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Who invented or used very first the double lined symbols $\mathbb{R},\mathbb{Q},\mathbb{N}$ etc

Who invented or used very first the double lined symbols $\mathbb{R},\mathbb{Q},\mathbb{N}$ etc. to represent the real number system, rational number system, natural number system respectively?
1
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0answers
44 views

best introductory intuitive books for learning ODE

I want to know best introductory intuitive books for learning ODE (mainly interested in Picard' theorem, Gronowall's inequality and most importantly stability). I started with Philip Hartman. Not ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

The best balance in studying Mathematics?

I'm a student studying Mathematics at a university level. I've completed Single Variable Calculus, Differential Equations, Multivariable Caculus, Real/Complex Analysis, and Linear Algebra and I've ...
5
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0answers
90 views

Helping a reluctant 12 year old. [closed]

My 12 year old daughter needs to strengthen her math skills. My strategy up until a year or so ago has been pretty relaxed. I subscribe to the idea that the best motivation for learning is the ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Problem solving strategy?

This question has always bothered me, and I've never had a maths coach to guide me along the way and show me what to do next. Nevertheless, I did make top 50 nationally in my national mathematics ...
6
votes
1answer
112 views

Coming up with short “magical” proofs

I was reading the solution to this problem: Prove that $f(n) = 2n$ is the only non-constant solution to $2f (m^2 + n^2 ) = (f (m))^2 + (f (n))^2 .$ The solution used these identities, pulled out of ...
12
votes
2answers
246 views

Is it normal that a pure math student doesn't know vector analysis?

Today I was watching a series of online video lectures about electromagnetism. At some point of the lecture, the professor used this vector calculus identity: $$ ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

What are the various branches of Vectors?

I just wanted to begin learning 'Vectors'. But I am completely confused where I would have to start! There is vector Algebra, Vector geometry, Vector Analysis and what not. So, I want to know what ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Zuckerman's “Sets and Transfinite Numbers”

I am beginning a study in set theory and I found an old book in my school's library by Martin Zuckeman called Sets and Transfinite Numbers which was published in the 1970's. Has anyone used this text ...
0
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5answers
95 views

Some examples of applications of Game Theory

I'm approaching my junior year of HS now, and I'm looking for a good science fair project to do. I love mathematics, so I decided to a category of mathematics that can help base logical conclusions to ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Whatever Happened to Nearness Spaces?

I came across this paper about Nearness Spaces. It seemed to be at the time (1970-80s) a promising approach to general topology via category theory. I have found no posts at all on stackexchange ...
13
votes
4answers
218 views

Which mathematical ideas most influenced the way you think?

This is not a question about how you use a formula or mathematical method to solve quantitative problems - that is applied mathematics. Rather, I'd like to hear how deeper ideas gained through the ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Which Universities in US should I apply to study for a Masters in Statistics?

I've decided that I want to join a masters programme that prepares graduates for industry work as opposed for a phd. At the same time, I also want to really understand the theory behind the ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

To derive commutativeness of any group from the normality of all its subgroups & some other conditions

If a group is abelian then it is known that every subgroup of the group is normal ; is the converse true i.e. if every subgroup of a group is normal , then is it true that the grroup is abelian ? If ...
0
votes
3answers
61 views

Conceptually: A set whose elements can only be probabilistically characterized?

Sorry for the informality here, but was musing over the basic concepts around describing a set in real world usage: A finite set of explicitly named elements, this apple and that apple, nothing more ...
7
votes
1answer
130 views

Proof correctness problem

I was watching this talk by Vladimir Voevodsky which was given at the Institute of Advanced Study in 2006. In his talk the first slide he shows has the following written on it: ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

submit paper in two Journals due to the slow referring process [closed]

The paper is submitted,but the referring process is very slow, I can't wait for more months. What happen if I submit the paper to another Journal( if it will be accpeted quickly then I will withdraw ...
4
votes
2answers
62 views

Prerequisites to “Applications of Lie Groups to Differential Equations”

I'm currently a 4th year student at a university. I've become close with a professor and we talked about the topic of lie groups in differential equations. He then offered to do a reading course with ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Is the Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry a good journal?

I hope I'm not out of place asking such a question here. Anyway, I'll soon have my first real paper published in the Springer journal titled "Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry." Since I don't ...
2
votes
4answers
161 views

What if we removed all the irrational numbers from the real number line? [closed]

(1) Imagine drawing the real number line and tippexing out all the irrational numbers. What would the resulting shape look like- would there even be a line? (2) And what about if we ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Missing connection in real analysis?

I have long thought of real analysis as the consequences of mapping numbers to real numbers, thereby creating infinite sequences and series. From there, I can get to fairly elementary applications ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Developing Endurance

I realize many math problems solved by mathematicians require a tremendous perseverance over a period of years. My question is not about endurance over a long period of time, but over several hours. ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Science Fair project ideas? [closed]

It the summer for me right now, and I'm approaching my junior year. I'm attending a very rigorous high school in Florida in the Math, Science and Engineering program. The program requires that I ...
4
votes
2answers
44 views

Biconditional statements with an “easy” direction.

I was reading through Lax's Functional Analysis, when I came across the following statement: Theorem: X is a normed linear space over $\mathbb{R}$, $M$ a bounded subset of $X$. A point $z$ of $X$ ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Russian Texts on Geometry

I recently saw a question today pertaining to Russian mathematics and I have a similar question but of a slightly different flavor. I've always heard that the Soviet Union had a history of producing ...