Questions about the set of values at which a given function evaluates to zero. For questions about "square roots", "cube roots", and such, consider using the (arithmetic) tag. For questions about roots of Lie algebras, use the (lie-algebra) tag instead.

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4
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2answers
46 views

Disk with root in center with no other roots in polynomial

Say we have a polynomial $p$ with roots $r_1,r_2...r_n$, I'm looking for a way to find a disk which, if placed on the center of any root, does not contain any other root (multiple roots considered as ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Prove that eventually Hannah and the other swimmer will settle into a pattern where they pass each other (Please refer to the context in my question)

From the 2014 Mathcamp quiz: Hannah is about to get into a swimming pool in which every lane already has one swimmer in it. Hannah wants to choose a lane in which she would have to encounter the other ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Finding a disk containing all roots of a complex polynomial

I'm trying to list all roots of a polynomial so I found this paper, in Part 9 on page 29 it gives a simple recipe to find all the roots. But there is this remark: We have assumed throughout the ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Bounding the Number of Roots of Integer Polynomial

Let $P(x)$ be a non constant polynomial in $\mathbb{Z[x]}$. Let $n$ be the number of roots of $P(x)^2-1 = 0$. Show $n \le \deg P+2$.
1
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0answers
39 views

Is any of this true about infinite series of functions?

Let $f_n^+(x)$ be a sequence of non-negative functions $f_n^+: X \to \Bbb{R}_{\geq 0}$, such that each $f_n^+$ has countably many zeros. Then if $f(x) = \sum f_n^+(x)$ converges point-wise, the ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

“Polynomials” with non-integer exponents

Are there some books or articles regarding "polynomials" with non-integer (real) exponents, i.e., $$f(x)=a_1x^{e_1}+a_2x^{e_2}+\dots+a_nx^{e_n},$$ where $e_1,e_2,\dots$ are any real numbers (and $x$ ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Why is this root close to $\frac{2\pi}{\text{ZetaZero[1]}}$?

Why is the root, from the following algorithm close to $\frac{2\pi}{\text{ZetaZero[1]}}$? Let: $$y=\frac{2}{5-x}$$ Solve for $x$ in the equation: $$\frac{1}{x+y}=\exp(x-y)$$ Let again: ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Do there exist $a_k$ and $b_k$ so the equation $\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} (a_k \sin(kx) + b_k \cos(kx)) = 0$ has no roots?

Do there exist real numbers $a_1, a_2, ..., a_n$ and $b_1, b_2, ..., b_n$ such that the equation $$\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} (a_k \sin(kx) + b_k \cos(kx)) = 0$$ has no solutions?
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Describe the graph of f if the graph of its integral its given

Describe the graph of $f$ if the graph of its integral $g(t) = \int_{0}^{t} f(s) ds $ is: graphic of g graphic of f I analyze the derivative and the sign of the derivative and try to find ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Prove that $p(z) = 2z^5 + 6z - 1 $ have roots (in two sets)

Prove that $p(z) = 2z^5 + 6z - 1 $ have one real root in $(0,1)$ and four root in $\left\{ z \in \mathbb{C} : 1<|z|<2 \right\}$. I suppose that we should use Rouché's theorem but I have no ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Complex Analysis: Isolated Singularities, Poles, and Residues

I was given the following question. Show that the isolated singularities of the function $f(z) = \frac{z}{z^4+4}$ are poles. Determine the order of each pole and find the corresponding ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

How to show that it holds $|z|<2\max_{0\le k<n}|a_k|^{\frac{1}{n-k}}$ for any root of $X^n+\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}a_kX^k$?

Let $z\in\mathbb{C}$ be a root of the complex polynomial $$f=X^n+\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}a_kX^k$$ I want to show that it holds $$|z|<2\max_{0\le k<n}|a_k|^{\frac{1}{n-k}}$$ Proof: For $s>1$, consider ...
44
votes
5answers
1k views

Polynomials such that roots=coefficients

Here is my question : Are there monic polynomials with degree $\geq 5$ such that they have the same real all non zero roots and coefficients ? Mathematically, prove or disprove the existence ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Show the Equation $2x-1-sinx=0$ has Exactly One Real Root

Question : Use the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem to show that the queation $2x-1-sinx=0$ has exactly one root. My answer : Since we cannot compute the $y$ when $x=0$, we ...
1
vote
4answers
49 views

Technique to simplify algebraic calculations on roots of polynomial

I was once told about a technique to simplify algebra on the roots of a polynomial. So if you want to find $\alpha^3+\beta^3+\gamma^3$, where $\alpha,\beta \text{ and } \gamma$ are roots of ...
5
votes
4answers
96 views

