For questions about recurrence relations, convergence tests, and identifying sequences

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30
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1k views

When is an infinite product of natural numbers regularizable?

I only recently heard about the concept of $\zeta$-regularization, which allows the evaluation of things like $$\infty !=\mathop{\hat{\prod}}_{k=1}^\infty k = \sqrt{2\pi}$$ and $$\infty ...
25
votes
0answers
1k views

Does this sequence have any mathematical significance?

Take the sequence 001 and repeatedly append its second half to itself, using the larger half if the length is odd. This gives you ...
22
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0answers
514 views

Generating function solution to previous question $a_{n}=a_{\lfloor n/2\rfloor}+a_{\lfloor n/3 \rfloor}+a_{\lfloor n/6\rfloor}$

In attempting to answer this question, I reduced it to a seemingly simple generating functions question, but after days of work was unable to construct a proof. Since I do not have experience trying ...
17
votes
0answers
298 views

Are the sums $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n!)^k}$ transcendental?

This question is inspired by my answer to the question "How to compute $\prod_{n=1}^\infty\left(1+\frac{1}{n!}\right)$?". The sums $f(k) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n!)^k}$ (for positive integer ...
15
votes
0answers
573 views

About the integral $\int_{0}^{+\infty}\sin(x\,\log x)\,dx$

It is an interesting exercise to show that the function $f(x)=\sin(x\log x)$ is Riemann-integrable over $\mathbb{R}^+$ (as shown by robjohn in this related question, for instance). Even more ...
13
votes
0answers
437 views

Sorting of prime gaps

Let $g_i $ be the $i^{th}$ prime gap $p_{i+1}-p_i.$ If we re-arrange the sequence $ (g_{n,i})_{i=1}^n$ so that for any finite $n$ the gaps are arranged from smallest to largest we have a new sequence ...
12
votes
0answers
174 views

Relations connecting values of the polylogarithm $\operatorname{Li}_n$ at rational points

The polylogarithm is defined by the series $$\operatorname{Li}_n(x)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{x^k}{k^n}.$$ There are relations connecting values of the polylogarithm at certain rational points in the ...
12
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139 views

Sum the series $\sum_{n = 0}^{\infty} (-1)^{n}\{(2n + 1)^{7}\cosh((2n + 1)\pi\sqrt{3}/2)\}^{-1}$

In one of his letters to G. H. Hardy, Ramanujan gave the following sum $$\dfrac{1}{1^{7}\cosh\left(\dfrac{\pi\sqrt{3}}{2}\right)} - \dfrac{1}{3^{7}\cosh\left(\dfrac{3\pi\sqrt{3}}{2}\right)} + ...
12
votes
0answers
426 views

I can Euler-sum $\sqrt{-\ln(1)}-\sqrt{-\ln(2)}+\sqrt{-\ln(3)}-\cdots$. But how can I do $\sqrt{-\ln(1)}+\sqrt{-\ln(2)}+\sqrt{-\ln(3))}+\cdots$?

This is also related to an older thread in MSE ("what is the half derivative of zeta at zero?") . One of the possible steps in the problem of that thread was to evaluate the series ...
12
votes
0answers
209 views

Function $f(x)$, such that $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} f(n) x^n = f(x)$

Consider a function $f(x)$. Define Taylor series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} f(n) x^n$. Is there such a function, other than constant $0$, that $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} f(n) x^n = f(x)$? The Taylor series of ...
12
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0answers
355 views

Two questions about weakly convergent series related to $\sin(n^2)$ and Weyl's inequality

By using partial summation and Weyl's inequality, it is not hard to show that the series $\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{\sin(n^2)}{n}$ is convergent. Is is true that ...
11
votes
0answers
215 views

A closed form for $\sum_{k=1}^\infty \psi^{(1)} (k+a)\psi^{(1)} (k+b)$

The following result $$ \sum_{k=1}^\infty\left(\psi^{(1)} (k)\right)^2 = 3\zeta(3) $$ where $\psi^{(1)}$ is the polygamma function makes me think there is a nice sum for the series $$ ...
11
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0answers
274 views

Pólya and Szegő, Part I, Ch. 4, 174.

