The concept of scheme is from algebraic geometry: A locally ringed space that is glued together (much like a manifold) from affine schemes, that is spectra of rings with Zariski topology and structure sheaf.

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Diophantine applications of Spec?

Let $f(\bar x)$ be a multivariable polynomial with integer coefficients. The zeros of that polynomial are in bijection with the homomorphisms $\mathbb Z[\bar x] \rightarrow \mathbb Z$ that factor ...
4
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526 views

on the adjointness of the global section functor and the Spec functor

In fact, it is an exercise on Hartshorne, Ex 2.4 to the second chapter of it (P79): let $A$ be a ring and $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a scheme. Given a morphism $f:X\longrightarrow \operatorname{Spec} ...
8
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3answers
308 views

Krull Dimension of a scheme

Can someone give a hint or a solution for showing that a scheme has Krull dimension $d$ if and only if there is an affine open cover of the scheme such that the Krull dimension of each affine scheme ...
9
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1answer
279 views

Tangent space in a point and First Ext group

Let $X$ be an abelian variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. I have read that one has for an arbitrary closed point $x$ on $X$ a canonical identification $$T_x(X)\simeq ...
3
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3answers
869 views

Definition of degree of finite morphism plus context

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism of schemes, defined here, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finite_morphism I always assumed that the degree of $f$ was the degree of the induced field ...
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201 views

Morphism from a proper irreducible scheme into an affine scheme of finite type

Let $K$ be a field and $X$ be a proper irreducible $K$-scheme. Show that the image of any $K$-morphism $X \rightarrow Y$ into an affine $K$-scheme $Y$ of finite type consists of a single point. I ...
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Learning schemes

Could someone suggest me how to learn some basic theory of schemes? I have two books from algebraic geometry, namely "Diophantine Geometry" from Hindry and Silverman and "Algebraic geometry and ...
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1answer
304 views

Problem about Complete Intersection in $\textbf P^n$ (from Hartshorne).

I am in trouble with Exercise 8.4 in Hartshorne's Chapter II; I am doing part (a). It is about (global) complete intersection in $\textbf P^n$. For those without Hartshorne' book at hand, I describe ...
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1answer
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Prop. 2.3 Hartshorne: $\varphi:A\to B$ induces a morphism $\operatorname{Spec}(B)\to\operatorname{Spec}(A)$

I don't fully understand a step in the proof of the above-mentioned Proposition; more precisely, in part (b): If $\varphi:A\to B$ is a homomorphism of rings, $X=\operatorname{Spec}(A)$, ...
5
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2answers
157 views

An exercise in Liu regarding a sheaf of ideals (Chapter II 3.4)

I'm fairly certain there is both a typo and an omission in this exercise. It reads "Let $X$ be a scheme and $f \in \mathcal{O}_X(X)$. Show that $U \mapsto f|_U \mathcal{O}_X(U)$ for every affine open ...
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360 views

Why is every Noetherian zero-dimensional scheme finite discrete?

In the book The geometry of schemes by Eisenbud and Harris, at page 27 we find the exercise asserting that Exercise I.XXXVI. The underlying space of a zero-dimensional scheme is discrete; if ...
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What is a field of definition of a morphism?

An algebraic variety $X$ over a field $K$ is a $K$-scheme integral separated and of finite type over $K$. Definition: If $L$ is a subfield of $K$ we say that $X$ is defined over $L$ if there ...
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1answer
170 views

Separated scheme

How to show, that the affine line with a split point is not a separated scheme? Hartshorne writes something about this point in product, but it is not product in topological spaces category! Give the ...
3
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2answers
117 views

Irreducibility is preserved under base extension

I want to prove that if $A$ is a finitely generated $k$-algebra ($k$ is a field) with prime nilradical then for any field extension $k\rightarrow K$, the $K$-algebra $A\otimes_kK$ has also prime ...
3
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1answer
187 views

Zariski Tangent Space and $k[\varepsilon]/\varepsilon^2$

Let $X$ be a scheme over a field $k$, and let $x\in X$ be a rational point, that is, we have $k(x):=\mathcal{O}_x/\mathfrak{m}_x\cong k$. Let $\alpha:\mathfrak{m}_x/\mathfrak{m}_x^2\rightarrow k$ be ...
3
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1answer
189 views

The image of a proper scheme is closed

Let $X$ be a scheme, $Y$ a proper $X$-scheme and $Z$ a separated $X$-scheme. Let $f : Y \to Z$ be a morphism of $X$-schemes. I would like to prove that the image of $f$ is closed in $Z$. Here is what ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Exterior product of Modules, problem wih tensor product

Let $X$ and $Y$ be schemes over a field $k$ and $p,q$ the projections of $X \times Y$ on $X$ and $Y$. Let $M$ and $N$ be modules on $X$ and $Y$. Then the exterior product $M \boxtimes N $ is defined ...
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Pullback and Pushforward Isomorphism of Sheaves

Suppose we have two schemes $X, Y$ and a map $f: X\to Y$. Then we know that $\operatorname{Hom}_X(f^*\mathcal{G}, \mathcal{F})\simeq \operatorname{Hom}_Y(\mathcal{G}, f_*\mathcal{F})$, where ...
8
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1answer
249 views

Computing Kähler differentials on $\mathbb P^1_A$ (What did Liu intend?)

