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8
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144 views

Sampling theorem.

Let us consider \begin{equation} \hat{f}(x)=\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z}\left\langle\hat{f},e^{i n x}\right\rangle_{L^2[-\pi,\pi]} e^{i n x} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1) \end{equation} where $\langle g, ...
4
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0answers
105 views

Symbolic math engines barf on this ostensibly tractable integral.

$$\frac14 \int_{-M\pi}^{N\pi - s} \cos(tu/M) \cos((t+s)u/M)(1-\cos(t/M))(1-\cos((t+s)/N))\space \mathrm d t$$ with integer $u$. Alpha runs out of time. Maxima gives a tremendous result that can ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Detecting the respiratory rate of a breating lung.

I am currently working with some data-sets that represents the movements of a beating heart and breathing lungs. The data-sets are represented as a collection of floats that range from 47 to 51. We ...
4
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0answers
114 views

Need a fast algorithm of adaptive convolution

Good morrow, gentlemen! I have to apply some kind of adaptive filter to my function $f(x).$ I present each point of my signal as a Gaussian, whose bandwidth depends on its location (not the point of ...
3
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0answers
122 views

Artifacts and low frequencies FFT.

I am working on analyzing a time signal and want to preform a FFT. However I run in to some artifacts at low frequencies. I have managed to reproduce the behavior in a test signal. Given by $S(t) = ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Error bounds in representing a vector using a truncated Moore-Penrose biorthogonal basis

I was reading and trying to reproduce the results in the arXiv preprint of Periodic Gabor Functions with Biorthogonal Exchange: A Highly Accurate and Efficient Method for Signal Compression by Asaf ...
3
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0answers
45 views

Relationship between 2 sinusoidal signal data sets?

I'm trying to relate a near shore tidal signal (point A) to 3 points along a long model boundary (points B C D). I want to possibly have a relationship between B C D with which we can convert A ...
3
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63 views

Recovery of Bandlimited Signals

Let $\Omega > 0$ and denote by $\mathcal{B}_\Omega$ the subspace of $L^2(\Bbb R)$ consisting of signals that are bandlimited to $(-\Omega, \Omega)$. Denote $\mathcal{L}_{\Omega} : L^2(\Bbb R) ...
3
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780 views

Wavelets: Cone Of Influence

While reading this paper I came across the term Cone of Influence which is described as ...
3
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0answers
110 views

Exponentials of chi-squared random variables (and their sums)

Let $X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_n$ be a sequence of i.i.d. chi-squared random variables with $t$ degrees of freedom, i.e. $X_i\sim\chi^2_t$. I am wondering what is known about the distribution of ...
3
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238 views

Relationship between DFT and FFT/DTFT

Question 1: Assume we already know $x(t):[0,2\pi]\to\mathbb{R}$'s Fourier series $x[n]_{n=-\infty}^\infty$. Perform DFT on $x[n]_{n=0}^N$. How is the result connected to $x(t)$? WHY? Question 2: ...
3
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117 views

Analysing an optics model in discrete and continuous forms

A discrete one-dimensional model of optical imaging looks like this: $$I(r) = \sum_i e_i P(r - r_i)$$ Here, the $e_i$ are point light sources at locations $r_i$ in the object and $P$ is a point ...
2
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12 views

Fourier coefficients for pattern analysis

There are many areas like, gait analysis, where we recognize persons by analyzing their silhouettes taken while they are at different stages of their walking where analysis also carried on in ...
2
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0answers
89 views

Properties of eigenvectors of a sample covariance matrix?

My apology if the question is not appropriate. For me Eigenvectors are quite a mystery. Does it have any property that we can relate to the matrix it came from? By property I mean something like the ...
2
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30 views

Regarding the unilateral Laplace transform of LTI systems

Consider an LTI system described by the following differential equation, $$ \sum_{k=0}^{N}a_k\frac{d}{dt^k}y(t) = \sum_{k=0}^{M}b_k\frac{d}{dt^k}x(t) $$ With initial conditions, $$ y(t)|_{t=0}, ...
2
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0answers
82 views

Fourier spectrum reflected across origin and Nyquist frequency

Recently I've been trying to figure out what's the point of negative frequencies produced by the fourier transform. One answer was it's just there to make calculations more elegant. It could be ...
2
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0answers
21 views

How to reconstruct a sparsely sampled multiperiodic function?

