The process of studying mathematics without formal instruction. _Don't_ use this tag just because you were self-studying when you came across the mathematical question you're asking; it is only for when the fact that you're self-studying is what your question is _about_.

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Real Analysis : Self Studying vs Doing a Course

I am an engineering graduate student. Recently I got interested in studying Maths. So, I have started self-studying Real Analysis(let's call it RA) using a few books. I will also be using problem ...
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1answer
212 views

Changing the order of integration without sketching?

When changing the order of double integrals, I have always relied on sketching the region. I have recently come across this example on MSE by @FelixMartin which seems to avoid visual-based reasoning, ...
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220 views

Follow up to Pinter's abstract algebra

I wanted to learn abstract algebra this summer so I bought Pinter's A book of Abstract Algebra. I was planning on reading it over the course of the summer, but just finished the last problem of its ...
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343 views

Effect of pullback of differential forms on an ideal

Say that the exterior differential system (EDS) corresponding to a PDE system is: $$df-f_x\,dx-f_y\,dy-f_w\,dw-f_z\,dz=0,\\ a_1\,f_x+a_2\,f_y=0,\tag{sys}$$ Of course we also require the independence ...
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525 views

“Easy” (maybe not) question about dual spaces (Lineal Algebra).

Hi everyone is my first time reading about dual spaces and in one part of the notes that I read, says: The dual of the quotient space $V/U$ is naturally a subspace of $V$, namely the annihilators of ...
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813 views

Convex analysis books and self study.

I have taken some courses in Convex optimization. Now I would like to know a little bit more about the pure mathematical side. Is there any good books in convex analysis? I have read and worked with ...
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223 views

Math competitions for hobbyists?

Are there any math competitions for hobbyist / amateur mathematicians? Something like the Putnam or the International Mathematical Olympiad, but open to regular people who are not full-time students?
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164 views

What to look for in a proof?

I am a physics undergrad, wishing to pursue a PhD in Math. I am mostly self taught in the typical math undergrad curriculum. I am looking for more input, in ways I can improve my mathematical ...
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2answers
169 views

Given $N$, count $\{(m,n) \mid 0\leq m<N, 0\leq n<N, m\text{ and } n \text{ relatively prime}\}$

I'm confused at exercise 4.49 on page 149 from the book "Concrete Mathematics: A Foundation for Computer Science": Let $R(N)$ be the number of pairs of integers $(m,n)$ such that $0\leq m < N$, ...
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Good Textbooks for Real Analysis and Topology.

I'm currently in my 3rd year of my undergrad in Mathematics and moving onto my 4th year next year. I took a course in Real Analysis I, but the professor was very confusing and we didn't use a textbook ...
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6answers
3k views

What math is necessary to learn manifolds?

I want to learn about manifolds, but I'm only a senior in high school and obviously have a while to go. I'm in AP Calc BC. What should I study to eventually learn manifolds? Linear Algebra? What ...
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4answers
2k views

Expanding problem solving skill

I have a great passion for Math but my lack in problem solving skill always keeps me away from the "good stuff". I always wanted to be better at Math and one of the things I figured out was to keep ...
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4answers
454 views

What sequence should I study these topics in? [closed]

I will shortly list a series of topics that amount to what is essentially the first two years of an undergraduate degree. I'd like to know what is considered best order in which to study these ...
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3answers
397 views

How do i visualize Cosets of a group

The Lemma asserted in Herstein as given by $[a] = Ha$ seems very non intuitive to me. How do I think in order that this thing makes sense to me? LEMMA 2.4.4 For all $a$ in $G$ , $$Ha = \{ x \in ...
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2answers
105 views

How to show this inequality?

Show that $$-2 \le \cos \theta(\sin \theta+\sqrt{\sin^2 \theta +3})\le2$$ Trial: I know that $-\dfrac 1 2 \le \cos \theta\cdot\sin \theta \le \dfrac 1 2$ and $\sqrt 3\le\sqrt{\sin^2 \theta ...
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2answers
240 views

How to understand mathematics on a deep level?

