The process of studying mathematics without formal instruction. _Don't_ use this tag just because you were self-studying when you came across the mathematical question you're asking; it is only for when the fact that you're self-studying is what your question is _about_.

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Textbook Accompanying Naive Set Theory

I'm in the process of self-studying from the very popular Halmos book "Naive Set Theory" and I must say I can say only the best about the book. However, although the book has some excercises I would ...
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1answer
15 views

Functions of Mixing random variables

If $X_t$ and $Y_t$ are independent random processes that are $\alpha$-mixing, is a linear combination, $aX_t + bY_t$ also $\alpha$-mixing? What about other functions $f(X_t,Y_t)$? How does one ...
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1answer
71 views

Looking Away from the Temptations of the Solution Key [closed]

This is quite a soft question and I believe that it is a very important one and one that many self-learners can relate to. So I recently was going through a problem set in topology and I came across ...
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2answers
131 views

Should I continue trying to solve Spivak or pick up a lighter book?

Some background: I have no mathematical maturity. Last year I completed my schooling and the only time I picked up a math/science book was when exams were due, needless to say I haven't actually given ...
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26 views

Website for sharing solutions/proof verification?

Is there a website for sharing solutions to exercises in math books? I'm self-studying math and I find solution manuals like this very helpful. When I do an exercise, I usually scribble down a few ...
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1answer
34 views

$f(\alpha _I) \ne 0$

I need help in this question... Let $F$ be a field of characteristic zero and let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over field $F$. If $\alpha _1,\dots , \alpha_m$ are finitely many vectors in ...
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15 views

Exterior Robin Boundry Condition

Exterior Robin boundary is expressed as the following in the book $\partial{u}/ \partial{v}-\lambda u=f$ on the boundary and $v$ is normal. Also u satisfies Laplace Equation in exterior domain in ...
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1answer
54 views

infinite subset of discrete metric space is not compact

The question is Im not really sure how to go about this So far i am trying to show that for an open cover of the infinite subset X, there isn't a finite sub cover and therefore X is not compact I ...
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194 views

Properties of Weak Convergence of Probability Measures on Product Spaces

EDIT: For the Bounty, I made a substantial edit revision concerning the structure of the question, to make it more readable (hopefully). Moreover I added a question on problem 2.7 of Billingsley’s ...
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2answers
82 views

What are some good resources to review basic university calculus, years later?

So, I have reason to be returning to school, many years (5+) after my last attendance; and although I took (and passed, barely, after much strife) Calculus 1 and 2 at my previous university, I am very ...
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3answers
97 views

Permutations and combinations textbook recommendations

I have had real difficulty with permutation/combination questions in probability and statistics texts. What I have real difficulty with is transforming word problems into mathematical form to solve. ...
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1answer
91 views

Scratch paper alternatives? [closed]

How do you practice complicated calculation when the problem is displayed on your computer screen? Do you always have pieces of paper on the side, or do you have a Wacom tablet connected to your ...
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1answer
47 views

$W$ intersection of $(n-1)$ dimensional subspaces

I have got a good (I think so) intuition of this problem but I am not being able to write down the crucial steps correctly. Let $V$ be a $n$ dimensional vector space over field $F$ . Let $W$ be a ...
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82 views

Next Step for Self-Learning

I am an undergraduate mathematics major and recently completed a course in real analysis. While I enjoyed this course it left out many topics that I would have liked to learn because of time ...
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2answers
35 views

Existence of maximum and minimum

Let $f:\mathbb{R}_+\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be continuous and such that $f(0)=1$ and $lim_{x\rightarrow+\infty}f(x) = 0$. Prove that $f$ must have a maximum in $\mathbb{R}_+$. What about the ...
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3answers
76 views

Express $2\cos (n\theta)$ in terms of $z$ [closed]

How can I show that $$2\cos(n\theta)=z^n + \frac{1}{z^n}$$ if $z=\cos\theta+i\sin \theta$ Can some one help me? thx!
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1answer
45 views

Study materials to help understanding the generalized Stokes' theorem both intuitively and rigorously?

