numbers $z$ such that $z^n=1$ for some natural number $n$; here usually $z$ is in $\mathbb C$ or some other field

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3
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1answer
46 views

$p$-th roots of unity adjoined to a $\mathfrak{p}$-adic field

I want to prove the following: Let $k$ be a number field and $S$ a set of primes of $k$ containing the primes $S_p$ that lie over the rational prime $p$. Then the extension of $k$ by the group of ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Roots of Unity - Complex Numbers

The sets $A = \{z : z^{18} = 1\} $and $ B = \{w : w^{48} = 1\}$ are both sets of complex roots of unity. The set $C = \{zw : z \in A \ \text{and} \ w \in B\}$ is also a set of complex roots of unity. ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Precalculus - Complex numbers/Roots of Unity/Exponential Form

Find the roots of $6z^5 + 15z^4 + 20z^3 + 15z^2 + 6z + 1 = 0.$ Erm...it sorta looks like $(x+y)^6 = x^6 +6x^5y + 15x^4y^2 + 20x^3y^3 + 15y^4x^2 + 6y^5x + y^6$ Any idea how to proceed from here? ...
1
vote
3answers
138 views

Complex numbers and Roots of unity

I have no clue how to begin these problems. How do I start? I don't think I should pound em out...Thanks. Let P be the set of $42^{\text{nd}}$ roots of unity, and let Q be the set of $70^{\text{th}} ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Sum of roots of unity bounded away from 0

Let $n\in \mathbb N$ and $\zeta_N$ be a primitive $N$th root of unity. Let $a_k\in \mathbb Z,0\le k<N$. Assuming that the sum is nonzero, find a lower bound on the absolute value of $$ ...
3
votes
5answers
415 views

I'd like to get explain about complex roots

If $x^6+1=0$ so $x^6=-1$, then we have to find the roots at $\mathbb{C}$. I saw that the roots are $$\Large{e^{(\frac{\pi}{6}+\frac{2k\pi}{6})i}}\;\small{k=0,1,2,3,4,5}$$ this what I understand. ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Roots of unity and a system of equations by Ramanujan

Is it immediately apparent that the solution to the system of equations, $$\begin{aligned} x_1^2 &= x_2+2\\ x_2^2 &= x_3+2\\ x_3^2 &= x_4+2\\ &\vdots\\ x_n^2 &= x_1+2\\ ...
0
votes
2answers
283 views

Proving equations involving the powers of a complex cube root of unity ω

The question in this homework problem is to show $ω^4 + ω^5 = -ω^6$ given that $ω$ is a complex cube root of unity. I am also required to show that $(1 - ω)^2 = -3ω$, but if I am assisted with ...
1
vote
4answers
60 views

Proof that $\mathbb G_n \bigcap \mathbb G_m = \mathbb G_{(m:n)}$

Being $\mathbb G_n$ the roots of unity for $n \in \mathbb N$, prove that $\mathbb G_n \bigcap \mathbb G_m = \mathbb G_{(m:n)}.$
3
votes
2answers
154 views

How can I find the fifth root of unity?

I need to find fifth root of unity in the form $x+iy$. I'm new to this topic and would appreciate a detailed "dummies guide to..." explanation! I understand the formula, whereby for this question I ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Prove Bijection in roots of unity function

Given $k \in \mathbb{N}, G_k = \{z \in \mathbb{C} |z^k =1 \} $. Probe that if $n$ and $m$ are coprime, the function $f: G_n \times G_m \rightarrow G_{mn}, f(\alpha, \beta) =\alpha\beta$ is bijective. ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Conjecture about some rings and roots of unity. [duplicate]

Let $\Bbb R_{\geqslant 0}[X_n]$ be a polynomial semiring. More precisely $\Bbb R_{\geqslant 0}[X_n]$ are the polynomials of $X_n$ with positive real coefficients with $(X_n)^n = 1$. Let $F(n)$ be ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Roots of unity in CM-field

Let $K$ be a CM-field, ie. a totally imaginary quadratic extension of a totally real number field $F$ and let $p > 2$ be a rational prime. My question simply is Are the $p$-th roots of unity, ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Conjecture about some group semiring representations ( and roots of unity ).

