0
votes
0answers
26 views

Invariant differentials on group schemes

I'm studying group schemes from http://www.math.ru.nl/~bmoonen/BookAV/BasGrSch.pdf and I have some trouble with the following proposition. (3.15)Proposition Let $\pi:G\to S$ be a group scheme. Then ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Connected scheme but not quasicompact

I am searching for a connected scheme which is not quasi compact. My try: Suppose $A_i$=Spec$k[x]$, where $k$ is algebraically closed field are affine schmes . I am planning to glue $0$ of the ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Sheaf of ideals [duplicate]

Let $(X, \mathcal{O}_X)$ be a scheme and and $f \in \mathcal{O}_X(X)$. We define the sheaf of ideals by the assignment $$ U \longmapsto f|_U \mathcal{O}_X(U) $$ and denote this sheaf by ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Equivariant Sheaves, Local system

Let $(G,m)$ be a group scheme unipotent, and $L$ a local system of rank 1 on $G$ such that: $m^*(L) \simeq L \boxtimes L $. Then why is $L$ an equivariant sheaf on $G$ with the action the ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

Geometric interpretation and computation of the Normal bundle

My question concern the definition, geometric meaning, and usage of the normal bundle in algebraic geometry. Let $X$ be a nonsingular variety over an algebraically closed field $k$, and $Y\subseteq ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

When is the global section functor exact?

Given sheaves $\mathcal{F}_1,\mathcal{F}_2, \mathcal{F}_3$ on some scheme $X$, and an exact sequence $$ 0\rightarrow \mathcal{F}_1\rightarrow \mathcal{F}_2\rightarrow \mathcal{F}_3\rightarrow 0 ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

What is the zero subscheme of a section

Let $X$ be a scheme, $\mathcal F$ a locally free sheaf of rank $r$ and $s \in \Gamma(X, \mathcal F)$ a global section of $\mathcal F$. Question: What is the zero subscheme of $s$? I can't believe ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

$\operatorname{Spec} (\cdot)$ is functorial [duplicate]

If $A$ is a ring (with unity) I'm trying to prove that the assignement $A\mapsto\operatorname{Spec}A$ defines a contravariant functor from the category of rings to the category of affine schemes. If ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

In a quasicompact scheme every nonreduced point has a closed nonreduced point in its closure

Let $x\in X$ be a non reduced point. Then I can find a nilpotent $f\in \Gamma(U, \mathcal O_X)$, where $U$ is some open neighborhood of $x$. I also know that when $X$ is assumed to be quasicompact, ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Associated sheaf to a $\mathbb{C}$-module

In section II.5 Hartshorne describes the notion of a sheaf $\tilde{M}$ associated to a module M over a ring A. Now in the case $A:= \mathbb{C}$, we have $\operatorname{Spec}(\mathbb{C}) = {0}$. ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Hartshorne's definition of structure sheaf

Hartshorne at page $70$ defines the structure sheaf on Spec $A$. The elements of $\mathcal O_{\textrm{Spec}A}(U)$ are particular functions $s:U\longrightarrow\coprod_{p\in U}A_p$. With the symbol ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Sheaf of meromorphic functions on an integral scheme

It is a theorem that the sheaf of meromorphic functions on an integral scheme is equal to the constant sheaf where each open set is assigned the function field of the scheme. See, for example, the ...
6
votes
2answers
137 views

How does Liu intend his readers to compute $H^0(X,\Omega^1_{X/k})$ of this scheme?

In the chapter on duality theory in Liu's Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves, there is the following exercise. I'm having trouble seeing how one can apply the duality theory developed in Liu to ...
8
votes
1answer
243 views

Computing Kähler differentials on $\mathbb P^1_A$ (What did Liu intend?)

Let $A$ be a ring and $X=\mathbb P^1_A$. On $D_+(T_0)\cap D_+(T_1)$, we have $$T^2_0d(T_1/T_0)= -T^2_1d(T_0/T_1).$$ How does one formally compute this transition? Of course this is ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

What is the stalk at a point of the quotient of a scheme?

