# Tagged Questions

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### Changing the order of integration without sketching?

When changing the order of double integrals, I have always relied on sketching the region. I have recently come across this example on MSE by @FelixMartin which seems to avoid visual-based reasoning, ...
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### Inner product of functions as integration

I am trying to teach my self some linear algebra in preparation for a module in machine learning. I am using Gilbert Strang's text Introduction to Linear Algebra and am having some difficulties. My ...
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### Intuition about Taking an Integral

My hope is to personally develop some further intuition for taking an integral (measuring the area under a curve). Consider a normal distribution and I need the area under the curve from $a$ to $b$. I ...
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### How wrong is it? - A “proof” of the FTC that I came up with in high school by hand-waving.

In high school calculus, I was first taught that the area under a curve $f(x)$ between $x=a$ and $x=b$ is given by: $$A = \lim_{\delta x \rightarrow 0} \sum \limits_{a}^{b} f(x) \delta x$$ Then ...
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### Evaluate $\int_0^{\infty} x p^xe^{\Large-\frac{x}{a}}\ dx$

I need to evaluate the integral: $$\int_0^{\infty} x p^xe^{\Large-\frac{x}{a}}\ dx$$ for $0<p<1$. Unfortunately I do not know where to begin. I tried integration by parts but got nowhere ...
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### $L^1$ is complete in its metric

Theorem: The vector space $L^1$ is complete in its metric. The following proof is from Princeton Lectures in Analysis book $3$ page $70$. Some of my questions about the proof of this theorem are as ...
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### Question in relation to Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

I obtain two answers, one is $\dfrac1{\sqrt{1+x^6}}$ and another one is $\dfrac{2x}{\sqrt{1+x^{12}}}$ by using Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, but I am not so sure. Would anyone help me?
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### Washer method and shell method

(1) Sketch the region enclosed between the curve $y=sin^2x$ and the straight line $y =2x/π$ (2) Find the volume of the solid $S$ obtained by revolving the region in part (1) about the $y$-axis by ...
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### Evaluating expression at infinity

How do I evaluate something like: $$xe^{-(x-\theta)}\text{ from }x = \theta\text{ to }x=\infty?$$ This came up in an integration I tried to do, and I realize it's a very basic question. But I am ...
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### Evaluating integral limit in two ways gives different limits

Problem Show that $$\lim\limits_{h \rightarrow 0^{+}} \int_{-1}^{1} \frac{h}{h^{2}+x^{2}} \, dx = \pi.$$ I can do this by evaluating the integral directly and showing that it is equal to ...
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### Integrating a function with an infinite number of discontinuities

I would appreciate some help with the following exercise: Let $$f(x)=\begin{cases} 1 & \text{if}\ x= 1/n\ \text{for some}\ n \in \mathbb{N} \\ 0 & \text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$ Show that ...
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### Evaluate $\iint\limits_{\substack{x<u,y<v, \\ x^2+y^2<1}} dxdy$

How can I evaluate the following double integral: $$\iint\limits_{\substack{x<u,y<v, \\ x^2+y^2<1}} dxdy$$ If we didn't have the restrictions $x<u, y<v$ polar coordinates would have ...
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### The part I dont understand while calculating contour integral.

Question is the following; $$\int_{0}^{\infty}[x^{m-1}/(1+x^n)]dx$$ for $m,n=1,2,\dots$ and $n>m>0$ Solution: its poles were found as this $$a_k=e^{i(2k+1)\pi/n}$$ for $k=0,1,...(n-1)$ And ...
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### Evaluation of the integral.

$$I\left(n,\epsilon\right)=\int_{-{\rm i}\infty}^{+{\rm i}\infty} \frac{{\rm e}^{\epsilon z}}{\left(z+\epsilon\right)^n}\,{\rm d}z$$ The integration is taken along the imaginary axis, an integer ...
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### Good books to learn Riemann integration

I am looking for a good text book to learn Riemann integration. Please suggest books with theories and proofs comprehensively explained.
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### Integration by Parts confusion

I am using this video to learn Laplace Transform. The example used is a fairly basic one: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}t.e^{-st}dt$$ Simple enough, you need to integrate by ...
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### How to solve this “simple” ordinary differential equation?

I am trying to learn more about calculus by myself, in order to be able to use dynamical systems analysis methods. In a book example, I have to find $f(t)$ from this: ...
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### Assume that $f(x)\ge0$ if $x$ is a point in $\bf{I}$ with a rational component. Prove that $\int_{\bf{I}}f\ge0$.

Let I be a generalized rectangle in $\Bbb R^n$ and suppose the function $f:\bf{I}\to\Bbb R$ is Riemann integrable. Assume that $f(x)\ge0$ if $x$ is a point in $\bf{I}$ with a rational component. Prove ...