Let $\Bbb R_+=[0,\infty)$ be a semiring. $\Bbb R_+[C_n]$ is the group semiring formed by the semiring $\Bbb R_+$ and the cylic group $C_n$. Let $\Bbb R_+[X_n]$ be the polynomial semiring. ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Simple-looking bound on root of unity

I am trying to prove some bound and stuck with the following: If $|n|\leq 3N/4$, then $\left|e^{2\pi in/N}-1\right|\geq\dfrac{n}{N}$ ($n,N$ are integers) How can I prove it?
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Conjecture about some group ring representations.

In this link : http://bandtechnology.com/PolySigned/ A set of numbers is described : $P(N)$. $ P(3),P(4),P(5),... $ are all (algebraicly closed) group rings. Identify $PN$ with ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Understanding a.. weird definition

I came across the following definitons: Let $n$ be a positive integer and $\zeta_n$ be a primitive $n^{th}$ root of unity. For any prime $p\nmid n$, let the degree of the extension ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

The Maclaurin expansion of $\prod_{k=0}^{n-1}\sin\left(\sqrt{\zeta_n^k}x \right)$.

Specifically, I'm interested in the $x^{3n}$ coefficient. The reason for my curiosity is a proof of the closed form of $\sum_{k \ge 1} \frac{1}{k^{2n}}, n \in \mathbb{N}$. Starting with the ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Adjoining two primitive n-th roots

Let $\omega_n$ denote a primitive $n^{th}$ root of unity. If $m$ and $n$ are positive integers with $lcm(m,n)=k$, show that $\mathbb{Q}(\omega_n,\omega_m)=\mathbb{Q}(\omega_k)$. To start, I am aware ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

$\sum_{x \in \mathbb Z_9}w^{x^2-cx}=?$,where $c \in \mathbb Z_9$ and $w=e^{2\pi i/9}$

$$\sum_{x \in \mathbb Z_9}w^{x^2-cx}=?$$ where $c \in \mathbb Z_9$, $w=e^{2\pi i/9}$ and $\mathbb Z_9$ is the ring of integers modulo 9.
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How find this value of $\prod_{1\le i<j\le n}(w^i-w^j)^2$

give the positive integer number $n$, and $w=\cos{\dfrac{2\pi}{n}}+i\sin{\dfrac{2\pi}{n}}$ where $i^2=-1$ find the vaule $$\prod_{1\le i<j\le n}(w^i-w^j)^2$$ My try:note $$w^n=1$$ ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

evaluating norm of sum of roots of unity

let $l_1,...,l_n$ be roots of unity. I want to prove that the norm(the product of all conjugates)of $a=l_1+...+l_n$ is not greater than $n$, not smaller than $-n$. how can I do to prove this?
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Is the sum of roots of unity always a real multiple of a root of unity?

I can see this is true for the sum of two roots of unity with some basic trigonometry (the resulting argument is the half the sum of the original arguments, and so must also be a rational multiple of ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

argument of a lacunary sum of roots of unity

Let $q>4$ and $t< \sqrt{q}$ be integers. Determine the set $\{j_1,...,j_t\}$ of integers $0 \leq j_i <q-1$ such that $\arg(\sum_{i=0}^t e^{2i\pi\frac{j_i}{q}} ) \in [0,\pi[$.
1
vote
0answers
122 views

sum of $p$th roots of unity

Let $p$ be an odd prime. Let $\mathbb Z_p$ be the ring of integers from $0$ to $p-1$, i.e. $\mathbb Z_p=\left\{0,1,\dots,p-1\right\}$. Let $r$ be a positive integer. Then, for all values of $p$, is ...
4
votes
1answer
311 views