This came up when I was talking to @Benjalim on the chat. Consider the space $X=\operatorname{Spec} \mathbb C[x]$. With the usual structure sheaf, this is a scheme. Let $Y$ be $X$ with the points ...
8
votes
0answers
212 views

Why do these two constructions of a sheaf associated to a module on a projective scheme agree?

Let $B$ be a graded ring an $M$ be a $\mathbb Z$-graded $B$-module. We can associate to $M$ a sheaf of modules on $\operatorname{Proj} B$ by defining the sheaf on the principal open sets $D_+(f)$ to ...
3
votes
1answer
218 views

Some questions on the basics of invertible sheaves

Let $X$ be a scheme. A $\mathcal O_X$-module $\mathcal L$ is called invertible if, for every point $x\in X$, there is an open neighborhood $U$ of $x$ and an isomorphism of $U$-modules $\mathcal O_X|_U ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

Elementary questions on ample invertible sheaves

Let $X$ be a quasi-compact scheme. Let $\mathcal L$ be an invertible sheaf on $X$. We say $\mathcal L$ is ample if for any finitely generated quasi-coherent sheaf $\mathcal F$ on $X$, there exists ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

A canonical homomorphism of sheaves of modules

Let $\mathcal F$ be a sheaf of $\mathcal O_X$ modules on a scheme $X$. Fix an affine open subset $U$. If $M$ is a module over the coordinate ring of $U$, we let $\tilde{M}$ denote the associated sheaf ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Stalk map on fiber products of schemes

Let $X$ and $Y$ be schemes and $x$ a point on $X$. Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism. Recall this induces a map $f_x:\mathcal O_{Y,f(x)}\rightarrow \mathcal O_{X,x}$ on the level of sheaves. ...
5
votes
1answer
218 views

Why is the category of coherent sheaves not grothendieck?

Let $(X, \mathscr{O}_X)$ be a ringed space. It is well-known that the category $\mathbf{Mod}(\mathscr{O}_X)$ of $\mathscr{O}_X$-modules is a grothendieck abelian category (see e.g. Grothendieck's ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

A particular closed subscheme

Look at the following definition: Let $(X,\mathscr O_X)$ be a scheme. A closed subscheme of $(X, \mathscr O_X)$ is a scheme $(Z, \mathscr O_Z)$ such that: $Z$ is a closed subset of $X$ ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

Hartshorne Proposition II.6.5

The statement of part (a) of this proposition is as follows: Let $X$ be a noetherian integral separated scheme which is regular in codimension 1. Let $Z$ be a proper closed subset of $X$, and let ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Does the direct image functor on sheaves reflect epimorphisms?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism of schemes, and let $f_*:\mathbf{Sh}(X)\to\mathbf{Sh}(Y)$ be the direct image functor. Does $f_*$ reflect epimorphisms? That is, suppose ...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Glueing sheaves on Grothendieck sites

Let $X$ be a topological space and $\{V_i\}$ a cover of $X$. Let $F_i:\mathsf{Open}(V_i)^{\mathrm{op}}\to \mathsf{Sets}$ be a family of sheaves. One can glue this family to obtain a sheaf ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

A question on an answer on Math Overflow about the tangent bundle

I have a question on the accepted answer of this Math Overflow question. Let $K$ be a field and $X$ a $K$-scheme. Define the morphism of schemes $T=\operatorname{Spec}\operatorname{Sym}(\Omega_{X/K}) ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

Serre's Theorem for $\operatorname{Proj}$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field. If $S$ is a positively graded $k$-algebra which is finitely generated by $S_1$ over $S_0 = k$ then quasi-coherent sheaves on $\operatorname{Proj}S$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

An intermediate result needed in proving the existence of quotients of a ringed topological space by a group

Setting up notation: Let $G$ be a group acting on a scheme $(X, \mathcal{O}_X)$, so that for all $\sigma \in G$ we have a sheaf morphism $\sigma^{\#}: \mathcal{O}_X \to \sigma_* \mathcal{O}_X$ such ...
5
votes
2answers
152 views

An exercise in Liu regarding a sheaf of ideals (Chapter II 3.4)

I'm fairly certain there is both a typo and an omission in this exercise. It reads "Let $X$ be a scheme and $f \in \mathcal{O}_X(X)$. Show that $U \mapsto f|_U \mathcal{O}_X(U)$ for every affine open ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

To what extent is a scheme morphism determined by its topological map?

