The process of studying mathematics without formal instruction. _Don't_ use this tag just because you were self-studying when you came across the mathematical question you're asking; it is only for when fact that you're self-studying is what your question is _about_.

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33 views

Brushing up on Calc

I am an engineering major. I have taken calc 1-3 and did very well in each course. However, I feel that I did well mostly by learning the tricks and feel that I need a better intuitive understanding ...
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0answers
32 views

What is the vector product $(x\wedge y)\wedge z$?

Here's an exercise from my book (exercise 10, chapter 2.1) Show that the three-dimensional vector space $V=R^3$ forms an associative algebra with respect to the operation $x\uparrow ...
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0answers
41 views

Should you create a dictionary when learning mathematics? [on hold]

Usually when I need to look up a term, I just consult the internet. But recently I found myself in an unfortunate situation where I was camping high up in the mountains and needed to look up the ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Stirling aproximation [duplicate]

I was reading my book of stochastic processes, when suddenly appear the following approach $$n!\sim n^{n+\frac{1}{2}}e^{-n}\sqrt{2\pi}$$ From where this result comes? I looked on Wikipedia but ...
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1answer
43 views

Proving that $\mathbb{N}$ (or any countable set) is infinite

I was watching real analysis lectures by Francis Su. In the lecture on countable and uncountable sets, he writes a theorem which is my question: Thm. $\mathbb{N}$ (or any countable set) is ...
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0answers
23 views

Show that $f$ is constant on the convex set $S$

Call a set $S$ convex if whenever $x,y\in S$, then $tx+(1-t)y\in S$ for any $t\in[0,1]$. Suppose that $S$ is an open convex set in $\mathbb R^n$ and suppose that $f:\mathbb R^n\to\mathbb R$. If ...
3
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1answer
35 views

What can we conclude about the function $f$?

Let $f$ be a scalar field, $f:\mathbb R^n\to\mathbb R$. Suppose there is an $n$-ball $B(a;r)$ centered at $a$ with radius $r$ and a fixed vector $y\in\mathbb R^n$ such that $f'(x;y)=0$ for every ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Matrix Multiplication, Trace and Integration

Let $\omega(x)$ be a $p\times 1$ vector-valued function defined on a random variable $X$ with CDF $F$. Now define $$V:=\int \omega(x)[\omega(x)]^T dF(x).$$ Then define $\gamma$ as follows. $$ \gamma ...
0
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3answers
25 views

how do they calculate these following columns

I have these data: I am sorry the data is in Portuguese, and it is an image so I can't convert it to a table but the translate "probably" ( i am not a native speakers for Portuguese language) is: ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Probability theory required for learning statistics rigorously

I would like to learn statistics rigorously. The only book that I can find that seems to do statistics rigorously is this book "Theory of statistics" by Schervish (which seems advanced): ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Markov Chains, reccurent and transient

Let the Markov Chain consisting of the states $0,1,2,3$ have the transition probability matrix ...
2
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0answers
37 views

How do I make sure that I've learned and mastered a part of the Visual Complex Analysis book?

So I'm reading Visual Complex Analysis by Tristan Needham. It's a beautiful book that's not very hard to understand at all; however, I just don't know if I have sufficiently learned what I'm supposed ...
0
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1answer
23 views

How to construct a transition matrix?

I'm giving my first steps in stochastic processes but I'm having some difficulties. See the following example Suppose that whether or not it rains today depends on previous weather conditions ...
0
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0answers
41 views

How to effectively learn from and use Ramanujan's notebooks? [duplicate]

I will come back and elaborate on the question if necessary (I must be off for a while...). But I'll try being specific. I have all four of Ramanujan's notebooks, with their respective Errata ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Find the density of their average

If $f_{X,Y,Z}(x,y,z)=e^{-(x+y+z)}I_{[0,\infty]}(x)I_{[0,\infty]}(y)I_{[0,\infty]}(z)$ find the density of their average $\frac{X+Y+Z}{3}$ I'm a little lost on how to solve this exercise, ...
2
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2answers
51 views

Disjoint events

Let $A$ and $B$ two disjoint events such that $P(A)=0.3$ and $P(B)=0.5$. Find the probability that i)$A$ or $B$ ocurrs ii)$A$ occur but not $B$ iii)repeat $i)$ and $ii)$ with $A$ ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Is Alfred Tarski's Introduction to Logic still helpful for self study?

