For questions about or related to Sobolev spaces, which are function spaces equipped with a norm combining norms of a function and its derivatives.

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3
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1answer
55 views

Closure of $C_0^{\infty}$ in $W^{k,p}(\Omega)$

Why is it that in the definition of $W_0^{k,p}(\Omega)$ for $\Omega$ with boundary smooth enough, we only have $D^{\alpha}u$ for all $0\leq|\alpha|\leq k-1$ vanishing at the boundary and not ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Traces of Sobolev functions in an unbounded domain

I have a doubt concerning the trace of Sobolev functions. Let $C=\Omega\times(0,\infty)$ an infinite cylinder of basis a smooth domain $\Omega$ of $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ and consider the classical Sobolev ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Discrete Poincare Inequality

For the sake of this question, let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R^2}$ be a regular domain. In variational problems involving the Sobolev space $W^{1,1}(\Omega)$ (or $BV(\Omega)$) one often uses the Sobolev ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Two theorems about approximation by smooth functions

Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. The following are two theorems taken from the chapter about Sobolev Spaces of the Evans' book. Theorem 1 Assume $u\in W^{k,p}(U)$ for some $1\le ...
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0answers
12 views

Sobolev spaces and Lipsschitz continuity [duplicate]

How to show that u $\epsilon$ ${W^{1,\infty}(\Omega)}$ if and only if u is Lipschitz continuous. But I suggested to use the fact that u is Lipshtz means that there is a constant $L>0$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Is the sum of two Sobolev spaces defined on two different sets the Sobolev space defined on the union of these two sets?

Is it true that $H^1(\Omega_1 \cup \Omega_2 )=H^1(\Omega_1)+H^1(\Omega_2)$? Below, we already have a counterexample. Let me ask further. If I impose $\Omega_1 \cap \Omega_2=\emptyset$, is there still ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Is it true that $L^2$ is compactly embedded in $(W^{1,2}_{0})^{\ast}$?

Is it true that $L^{2}(\mathbb R^{n})$ is compactly embedded in $(W^{1,2}_{0}(\mathbb R^{n}))^{\ast}$? If so, how can I prove it? Context I've just started to study Functional Analysis. I tried to ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Product of weakly differentiable functions

Let $ u,v \in W^{1,1}_\mathrm{loc}(\Omega) $ and assume that $ uv \in L^{1}_\mathrm{loc}(\Omega) $ and $ u\, Dv + v \,Du \in L^{1}_\mathrm{loc}(\Omega) $. I want to prove that $ uv \in ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Associating a function $v \in H^{k+1}(K)$ with a polynomial function with equal integrals of derivatives

I read the following: For all $v\in H^{k+1}(K)$ we can associate a polynomial $p\in P_k$ (space of polynomial functions with degree $\leq k$), defined by $\forall \alpha \in N^n$, with ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

An inequality using Sobolev norms

Let $\| \cdot \|_{H^s(\mathbb R)}$ be the usual Sobolev norm in $\mathbb R$ and $r>0$. If we have $$ \|f\|_{L^\infty(\mathbb R)} \le \| f\|_{H^k(\mathbb R)} $$ for all $k>r$, then the inequality ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Constructing a function $u\in (W_0^{1,p}(B)\cap C(B))\setminus C(\overline{B})$.

Let $B\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be the unit "open" ball with centre in origin. Define a function $u:\overline{B}\to \mathbb{R}$ in the folllowing way: let $(x,y)=(r\cos\theta,r\sin\theta)$ with $r\in ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Approximating by smooth functions with compact support.

Consider a bounded domain $D \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and the Sobolev space $H^1_{0}(D):=\overline{C_c^{\infty}(D)}^{W^{1, 2}(D)}$. Further, consider a Sobolev function which happens to be smooth: $u\in ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Existence theorem on weak solutions of ordinary differential equations

Consider an ordinary vector-valued differential equation of the form $$ \begin{align*} \dot y(t) &= f(t,y(t)), \\ y(0) &= y_0 \in \mathbb{R}^n. \end{align*} $$ It is well known that if $f$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

If $u\in W_{0}^{1,p}(\Omega)\cap C(\Omega)$ and $N$ is a nodal domain of $u$ , then does it follow that $u\in W_{0}^{1,p}(N)$?

Assume that $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is a bounded domain and that $u\in W_{0}^{1,p}(\Omega)\cap C(\Omega)$ . Let $N\not=\emptyset$ be a nodal domain of $u$ , that is, a connected component ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Weak derivatives equals zero

Im just learning sobovel space, I was wondering if the weak derivate holds similar things of the original derivate. Let $U\subset \mathbb{R^n}$ is a open set, and $u\in W^{1,p}$ if $$Du=0 \ \ a.e$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Sobolev embedding counterexample

I trying to find a counterexample to show that $$W^{1,p}(\mathbb{R ^n}) \nsubseteq C^{0,\alpha}(\mathbb{R^n}) $$ for $p>n$ and $\alpha > 1 -\frac{n}{p}$. No clue yet, thanks for your help.
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Differentiation in Besov–Zygmund spaces