What is the minimum value of $abc$

If the roots of the equation $$ax^2-bx+c=0$$ lie in the interval $(0,1)$, find the minimum possible value of $abc$. Edit: I forgot to mention in the question that $a$, $b$, and $c$ are natural ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Evaluate $a+b+c+d$

If $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$ are distinct integers such that $$(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)(x-d)=4$$ has an integral root $r$, what is the value of $a+b+c+d$ in terms of $r$? I tried to analyze graphically by ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Elliptic Curves and “roots”

Given elliptic curve $\omega$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that $y^2 = x^3 + ax + b$, how can you find how many solutions (and what they are) of $x^3+ax+b$ have a $y$ value of $0$; or as they call it, a ...
12
votes
3answers
166 views

Why is this polynomial a monomial?

Let $p$ be a polynomial of degree $n$ such that $|p(z)| = 1$ for all $|z| = 1$. Why is it that $p(z) = az^n$ for some $|a| = 1$? I've noticed that we could easily prove this by induction if we ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Find the value of $\left | b-c \right |$

Given that $a, b, c \in \mathbb{Z}$, $a>10$ and $$(x-a)(x-12)+2=(x+b)(x+c)$$ Find the value of $\left | b-c \right |$ NOTE: The answer to this problem (as given on the last page of my book) is ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How to prove a nonlinear tracendent equation has two positive roots?

How to show (but do not use numerical software such as Mathematica, Matlab...etc.) that this equation \begin{equation} \frac{u (83811 u-88223)+18076}{396-3276 u}-\frac{10 \log ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Finding Complex Zeros

I have to find how many zeros $3e^z - z$ has in $abs(z) < 1$. I know a function has a zero of order m if $f(z) = (z-z_0)^mg(z)$, where $g(z)$ does not equal 0. I was thinking of maybe applying ...
8
votes
1answer
59 views

Existence of root of a polynomial over $\mathbb F_p$.

I came accross the following question and I can't find an easy proof of this fact : Let $p\geq 17$ be a prime number such that $p\equiv 1 \pmod 4$. Show that for any $z\in \mathbb ...
2
votes
3answers
72 views

Find amount of roots

We are given equation $$\frac {e^x}{x^2} = a$$. Task is to find how many solutions equation would have depending on values of a. Let's illustrate a(x): It's easy to conclude that there aren't no ...
-4
votes
2answers
152 views

Select the approximate values of x that are solutions to $f(x) = 0$, where $f(x) = -7x^2 + 6x + 9$? [closed]

These are the answer choices: $$\begin{align*}\\ A&~~\{–0.78, 0.67\}\\ B&~~\{-7, 6\}\\ C&~~\{–0.86, –1.29\}\\ D&~~\{–0.78, 1.64\} \end{align*} $$
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Zeroes of polynomial

$$c_1,c_2 \text{ are polynomial's }g(x)=x^2+ax+b \text{ roots } \Leftrightarrow \begin{cases} g(c_1)=c_1^2+ac_1+b=0 \\ g(c_2)=c_2^2+ac_2+b=0 \end{cases}$$ Prove that for every polynomial with integer ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Quadratics and roots

The question I am trying to solve is this: $4 x^2 - 3 x - 3 = 0$ has roots $p, q$. Find all quadratic equations with roots $p^3$ and $q^3$. I was able to answer this question by simply finding the ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Extensions of the Hermite Bielher and Hermite-Kakeya Theorem

A stable polynomial is one with zeros in the upper half plane or lower half plane. Interlacing polynomials are polynomials with only real zeros, where between every two zeros of one polynomial lies a ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Constant function with maximum modulus [duplicate]

Suppose that $f$ is analytic on a domain $D$, which contains a simple closed curve $\gamma$ and the inside of $\gamma$. If $|f|$ is constant on $\gamma$, then I want to prove that either $f$ is ...
6
votes
2answers
152 views

All roots of polynomial inside the open unit disc

I know from here that for a polynomial $p(z)=a_0+a_1z+...+a_nz^n$ with $0<a_0\leq a_1\leq...\leq a_n$ all roots are in the closed unit disk. What condition do we need to get that all roots are in ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Minimum Modulus Principle for a constant fuction in a simple closed curve

Suppose that $f$ is analytic on a domain $D$, which contains a simple closed curve $\gamma$ and the inside of $\gamma$. If $|f|$ is constant on $\gamma$, then I want to prove that either $f$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Counting the roots of nonlinear systems of equations

I have a "nice" function (vector field) $$\mathbf{f}: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$$ and I need to find how many roots (zeros) it has in a certain domain (hopefully prove that it has at most ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Real zeros of the zeta function

How does one show that the negative even integers make up all the real zeros of the zeta function? That is, how does one show that there are no real zeros on the interval [0,1]? I am aware that you ...
1
vote
3answers
28 views

Roots of Polynomial Equation?