The following is a problem proposed in Pólya and Szegő's book "Problems and Theorems in Analysis" Assume that $0<f(x)<x$ and $$f(x)=x-ax^k+bx^\ell+x^\ell \varepsilon(x),\,\;\;\;\lim_{x\to ...
11
votes
0answers
369 views

Asymptotic related to the infinite product of sine

The amount is somewhat complicated ($x$ is a constant): $$S_n=\sum_{k=1}^n\ln\left(1-\frac{\sin^2\big(x/(2n+1)\big)}{\sin^2\big(k\pi/(2n+1)\big)}\right)\tag{*}$$ I want to enrich my handy powerful ...
10
votes
0answers
189 views

Easier ways to prove $\int_0^1 \frac{\log^2 x-2}{x^x}dx<0$

Prove that $$\int_0^1 \frac{\log^2 x-2}{x^x}dx<0$$ One way to do this is use the idea in the proof of Sophomore's dream. We have $$x^{-x}=\exp(-x\log x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(-1)^nx^n\log^n ...
10
votes
0answers
166 views

A sequence that avoids both arithmetic and geometric progressions

Sequences that avoid arithmetic progressions have been studied, e.g., "Sequences Containing No 3-Term Arithmetic Progressions," Janusz Dybizbański, 2012, journal link. I started to explore sequences ...
10
votes
0answers
262 views

The closed form of $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \arcsin\bigl(\frac{1}{e^n}\bigr)$

In my study on some type of integrals I met the series below that I don't how to approach it. Of course, one of the obvious questions is: does it have a closed form? Before answering that, I need to ...
9
votes
0answers
126 views

Product of $n^n$

Is there a formula that defines $$(1^1)(2^2)(3^3) . . . (n^n)?$$ Most of the texts on the internet tackle series with the same exponent, but how about this one? Sorry for my mistakes
9
votes
0answers
86 views

Is there a simple expression for $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \left[ (4x)^n \frac{(n!)^2}{(2n+1)!} \right]^2?$

Is there a simple expression for the power series $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \left[ (4x)^n \frac{(n!)^2}{(2n+1)!} \right]^2?$$ This question came up in a quantum mechanics problem. Mathematica only returns ...
9
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0answers
131 views

A cotangent series related to the zeta function

$$\sin x = x\prod_{n=1}^\infty \left[1-\frac{x^2}{n^2\pi^2}\right]$$ If you apply $\log$ to both sides and derivate: $$\cot x = \frac{1}{x} - \sum_{n=1}^\infty \left[\frac{2x}{n^2\pi^2} ...
9
votes
0answers
202 views

How find this series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^2H_{n}}$?

Question: This follow series have simple closed form? $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\dfrac{1}{n^2H_{n}}$$ where $$H_{n}=1+\dfrac{1}{2}+\dfrac{1}{3}+\cdots+\dfrac{1}{n}$$ I suddenly thought of this ...
9
votes
0answers
297 views

A Ramanujan-like summation: is it correct? Is it extensible?

I'm still exercising with summation-procedures which I try to make correct Ramanujan-summations. Looking at the series $$ s(1/2,2) = (1/2)+(1/2)^4+(1/2)^9+(1/2)^{16}+... $$ and more general $$ s(b,p) ...
9
votes
0answers
259 views

To how many decimals is $\sum_ {k=1}^\infty \frac{k}{\sqrt{k!}} = \frac{49850839\,\pi}{29567947}$ correct?

Consider: $$\sum_ {k=1}^\infty \frac{k}{\sqrt{k!}} = \frac{49850839\,\pi}{29567947}$$ This is, as far as I'm able to check with my software, correct to at least 167 decimals. If anyone has the ...
8
votes
0answers
137 views

What is known about the sum $\sum\frac1{p^p}$ of reciprocals of primes raised to themselves?