This is my second question in a short time on Besov spaces. I apologize. I am having a rough time with them and I really need to understand this spaces quickly. The Besov spaces ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Smoothing effect for weak solutions of heat equation

Let $u_0 \in L^2$ and $f \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ and consider the solution $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)\cap H^1(0,T;H^{-1})$ of $$u_t - \Delta u = f$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ with some BC (eg. zero Dirichlet). I am ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Property of intersections of Bochner spaces

My question: Assume I have a function $ u \in H^2(0,T;L^2(\Omega)) \cap L^2(0,T;H^2(\Omega))$. Now I want to bound the gradient of $u$. Can I deduce that $u \in H^1(0,T;H^1(\Omega))$ and under which ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

tempered distribution and sobolev spaces

The Schwartz space $\mathcal S(\mathbb R^d)$ is the set of all complex-valued function $f \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^d)$ such that $\sup_{x\in \mathbb R^d}|x^{\alpha}D^{\beta}f(x)|<\infty$ where ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Which functions lies in $H^{loc}_{s}\setminus H_{s}$?

We put $H^{s}=$The Sobolev spaces, and $H^{loc}_{s}=$The localized Sobolev spaces. We note that, $H_{s}\subset H^{loc}_{s};$ also this. Bit roughly speaking, I am interested in knowing that how big ...
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0answers
32 views

Is Sobolev regularity propagated under evolution?

Given a well-posed initial problem in a domain $\Omega$ of the form: \begin{equation} \square\phi=f \end{equation} where $\square$ is the wave operator, $f\in L^{2}(\Omega)$, with initial ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Characterization of $H^{-1}(U)$

I am trying to understand the proof of characterization of $H^{-1}(U)$ as in Evan's Partial Differential equations. My questions is different to that of this link. In the theorem regarding the same, ...
13
votes
1answer
168 views

Pointwise estimate for a sequence of mollified functions

In the answer to Characterisation of one-dimensional Sobolev space Tomás wrote ... let $\eta_\delta$ be the standard mollifier sequence. Let $u_\delta=\eta_\delta\star u$ and note that for any ...
6
votes
1answer
174 views

Besov spaces---concrete description of spatial inhomogeneity

Some very pedestrian questions about Besov spaces. Just to fix notation: 1.Let $f \in \mathcal{S}'$, the space of tempered distributions. 2.$\Psi, \{ \Phi_n \}_{n \geq 0} \subset \mathcal{S}$ such ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Find $u:[0,T]\to H^2$ such that $u(0)=u_0\in H^2$ and $u_t(0)=u_1\in H^1$.

Let $u_0\in H^2$ and $u_1\in H^1$. If we define $$ \begin{align*}u:[0,T]&\longrightarrow L^2\\ t&\longmapsto u_0+\int_0^tu_1\;ds \end{align*}$$ then $u(0)=u_0$. Furthermore, the weak ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Strong maximum principle for weak solutions?

For a general linear parabolic equation, is a strong maximum principle possible when the solutions are merely weak solutions (i.e. they lie in a Bochner space)? Is there some proof possible that does ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

Is a Sobolev function absolutely continuous with respect to a.e.segment of line?

Let $p\in [1,\infty]$ and take $u\in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^N)$. It is a well know result that $u$ is absolutely continuous (A.C) on a.e. segment of line parallel to the coordinate axes. It seems to me ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Continuation of $W^{1,p}_0$-functions

I know that for an open set $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and $1 \leq p \leq \infty$, a function $u \in W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ can be continued to a function $v \in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ by setting $v=u$ ...
6
votes
0answers
108 views

Proposed proof of analysis result

Hi please advise on my proof of the following result: Assume that $I \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is convex, bounded open set with Lipschitz boundary and let $u_{m},u$ be such that $$u_{m} ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Can the closure of a geodesic chart of a manifold without boundary (and with bounded geometry) be defined as a compact manifold with boundary?

Let $(M,g)$ be a $d$-dimensional smooth, riemannian manifold without boundary, which is geodesically complete, connected, has positive injectivity radius and a bounded geometry (i.e. all derivatives ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Is $C(\mathbb R) \subset H_{s}^{loc}$ (localized Sobolev space)?

We put, Sobolev space $$H_{s}=H_{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} |\hat{f}(\xi)|^{2}(1+|\xi|^{2})^{s}d\xi]^{1/2}<\infty \}.$$ If $U$ is an open set in $\mathbb R,$ the ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Boundedness of Volterra operator with Sobolev norm

Consider the subspace of $C^\infty([0,1])$ functions in the Sobolev space $H^1$. I want to know whether the Volterra operator \begin{equation} V(f)(t) = \int_0^t f(s) \, ds \end{equation} is bounded ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Is $C^\infty_0$ dense in $C^\infty$ w.r.t. $\|\cdot\|_{L^p}$ and $\|\cdot\|_{W^{1,p}}$?