I've been focusing on self studying mathematics for the past couple months, and I'm currently working on discrete mathematics. Here's my attempt at a metaphor to describe my issue. Imagine you have a ...
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314 views

Is “Categories and Sheaves” a good followup to Aluffi's “Algebra: Chapter 0”?

I'm about to finish Aluffi's "algebra: chapter 0" and am a bit confused as to what should be my next move. I've been planning to read Tom Dieck's Algebraic Topology for some time now. I glimpsed at it ...
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2answers
538 views

For someone who is self-studying topology: what are the main topics to focus on?

I will have to teach myself topology for the Math GRE Subject Test because, although I graduated with a math major, I never took topology. I have Munkres and Kelley, along with the Schaum's Outlines ...
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385 views

Is formal logic necessary for pure/“higher” mathematics?

I'm asking this as an autodidact who wants to learn math rigorously for its own sake. And I was just wondering if understanding proofs could be achieved without a formal grounding in symbolic logic. I ...
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4k views

Derivative of a function with respect to another function.

I want to calculate the derivative of a function with respect to, not a variable, but respect to another function. For example: $$g(x)=2f(x)+x+\log[f(x)]$$ I want to compute $$\frac{\mathrm ...
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3answers
168 views

Is there a better way to read proofs?

I'm finishing my undergraduate degree in 6 weeks and I'm pretty happy with how my education is coming along so far. I can write proofs, solve many different problems, and I even have some idea as to ...
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126 views

Find $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{z_k^2}$

Let $z_1, z_2,\dots, z_k,\dots$ be all the roots of $e^z=z$. Let $C_N$ be the square in the plane centered at the origin with siden parallel to the axis and each of length $2\pi N$. Assume that ...
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835 views

Lie bracket is a connection?

In Road to Reality, section 14.6 on Lie derivative Penrose writes: Now $\epsilon^2 [j,h]$ corresponds to an $O(\epsilon^2)$ gap in the ‘parallelogram’ whose initial sides are $e_j$ and $e_h$ at ...
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114 views

What does one study to increase understanding of the $P \stackrel{?}{=} NP$ problem?

If one were to learn more about the $P \stackrel{?}{=} NP$ problem, where would one start? I understand what the problem is—but not enough to be able to read anything technical about it. ...
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363 views

Self-study: what fractions of problems to solve?

I am self-studying measure-theoretic probability out of Billingsley's Probability and Measure. So far I have been trying to solve all the exercises. While the exercises are wonderful and I can ...
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177 views

How to get used to commutative diagrams? (the case of products).

I've returned to Aluffi's book (after getting the basics of groups from Herstein's) and I hit the same brick wall that made me put it aside. My general problem is this: I can't seem to get used to ...
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1answer
183 views

Help with diagram chasing

Given the diagram $\require{AMScd}$ \begin{CD} 0 @>>> A @>f>> B @>g>> C @>>> 0 \\ @. @V\alpha VV \#@V\beta V V\# @VV\gamma V @. \\ 0 @>>> {A'} ...
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1k views

Is “Functional Analysis” by “Yosida” a good book for self study?

I was wishing to start studying by myself the book Functional Analysis by Yosida, does anyone have already used it, is it a good reference?
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353 views

Basics of schemes and morphisms of schemes

I'm currently reading through Hartshorne, and have come across a few things that have left me wondering. (i) Somewhat pedantic, but also because I don't actually know the answer, (in Example 2.3.4) ...
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213 views

Reading mathematics at the graduate level - does every single proof matter?

I would be interested in hearing from PhD students (and upwards) specializing in pure maths (in particular, the more algebraic aspects). My question is this: When reading to learn mathematics at ...
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1answer
216 views

Complete example of haar measure on compact groups like $GL(n,R)$

I am currently reading the proof of existence of haar measure, but I learn better mostly by examples so I would like examples of explicit computation of haar measure mainly on any $Gl(n,R)$ or any lie ...
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251 views

Intuition behind proof and verification partially ordered sets

Hi everyone in the book that I read I have trouble to understand the argument of the proof at the below proposition. There is a lot of point which are left as exercises, which is great. One of these ...
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750 views

When should I start learning Set Theory?

