# Tagged Questions

Questions about the statistical process of sampling from a population, in order to obtain information for use in statistical learning, estimation, hypothesis testing about some population or process.

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### What is the distribution of gaps?

Randomly select $n$ numbers from the universe $\{1,2\dots,m\}$ with or without replacement, and sort the numbers in ascending order. We can get a list of number $\{a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n\}$, and then we ...
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### Uniform sampling of points on a simplex

I have this problem: I'm trying to sample the relation $$\sum_{i=1}^N x_i = 1$$ in the domain where $x_i>0\ \forall i$. Right now I'm just extracting $N$ random numbers $u_i$ from a uniform ...
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### How can one use a probability distribution to sample from a population

Let us assume that we have a population and we interested in specific property of each element of this population. Let us assume further that this property follows a normal distribution X ~ ...
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### Probability of a normal random variable added to a number being greater than another normal random variable, and distribution of average

$X$= random height of a male $Y$= random height of a female $X$ and $Y$ are independent of each other For $x$, $\mu=180\text{ cm}$ and $\sigma^2= 16\text{ cm}^2$ For $y$, $\mu=170\text{ cm}$ and ...
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### Expected number of distinct nodes visited in a directed bipartite graph

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a directed bipartite graph with $V = \{I \cup O\}$ where $\left\vert{I}\right\vert = n$ and $\left\vert{O}\right\vert = m$. All the edges start from a vertex in $I$ and end on a ...
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### Sampling on Axis-Aligned Spherical Quad

Given spherical coordinates on a unit sphere, imagine a spherical quad defined by two ranges $[\phi_0,\phi_1]$ and $[\theta_0,\theta_1]$. If you have a globe, for example, the grid formed by the ...
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### variance reduction

Say i have $n$ variables with variances $V_1,V_2,...V_n$. The sum of the variables will have a variance of $V=V_1+V_2+..V_n$ .Now if i am given N total simulations to reduce the variance V, how do i ...
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### Random sampling-level of significance

Random samples of house selling prices are obtained from the north and south regions of a country. The results are summarized below: ...
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### Finding a uniform distribution on the output of a multivariable function

Suppose we have a non-invertible continuous function that maps from some continuous interval ${I}^n$ to $\mathbb{R}$ with $n \ge 1$. To take an example, let \$f(a,b,c) = a \cdot e^{-bc} - b \cdot ...