Is the space $C^\infty_0(\Omega)$ of smooth functions with compact support, dense in the set of smooth functions $C^\infty(\Omega)$ with respect to the norms $\|\cdot\|_{L^p}$ and the Sobolev-Norm ...
3
votes
2answers
165 views

Characterisation of one-dimensional Sobolev space

I've got some doubts proving that $$H^1_0((a,b))=\{u\in AC([a,b]): u'\in L^2 \text{ and } u(a)=u(b)=0\}:=X.$$Let $$\mathcal A=\{v\in C^2([a,b]):v(a)=v(b)=0\}.$$ $H^1_0((a,b))\subseteq X.$ Let ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Example of a function $u\in L^\infty(0,T,H^1)$ such that $u_t\notin L^\infty(0,T,H^1)$

Could someone give me an example of a function $u\in L^\infty(0,T,H^1)$ such that $u_t$ exists (in the distributional sense), $u_t\in L^\infty(0,T,L^2)$ and $u_t\notin L^\infty(0,T,H^1)$? Thanks. ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Is it true that, $x\rho(x/t)\in H^{s}$ for $\rho\in \mathcal{D}(\mathbb R)$ and $s>3/2$?

We put, $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb R)=$ The space of $C^{\infty}-$ functions on $\mathbb R$ with compact support; and the Sobolev space $$H^{s}(\mathbb R)=\{f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R):[\int_{\mathbb R} ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Weakening Sobolev coefficient in an elliptic estimate.

One of the classical estimates for Sobolev norms and elliptic operators is the following: let $L$ be an elliptic operator of order $l$, then there is some $C > 0$ such that for all $u \in H^{s+l}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Embedding of weighted Lebesgue space on Fourier side into $C^\infty$

Given $g$, a continuous real-valued function defined in $\mathbb R^n$, $K^g:=\{u:e^g \hat{u}\in L^2(\mathbb R^n,(1/2 \pi)^nd \xi)\}$. Thus $K^g$ can be viewed as a Hilbert space with natural norm ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Alternative derivation of Poincaré inequality

I've been trying to prove the Poincaré inequality via a representation formula for Sobolev functions $u\in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$, $1\leq p < n$, wlog with compact support. The setting is ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

What does local space of a given Banach space says intuitively?

We put, $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb R)=$ The space of $C^{\infty}-$ functions on $\mathbb R$ with compact support Example: For instance bump function is in $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb R)$ Let $E$ is a Banach ...
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0answers
28 views

Uniform continuity of weighted Sobolev functions.

I am trying to show an embedding result for a weighted Sobolev space and have come to the following problem: I have a function $f: (0,a] \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $ such that: $f$ is bounded and ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How do the existence and $L^p$ integrability of weak derivative affect the smoothness of Sobolev functions?

In the definition of Sobolev spaces, let us say the space $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. What contributes more to the smoothness of a function $f$: 1-The fact ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Research papers of monotone/pseudomonotone operators with applications to PDEs

I have recently been studying how coercive, pseudomonotone operators are used to prove the existence of solutions to elliptic boundary value problems. I have been studying the book "Nonlinear Partial ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Limit of the p-norm of a function on subdomains equals the p-norm of the function on the union domain

Let $\Omega$ be an open subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Given a measurable function $f$, define $$ ||f||_{p,\Omega}=\inf_{a\in\mathbb{R}}||f-a||_{L^p{(\Omega})}. $$ Let $\{\Omega_n\}$ be a sequence of open ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Positive part of $y$ with $y\in L^2(0,T; H_0^1(\Omega))$ and $y'\in L^2(0,T; H^{-1}(\Omega))$

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a domain, sufficiently smooth. Let $T>0$. Define the space $W(0,T)$ by $$ W(0,T) = \{ y \in L^2(0,T; H^1_0(\Omega)): \ y'\in L^2(0,T;H^{-1}(\Omega)),\ $$ where ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

About the image of the trace operator for Sobolev spaces.

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^N$ be a bounded convex domain. Once every convex function is locally Lipschitz, we have that $\partial\Omega$ is Lipschitz, therefore, the trace operator $T: ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Rellich's theorem for Sobolev space on the torus

From John Roe: Elliptic operators, topology and asymptotic methods, page 73: Let $H^{k}$ be the Soblev space defined on the torus $\mathbb{T}^{n}$ with the discrete $k$-norm: $$ \langle f_{1}, ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Global bounded solution of $u_{tt}=\Delta u-mu+h$ in the Hilbert space $X=H_{0}^{1}\left(\Omega\right)\times L^{2}\left(\Omega\right)$

Let $\Omega$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R^n}$. Consider the linear wave equation $$\begin{cases} \dfrac{\partial^{2}}{\partial t^{2}}u\left(t,x\right)=\Delta ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Can we expect, $h\ast \mu \in L^{2}(\mathbb R, (1+|x|^{2})^{s})$ for $h\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R), \mu\in M(\mathbb R)$ and $s>1/2$?

We put, $M(\mathbb R)=$ The space of complex bounded Borel measure on $\mathbb R$ [With each complex Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb R$ there is associated a set function $|\mu|,$ the total variation ...