Dear MSE: My goal is to understand the generalized Stokes' theorem both intuitively and rigorously. Could someone give advices or recommend study materials to help understanding the generalized ...
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0answers
23 views

where to find good review resources? [closed]

I am taking my certification test for secondary mathematics next month and I am extremely overwhelmed by the amount of stuff i need to brush up on. http://www.mttc.nesinc.com/PDFs/MI_field022_SG.pdf ...
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4answers
229 views

Proven Studying Habits for a Limited Memory? [closed]

I learned Calculus many years ago and at the time I thought that I knew it well. (i.e. got good grades, was employed as a tutor, etc) I am now going back and studying Calculus again with the hopes of ...
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3answers
429 views

How to determine if I'm talented enough to study math? [closed]

After getting Bachelor's degree from Computer Science I changed my field to Applied Mathematics. The previous degree was mostly programming-oriented, so I know quite a lot about software engineering, ...
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2answers
74 views

What is tangent to a curve or function?

When I read my textbooks or even type "what is a tangent?" on google, I have always got an answer similar to these lines: "A straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at a point, ...
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4answers
302 views

Measure theory for self study. [duplicate]

I am having good knowledge of Elementary Real analysis. Now I like to study measure theory by myself (self-study). So please give me direction from where to starting? Which book is good for starting? ...
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75 views

Self-studying Information Geometry

I was recently exposed to the topic of Information Geometry by a friend of mine, and was looking for a good book to begin self-studying this topic. Any suggestions? Also, what subject matter would ...
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1answer
60 views

How to interpret the notation of a formula?

I was reading a paper where the property of light known as Illuminance, for a specific setup (as in the figure) is given with the following formula: The description below the formula says: ...
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4answers
162 views

Help Self-Studying Calculus

I wanted to learn calculus but I have been told that you can't learn it without first learning elementary algebra. Can someone help me devise a plan for self-study because I don't know were to begin.
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2answers
96 views

Algebra review for Spivak Calculus

I got a bit bored with High School maths so I picked up a copy of Calculus by Spivak. I am really enjoying the book and have found that the proofs and theorems aren't as hard as others have made them ...
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38 views

Cesaro summation and convergence

I am trying to makes sense of the proof to following problem: Given: $A_n = \displaystyle \frac{\sum_{k=1}^n a_k}{n}$. Can $\{A_n\}$ converge if $\{a_n\}$ diverges; $\forall n,a_n>0; ...
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19 views

Checking if estimators are sufficient

For an i.i.d. sample of random variables Xi distributed according to a normal distribution, known variance. I found a sufficient statistic—the sample mean. How do I check if other statistic like ...
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1answer
89 views

Important topics to know in Algebra [closed]

I'm trying to prepare for graduate algebra but after looking at Dummit and Foote I realized that there's a lot of material (1000 pages). Which topics do you think a student should study in D&F to ...
3
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1answer
75 views

self-teach: In what order should I structure my studies?

I'm a 19 year old, who will be 20 in may. I didn't go to the greatest high school, and I didn't get the proper education to prepare me for college. I need to make a study plan for myself to truly ...
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82 views

Proof that Poisson process interarrival time $T(N+1)-T(N)$ with $T(N)<t<T(N+1)$ is Gamma$(2,\lambda)$

Suppose a Poisson process $N(t)\sim\text{Poisson}(\lambda t)$. Let $T(N)$ be the time of the last arrival before time $t$ and $T(N+1)$ be the time of the first arrival after time $t$. From ...
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1answer
105 views

Given undergraduate Algebra background, which introductory Homological Algebra textbook?

I have read the answer for graduate-level Algebra background and all answers in stackexchange and mathoverflow discussing Homological Algebra textbooks. But none of them directly answers my question, ...
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27 views

Let W = X1/(X1+X2), how to prove **W** has a beta distribution?