I am trying to setup a self study path to enhance my knowledge of mathematical logic. I haven't taken a logic course for a few years and my confidence on mathematical proofs is unnerving. I am ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Principle of well ordering

Every non-empty set $A\subset\mathbb{N}$ have a smallest element, i.e. an element $n_0\in A$ such that $n_0\leq n$ $\forall n\in\mathbb{A}$ Proof: Let $I_n=\{p\in\mathbb{N};p\leq n\}$ the set ...
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2answers
45 views
+50

Reference request for this topics

I need a good reference to learn these topics Markov Chains in discrete time.    1.1. Classification of states, recurrence notions of transience.    1.2. Stationary measure.    1.3. ...
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4answers
49 views

Logic, writing proof

i)Suppose that $x$ and $y$ are real numbers. Prove that if $x\neq 0$, then if $y=\frac{3x^2+2y}{x^2+2}$ then $y=3$ ii)Suppose that $x$ and $y$ are real numbers. Prove that if $x^2y=2x+y$, ...
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0answers
26 views

Integral gaussian hypergeometric function

How can we define integral with interval $[b,\infty)$ $$ \begin{align} C(b,\alpha) & = \int_b^\infty \frac{1}{1+w^{\alpha/2}}\,\mathrm{d}w \\[8pt] & = 2\pi/\alpha \csc(2\pi/\alpha)-b_2 F_1 ...
0
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0answers
49 views

How to prove it and how to solve it

Tomorrow I will begin my studies, real analysis, however I have some difficulties in making statements so I thought before starting the study in real analysis, learn how to do demonstrations properly. ...
0
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0answers
51 views

How to obtain the genus of the Riemann surface corresponding to an algebraic curve

I am trying to read about the genus of an algebraic curve. I have been told that there is a connection between topological genus and genus defined for an algebraic curve. Since an algebraic curve ...
0
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0answers
22 views

non-linearity and non-convexity

I am taking a course on linear regression online and it talks about the sum of square difference cost function and one of the points it makes is that the cost function is always convex i.e. it has ...
3
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1answer
45 views
+50

Finiteness of the sum of the product of an i.i.d. sequence

Before I go to the statement of my question I just want to say a few words about the personal background of this question. I have recently taken a course on stochastic differential equations without ...
1
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2answers
58 views

What kind of geometry is useful to study for mathematical competitions?

I'm bad in geometry but I would like to be better. What kind of geometry is useful to learn olympiad level geometry? I mean, can projective geometry solve more problems than geometry with complex ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Learning Galois theory - required subtopics that are prerequisite?

This is not a reference request, that is, I have access to many textbooks I am happy with. What I don't know is, what are the things I need to know to get started? My idea on the path of knowledge ...
3
votes
4answers
117 views

Why memorize trig identities?

I want to be a mathematician or computer scientist. I'm going to be a junior in high school, and I skipped precalc/trig to go straight to AP Calc since I've studied a lot of analysis and stuff on my ...
8
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4answers
616 views

Mathematics is not a spectator's sport? [closed]

The title is a sentence by John M. Lee, from his book "Introduction to Topological Manifolds". Indeed, I was wondering if one can learn mathematics in a passive way, just reading the books and ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Conditional Expected Value of Product of Normal and Log Normal Distribution

Could someone please provide the answer and steps to solve this expression? \begin{eqnarray*} E\left[\left.\left(e^{X}Y+k\right)\right|\left.\left(e^{X}Y+k\right)>0\right]\right. \end{eqnarray*} ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Seeking your recommendation on Abstract Algebra textbooks

S.E advisers, I am a college sophomore with major in mathematics. I wrote this email to seek your recommendation on the good, starting textbook for the abstract algebra. I want to start studying ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Looking for Advice Self Study Analysis [closed]

$\space$ This summer I have some spare time and I was wanting to dedicate some time to self studying some more math. The reasons are many, but mostly because I am wanting to be best prepared for my ...
8
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1answer
164 views

How to begin self study of Mathematics?