I have $m$ oscillators, where $m$ is unknown, with periods $\vec p = p_1, p_2, \ldots, p_{m}$. Each of the oscillators $j$ has associated with it a vector of sine coefficients $\vec A_j$ and angle ...
2
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51 views

Fourier transform on trig wave

Find the fourier transform for signal in this picture (sorry for the bad quality) Could it be done like this? The signal is a sum of two triangular waves that are each delayed. ...
2
votes
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45 views

Why are there so many different symbols to represent the Heaviside (unit step) function

In signal processing, the unit step function is typically written as $u(t)$. In other references though I have seen it represented as $H(t)$ and even $\theta(t)$. The unit impulse is fairly ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Reconstructing a signal at twice the bit-rate

I have a discrete-time signal as: $\alpha_l = \sum_k a_k g(lT/2 -k(T+\Delta T))$ where $a_k \in \lbrace\pm 1\rbrace$, $g(t)=\frac {sin(2\pi t/T)}{2\pi t/T}$, $T$ is the bit period, and $\Delta T$ is ...
2
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0answers
91 views

Inverse Fast Fourier Transform to find the voltage across a capacitor of a RC circut

Fourier transform of a RC circuit The following example of a RC circuit describes the use of the fourier transform in order to receive the output voltage across the capacitor. My questions ...
2
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117 views

Expectation and convolution question.

I am learning in an image processing course, and the professor did the following: As part of a derivation, has this: What I do not understand, is how he was able to remove $r(i,j)$ to the ...
2
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0answers
20 views

Transforms with $O(N \log N)$ Complexity

Beside the Discrete Fourier and Walsh-Hadamard operators, are there any non-trivial, bijective operators that admit an evaluation algorithm of $O(N \log N)$ time complexity or better, whose inverses ...
2
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22 views

How do I estimate the derivative of the current position, when I have only values from past to present?

If I have a discrete real-time signal $x[n]$, with its latest value $x[i]$ and all its past values $x[i-t]$, how can I estimate the derivative at $x[i]$?
2
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80 views

Proof of Caratheodory's theorem about the unique determination of a linear combination of sinusoids

Following is a statement of Caratheodory's Theorem about a positivelinear combination of sinusoids :- Any positive linear combination of k sinusoids is uniquely determined by its value at time t ...
2
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0answers
249 views

Checking if (discrete) signal is stationary, BIBO stable and

I have this discrete signal y[n] = sum (x[k+1]h[k-1]), where k goes from -inf to +inf. I need to check if this signal is stable, stationary, and if it's invertible, i need to find it's inverse ...
2
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0answers
285 views

Lloyd-Max Quantizer Problem

Consider the function $z = x^2 + y^2$ , for $0 \leq x \leq 10$ and $0 \leq y \leq 10$. Take a regular discretization with steps $\Delta x = \Delta y = 0.1$ and its histogram as the probability ...
2
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0answers
223 views

MFCC - Why 13 Coefficients

Basically I am trying to computer a MFCC and wondered if you can help. This is the FFT of 1 of the Frames (After I have multiplied the Hamming Window by the Mel Bank Filters) : Here is the DCT of ...
2
votes
0answers
345 views

Understanding Discrete Cosine Transformation

I'm currently working on some software and a key component is 2D DCT. But my question is more general, as I'm trying to understand the DCT in general, let's say from engineers point of view. For ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

How to solve the recursive relation in Kalman filter?

I was wondering how to solve the Kalman filter's recursive equation (also see the appendix at the end of this post) for the estimated state $\hat{\textbf{x}}_{n|n}$ at time $n$, over discrete times ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Scale invariance and $1/f^2$ power spectrum

In the paper Occlusion Models for Natural Images : A Statistical Study of a Scale-Invariant Dead Leaves Model; Lee, A. B. Mumford, D. B. Huang, J.; International Journal of Computer Vision I read ...
2
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0answers
640 views

How can I use the time-frequency uncertainty principle?

I have a signal composed of the summation of a set of sine waves of different frequencies. The amplitude of these sub-signals can change so many times a second. I have been told that, if I want to ...
2
votes
0answers
164 views

Singular Value Decomposition

I want to decompose an image $A$ using the Discrete Wavelet Transform and then find the singular values, $S$, such that $A=USV$. I will then do the same to another image such that $B=USV$. I will ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Means to classify data streams or compare similarity

Last year I converted some Matlab code into c to run on embedded Linux. I'm an engineer and normally shy away from maths, but this got me thinking about different ways to classify data or compare the ...
2
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0answers
267 views

FFT signal post processing

This is more a "post a suggestion" topic rather than a question. And thank you if you are willing to read this whole. I've been studing the code in the Nvidia Cuda SDK regarding how to operate a ...
2
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0answers
121 views

Deriving Isosensitivity Functions in ROC space from elementary signal detection parameters

In signal detection, an observer is assigned the task of discerning the presence (or absence) of some signal with accompanying noise. There are four possible outcomes: a hit ($H$), a miss, a false ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Can a DTFT have a period different of $2\pi$?

