3
votes
2answers
157 views

Discriminant of $x^n-1$

Question is to find discriminant of polynomial $x^n-1$ I consider $f(x)=x^n-1=(x-a_1)(x-a_2)(x-a_3)\cdots(x-a_n)$ Now, ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What is the condition for roots of conjugate reciprocal polynomials to be on the unit circle?

Given an Nth order complex polynomial $P(z) = \sum\limits_{n=0}^N a_nz^n$ such that $a_n = a^*_{N-n}$ i.e. conjugate reciprocal, Lakatos and Losonczi mention that a necessary and sufficient condition ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Question about kth root of a reduced ring element.

Let $n > 1$ be a positive integer. Let $k > 1$ be a positive integer. Define the reduced polynomial rings $f_n = \Bbb R[X_n]/(1+(X_n)^{n})$ How do we know if $(X_n)^{1/k}$ is an element of ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Why are two statements about a polynomial equivalent?

I am reading a claim that the following two statements are equivalent. One of the roots of a polynomial $v(t)$ is a $2^j$-th root of unity, for some $j$. The polynomial $v(t)$ is divisible either by ...
3
votes
3answers
99 views

Roots of unity modulo $p$

Let $f(X)$ be the minimal polynomial of something like $\zeta + \frac{1}{\zeta}$, where $\zeta$ is a primitive $p$-th root of unity for some prime $p > 2$. I'd like to show that $f(X) \equiv ...
3
votes
5answers
420 views

I'd like to get explain about complex roots

If $x^6+1=0$ so $x^6=-1$, then we have to find the roots at $\mathbb{C}$. I saw that the roots are $$\Large{e^{(\frac{\pi}{6}+\frac{2k\pi}{6})i}}\;\small{k=0,1,2,3,4,5}$$ this what I understand. ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How find this value of $\prod_{1\le i<j\le n}(w^i-w^j)^2$

give the positive integer number $n$, and $w=\cos{\dfrac{2\pi}{n}}+i\sin{\dfrac{2\pi}{n}}$ where $i^2=-1$ find the vaule $$\prod_{1\le i<j\le n}(w^i-w^j)^2$$ My try:note $$w^n=1$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

How do you calculate the kernel of the substitution homorphism $\mathbb{Z}[x] \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}[e^{i2\pi /r}]$?

I can do that for "easier" substitutions like $x \mapsto i$, but I don't know enough about primitive $rth$ roots yet. Does this require pieces of Galois theory? $r$ is a positive integer. I think ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

prove that polynomial has root of unity

Prove that $ f=x^n\pm x^m\pm1 $ is either irreducible over rationals or has a root which is a of unity. I tried to see what if $x=|r|e^{i\phi}$ but I have no proper result.
2
votes
3answers
249 views

Way to show $x^n + y^n = z^n$ factorises as $(x + y)(x + \zeta y) \cdots (x + \zeta^{n-1}y) = z^n$

For odd $n$ the Fermat equation $x^n + y^n = z^n$ factorises as $$(x + y)(x + \zeta y) \cdots (x + \zeta^{n-1}y) = z^n,$$ where $\zeta = e^{2 \pi i/n}$. I tried seeing this was true by multiplying ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Discriminant and roots of $ x^{n^2} \pm (x-1)^{n^2}$?

When considering the polynomials $x^{n^2} \pm (x-1)^{n^2}$ ( $n$ integer > 1 ) i noticed some things that appeared weird to me. Discriminant($x^{n^2} + (x-1)^{n^2}) = (n^2)^{n^2}$. ...
4
votes
2answers
943 views

If z is one of the fifth roots of unity, not 1…

If z is one of the fifth roots of unity, not 1, show that: $1+z+z^2+z^3+z^4=0$ Which wasn't too bad, but the next part is killing me: show that: $z-z^2+z^3-z^4=2i(sin(2\pi/5)-sin(\pi/5))$ Can ...