I started to learn a few disciplines on my own over the break after my first year in college and one of them was Real Analysis. In the process I came across many issues in Analysis texts concerning ...
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903 views

Quick questions about studying math and physics? [closed]

Just curious about how people usually self study these subjects. 1) Is it the most efficient to read through the chapters, and write down theorems, definitions, and take notes of important parts and ...
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1answer
1k views

Philosophy of learning mathematics (combinatorics)

How does one learn mathematics in depth and well? I think I may be studying mathematics incorrectly, or I could be doing it a lot more efficiently/effectively. Sometimes I feel like I need every ...
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2answers
300 views

Prerequisits for Gauss-Green theorem

Consider the following theorem from the appendix C from Evans PDE book: I know about integration in $\mathbb{R}^n$ but not about how to make sense of the integrals on the right-hand side. As my ...
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7answers
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A book for abstract algebra with high school level

Any book that I find on abstract algebra is somehow advanced and not OK for self-learning. I am high-school student with high-school math knowledge. Please someone tell me a book can be fine on ...
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4answers
168 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\infty} x p^xe^{\Large-\frac{x}{a}}\ dx$

I need to evaluate the integral: $$\int_0^{\infty} x p^xe^{\Large-\frac{x}{a}}\ dx$$ for $0<p<1$. Unfortunately I do not know where to begin. I tried integration by parts but got nowhere ...
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579 views

The Importance Of Good Teachers and Guidance In the Academics

I'm a first year student for a math degree. I'm very curious on how good students overcome their bad teachers in the journey of learning and grasping the courses material fully, all in the pressure of ...
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3answers
823 views

Mastering Math - Grade school- to College-level?

I'm having difficulty with my math, fractions and up. I used to understand it all, but it's been so long since I've touched the book (I finished it a couple of months ago, picked it up to review ...
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6answers
9k views

Steps to Re-Learn Mathematic the right way

I was always branded weak mathematics back at school though i loved it. The reason was that I was not having many basics in maths. Due to this problem I stopped learning Maths after my 10th grade. But ...
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2answers
5k views

Self-study on probability.

What book do you recommend for self-study of probability theory? I have a rather significant gap in that area (in lame terms sometimes I feel I don't get it) and need to try (strugle more likely) ...
6
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1answer
217 views

indefinite integral $\int\sin\sqrt[3]{x}~dx$

I want to determinate the integral $\int\sin\sqrt[3]{x}~dx$ . I tried to use integration by partitions and integration by substitution but I came to no result. I know the result which is shown here ...
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4answers
2k views

Can a function with just one point in its domain be continuous?

For example if my function is $f:\{1\}\longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $f(1)=1$. I have the next context: 1) According to the definition given in Spivak's book and also in wikipedia, since ...
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3answers
230 views

How can I find all the solutions of $\sin^5x+\cos^3x=1$

Find all the solutions of $$\sin^5x+\cos^3x=1$$ Trial:$x=0$ is a solution of this equation. How can I find other solutions (if any). Please help.
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308 views

Beginning with math

I am studying computer science since 3 years now. It is really math heavy and I like it. However the problem that I have is that I never really had math in school it was too basic and I lack some ...
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4answers
437 views

First Course in Linear algebra books that start with basic algebra?

I'm 30 years old, and the only math I can remember from college is basic algebra and some probabilities. Next month, I have a machine learning project I'd like to work on, but I'll need a solid ...
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396 views

Equivalence Relation between Derivative Being Odd and Function Being Even

In the exercise, I am required to prove that $f'$ is odd $\iff$ $f$ is even Moving from right to left was pretty trivial, however, I couldn't move from left to right. Note that we can only use very ...
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369 views

Books with fun exercises

As university is a bit slow, we organize a group activity of doing math exercises (after learning the basics of the subject separately). Thus I am looking for a book with many exercises that are ...
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1answer
222 views

Modeling Rain on a Windshield for various Speeds using Calculus

A question was recently posed to Click & Clack Talk Cars (http://www.greatfallstribune.com/story/life/2014/08/07/click-clack-rainy-day-raises-physics-question/13750681/). The topic is rain hitting ...