The process of studying mathematics without formal instruction. _Don't_ use this tag just because you were self-studying when you came across the mathematical question you're asking; it is only for when the fact that you're self-studying is what your question is _about_.

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6
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3answers
111 views

What would be an effective way to learn group theory on my own?

I've read the basics of this branch and I found it extremely interesing, and I would really love to learn more about it. I want to study as much as I can on my own, as my course doesn't have group ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Good starting point for learning noncommutative geometry?

Currently, I am attempting to learn noncommutative geometry. My interests mostly lie on the boundaries of pure mathematics and theoretical physics, so I am not only interested in the mathematical ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Double Integral of an Exponential Function with an Absolute Value in the Numerator of the Exponent

This is a question related to statistics, but my major concern relates to the setup and evaluation of integrals. So I decided this question was better suited for Mathematics Exchange than CV. I know ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

A proof related to diameter of a simplex S

Question: Prove that the diameter $\mathcal p(S)$ of a simplex $\mathcal S$ equals the greatest Eucledian distance between two vectors in the simplex. My opinion: We all know what every vector in the ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Show that a positive definite (not necessarily symmetric) matrix induces a hyperellipse

Consider $A\in M_n(\mathbb{R})$ a positive definite matrix and a matrix $B\in M_{n \times p}(\mathbb{R})$, with $n\geq p$ and $rank(B)=p$. i) Show that $C=B^TAB$ is positive definite. ii) Show that ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Variance of Inhomogenous Poisson process in a given window

Consider some variable $X\sim \operatorname{Poi}(\lambda(t))$ to be Poisson-distributed with some parameter $\lambda$ dependent on time, where we know how the random variable $\lambda$ is distributed. ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

An orthogonal projection matrix in $ \Bbb{R}^{3} $.

Consider the vector space $\mathbb{R^3}$ with usual inner product. Find the orthogonal projection matrix on the xy plane. I've found sometimes the orthogonal projection of a vector in a given ...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

Are “Transition Books” (Spivak/Apostol/Courant) really necessary? [closed]

Why do so many people recommend Spivak, Apostol, and Courant calculus textbooks, especially as a preparation toward the advanced courses like analysis and abstract algebra? Are they really necessary? ...
1
vote
3answers
41 views

Linear algebra, inner product and matrix

Let $A\in M_{m \times n}(\mathbb{R})$, $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $b,y\in \mathbb{R}^m$. Show that if $Ax=b$ and $A^ty=0_{\mathbb{R}^m}$, then $\langle b,y\rangle=0$. Also make a geometric ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Can the given transformation possible for given determinant?

In forth step $(x-1)(x-2)$ is obtained by applying transformation R$1 \frac{1}{(x+1)}$ and R$2 \frac{1}{(x+2)}$. But we get value of $x = -1$ or $ x = -2$ so $\frac{1}{(x+1)}$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Unable to understnad how a map is one-to-one in the proof for conjugacy

I need to prove that amp is a homeomorphism. I am following the basics from the book For the proof I have taken the help of the book "An introduction to dynamical system" Download link ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Reference request for conditional and unconditional covariance of n-times integrated Brownian motion

I'm working through an old Diaconis paper on Bayesian numerical analysis, and am currently calculating the details behind his brief comments on using $n$-times integrated Brownian motion as a function ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Understanding two sided t-test

Assume we have two search engines, A and B. I get a list of scores for 10 different queries. Now, I model this with a t-test in order to test significance. These are my hypothesis: $H_0: B-A=0$ ...
8
votes
2answers
147 views

Are basic trigonometry functions ( sine, cosine, tangent ) intuitive or memorized?

First, I'm really sorry for this somewhat vague and possibly just silly question. I also apologize if the following context runs a bit long. But please trust me that I'm asking with total sincerity ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

The maximum and minimum of five independent uniform random variables

Let $U_1,\dots,U_5$ be independent, each with uniform distribution on $(0, 1).$ Let $R$ be the distance between the minimum and maximum of the $U_i^{'}$s. Find the joint density of the max and the ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What should I study, if I want to learn about higher dimensional spaces and objects? Also, what resources should I obtain?

