Questions about studying mathematics without formal instruction.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
48 views

How do you self-study Functional Analysis?

It would be very handy to know about function spaces, distributions and Fourier stuff. It looks like Rudin's Functional Analysis covers these things, but I do not yet have the foundation for it. (see ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How long should you study Mathematics each day if you want to get into a graduate school? [on hold]

I'm a university student (Junior now!) and I was wondering how many hours fellow undergraduates and graduate students study a day. I hear posts about how time doesn't really matter and that it's about ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Self-Contained Books / Series / Lectures for Comprehensive Introduction to College-Level Math for Someone with VERY Poor Math Foundation?

I've long been interested in various math related subjects (technology, philosophy, sciences, computer science, languages, etc.) without really invested time to actually any learn any of them. I ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Help with constructing power set

I' trying to construct the power set of $A = \{\phi, \{a\}\}$ and would appreciate some help. Now, the definition of a power set says that it's the set of all possible subsets of a given set. ...
6
votes
2answers
98 views

The best balance in studying Mathematics?

I'm a student studying Mathematics at a university level. I've completed Single Variable Calculus, Differential Equations, Multivariable Caculus, Real/Complex Analysis, and Linear Algebra and I've ...
2
votes
4answers
274 views

Should I read about Manifolds or Algebraic Topology?

I really enjoy doing maths and it fills quite a lot of my spare time. I'm starting my first year in the university on october and I probably won't have that much time for independent reading once ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

The Landau symbol $\mathcal{o}$ as in Königsberger Analysis I

I am currently working on Chapter 14 - local approximations of function and Taylor polynomials - in Königsberger Analysis 1 Background: Königsberger introduced the Taylor Polynomial of order ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Start studying mathematical biology from basics

I am really passionate about theoretical and quantitative biology and I would like to build my future career around this topic. I've just got my bachelor's degree in biology (ecology) but scince ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Tutorial on Complex Networks

Can anyone advise mea nice and short tutorial about Complex Networks? I'm reading "Networks: An Introduction" from Mark Newman, and is a bit tedious... Thanks PS: There isn't a tag "complex networks" ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Most suitable book after Bergmann Logic Book

I'd like to know what the best book would be to pick up after this one would be. Essentially, it covers basic logical concepts (validity, soundness, consistency) and goes on to sentential and ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Volume of parallelepiped gets smaller when using projection vectors

Given a Euclidean Space R and a subspace R' (of dimension $\geq$m), consider vectors $x_1,...,x_m \in$**R**, and let $V[x_1,...,x_m]$ mean the volume of an m-dimensional parallelepiped formed by those ...
2
votes
3answers
78 views

Trouble with inequalities

I'm a 9th grade student, going into 10th grade. Math has always been a subject I enjoyed and excelled in. I'm writing a schoolboard-wide math contest next year in mid-February I believe. To prepare ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Riemann Sums as in Königsberger Analysis 1

Intro: I must take a small detour here which is only relevant if you do not know the book itself and care about my background. I am working with Königsberger Analysis I (can be found on Springerlink). ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Generator Matrix

I have a C in $F_2^6$ $(x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4) \to (x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4,x_1+x_2,x_3+x_4)$ for $x = (1,0,1,1)$ i get $c = (1,0,1,1,1,0)$ we know that $$c = G . x$$ G is the Generator Matrix in the solution ...
0
votes
3answers
47 views

Learning timetables

This is a basic question, but I am revisiting them due to some examinations I need to take that involves mathematics. I want to be nimble with mental arithmetic so have decided to go back and learn my ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Continuity of a map to a Frechet space

Let $(A,\| \cdot \|)$ be a normed space and $B$ be a Frechet space equipped with a family $\{ p_k \}_{k \in \mathbb{N}}$ of seminorms. Let $\phi: A \to B$ be a linear transformation satisfying the ...
5
votes
2answers
40 views

Area preserving transformation in a higher dimensional space is unitary.

