Questions about studying mathematics without formal instruction.

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Is formal logic necessary for pure/“higher” mathematics?

I'm asking this as an autodidact who wants to learn math rigorously for its own sake. And I was just wondering if understanding proofs could be achieved without a formal grounding in symbolic logic. I ...
7
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1answer
96 views

Find $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{z_k^2}$

Let $z_1, z_2,\dots, z_k,\dots$ be all the roots of $e^z=z$. Let $C_N$ be the square in the plane centered at the origin with siden parallel to the axis and each of length $2\pi N$. Assume that ...
7
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2answers
847 views

Learning math-oriented French

I'd like to read several papers which I find interesting, but they are all in French. I have no problem with taking a traditional French class or learning it via some other method. However, I realize ...
7
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2answers
589 views

How much rigour in proofs?

Just a quick pointer: you could probably get away with skipping to the last 2 paragraphs, as the rest covers my motivation for answering this question. Over this coming holidays I'm hoping to spend a ...
7
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1answer
126 views

What's the motivation of definition of primary?

Primary ideal can be regard as the generalization of prime ideal and radical. But Why it's defined like that?It's not symmetry. Why not define like that:
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477 views

Arithmetic mean is less than geometric mean (Spivak Calculus 3rd Chapter 2 Problem 22)

If $a_1, \ldots, a_n \ge 0$, the arithmetic mean $$A_n={a_1 + \cdots + a_n \over n}$$ and the geometric mean $$G_n = \sqrt[n]{a_1 \cdots a_n}$$ satisfy $G_n \le A_n$. As a first step to prove this ...
7
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3answers
116 views

Is there a better way to read proofs?

I'm finishing my undergraduate degree in 6 weeks and I'm pretty happy with how my education is coming along so far. I can write proofs, solve many different problems, and I even have some idea as to ...
7
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3answers
237 views

Self-study: what fractions of problems to solve?

I am self-studying measure-theoretic probability out of Billingsley's Probability and Measure. So far I have been trying to solve all the exercises. While the exercises are wonderful and I can ...
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1answer
397 views

Self Study of Fractals

I am looking for a book to self-study fractals with a certain criteria. I have checked out Getting Aquainted with Fractals. Note that Getting Aquainted with Fractals does not include ...
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3answers
144 views

Beginning of Romance

I am a 17 guy from India. The fascination of maths has struck me recently, while I am in standard 12th. But all the resources I have, is some school textbooks. M.L Agrawal's of 11th and 12th. I don't ...
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3answers
970 views

Is there a correct order to learning maths properly?

I am a high school student but I would like to self-learn higher level maths so is there a correct order to do that? I have learnt pre-calculus, calculus, algebra, series and sequences, combinatorics, ...
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3answers
2k views

Functional analysis textbook (or course) with complete solutions to exercises

I am a Ph.D. student in economics and I plan to study functional analysis by myself either this winter or the next summer. I am currently looking for a textbook, and since I am studying it by myself, ...
7
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1answer
90 views

Follow up to Pinter's abstract algebra

I wanted to learn abstract algebra this summer so I bought Pinter's A book of Abstract Algebra. I was planning on reading it over the course of the summer, but just finished the last problem of its ...
7
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1answer
1k views

What are the prerequisites for stochastic calculus?

I am not a math student, and only kind of picking up something whenever I need it. After emerged in the field of machine learning, probability, measure theory and functional analysis seem to be quite ...
7
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1answer
91 views

Math competitions for hobbyists?

Are there any math competitions for hobbyist / amateur mathematicians? Something like the Putnam or the International Mathematical Olympiad, but open to regular people who are not full-time students?
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0answers
650 views

Learning higher-mathematics on your own

I was hoping someone had an opinion on how to learn higher-mathematics (specific fields that could be of use to me) outside of a classroom setting. I graduated with an M.S. in Computer science about ...
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9answers
703 views

Good Textbooks for Real Analysis and Topology.

I'm currently in my 3rd year of my undergrad in Mathematics and moving onto my 4th year next year. I took a course in Real Analysis I, but the professor was very confusing and we didn't use a textbook ...
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6answers
1k views

What math is necessary to learn manifolds?