I am becoming interesting in learning about higher dimensions. What are subjects I could study, and what are some good resources for those subjects?
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How to partially differentiate an integral with a density function?

I am given this result: $$\frac{\partial}{\partial x(t)} \left[\lambda \int u(x(t)) f(t) \mathrm{d}t\right] = \lambda u^\prime(x(t)) f(t)$$ Where $\lambda$ is a constant, and we have the probability ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Companion Books for Rudin's PMA

S.E friends, I am a college sophomore with double majors in mathematics and microbiology. I wrote this email to seek your recommendation on selecting the introductory analysis textbook, particularly ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Doubt on asymptotics of continous functions (little-o notation and taylor expansion).

Suppose I have $e^{(\frac{1}{n}b + o(\frac{1}{n}))}$ then $\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} = e^0 = 1$ so $$e^{(\frac{1}{n}b + o(\frac{1}{n}))} = o(1) +1$$ But if I take the Taylor expansion of ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Characteristic Function and Density Function

Consider a random variable $X$ with density function $f(x)$, moment generating function $M(t):= \int e^{tx}f(x) dx$ (existing in an interval containing $0$), cumulant generating function $K(t):=\log ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Find the distribution function of bivariate distribution

Find the distribution function of $$f_{X,Y}(x,y)=\begin{cases} e^{-y}, & \text{if $0< x<y < \infty$} \\ 0, & \text{ otherwise} \end{cases}$$ Trial : According to my calculation ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How to solve this integral in moment generating function

The moment generating function of generalised Pareto distribution eventually comes down to the following integral (here). $$ M_X(\theta) = \mathbb Ee^{X\theta} = \int_\mu^\infty e^{\theta ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Matrix multiplication memorisation

So I'm writing an exam about matrices in a few weeks time, and I'd like to know if anybody has any tips about multiplying matrices.
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Requirements for learning and understanding trigonometry?

Im reaching a point in programing where I need to create basic shapes which I simply cant since my math skills are very bad. After finding out that the skills required are trigonometry I read a few ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

Study a math course on my own, suggestions? [closed]

I would like to study some math on my own. I am currently studying my second semester at a university and I have too much freetime so I would like to study something on my own, but I can't decide what ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What textbook(s) do I need to self-study grade 9 - 11 math? I failed Gr 11 Math twice.

I need a book that will help me to master all the concepts in math up until at least toronto's grade 11 math level by June. It's not a long way away, and I'm a slow learner. So what can I do to speed ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Prove that minimum of the matrix norm is achieved at certain parametres

Given matrix $A\in R^{n\times m}$ prove that minimum of the $||A-xy^T||$, $||B||=tr(B^TB)$, is achieved when $x$ is an eigenvector of $AA^T$, corresponding to its greatest eigenvalue, and $y$ is an ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Inverse Laplace Transformation of a heaviside function.

I'm working through an example of an inverse laplace transformation: $$\mathscr{L}^{-1}[\frac{e^{-3s}}{s+1}] = u_3(t)e^{-(t-3)}$$ I am having trouble seeing how this works. I know that: ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Matrixproduct of A'A expressed as a sum

I have difficulties in proving (understanding, seeing) the following identity: $ \mathbf{A'A} = \mathbf{(a_1, a_2, ...,a_n)} \begin{pmatrix}\mathbf{a_1'\\a_2'\\ \vdots \\ a_n'}\end{pmatrix} = \sum ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Seeking Recommendation on Theoretical Multivariable Calculus textbooks

I am a college sophomore with double majors in mathematics and microbiology. I wrote this email to seek your advice on selecting a theoretical, proof-based textbook on the multivariable calculus. I ...
9
votes
1answer
225 views

Importance of Exercises in Mathematics for Self-Studying

I am a high school student wanting to major in Mathematics in the future. I started to like Mathematics recently, starting a year ago and I watched some interesting math videos on YouTube for fun (ex: ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Dual Vectors and Dual Metric

In the book of Nadir Jeevanjee „An Introduction to Tensors and Group Theory for Physicists“ it is stated as an exercise that: 2.17 Given a basis $\{e_i\}_{i=1,...,n}$ , under what circumstances do ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How to find conditional expectation $\mathbb E(X|X<M)$