Consider the following series: $$\sum_{p\in\mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{p^p}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ is the set of all prime numbers: $\mathcal{P}=\{2,3,5,7,11,13,\ldots\}$. My question is: Is this a ...
8
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0answers
113 views

Inequality involving exponential partial sums

Consider the exponential partial sums $E_n(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n \frac{x^i}{i!}$. I want to prove that for all $x \ge 0$: $$2 \frac {E_{n-1}(x)} {E_n(x)} \ge \frac {E_{n}(x)} {E_{n+1}(x)} + \frac ...
8
votes
0answers
88 views

Does $\sum_n |\sin n|^{cn^2}$ converge?

So I recently asked a question about convergence of $\sum_n |\sin n|^{cn}$ for arbitrary $c > 0$ and it turns out that the terms of the series don't even converge, for any $c > 0$, so the series ...
8
votes
0answers
180 views

Closed form of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \left(\frac{H_n}{n}\right)^4$

Find the closed form of $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \left(\frac{H_n}{n}\right)^4$$ I know the closed form for smaller powers like $2, 3$ exists, but I'm not sure if there is a closed form for this ...
8
votes
0answers
164 views

How to prove that my sum coincides with a sequence on the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences?

I have a topological space $X$ whose reduced $\bmod 2$ Betti numbers (that is to say, the dimension of the $\bmod 2$ reduced homology) I computed to be $$\small \dim \tilde{H}_t(X; {\mathbb{Z}}_2) = ...
8
votes
0answers
210 views

Invariant functions on the space of finite sequences of reals

Let $S$ be a space of all finite sequences of real numbers (we don't endow it with metric or topology in general). Before asking the main question, some notation. 1. For each $\mathbf s\in S$ we ...
7
votes
0answers
98 views

The sum $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \min_{k\le n}\{\alpha k\}$ for irrational $\alpha$

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational number. For every $n$ let $z_n$ be the integer closest to the number $\alpha n$. Then we can define $$A(\alpha):= \sum_{n=1}^\infty |\alpha n - z_n|.$$ We can also ...
7
votes
0answers
172 views

Does $A193201$ count the partitions of $n$ of arbitrary dimension?

By my count, these sequences match for $n=0\ldots6$, where partitions that are the same after relabeling dimensions are considered equivalent (i.e., the dimensions are unordered). For example, for ...
7
votes
0answers
117 views

Name of a certain set

I want to know if there is any already-standard way to refer to the sets described as follows. For a set $X$, let $-X = \{-x: x \in X \}$; call it the negative of $X$. Take the set of all primes in ...
7
votes
0answers
133 views

Another way of expressing $\sum_{k=0}^{n} (-1)^k\frac{H_{k+1}}{n-k+1}$

In this post Another way of expressing $\sum_{k=0}^{n} \frac{H_{k+1}}{n-k+1}$ I asked for a solution of the non-alternating series. How about the alternating series? Can we find a nice way of ...
7
votes
0answers
176 views

Continued fraction and double series.

From Euler's continued fraction formula, we have $$x = \cfrac{1}{1 - \cfrac{r_1}{1 + r_1 - \cfrac{r_2}{1 + r_2 - \cfrac{r_3}{1 + r_3 - \ddots}}}}\,$$ and $$x = 1 + \sum_{i=1}^\infty r_1r_2\cdots r_i = ...
7
votes
0answers
110 views

Is this a recurrence for the characteristic sequence of composite numbers?

The characteristic sequence of composite numbers is equal to 1 if $n$ is not a prime number and equal to 0 if $n$ is a prime number, starting: $$1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1,...$$ where the ...
7
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0answers
326 views

Extension of the Jacobi triple product identity

The Jacobi triple product identity is: $$\prod\limits_{n=1}^{ \infty }(1-q^{2n})(1+zq^{2n-1})(1+z^{-1}q^{2n-1})=\sum\limits_{n = - \infty }^ \infty z^n q^{n^2} $$ I would like to extend the idea for ...
7
votes
0answers
444 views