I want to learn about manifolds, but I'm only a senior in high school and obviously have a while to go. I'm in AP Calc BC. What should I study to eventually learn manifolds? Linear Algebra? What ...
6
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4answers
3k views

Multivariable Calculus books similar to “Advanced Calculus of Several Variables” by C.H. Edwards

I am currently trying to teach myself multivariable calculus using C.H. Edwards' "Advanced Calculus of Several Variables", but the text unfortunately doesn't have very many problems with solutions. ...
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4answers
2k views

Books, Video lectures, other resources to Teach Yourself Analysis

So my limited mathematics education has been especially ignorant of analysis. In this vein, I'd like to teach myself some of the introductory basics. I'm intrigued by sources that might contain ...
6
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4answers
138 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\infty} x p^xe^{\Large-\frac{x}{a}}\ dx$

I need to evaluate the integral: $$\int_0^{\infty} x p^xe^{\Large-\frac{x}{a}}\ dx$$ for $0<p<1$. Unfortunately I do not know where to begin. I tried integration by parts but got nowhere ...
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5answers
2k views

Coxeter's “Geometry Revisited” vs. “Introduction to Geometry”

Which of these two books should I read first? Is one of them more advanced than the other? I'm planning to use them to self-study geometry. Thanks.
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3answers
495 views

The Importance Of Good Teachers and Guidance In the Academics

I'm a first year student for a math degree. I'm very curious on how good students overcome their bad teachers in the journey of learning and grasping the courses material fully, all in the pressure of ...
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3answers
669 views

Mastering Math - Grade school- to College-level?

I'm having difficulty with my math, fractions and up. I used to understand it all, but it's been so long since I've touched the book (I finished it a couple of months ago, picked it up to review ...
6
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3answers
277 views

Beginning with math

I am studying computer science since 3 years now. It is really math heavy and I like it. However the problem that I have is that I never really had math in school it was too basic and I lack some ...
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5answers
3k views

Steps to Re-Learn Mathematic the right way

I was always branded weak mathematics back at school though i loved it. The reason was that I was not having many basics in maths. Due to this problem I stopped learning Maths after my 10th grade. But ...
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2answers
2k views

Self-study on probability.

What book do you recommend for self-study of probability theory? I have a rather significant gap in that area (in lame terms sometimes I feel I don't get it) and need to try (strugle more likely) ...
6
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4answers
544 views

Can a function with just one point in its domain be continuous?

For example if my function is $f:\{1\}\longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $f(1)=1$. I have the next context: 1) According to the definition given in Spivak's book and also in wikipedia, since ...
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5answers
760 views

Materials for self-study (problems and answers)

I'm hoping to self-study Geometry, Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Linear Algebra, Probability and Statistics, and other intermediate maths. I've found the best way for me to learn is to work on ...
6
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3answers
180 views

How can I find all the solutions of $\sin^5x+\cos^3x=1$

Find all the solutions of $$\sin^5x+\cos^3x=1$$ Trial:$x=0$ is a solution of this equation. How can I find other solutions (if any). Please help.
6
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1answer
129 views

Modeling Rain on a Windshield for various Speeds using Calculus

A question was recently posed to Click & Clack Talk Cars (http://www.greatfallstribune.com/story/life/2014/08/07/click-clack-rainy-day-raises-physics-question/13750681/). The topic is rain hitting ...
6
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2answers
278 views

What can I do with measure theory that I can't with probability and statistics

I've studied mathematics and statistics at undergraduate level and am pretty happy with the main concepts. However, I've come across measure theory several times, and I know it is a basis for ...
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6answers
168 views

Any ideas how I can rewire my brain such that $\varphi \leq \psi$ “obviously” means that $\varphi$ implies $\psi$?

The Boolean domain $B=\{\mathrm{False},\mathrm{True}\},$ can be viewed as a partially ordered set in two different ways. In the best approach, $\mathrm{False}$ is the least element and $\mathrm{True}$ ...
6
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3answers
827 views

Importance of Neatness / Organization / Speed in Math?