I am confused when I come across this question, could anyone help? Thanks! Let X1 and X2 have independent gamma distributions with parameters α, θ and β and θ respectively. Now we let W = X1/(X1+X2), ...
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2answers
126 views

How do mathematicians come up with beautiful equations [closed]

In Linear regression for example, we can find weights as following: $\hat{\beta}=(X^{T}X)^{-1}X^{T}y$ how someone invented this? I mean how do they transform a problem to such an equation. And ...
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3answers
138 views

Effective Methods of Studying in different areas of Math

I apologize if this question isn't appropriate for this site, but I am looking for advice that I think other math students might be better able to give me. I am an undergraduate math major entering ...
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61 views

Proving a degree sequence satisfy Chvatal’s criterion

How can I prove that a degree sequence satisfy Chvatal’s criterion? I know that i must prove that sequence A is Hamiltonian if and only if A' is hamiltonian but i am lost on where i should start. for ...
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25 views

how to construct non-Hamiltonian graphs

I have been asked to construct a hamiltonian graph and a non-hamiltonian graph using the same degree sequence. I have had no problem constructing the hamiltonian graph however I am finding it ...
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1answer
58 views

Min problem by using Lagrange method

$$\min x^2+y^2 $$ $$\text{s.t.}\ \ (x-2)^2+(y-3)^2\le 4 \ \ \ \text{and} \ \ \ x^2=4y$$ Please explicitly solve this question by using Lagrange multiplier method. I accept $(x-2)^2+(y-3)^2=4$ ...
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1answer
182 views

Set all measurable real functions on $[0,1]$ with metric $\int_{0}^1 \min \{1,|f(t)−g(t)|\}dt$ is Fréchet without nonzero continuous linear functional

Bounty Edit: In the following, all the questions will be highlighted by a bold number and a text written in italics. I found the following statement in a book, and I am really struggling to see why ...
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1answer
49 views

Maximization problem on an ellipsoid [closed]

for three variables, $$\max f(x,y,z)= xyz \\ \text{s.t.} \ \ (\frac{x}{a})^2+(\frac{y}{b})^2+(\frac{z}{c})^2=1$$ where $a,b,c$ are constant how to solve the maximization optimization problem? ...
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2answers
33 views

How to write a discrete dynamical system into first order system

I need guidance on how to solve this here. $$x_{n+1} + 3x_n - 4x_{n-1} = (\sqrt{2})^n cos \left(\frac{n\pi}{6}\right)$$ I am required to transform the above equation into a first order finite ...
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27 views

Marginalizing multivariate-normal distribution canonical form

Regarding the problem of margenalization of canonical forms of multivariate gaussian distribution it was mentioned in probabilistic graphical models text book that $$\int{C(X,Y;k,h,g)}dY$$ is ...
2
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2answers
54 views

Expectation Functional in Lebesgue and Riemann Terms – Looking for a clarification

Here there is a really central problem I am having self-studying probability theory, that concerns the relation between the definition of expectation in Lebesgue terms and in Riemann terms. I will ...
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1answer
67 views

Negative Mean Square Error

For simple random sampling, I have calculated somemean square errors for ratio-type estimators such as Isaki estimator, and Prasad Singh estimator. But, Mean Square Errors i obtained are negative. ...
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55 views

Is It Worth It Working Out Every Practice Problem In Math? (Without a calculator)

I'm bouncing back between trig, algebra, and calc books. I've noticed that most of the problems at some point seem to distill into very tedious arithmetic. It is nice to have the prowess of ...
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71 views

Suitable reference for learning symplectic geometry

I am interested in studying symplectic geometry by myself and I'm looking for a good text to use as a reference in the way. I am a bit lost because I've found a lot of notes and books on the subject ...
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3answers
892 views

Does the phrase “If you don't use it, you lose it” apply to mathematics? [closed]

I'm asking this because I ran into the following particular situation: I took some calc courses over 2013, where I learned, amongst other things, to integrate some pretty nasty functions, and this ...
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1answer
41 views

writing a piecewise regression model as a linear model

lets write the following piecewise regression model $$y= \alpha_0 + \alpha_1 x +\epsilon ;\ \ x\le x_0 $$ $$ y=\beta_0 +\beta_1 x + \epsilon \ \ x\gt x_0$$ according to the variable $x_0$ is ...
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44 views

Self learning complex systems modeling

I am currently a senior studying mathematics. My program is heavily focused on pure maths, however, my interests lie in the area of applied mathematics. Specifically, I am interested in the study of ...
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39 views

Between Oksendal and Karatzas books

I finished Oksendal "SDE , an introduction with applications" , did most of the exercises (not all with success, but I read the solutions for those); my next project would be to read the Karatzas ...