In $\mathbb{R}^3$, a linear operator $Q:\mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ preserves the area of parallelograms: that is, given $x,y\in \mathbb{R}^3$, the area of a parallelogram formed by $x$ and $y$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

quick question on measurability of random variables and what becoming a deterministic function means.

we stated a theorem in class: if X r.v. is $\sigma(Y)$ measurable then X is a function of Y, where $\sigma(Y)$ signifies the sigma algebra of Y. This is fine. The Professor sometimes states that X ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Logarithm with variable base

I am trying to define a function that maps polynomials in the form of $x^{3^n}$ to the value of $n$ in the polynomial, where $n\in{Z}$.* Is is valid to define this function as $log_{x^3}(u)$, where ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Soft question — I need books and exercise books that will be working on my fundamental skills.

I need help, urgently. I acquired a book called: Mathematics, Its Content, Method and Meaning. Now the problems is the book doesn't provide me with any exercises. I was searching for a book that would ...
2
votes
2answers
23 views

Probability of returning to a given state after n transitions-Markov chains

Let us denote $f_j^{(n)}$ denote the probability of the first return to state $j $after n transitions. Let $p_{jj}^{(n)}$ be the probability of returning to the state $j$ after $n$ transitions when ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Confusion with Bolyai-Gerwien theorem

The Bolyai-Gerwien theorem states: Given two polygons with the same area, it is possible to cut up one polygon into a finite number of smaller polygonal pieces and from those pieces assemble into ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Queuing theory-Multiple server (reducing simple recurrence formulas)

The equations given in 6.3 have been reduced which really eases the computation in further studies. But I tried to find the method of reducing these but I could not find a way at all. Any hints will ...
-1
votes
2answers
27 views

Prove this result about power sets [duplicate]

I have to prove this result: If $P$ be the power set, and $B$ and $C$ are two sets, then if $B \subseteq C$ prove that $P(B) \subseteq P(C)$. Now, it seems obvious to me that since all the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Math self-study in the holidays

In the upcoming holidays, I have got 6 weeks free to learn some new math (I was thinking of calculus and linear algebra). It's useful for my high school math skills (I don't live in America, so my ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the metric spaces needed to motivate concepts of general topology?

I intend to start learning some topology on my own. I wonder How much metric spaces I should know in order to motivate the concepts of topology? I know it's possible to learn topology without any ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Can ergodic Markov chains be periodic?

I found a statement in one of my notes which said If a state is persistent, aperiodic and not null the it is said to be ergodic Is it necessary that it should be aperiodic? This statement ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Markov chains: An issue in classification of states

I recently came across a lemma which goes as follows. Suppose a Markov chain has N states. Let i and j be pair of states. Then j can be reached from i iff there is an integer $ 0 ≤n< N$ such ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Find the galois group of the polynomial when a root is given

If $\alpha$ is a root of a polynomial $f(x)=x^3 +x^2-4x+1$ then show that $2 - 2\alpha - \alpha^2$ is also a root of $f(x)$. Use this fact to compute the Galois group of the splitting field of $f(x)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Intersection of ideals $I=(2x)$ and $J=(2x^2)$ of $\mathbb{Z}[2x,2x^2,2x^3,\dots]$ is not finitely generated.

Consider the subring $\mathbb{Z}[2x,2x^2,2x^3,\dots]\subset \mathbb{Z}[x]$. Then show that the intersection of ideals $I=(2x)$ and $J=(2x^2)$ of $\mathbb{Z}[2x,2x^2,2x^3,\dots]$ i.e., $I\cap ...
2
votes
8answers
705 views

What are the most important functions every mathematician should know? [closed]

I am an undergrad in math and was wondering, what are for you the most important functions every mathematician should know? At the moment I think ...
1
vote
4answers
45 views

A simple conditional probability problem

Assume that two fair dice are rolled one at a time. Given that the sum of the two numbers that occured was at least $7$, compute the probability that it was equal to $7$. I tried computing the ...
1
vote
2answers
29 views

Proof that the subset relation is reflexive and transitive

I'm teaching myself set theory, and I'm not sure how detailed I should be when asked to prove things. Here is my proof that $A\subseteq A$ (the subset relation is reflexive): $A \subseteq B$ iff ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Optimization with both equality and inequality constraints

I need to minimize the following quantity: $$\min x_1^{-1/n}- \left(1-x_2 \right)^{-1/n}$$ subject to: $1-x_1-x_2=\gamma$ and $0<x_1+x_2<1$ $\gamma$ being a constant. Had it been two ...
24
votes
8answers
2k views

Complex analysis is more “real” than real analysis

In physics, in the past, complex numbers were used only to remember or simplify formulas and computations. But after the birth of quantum physics, they found that a thing as real as "matter" itself ...
1
vote
2answers
22 views

law of total probability and conditiona probability exercise.