A finite field extension $K\supset\mathbb Q$ contains finitely many roots of unity

I must show that any finite field extension $K\supset \mathbb Q$ can only contain finitely many roots of unity. I reasoned in the following manner: Let $n<\infty$ be the degree of $K$ over ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Divisibility involving root of unity

Let $p$ be a prime number and $\omega$ be a $p$-th root of unity. Suppose $a_0,a_1, \dots, a_{p-1}, b_0, b_1, \dots, b_{p-1}$ be integers such that $a_0 \omega^0+a_1 \omega^1+ \dots a_{p-1} ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Quantum Fourier Transform and roots of unity.

I need to find $QFT_{6}$ for the state quantum state $\frac{1}{\sqrt2}(|0\rangle + |3\rangle)$. I received a very sufficient answer recently on simplifying nth roots of unity, but I am having a lot of ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

How does one simplify exponents for complex primitive nth roots of unity?

Let us define a complex primitive N-th root of unity, omega: $$ \omega = \cos(\theta) + i\sin(\theta) \\ = e^{\frac{2\pi}{N}} $$ By the definition of an nth root of unity, ω is the second solution to ...
5
votes
5answers
303 views

Prove that $(x^2-x^3)(x^4-x) = \sqrt{5}$, where $x= \cos(2\pi/5)+i\sin(2\pi/5)$

Prove $(x^2-x^3)(x^4-x) = \sqrt{5}$ if $x= \cos(2\pi/5)+i\sin(2\pi/5)$. I have tried it by substituting $x = \exp(2i\pi/5)$ but it is getting complicated.
0
votes
1answer
99 views

How can one show that no cyclotomic field contains $\sqrt[3]{2}$?

This is a paraphrase of a problem from an old exam that I'm going over. Show that for all positive integers $t$, when $\omega$ is a primitive $t$-th root of unity, $\sqrt[3]{2}$ does not lie in ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Simplifying a product over roots of unity

Let $\zeta_{n}=e^{2\pi i /n}$ be the nth root of unity. Now consider the product : $$\prod_{k=1}^{n-1} (1-\zeta_{n}^{k})^{\zeta_{n}^{k}}$$ Is there a simple formula for this product as a function of ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

A property of power series and the q-th roots of unity

I'm trying to understand why if $ \displaystyle \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_{n}x^{n} = f(x) $, then $$ \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_{p+nq} x^{p+nq} = \frac{1}{q} \sum_{j=0}^{q-1} \omega^{-jp} f(\omega^{j} x)$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

For what $k$ is $P(k):=\prod_{j=1}^{13}\cos\frac{\pi kj}{13}$ negative?

Let $k>0$ be an integer. For what $k$ is $P(k):=\prod_{j=1}^{13}\cos\frac{\pi kj}{13}$ negative? Since $13$ is prime, and for $\gcd(m,13)=1$, $P(2m)=P(2)=2^{-12}$ (can be shown by considering the ...
5
votes
1answer
481 views

Zero sum of roots of unity decomposition

It's known that sum of all $n$'th roots of some $z \in \mathbb C$ with $|z| = 1$ is zero (if $n \geqslant 2$). Is it true that any zero sum of roots of unity can be decomposed in this way? That is if ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

How do you calculate the kernel of the substitution homorphism $\mathbb{Z}[x] \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}[e^{i2\pi /r}]$?

I can do that for "easier" substitutions like $x \mapsto i$, but I don't know enough about primitive $rth$ roots yet. Does this require pieces of Galois theory? $r$ is a positive integer. I think ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Find the value of this logarithmic expression involving fifth root of unity.

Let $\alpha$ be the fifth root of unity. We then want to evaluate the expression $$\log |1 + \alpha + \alpha^2 + \alpha^3 - 1/\alpha |$$ Thanks in anticipation for your help in solving this!
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Looking at the intermediate fields of $\Bbb{Q}_7 = \Bbb{Q}(\omega)/\Bbb{Q}$ where $\omega = e^{i2\pi/7}$ .