I'm aware that this question has been asked several times, but I have specific questions hence why I'm asking again. I began to appreciate the beauty of mathematics when I glossed over the ...
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0answers
43 views

Kline, Lang, Silverman…which author provides thorough and rigorous Calculus up Multivariate & Advanced Calculus?

I know this question may appear subjective, but it is not, let me explain; note to mods --> please don't close this if it is considered too subjective, please alert me and I'll try to reword it. I ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Can Somebody Please Outline a Reading Course For Me in Algebraic Topology

I want to start self studying algebraic topology and I am looking for guidance regarding the same. In the past I have made the mistake of trying to learn a mathematical subject by reading fat books ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

What book offers strategies and heuristics for theorem proving in the same spirit as Polya's How to Solve It?

Polya's How to Solve It is all about heuristics and strategies for problem solving, but it's mainly written for problems which require students to find values, not to prove theorems. While Polya's ...
2
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0answers
17 views

Discrete-Time Stochastic Calculus and Stopping Times: Resources

In my measure-theoretic probability course we covered what the professor called "discrete-time stochastic calculus". Essentially, it was a three part method for computing certain quantities such as ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Website for Mathematics enigmas?

I seek some website just for the pleasure of solving mathematics enigmas. I know this website : Brilliant.org I just want to know if you know some others good sites ! Thank you
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72 views

Linear Algebra Book like Calculus Made Easy

Now, I know that there are a tons of reference requests for Linear Algebra books but mine is very specific: what is a nice, short, concise, simple, to the point book that gets at the heart of Linear ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Book recomendation for function sequences.

I wanted to study about sequences of functions defined in metric spaces. What book/books do you recommend? Thanks!
2
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0answers
42 views

Reference request - Problem book by subject

I'm looking for good problem textbooks for self-study. I know only of two of this sort: "Introduction to Measure Theory" by Terry Tao, and "Problems in Algebraic Number Theory" by Esmonde and Murty. ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Learning math by analyzing/proving theorems?

Hello I want to learn mathematics. In order to do this I want to get familiar with formulas/theorems by taking one and just analyze it and try to manipulate it to understand it better. I wanted to ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Is it useful to learn math by proving a formula/theorem?

Hello I want to learn mathematics. In order to do this I want to get familiar with formulas/theorems by taking one and just analyze it and try to manipulate it to understand it better. I wanted to ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

Self Teaching Theory for Olympiad. Need advice for books.

(Cross-posted in MESE 8173.) I want to start to do mathematical Olympiad type questions but have absolutely no knowledge on how to solve these apart from my school curriculum. I'm $16$ but know ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Severe problems with math undestanding

Recently (although still in high school) I've been at university, more precisely at information science engineering as apprenticeship. I want to become an operating system programmer but I severely ...
3
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0answers
92 views

How much algebra is necessary to understand Rudin's “Real and Complex Analysis”?

I've been reading up on the finite element method, and the text many people recommend is The Mathematical Theory of Finite Element Methods by Brenner and Scott. As part of the background, the authors ...
2
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1answer
59 views

How should I learn the Mathematical Proofs?

S.E advisers, What is the most efficient way to learn the basic proof methodologies, which are essential for studying the mathematical analysis and number theory? I am very interested in studying ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How to practice basic probabilistic modeling?

I'm heavily struggling in learning simple and basic probabilistic modeling. So I'm learning probability from this probability book Introduction to Probability by Dimitri P. Bertsekas. Although I ...
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0answers
47 views

How do mathematicians choose which formulas are important?

I'm reading a introductory book on elliptic curves and am having some trouble distinguishing between the important formulas and the insignificant ones. For example, some of the equations introduced ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Is it ill-advised to read books casually for entertainment? [closed]

I'm a student who has about a year (and a few months) to go before entering a university and I've been reading some math books recently. I'm on Chapter 6 on Rudin's PMA, Chapter 5 in Munkres' Analysis ...