On the weak and strong convergence of an iterative sequence

I have some difficulties in the following problem. I would like to thank for all kind help and construction. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional real Hilbert space and $F: H\rightarrow H$ be a ...
7
votes
0answers
256 views

A sequence similar to the Catalan numbers

The $n$-th Catalan number $c_n$ has the closed form $\frac1{n+1}\binom{2n}{n}$ and follows the recursion $c_n = \sum\limits_{i = 0}^{n-1} c_{n-1-i}c_i$ I am interested in the quantity $e_n$ which ...
6
votes
0answers
58 views

Closed form of an infinite series of integrals $\int_{0}^{\eta} \cos nt \cos t \sqrt{\cos^2 t - \cos^2 \eta}$

Let $$ I(n,\eta) = \int_{0}^{\eta} \cos nt \, \cos t \, \sqrt{\cos^2 t - \cos^2 \eta}\; dt $$ where it is known that $0 < \eta \leq \frac \pi 2$. Is it possible to evaluate $S$, the infinite ...
6
votes
0answers
161 views

How to sum up this series and simplify yet another one?

Primarily, I would like to know what could be done with this series: $$ \sum_{n=2}^{\infty}\frac{n^3}{(n^2-1)^3}\left(\frac{n-1}{n+1}\right)^{2n}$$ As hardmath says in his comment, the series ...
6
votes
0answers
106 views

Minimizing beginning terms of a Fibonacci-like sequence

For $ a, b \in \mathbb{Z}^+ $ such that $ a = b $ or $ 2a < b $, let $ f_{a, b} : \mathbb{Z}^+ \to \mathbb{Z}^+ $ be a sequence that satisfies the following three criteria: $$ f(1) = a, \\ f(2) = ...
6
votes
0answers
412 views

Convergence/Divergence of infinite series $ \displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^{1+\left|{\cos n}\right|}}$

It is well known that $ \displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n}$ is divergent while $ \displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^{1+\epsilon}}$ is convergent for a fixed positive value of ...
6
votes
0answers
250 views

expansion for $1-|t|$

Let $f$ be a continuous function on $\mathbb{R}$ with compact support with exactly one maximum. Form the functions $$ f_{m,k}(x)=f^m\left(x-\frac{k}{2^m}\right) $$ I am wondering if one can expand ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

About the existence of a regular solution in a chaotic system

Show that for some choice of $x_1\in\mathbb{R}$, the sequence given by: $$ x_{n+1} = n-3^{x_n} $$ satisfies: $$ \lim_{n\to +\infty} x_n= +\infty. $$ I was able to prove the statement by showing ...
5
votes
0answers
61 views

Disprove, fix, prove: If {$a_n$} and {$b_n$} are increasing, then {$a_n b_n$} is increasing

Prove the statement wrong, fix it, then prove the new statement: If {$a_n$} and {$b_n$} are increasing, then {$a_n b_n$} is increasing I think I'm headed in the right direction with this but I'm ...
5
votes
0answers
94 views

$\int_0^1 \frac{\ln(1+x^a)}{1+x}\, dx$

I have recently met with this integral: $$\int_0^1 \frac{\ln(1+x^a)}{1+x}\, dx$$ I want to evaluate it in a closed form, if possible. 1st functional equation: $\displaystyle f(a)=\ln^2 2-f\left ( ...
5
votes
0answers
53 views

Does such a series exist?

This question came up as some puzzle. Does there exist a sequence of real numbers ${c_j}$ such that $\sum{c_j^m} = m$ for all positive integers $m$? I argue no. Suppose there exists such a ...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

Infinite series involving factorials of squares

Does $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{(n^2)!}=2.04167\dots$$ possess a closed form?
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Calculus II: Comparison Test

I have this math problem where I have to show that a sum converges. Is this correct? Thanks $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{2n-1}{ne^n}$$ I chose $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{2n}{ne^n}$ to compare it to. ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Special values of the classical normalized Eisenstein series

I am looking for a comprehensive list of some known special values of the classical normalized Eisenstein series $E_4(\tau)$ and $E_6(\tau)$. Does anyone know where I can find a table of some known ...