Consider a random variable $X$ following the so-called folded normal distribution. That is, $X$ has density function $$ f_X(x) = \sqrt{\frac{2}{\pi\tau}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{2\tau}}, x>0. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

The definition of the $false$ truth value

In "Topoi: The Categorial Analysis of Logic" by R. Goldblatt the $false: 1 \to \Omega$ truth value is defined as the characteristic arrow of the arrow $0_1: 0 \to 1$. This definition requires that ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

What's in a name? (Sum of Squares)

I have always believed that in order to fully understand and appreciate the mathematical subtleties and ideas behind a certain concept is to understand the name given to it. For now, can someone ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Back Substitution

My professor explained the math behind a simple random walk process but I was unable to follow one of the steps. The first equation was: Xt=(Xt-1)+et He then said "we need to back substitute in for ...
7
votes
1answer
138 views

Complete example of haar measure on compact groups like $GL(n,R)$

I am currently reading the proof of existence of haar measure, but I learn better mostly by examples so I would like examples of explicit computation of haar measure mainly on any $Gl(n,R)$ or any lie ...
3
votes
4answers
295 views

Calculus books recommendation (intermediate level)

I would like to ask for some intermediate level textbook for calculus (single variable), or, at least, some supplement to Spivak's Calculus for better understanding on how to approach and solve his ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is this the right way to do it?

There are 40 questions. For each question, there are 5 options of which only one option is correct. 3 points are awarded for each correct answer, and 1 mark is deducted for each wrong answer. For ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

On the good set principle and sigma fields.

Following Probability and measure Theory by Ash (2000). let $\Omega$ be a set, let $C$ be a class of subsets of $\Omega$ and $A \subset \Omega$, we denote by $C \cap A$ the class $\{ B \cap A : B \in ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Can anyone suggest a reference to learn about relative log-likelihood and likelihood intervals?

I want to understand how to calculate the 10% likelihood interval for a Poisson model of count data. It is an old assignment where they give you 20 counts, tell you it is a Poisson model and ask you ...
5
votes
2answers
72 views

How to minimize $x^2+4xy+5y^2-4x-6y+7$ without using calculus

I would like to find the smallest possible value of the function $$f(x,y)=x^2+4xy+5y^2-4x-6y+7$$ without taking any derivatives. My thoughts were to complete the square on both $x$ and $y$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the number of words of length $h$ in a sequence of subsets of words?

Let $L=\{0,1\}^*$ (the set of binary words on $0$ and $1$), Given an integer $k$, and $S$ a finite subset of $L$ define recursively the following sequence of subsets of $L$: $$\begin{align} A_1 ...
11
votes
1answer
125 views

How to stay productive while you are studying math? [closed]

Not sure that this question is a good fit for this site, but I will try. When I am working through a chapter of a mathematical book first two hours are normally very productive (easily remember ...
6
votes
2answers
239 views

Prerequisits for Gauss-Green theorem

Consider the following theorem from the appendix C from Evans PDE book: I know about integration in $\mathbb{R}^n$ but not about how to make sense of the integrals on the right-hand side. As my ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Scheduling problem

Consider the following setting: $N$ jobs, each has a starting time, which is assumed to be a natural number and all N numbers are distinct, e.g., the 1st job has starting time at 5, the 2nd is 6, the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Reference material on Alternating Minimization Algorithm

I am looking for some good reference material (book/paper) for learning Alternating Minimization Algorithm. Any recommendation from optimization experts will be much appreciated. Thank you.
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Question about an exercise from Feller

The following is an exercise from the classical textbook of Feller on probability theory. Four girls take turns at washing dishes. Out of the total of four breakages, three were caused by the ...
0
votes
4answers
72 views

Is $f\colon\mathbb{Z}\to\mathbb{Z}, f(x)=x^2$ injective? Surjective?

I would say no: $\text{Suppose } f(a)=f(b) \text{ then } a^2=b^2 \implies \pm a = \pm b \implies -a=b$. Or simply by counterexample: $f(-1)=f(1)$ Further, I would say it does not map $\mathbb{Z}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Infinite horizon cost function

The following quote is from Bertsekas's Dynamic Programming and Optimal Control. I'm only looking for a nudge in the right direction as to how to interpret the following equations, particularly ...