Pretty simple question here but it does relate to math. I ask this as my writing is quite messy, possibly a cause of silly mistakes. How important is neatness in math? Does having messy writing put ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Two Different Approaches to Self-learn Calculus

Here's my situation: I'm a computer science student who has taken Calculus I twice. Not less than a week ago, I finished a second semester of the class and felt entirely defeated finishing the final. ...
6
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2answers
431 views

Self-Teaching: Is Geometry the Nexus of all Mathematics?

Necessary prologue: I'd really like to become more fluent in the language of mathematics. I don't have a schedule that permits me taking a class and any on-line tutors that I find seem relatively ...
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2answers
111 views

Independence of sigma-algebras

Good day to everyone. While solving some problem of studying character I obtained some statement to prove, which is like following (this is my internal interest to prove it rigorously). Assume that ...
6
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3answers
726 views

How to fill gaps in my math knowledge?

Just finishing highschool, even though I am doing "well" (in the context of the math course itself), I have significant holes in my actual math knowledge. As I think many people who explore math ...
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2answers
520 views

Does anyone know of any good ways to get good at algebra without as much“grind” as doing hundreds of questions a night

I'm coming to a point in college where I can't avoid my math classes any longer. I need to get better at algebra so I don't flunk out of the class when I take it, however I've never been able to get ...
6
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2answers
152 views

Is it a problem being unable to understand a mathematical definition without examples?

I was reading a book on coding theory, there was a definition fot the Hamming's Distance and also one example. Understanding purely from the definition was hard but the example helped to give meaning ...
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1answer
313 views

What pure mathematics foundations should an applied mathematician have?

I'm studying mathematics, with some statistics also, and I've always chosen applied courses. I'm getting to the point where I'm studying 3rd year undergraduate to graduate level material. My first ...
6
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2answers
675 views

start mathematics from scratch

I'm sorry if this question goes against the site. I have completed my engineering in computer science; we were taught to get degrees only in our university :(. I love mathematics but time passed ...
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2answers
115 views

Missing and parasite roots in the trigonometric equation.

I have this equation: $$\boxed{\cos(2x) - \cos(8x) + \cos(6x) = 1}$$ RIGHT And its right solution from the textbook is: $$ \begin{align} \cos(2x)+\cos(6x)&=1+\cos(8x)\\\\ ...
6
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1answer
163 views

How much Differential Geometry is needed to appreciate Algebraic Geometry?

I want to start self-studying Algebraic Geometry at some point in the near future. There are plenty of posts discussing prerequisites, but one thing I couldn't find a discussion of: How much ...
6
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1answer
471 views

What's the best way to teach oneself both Category Theory & Model Theory?

I've done a bit of reading around both Category Theory & Model Theory (CT & MT) as a novice in each field. I'm interested in how they might combine, particularly when applied to Algebra. [So ...
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2answers
289 views

Which books to study category theory?

I am an amateur math researcher in the field of general topology. I've set the purpose to learn enough category theory for my research. After reading Steve Awodey, "Category Theory", 2010, is it ...
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2answers
2k views

Some basic practical applications of Calculus

I am currently studying Calculus on my own for fun. I enjoy different components of math and how they can be used to solve so many problems. Many people, however, think I am crazy because I am ...
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1answer
251 views

Basics of schemes and morphisms of schemes

I'm currently reading through Hartshorne, and have come across a few things that have left me wondering. (i) Somewhat pedantic, but also because I don't actually know the answer, (in Example 2.3.4) ...
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2answers
327 views

Filling the gap in knowledge of algebra

Recently, I realize that my inability to solve problems, sometimes, is because I have gaps in my knowldge of algebra. For example, I recently posted a question that asked why $\sqrt{(9x^2)}$ was not ...
6
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1answer
672 views

Importance of the Artin-Wedderburn theorem

I feel silly asking this, but what is the importance of the Artin-Wedderburn theorem in Algebra? In A First Course in Noncommutative Rings, T.Y. Lam calls it "the cornerstone of non-commutative ring ...