From Basic Abstract Algebra (Robert Ash): The question that I'm concerned with is number 3, but I will write problems 1 and 2 as well, since they are all related... We now do a detailed analysis ...
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Question on roots of unity

This may seem absurd but what is wrong with the next reasoning about $n$th roots of unit?. For $k,l\in\mathbb Z$ such that $0 \leq k < l \leq n-1$: $$ e^{2\pi i k/n} = (e^{\pi i})^{2 k /n} ...
-3
votes
4answers
248 views

Why does Wolfram Alpha say that $\sqrt{1}=-1$? [duplicate]

Why does Wolfram Alpha say that $\sqrt{1}=-1$? Is this a mistake or what? Can anyone help? Thanks in advance.
1
vote
0answers
76 views

prove that polynomial has root of unity

Prove that $ f=x^n\pm x^m\pm1 $ is either irreducible over rationals or has a root which is a of unity. I tried to see what if $x=|r|e^{i\phi}$ but I have no proper result.
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Find $\sum(\alpha_i \alpha_j)^5$

If $\alpha_1,\alpha_2,...,\alpha_{100}$ are the 100th roots of unity then find $\sum(\alpha_i \alpha_j)^5$
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Subtracting roots of unity. Specifically $\omega^3 - \omega^2$

This is question that came up in one of the past papers I have been doing for my exams. Its says that if $\omega=\cos(\pi/5)+i\sin(\pi/5)$. What is $\omega^3-\omega^2$. I can find $\omega^3$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
486 views

Determine splitting field $K$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the polynomial $x^3 - 2$

Determine the splitting field $K$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the polynomial $x^3 - 2$ Also determine the basis over $\mathbb{Q}$ and its degree. Can I do this using only first principles?
0
votes
0answers
167 views

Evaluating a polynomial at a root of unity?

Let $R = \mathbb{Z}[x]/(x^n+1)$ be the $2n$th cyclotomic ring (for $n$ a power of $2$ in which case $\Phi_{2n}(x) = x^n+1$). Let $g$ be an $n$-dimensional vector chosen at random from $\mathbb{Z}^n$ ...
2
votes
3answers
183 views

Simple Question on Roots of Unity

The question asks: Find integers $p$ and $q$ such that $(p + qj)^{5} = 4 + 4j$ The question prior to this was: Find the fifth roots of $4 + 4j$ in the form $re^{j\theta }$, where $r > 0$ and ...
1
vote
3answers
230 views

Way to show $x^n + y^n = z^n$ factorises as $(x + y)(x + \zeta y) \cdots (x + \zeta^{n-1}y) = z^n$

For odd $n$ the Fermat equation $x^n + y^n = z^n$ factorises as $$(x + y)(x + \zeta y) \cdots (x + \zeta^{n-1}y) = z^n,$$ where $\zeta = e^{2 \pi i/n}$. I tried seeing this was true by multiplying ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Does $\lim_{n\to\infty}\sum\limits_{k=1}^n|e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}} - e^{\frac{2\pi i(k-1)}{n}}|$ exist?

Does $\lim_{n\to\infty}\sum\limits_{k=1}^n|e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}} - e^{\frac{2\pi i(k-1)}{n}}|$ exist? If yes, what is its value?
4
votes
3answers
851 views

Quadratic subfield of cyclotomic field

Let $p$ be prime and let $\zeta_p$ be a primitive $p$th root of unity. Consider the quadratic subfield of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p)$. For instance, for $p=5$ we get the quadratic subfield to be ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Evaluation of an expression regarding a complex fifth root of unity

Let $\omega$ denote a complex fifth root of unity. Define $b_k = \sum_{j=0}^4j\omega^{-kj}$ for $0\le k\le 4$. What is the value of $\sum_{k=0}^4b_k\omega^{k}$?