Let $A$ be a ring and $X=\mathbb P^1_A$. On $D_+(T_0)\cap D_+(T_1)$, we have $$T^2_0d(T_1/T_0)= -T^2_1d(T_0/T_1).$$ How does one formally compute this transition? Of course this is ...
8
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1answer
434 views

On limits, schemes and Spec functor

I have several related questions: Do there exist colimits in the category of schemes? If not, do there exist just direct limits? Do there exist limits? If not, do there exist just inverse limits? ...
4
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2answers
179 views

Geometric interpretation and computation of the Normal bundle

My question concern the definition, geometric meaning, and usage of the normal bundle in algebraic geometry. Let $X$ be a nonsingular variety over an algebraically closed field $k$, and $Y\subseteq ...
12
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1answer
427 views

Why do we need noetherianness (or something like it) for Serre's criterion for affineness?

Serre's criterion for affineness (Hartshorne III.3.7) states that: Let $X$ be a noetherian scheme. Suppose $H^1(X, \mathcal{F})= 0$ for every quasi-coherent sheaf on $X$. Then $X$ is affine. ...
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1answer
164 views

Closure of image of diagonal morphism of S-scheme

Let $X$ be an $S$-scheme with structural morphism given by $f : X \to S$. The image of the diagonal morphism $\Delta : X \to X \times_S X$ is contained in the subset $Z := \{ z \in X \times_S X : ...
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1answer
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Hom between 2 schemes

Why is the set $Hom(X,Y)$ between 2 schemes $X$ and $Y$ a scheme as well? Where can I read the construction? For example, $Hom(\mathbb{A}^1,\mathbb{A}^1)$ is the set of all polynomial, and what is the ...
7
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1answer
113 views

How to tell whether a scheme is reduced from its functor of points?

Suppose I have a scheme $X$ and I want to know if $X$ is reduced, but all I have access to is the functor $$ R\mapsto X(R)=Mor(\operatorname{Spec}(R),X) $$ from commutative rings to sets (rather ...
6
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1answer
161 views

Why are projective spaces over a ring of different dimensions non-isomorphic?

Let $A$ be a nonzero commutative ring with unit. Define $\mathbb P_A^n$ to be the scheme $\operatorname {Proj} A[T_0,\dots,T_n]$, where the grading on the polynomial ring is by degree. Why is it true ...
6
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1answer
236 views

Möbius strip and $\mathscr O(-1)$. Or $\mathscr O(1)$?

On the real $\textbf P^1$ we have these algebraic line bundles: $\mathscr O(1)$ and $\mathscr O(-1)$. Which one corresponds to the Möbius strip? (Both are $1$-twists of $\textbf P^1\times\textbf ...
4
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4answers
79 views

Morphism between two $K$-schemes restricted to an affine subscheme

Suppose that $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ is a morphism between two $K$-schemes. If $U\subseteq X$ is an affine open set, then can we conclude that $f(U)$ is contained is some affine open subset of $Y$? ...
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Scheme: Countable union of affine lines

Let $X$ be a countable union of $A_n$ ($n \in \Bbb{N}$), where $A_i$ are affine lines, i.e., $A_i=\operatorname{Spec}k[x]$, with $k$ algebraically closed field, such that $A_i$ meets $A_{i+1}$ in the ...
3
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1answer
204 views

“Push-Pull” Morphisms of Higher Direct Image Sheaves

(This is 20.7.B in Ravi Vakil's notes) Suppose $f:Y \to Z$ is any morphism, and $\pi: X\to Y$ is quasicompact and quasiseparated. Suppose $\mathcal{F}$ is a quasicoherent sheaf on $X$. Let ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Question on geometrically reduced, geometrically connected.