$y=1/x$ so I plugged in $x=1/y$ into the equation above and got $y^{4}+y^{3}+y^{2}/c+y/4-1/2$, but apparently it's wrong, when I looked up the answer below. What am I missing?
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Distinct polynomials with exactly one shared root

If $\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n$ are roots of a polynomial with rational coefficients is there a polynomial with rational coefficients for which $\alpha_1$ is a root but $\alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Determine all real solutions of the system of n equations

For $n\geq3$, determine all real solutions of the system of $n$ equations: $x_{1}+x_{2}+...+x_{n-1}=\frac{1}{x_{n}}$ ... ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Possibility of integral quadratic with these roots

If x and w are the roots of a quadratic equation with integral coefficients then is this possible: ${x = w = \frac{2}{3}}$. The correct answer says it is, but how is that so if it means: ...
4
votes
4answers
191 views

Can $x^3+x^2+1=0$ be solved using high school methods?

I encountered the following problem in a high-school math text, which I wasn't able to solve it: $x^3 + x^2 + 1 = 0$ Am I missing something here, or is indeed a more advanced method necessary to solve ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

description of the function whose graph corresponds to Figure

Consider f be a real continuous function , $f(0) = 0$ , and whose graph has the form shown in the figure: a) How can a give description of the function whose graph corresponds to Figure. b) Sketch ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Using Rouche's theorem to find number of roots.

I am still unsure how exactly one applies Rouche's Theorem to find the roots of polynomials. For example, to find how many roots $z^9+z^5-8z^3+2z+1$ has in between the circles $|z|=1$ and $|z|=2$. I ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Two factored polynomials and a parameter

I need to solve $p(x)=aq(x)$ with multiple real $a$, where $p(x)$ and $q(x)$ are the two polynomials in $x$ (with real coefficients). The roots of $p(x)$ and $q(x)$ were found previously, i.e. these ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Evaluation of complex real numbers

The much anticipated math.SE community blog will $\tiny\mathrm{hopefully}$ contain a contribution from Alex Becker with the topic The Complex Real Roots of $x^3-3x+1$, which I'm really looking forward ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

problem regarding theory of equations

given quadratic equation : ${x^2+bx+c=0}$ let the roots of the equation be ${u}$ and $v$. let ${S_0 = u^0+v^0}$ let ${S_1 = u^1+v^1}$ let ${S_2 = u^2+v^2}$ show that : ${S_2+bS_1+S_0 = 0}$
2
votes
2answers
53 views

finding the value of u of equation 5u^2 = 10u

I was solving a question, and while solving that problem I noticed something $5u^2 = 10u$ (solving this) this can be solved as: $5 \cdot u \cdot u = 10 \cdot u$ $u = \dfrac{10u}{5u}$ $u = 2$ ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Finding matching roots

If ${4 + \sqrt{2}}$ is one root of a quadratic equation given by ${x^2 - Px + Q =0}$ where P and Q are rational numbers then find the missing root. The answer is ${4 - \sqrt{2}}$. And I'm a bit ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Quadratic roots question

If $3.5 - {\sqrt 2}$ and $3.5 + {\sqrt 2}$ are the roots of a quadratic equation ${ax^2 + bx + c = 0}$; then which of the following is not correct? A. a is nonzero - I ruled out this because if was 0 ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

How to explain this result due to Pôlya

How to explain this result due to Pôlya: An entire function is determined uniquely by the inverse images, counting multiplicities of three distinct non omited values. I cannot understand how this ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Finding zeros of maps between manifolds with different dimensions

One of the questions for which the notion of degree is useful is: does this map have a zero. For example, one can prove the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra using the following fact involving the ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Laguerre's method and zero division

I'm trying to understand Laguerre's method for root finding and I have hit one road block. Suppose I have a polynomial $p(x) = x^4 + 1$ and an initial guess $x_0 = 0$. This results in division by ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Solving $\operatorname{ctg} x=x/b$

I have no problems finding first solution (both: $b \to 0$ and $b \to \infty$). My solutions on photos. I got stuck trying to find solution when $x \to \infty$. As I think, solution for $x$ will have ...