I am just beginning to learn scheme theory. This question is aimed at getting a feel for something so apologies in advance for the lack of precision. I am struck by the following difference from the ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Exercise on locally ringed spaces

I try to solve exercise 2.19 on page 65 in "Algebraic Geometry I" by U.Görtz/T.Wedhorn. The exercise reads: Let $(X,O_X)$ be a locally ringed space, and $f\in O_X(X)$. Define $X_f:=\{ x\in X; f(x) ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

Basic definition of Inverse Limit in sheaf theory / schemes

I read the book "Algebraic Geometry" by U. Görtz and whenever limits are involved I struggle for an understanding. The application of limits is mostly very basic, though; but I'm new to the concept of ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

Which local ringed spaces are schemes?

This paper gives a proof that the underlying topological spaces of affine schemes are precisely the spectral spaces (compact, T0, sober, and the compact open subsets are closed under finite ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

One construction about sheafs

Let $(X,O_X)$ be a ringed space, $E$ - finite locally free $O_X$-module. Let $E^*=Hom_{O_X}(E, O_X)$. How to show, that $E^{**} = E$? It's clear, that locally $E|_U = O_X^n|_U$, and then $E^*|_U = ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Separated scheme

How to show, that the affine line with a split point is not a separated scheme? Hartshorne writes something about this point in product, but it is not product in topological spaces category! Give the ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Functional sheaf (Hartshorne, Cartier divisors)

In Hartshorne there is the following description of the sheaf $K$ on the scheme. For each open $U = Spec \, A$ we define $K(U) = S^{-1} A$, where $S$ is the set of non-zero-divisors. Why is it a ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

When is the cokernel of a homomorphism of flat sheaves flat?

Let $X\to S$ be a scheme and let $D'$ and $D$ be relative effective Cartier divisors on $X$ satisfying $D' \subset D$ and let $D''$ satisfy $D = D' + D''$. Let $$0 \to \mathscr{O}_X(D'') \to ...
22
votes
1answer
561 views

Quasi-coherent sheaves, schemes, and the Gabriel-Rosenberg theorem

In the context of commutative rings, a ring is completely determined by its category of modules. That is, two commutative rings $R$ and $S$ are isomorphic if and only if the category of $R$-modules is ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

The precise definition of a “sheaf of rings”

Let $X$ be a topological space. Let $Op(X)$ be the category of open sets. A sheaf of abelian groups is a (contravariant) functor $F:\mathcal{C} \to Ab$ satisfying the sheaf condition: the following ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Adjunction morphism in a projection of schemes

how can I see quickest that the following holds: Let $X$ and $Y$ be sufficiently nice schemes (e.g. always noetherian or maybe varieties) and denote with $p$ the projection $X\times Y \rightarrow ...
3
votes
2answers
249 views

Lifting sheaves from the special fibre to the generic fibre

Let $R$ be a complete discrete valuation ring and let $S = \operatorname{Spec}(R)$. Let $\mathcal{X}\to S$ be a complete, regular, flat, connected $S$-scheme of finite type whose fibres are smooth, ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Isomorphism of schemes and invertible sheaves

I have a question more about terminology than anything else: If $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is an isomorphism of schemes, then what does it mean to say "the invertible sheaf $\mathscr{L}$ on $X$ corresponds ...
16
votes
0answers
1k views

Pullback and Pushforward Isomorphism of Sheaves

Suppose we have two schemes $X, Y$ and a map $f: X\to Y$. Then we know that $\operatorname{Hom}_X(f^*\mathcal{G}, \mathcal{F})\simeq \operatorname{Hom}_Y(\mathcal{G}, f_*\mathcal{F})$, where ...