I have a question from a book which I am trying to attempt. Let $k$ be a field not of characteristic 2 and let $a\in k$ be not a square (i.e. for all $b\in k$, $b^{2}\neq a$). I want to show that ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Scheme glued out of finitely many spectra of local rings

Let $X$ be a noetherian separated scheme over the spectrum of a field $K$. By definition, I can find an open covering of $X$ by finitely many affine schemes $Spec(R_i)$ where each $R_i$ is a ...
7
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2answers
312 views

How to think of the Zariski tangent space

The Zariski tangent space at a point $\mathfrak m$ is defined as the dual of $\mathfrak m/\mathfrak m ^2$. While I do appreciate this definition, I find it hard to work with, because we are not given ...
6
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1answer
123 views

Separated schemes and unicity of extension

In point set topology, we have the following result, which is easily proved. Theorem. Let $Y$ be Hausdorff space and $f,g:X \to Y$ be continuous functions. If there exists a set $A\subset X$ such ...
4
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1answer
280 views

When are complete intersections also local complete intersections?

First, let us recall some definitions. Let $P=\mathbb P^d_k$ be a projective space over a field $k$. Let $X$ be a closed subvariety of $P$ of dimension $r$. We say that $X$ is a complete ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Checking flat- and smoothness: enough to check on closed points?

I am currently studying varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, i know some scheme theory. Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of varieties. If we want to show flatness, is it enough to check the condition ...
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Reality check: $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{R}^1}(1)$ and $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{R}^1}(-1)$ are both Möbius strips?

This question follows up this previous question, which has an accepted answer that I am having trouble believing. (Edit: the answer has now been fixed; thanks Georges!) I have been working on giving ...
6
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1answer
128 views

Set of points where ring of germs is reduced is open

I want to solve an exercise from Liu's book Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves, namely exercise 4.9 in chapter 2: Let $X$ be a Noetherian scheme. Show that the set of points $x\in X$ such that ...
5
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1answer
97 views

Proof of $X(\mathcal{O}_K)\simeq X_K(K)$

I have problems to understand a proof of the following theorem (Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves, Qing Liu, Theo 3.3.25, page 107). Theorem: let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be a valuation ring over $K$, ...
5
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1answer
212 views

Basic understanding of Spec$(\mathbb Z)$

So, I'm looking into schemes, and found that I have no intuition in the field, so I decided to look into some simple (as in affine and well-known) examples. As I like to dwell on the basics for a ...
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1answer
83 views

Property kept under base change and composition is preserved by products

The following is true? Why? Let $P$ be a property of morphisms preserved under base change and composition. Let $X\to Y$ and $X'\to Y'$ be morphisms of $S$-schemes with property $P$. Then the unique ...
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1answer
175 views

The image of the diagonal map in scheme

Let $X\rightarrow S$ be a separated morphism of schemes, that is, the diagonal map $\Delta:X\rightarrow X\times_S X$ is a closed inmersion. In general (see Closure of image of diagonal morphism of ...
3
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1answer
115 views

etale fundamental group of a product

Let $X,Y$ be noetherian connected schemes over an algebraically closed field $k$ and let $\overline{x},\overline{y}$ be geometric points on them. There is a canonical homomorphism $\pi_1(X \times ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Sum of Homogeneous Ideals vs Homogeneous Ideal of Intersection

Sorry for the recent question spam, but I've been striving furiously over the last few days to solve a problem in Hartshorne (Algebraic Geometry) discussed in this question. The problem (II.8.4a) ...
2
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1answer
191 views

Nice proof for étale of degree 1 implies isomorphism.

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a finite étale covering of degree 1 of varieties over some field $k$, so $$ [K(Y):K(X)] = 1. $$ If $k=\mathbb{C}$ and the varieties are smooth, one can apply complex ...
2
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1answer
149 views

Regular in codim one scheme and DVR

Let $X$ be a noetherian integral (separated) scheme which is regular in codimension one. Let $Y$ be a prime divisor and let $\eta$ be the generic point of $Y.$ It seems I am missing something easy but ...
2
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1answer
337 views

(Continued:) finiteness of étale morphisms

I was writing a question, it became too long, and i decided to split it into two parts. I hope posting two questions at the same time is not a problem. First question: Checking flat- and smoothness: ...
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Fine moduli solutions VS objects with automorphisms

In more than one place I read that, given a moduli problem, the existence of an object with nontrivial automorphisms prevents the existence of a fine solution. I'd like to understand in which sense ...
0
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1answer
58 views

morphism of schemes factors through diagonal

Suppose that $X$ is a scheme over $Y$. Let $f:U \to X \times_{Y}X$ be a morphism such that $p_1 \circ f = p_2 \circ f$ where $p_1, p_2$ are projections maps from $X \times_{Y} X \to X$. Show that $f$ ...
0
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1answer
118 views

Confusion with closed subsets of variety

I have to annoy you just one further time with these closed subset stories. I am trying to make rigorous a proof, in which the author tries to show an equality of closed subsets $Y$ and $Z$ of an ...