I think almost everything is in the title. In an exercise, a DTFT is given : $$X(e^{j\Omega}) = \sin(\Omega) + \cos(\Omega/2)$$ The period of this DTFT is $4\pi$. Is that possible? I mean, the ...
1
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0answers
34 views

PDF of $|X(t)| =| e^{j\omega_c t}+W(t)|$

let $X(t) = Ae^{j\omega_c t}+W(t)$, where $W(t)$ is a gaussian process that follows the statistics $W \sim \mathcal{CN}(0,\sigma^2)$ and $\omega_c$ denotes the carrier pulse frequency and $A$ is a ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Parameterizing a linear compressor

I am hoping to build a function $f_{A,B,\alpha}(x \in \mathbf{R} ) \rightarrow y \in \mathbf{R}$ that serves as a positive signal compressor. The function acts on an input signal $x\left(t\right)$ one ...
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0answers
19 views

Filter transfer function to state space

I'm trying to change this filter transfer function to state space representation $ y_t=\frac{1+b_1 z^{-1}}{1+a_1 z^{-1} +a_2 z^{-2}}u_t $ I tried writing it as time series $ y_t+a_1 ...
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0answers
16 views

How to express a signal in terms of Riesz bases?

Fast discrete wavelet transform allows us to express any discrete signal in terms of wavelet bases by convolution with filter coefficients. How can one express a digital signal in terms of ...
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0answers
43 views

Real and imaginary part of an Eigenvector.

Apology if my question not clear or appropriate. Consider a complex positive definite sample covariance matrix (SCM) generated by a band limited signal on a set of sensors. Is there a relation ...
1
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0answers
30 views

A “Fourier Phase” for (stationary) random processes?

Let $X_t$ be a real w.s.s. random process. Its spectrum is given by $S(f)=\mathcal{F}R_X(\tau)(f)$ where $R_X$ is the process autocorrelation. As $X_t$ is real, the spectrum will be real and ...
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0answers
23 views

How can I make the mean of samples be approximately equal to the mean of actual continuous signal?

Suppose there is signal f(t) that is continuous and periodic. It is known that this f is T-periodic. (but it's not necessarily a single cosine f(t).( I'd like to make the mean of samples be ...
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0answers
16 views

How to check periodicity of $f(t)$ using samples

Suppose that we know that signal $f(t)$ is $T_1$-periodic. Let $f_1 = 1/T_1$. But we want to know whether signal is $T_2$-periodic also. Let $f_2 = 1/T_2$, and $f_2$ is positive integer multiples of ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Help understanding Wiener filtering formula

I would like some help interpreting the following formula, equation 1 from this paper: https://www.math.uni-bielefeld.de/~rehmann/ECM/cdrom/3ecm/pdfs/pant3/strela.pdf $\hat{X} = ...
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0answers
29 views

If the signal's frequency is multiples of the first harmonic frequency, transform method similar to DFT but use less number of samples?

Suppose that a continuous signal $f(t)$ has the first harmonic frequency $f_1$. $f(t)$'s frequencies that are not integer multiples of $f_1$ are known to have zero signal magnitude $|F(\omega)|$. This ...
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0answers
25 views

Calculate Distance between Fourier Transforms

I'm working with signal data (specifically data from accelerators and gyroscopes), and I take their Fourier transforms to get a better idea of the dominant frequencies. I'd like to compare the ...
1
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0answers
26 views

Continuous second derivative over the support of a Daubechies4 wavelet

I can not entirely follow the proof from section 3.1.1 from the book "A primer on Wavelets" by Walker. After the first part (listed below), I can grasp the rest so if you could help I would greatly ...
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0answers
24 views

How to find Bilateral Laplace Transform of $e^{at}$ Using Changing of the Time Horizon

Ok, this has me a bit stumped. In my class the teacher "showed" us how to find the bilateral Laplace transform of x(t)=$e^{at}$ where $-\infty<t<\infty$. Breaking them into the two parts ...