Exercise: Let $X$ be an uniform discrete r.v. with four possible values: 1, 2, 3, 4. Let $Y$ be an exponential variable whose parameter is the value taken by $X$. So, if $X = 3$, $Y$ is Exp (3). ...
4
votes
3answers
168 views

Show that $\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} \frac{x^4-2x+1}{x-1} + \sqrt{x} =3$

Show that $\lim_{x \rightarrow 1} \frac{x^4-2x+1}{x-1} + \sqrt{x} =3$ from the definition (using $\epsilon-\delta$) Why can't I do something like this? We want: $|\frac{x^4-2x+1}{x-1} + ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Gauss-Jordan Method

I keep getting the wrong set of solutions can someone help me. I know that when using the Gauss-Jordan method, the rules that I must follow can be applied in a variety of different procedures then why ...
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Inverse function of borel sets when function is a constant.

Following a simple proof my professor explained in class I am having problems with a specific step: The proof is of probabilistic nature and we are trying to prove that If $X$ (random variable) is ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Difficulty parsing combinatorics exercise

I am working through the wonderful book Proofs and Confirmations by David Bressoud. In the section 2.2, I came across the following exercise, which has me scratching my head. (2.2.8) ~ Let ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Showing the modified Dirichlet function is discontinuous

Show, using the $\epsilon-\delta$ definition of continuity, that the modified Dirichlet function, i.e., $f(x) = x$ if $x$ is rational and $f(x) = 0$ if $x$ is irrational, is discontinuous at ...
7
votes
0answers
598 views

Learning higher-mathematics on your own

I was hoping someone had an opinion on how to learn higher-mathematics (specific fields that could be of use to me) outside of a classroom setting. I graduated with an M.S. in Computer science about ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Prove $n(A-B)=n(A)-n(A \cap B)$

Prove that: $n(A-B)=n(A)-n(A \cap B)$ This is an example from my book in which first step is like this:$$n(A)=n(A-B)+n(A \cap B) $$ But how did they get it.
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Decided to finally jump in

I've finally decided to jump into teaching myself math because I am a junior (soon senior) in high school and have been interested in math for the longest time. I am not sure if this question belongs ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

The logical consequence of an empty set of premises.

I am studying propositional logic by self-study, using a dutch book. I hope I am translating the terms to the correct English term. If my words are confusing, please please just let me know instead of ...
6
votes
0answers
88 views

Who wants to learn set theory? [closed]

So set theory is something I really want to learn. I found this document that I really like, except the fact that it doesn't prove all of it's theorems in with a lot of detail (a lot of times they say ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Find out the value of $d$

If the mean deviation of number $1,\ 1+d,\ 1+2d,\ 1+3d,\ldots,1+100d$ from their mean deviation $255$ then $d$ equals to ? This was the question asked in AIEEE 2009. MY EFFORTS: ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

How to get the number of ways of getting a five card hand that is a straight flush from a standard deck of cards

I do not get the result at this page, ex. 13-7: Suppose that Aces can be either high or low; that is, that {Ace, 2, 3, 4, 5} is a straight, and so is {10, Jack, Queen, King, Ace}. The number of ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Starting Calculus with a weak foundation in Pre-Calculus

I am struggling in Pre-Calc mathematics, and I want to know is it ok if I start Calculus I with a weak foundation in Pre-calculus mathematics? I understand the general gist of limits, function ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Proving that the $[g,x]^n=e$ if $G$ is nilpotent of degree $n$

This is an article from wikipedia which I saw wondering as to how to prove it. The question is If $G$ is nilpotent of degree $n$ then $[g,x]^n=e$ for all $x \in G$, where $[g,x]=g^{-1}x^{-1}gx$. I ...